Mary Louise "Meryl" Streep is an American actress. Described as the "best actress of her generation", Streep is known for her versatility and accent adaptation. Nominated for a record 21 Academy Awards, she has won three. Streep has received 31 Golden Globe nominations, winning eight - more nominations, wins, than any other actor, she has won three Primetime Emmy Awards and has been nominated for fifteen British Academy Film Awards, seventeen Screen Actors Guild Awards, winning two each. Streep made her stage debut in Trelawny of the Wells in 1975. In 1976, she received a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play for 27 Wagons Full of Cotton and A Memory of Two Mondays. In 1977, she made her screen debut in the television film The Deadliest Season, made her film debut in Julia. In 1978, she won an Emmy Award for her role in the mini-series Holocaust, received her first Academy Award nomination for The Deer Hunter. Streep went on to win the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Kramer vs. Kramer, the Academy Award for Best Actress for Sophie's Choice and The Iron Lady.
Streep's other Oscar-nominated roles were in The French Lieutenant's Woman, Out of Africa, Evil Angels, Postcards from the Edge, The Bridges of Madison County, One True Thing, Music of the Heart, The Devil Wears Prada, Julie & Julia, August: Osage County, Into the Woods, Florence Foster Jenkins, The Post. She returned to the stage for the first time in over 20 years in The Public Theater's 2001 revival of The Seagull, won a second Emmy Award and a Golden Globe in 2004 for the HBO mini-series Angels in America. Streep was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2004, Gala Tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Center in 2008, Kennedy Center Honor in 2011 for her contribution to American culture, through performing arts. President Barack Obama awarded her the 2010 National Medal of Arts, in 2014, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2003, the government of France made her a Commander of the Order of Letters, she was awarded the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 2017. Mary Louise Streep was born on June 1949, in Summit, New Jersey.
She is the daughter of a commercial artist and art editor. She has two younger brothers: Harry William Streep III and Dana David Streep, who are actors. Streep's father Harry was of Swiss ancestry, her father's lineage traces back to Loffenau, from where her second great-grandfather, Gottfried Streeb, immigrated to the United States, where one of her ancestors served as mayor. Another line of her father's family was from Switzerland, her mother had English and Irish ancestry. Some of Streep's maternal ancestors lived in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, were descended from 17th-century immigrants from England, her eighth great-grandfather, Lawrence Wilkinson, was one of the first Europeans to settle in Rhode Island. Streep is the second cousin 7 times removed of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania. Streep's maternal great-great-grandparents, Manus McFadden and Grace Strain, the latter the namesake of Streep's second daughter, were natives of the Horn Head district of Dunfanaghy, Ireland. Streep's mother, whom she has compared in both appearance and manner to Dame Judi Dench encouraged her daughter, instilled confidence in her from a young age.
Streep has said: "She was a mentor because she said to me,'Meryl, you're capable. You're so great.' She was saying, ` You can do. If you're lazy, you're not going to get it done, but if you put your mind to it, you can do anything.' And I believed her." Although Streep was more introverted than her mother, at times, when she needed an injection of confidence in adulthood, she would consult her mother, asking her for advice. Streep was raised as a Presbyterian in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, attended Cedar Hill Elementary School and the Oak Street School, a Junior High school back then. In her Junior High debut, she starred as Louise Heller in the play "The Family Upstairs". In 1963, the family moved to New Jersey, where she attended Bernards High School. Author Karina Longworth described her as a "gawky kid with glasses and frizzy hair", yet noted that she liked to show off in front of the camera in family home movies from a young age. At the age of 12, Streep was selected to sing at a school recital, leading to her having opera lessons from Estelle Liebling.
However, despite her talent, she has remarked that, "I was singing something I didn't feel and understand. That was an important lesson—not to do that. To find the thing that I could feel through." She quit after four years. Streep had many Catholic school friends, attended mass. Meryl was a high school cheerleader for the Bernards High School Mountaineers and was chosen as the homecoming queen her senior year, her family lived on Old Fort Road. Although Streep appeared in numerous school plays during her high school years, she was uninterested in serious theater until acting in the play Miss Julie at Vassar College in 1969, in which she gained attention across the campus. Vassar drama professor Clinton J. Atkinson noted, "I don't think anyone taught Meryl acting, she taught herself." Streep demonstrated an early ability to mimic accents and
Bláthnaid Ní Chofaigh
Bláthnaid Ní Chofaigh is an Irish TV presenter and Gaeilgeoir. She has presented The Afternoon Show and Charity ICA Bootcamp, she participated in Celebrity Bainisteoir. Ní Chofaigh is a journalist and broadcaster on Irish television. Former presenter of Sin É, former reporter for RTÉ News and Current Affairs, she covered stories as diverse as the Clinton visit. Ní Chofaigh has presented shows such as The Afternoon Show, Echo Island and The RTÉ People in Need Telethon on RTÉ Television, her first role as a TV presenter was with the teenage weekly evening show Jo Maxi during the early 1990s. Ní Chofaigh presents, she translated the song "The Best is Yet to Come" into the Irish language for the Metal Gear Solid Original Game Soundtrack. Ní Chofaigh announced the votes for Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest in 2001. Ní Chofaigh co-presented The Afternoon Show from the first season in 2003 but abandoned it in 2009, complaining of health problems; the show was axed in 2010 a year. She was a judge on The All Ireland Talent Show, had great success on the final season with her act Daniel Furlong who took home the trophy.
In 2007 she was voted one of Ireland’s sexiest women in a Sunday Independent magazine poll. In 2010, Ní Chofaigh took part in the reality TV series Celebrity Bainisteoir, managing Nobber GFC, based in her home county of Meath, she took the team as far as the semi-final and she lost. In 2011, Ní Chofaigh began hosting a new series called Charity ICA Bootcamp, which pitted celebrities taking on each other in challenges, with the winner Peter Clohessy receiving money to give to his chosen charity. Ní Chofaigh was back on television with another afternoon lifestyle day-time talk show on RTÉ One in November 2012 alongside Norah Casey. In January 2013, Ni Chofaigh made her acting debut in the TG4 series Crisis Eile, playing politician Maeve Kelly-Clarke. Born in Canada, she was raised in the Gaeltacht of County Meath, Ireland, she is married with four children and lives in Dublin. Ní Chofaigh is a native Irish-speaker, an avid Irish-language campaigner. Ní Chofaigh is an ambassador for the charity Plan Ireland.
The Afternoon Show at RTÉ.ie
Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov, was a British actor, voice actor, dramatist, filmmaker and opera director, stage designer, comedian, humourist and magazine columnist, radio broadcaster and television presenter. He was a fixture on television talk shows and lecture circuits for much of his career. An intellectual and diplomat, he held various academic posts and served as a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF and President of the World Federalist Movement. Ustinov was the winner of numerous awards over his life, including two Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor, Emmy Awards, Golden Globes and BAFTA Awards for acting and a Grammy Award for best recording for children, as well as the recipient of governmental honours from, amongst others, the United Kingdom and Germany, he displayed a unique cultural versatility that has earned him the accolade of a Renaissance man. Miklós Rózsa, composer of the music for Quo Vadis and of numerous concert works, dedicated his String Quartet No. 1, Op. 22 to Ustinov.
In 2003, Durham University changed the name of its Graduate Society to Ustinov College in honour of the significant contributions Ustinov had made as chancellor of the university from 1992 until his death. Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov was born in England, his father, Jona Freiherr von Ustinov, was of Russian, Polish Jewish and Ethiopian descent. Peter's paternal grandfather was Baron Plato von Ustinov, a Russian noble, his grandmother was Magdalena Hall, of mixed German-Ethiopian-Jewish origin. Ustinov's great-grandfather Moritz Hall, a Jewish refugee from Kraków and a Christian convert and collaborator of Swiss and German missionaries in Ethiopia, married into a German-Ethiopian family. Peter's paternal great-great-grandparents were the German painter Eduard Zander and the Ethiopian aristocrat Court-Lady Isette-Werq in Gondar. Ustinov's mother, Nadezhda Leontievna Benois, known as Nadia, was a painter and ballet designer of French, German and Russian descent, her father, Leon Benois, was an Imperial Russian architect and owner of Leonardo da Vinci's painting Madonna Benois.
Leon's brother Alexandre Benois was a stage designer who worked with Diaghilev. Their paternal ancestor Jules-César Benois was a chef who had left France for St. Petersburg during the French Revolution and became a chef to Emperor Paul I of Russia. Jona worked as a press officer at the German Embassy in London in the 1930s and was a reporter for a German news agency. In 1935, two years after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, Jona von Ustinov began working for the British intelligence service MI5 and became a British citizen, thus avoiding internment during the war, he was the controller of Wolfgang Gans zu Putlitz, an MI5 spy in the German embassy in London who furnished information on Hitler's intentions before the Second World War. Ustinov was educated at Westminster School and had a difficult childhood because of his parents' constant fighting. One of his schoolmates was Rudolf von Ribbentrop, the eldest son of the Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. While at school, Ustinov considered anglicising his name to "Peter Austin" but was counselled against it by a fellow pupil who said that he should "Drop the'von' but keep the'Ustinov'".
After training as an actor in his late teens, along with early attempts at playwriting, he made his stage début in 1938 at the Players' Theatre, becoming established. He wrote, "I was not irresistibly drawn to the drama, it was an escape road from the dismal rat race of school". In 1939, he appeared in White Cargo at the Aylesbury Rep, where he performed in a different accent every night. Ustinov served as a private in the British Army during the Second World War, including time spent as batman to David Niven while writing the Niven film The Way Ahead; the difference in their ranks—Niven was a lieutenant-colonel and Ustinov a private—made their regular association militarily impossible. He appeared in propaganda films, debuting in One of Our Aircraft Is Missing, in which he was required to deliver lines in English and Dutch. In 1944, under the auspices of ENSA, he presented and performed the role of Sir Anthony Absolute, in Sheridan's The Rivals, with Dame Edith Evans, at the Larkhill Camp theater.
After the war, he began writing. He starred with Aldo Ray in We're No Angels, his career as a dramatist continued, his best-known play being Juliet. His film roles include Roman emperor Nero in Quo Vadis, Lentulus Batiatus in Spartacus, Captain Vere in Billy Budd and an old man surviving a totalitarian future in Logan's Run. Ustinov voiced the anthropomorphic lions Prince John and King Richard in the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood, he worked on several films as writer and director, including The Way Ahead, School for Secrets, Hot Millions and Memed, My Hawk. In half a dozen films, he played Agatha Christie's detective Hercule Poirot, first in Death on the Nile and in 1982's Evil Under the Sun, 1985's Thirteen at Dinner, 1986's Dead Man's Folly, 1986's Murder in Three Acts and 1988's Appointment with Death. Ustinov won Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Topkapi, he w
Newstalk is an independent radio station in Ireland. It is operated by News 106 Limited, a subsidiary of Denis O'Brien's Communicorp, broadcasts under a sound broadcasting contract with the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland; the station is a "quasi-national" station as of 29 September 2006 having been an Independent Local Radio station with a franchise for Dublin. The station is the only commercial radio station in Ireland to take on an news based format. News is broadcast every hour; the station's flagship morning programme is Newstalk Breakfast, inter alia, by Shane Coleman, Paul Williams and Alan Quinlan with Vincent Wall presenting business coverage. From January 2009 to December 2009, Newstalk recorded a national weekday reach of 8% and a market share of 4%, in the Dublin region Newstalk had a reach of 12% share of audience, in Cork Newstalk's reach was 8%,while in the rest of the country Newstalk's share was 6%. In 1999 the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland invited applications for a number of new Dublin radio services, expanding on the duopoly of 98FM and FM104.
One was for a speech-based radio service. The Independent Local Radio national news provider Independent Network News, was one of two applicants for this licence, its applicant company, News 106, was awarded the franchise; however before the station went on air, several ILR companies decided that they did not want to be part of the venture, the station's shareholding was restructured, with at launch, 98FM, FM104, Clare FM, Carlow Kildare Radio, LMFM, East Coast Radio, South East Radio and WLR FM, along with Setanta, being the shareholders in the company. The station first went on air on 9 April 2002, with David McWilliams the first presenter. In its original format, it offered every twenty minutes; the first 20/20 news bulletins were presented by several newsreaders including Eimear Lowe, James Healy, Dyane Connor, Dimitri O'Donnell, Sean Archibald and Abigail Reilly. In September 2004 the news service was reduced to every thirty minutes along with a revamped news team to replace the original journalists who had left the station by this stage.
In Summer 2004, the station signed Eamon Dunphy, dropping David McWilliams, resulting in controversy. In 2004, FM104 was forced to sell its stake as a condition of its takeover by Scottish Radio Holdings; this meant. Setanta and Hyper Trust remained as minority shareholders. In 2005, Elaine Geraghty, the original co-presenter of the breakfast time programme on 98FM, was appointed Chief Executive. On 22 May 2006, the BCI announced that its new quasi-national speech-based contract was being awarded to Newstalk, who retained their 106 MHz frequency in Dublin while surrendering its Dublin ILR licence. Newstalk were the sole application for the licence, it began quasi-national broadcasts on 29 September 2006. The media expressed concern at its relative lack of star names and proliferation of unknowns, though noted the presence of George Hook and Seán Moncrieff. In 2009, Ms Geraghty resigned as CEO and Frank Cronin, Setanta's board representative since 2002, was appopinted CEO. Schedule changes included the appointment of former Minister for Agriculture Ivan Yates as breakfast presenter, Damien Kiberd to Lunchtime presenter and the re-engagement of Eamon Dunphy to Sunday Newspaper review programme presenter.
This schedule together with the continuity of George Hook, Off the Ball, Sean Moncrieff and Tom Dunne has driven the station to new heights of daily listenership and standing. The station now reaches the fastest growing adult station in Ireland. During 2006 Newstalk were licensed to extend their coverage area to about 97% of Ireland; these "quasi-national" broadcasts began on 29 September 2006. Newstalk is known as being a Radio station. Newstalk provides'rip and read' copy and audio 24/7, provides a live stream of audio Newsreading every hour; the latter is used by local radio stations after 7p.m. Across Ireland. Dunphy to leave NewsTalk 106 Official website
Raidió Teilifís Éireann
Raidió Teilifís Éireann is a semi-state company and the national public service media of Ireland. It both produces programmes and broadcasts them on television and the Internet; the radio service began on 1 January 1926, while regular television broadcasts began on 31 December 1961, making it one of the oldest continuously operating public service broadcasters in the world. RTÉ publishes a weekly lifestyle magazine called the RTÉ Guide. RTÉ is financed through advertising; some RTÉ services are only funded by advertising, while other RTÉ services are only funded by the licence fee. RTÉ is a statutory body, run by a board appointed by the Government of Ireland. General management of the organisation is in the hands of the Executive Board headed by the Director-General. RTÉ is regulated by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland. Radio Éireann, RTÉ's predecessor and at the time a section of the Department of Posts and Telegraphs, was one of 23 founding organisations of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950.
This section deals with the history of RTÉ as an organisation. For details on this history of the various services see the separate articles on those services. For history of the broadcasting service prior to 1960, see Minister for Posts and Telegraphs and RTÉ Radio 1. Broadcasting in Ireland began in 1926 with 2RN in Dublin. From that date until June 1960 the broadcasting service operated as a section of the Department of Posts and Telegraphs, those working for the service were directly employed by the Irish Government and regarded as civil servants. RTÉ was established on 1 June 1960 under the Broadcasting Authority Act 1960, the principal legislation under which it operates; the existing Radio Éireann service was transferred to the new authority, made responsible for the new television service. The television service started broadcasting on 31 December 1961, from the Kippure transmitter site near Dublin. Eamonn Andrews was the first Chairman of Radio Éireann, the first director general was Edward Roth.
The name of the authority was changed, at the suggestion of Áine Ní Cheanainn, to Radio Telefís Éireann by the Broadcasting Authority Act 1966, both the radio and television services became known as RTÉ in that year. The Broadcasting Act 2009 changed the name of the organisation from "Radio Telefís Éireann" to "Raidió Teilifís Éireann", to reflect the proper spelling of the name in Irish. However, the station retains "Radio Telefís Éireann" carved in stone at the entrance to its Donnybrook headquarters in Dublin. Under Section 31 of the Broadcasting Authority Act, 1960 the Minister for Posts and Telegraphs of the day could direct RTÉ "not to broadcast any matter, or any matter of any particular class". In 1971 the first such directive was issued by Gerry Collins, directing RTÉ not to broadcast "any matter that could be calculated to promote the aims or activities of any organisation which engages in, encourages or advocates the attaining of any particular objective by violent means". A year Collins dismissed the entire RTÉ Authority over a report of an interview with Seán Mac Stíofáin, the chief of staff of the Provisional IRA.
RTÉ reporter Kevin O'Kelly, who reported the Mac Stiofáin interview, was jailed for contempt in a court case arising out of the interview. Kelly refused to identify Mac Stiofáin's as the voice on a tape seized from his house by the Garda Síochána. In 1976 Conor Cruise O'Brien, Minister for Posts and Telegraphs, amended Section 31 and thereafter issued a new annually-based directive to the RTÉ authority. RTÉ was now explicitly banned from broadcasting interviews or reports of interviews with spokespersons for Sinn Féin, the Provisional IRA, or any organisation banned in Northern Ireland under the UK's Northern Ireland Act 1973; these directives were reissued on an annual basis until the final one appeared in January 1993. During the late 1970s RTÉ was accused of extending the censorship rules into a system of self-censorship. A small minority of programme makers emerged who approved of Section 31 supporters of the Workers' Party, including Eoghan Harris, Gerry Gregg who opposed that party's official policy.
Opponents of censorship were portrayed as secret IRA sympathizers. The effect of this ban was greater than and similar to, though less harsh than, the censorship provision introduced in 1988 in the United Kingdom; the UK ban did not prevent reports of interviews with spokespersons. This allowed interviews using actors' voices dubbing the direct speech of censored persons; this was not permissible on RTÉ. In 1992–93, in O'Toole vs RTÉ, RTÉ was found by the High Court and Supreme Court to have illegally and unconstitutionally extended the censorship ban to Sinn Féin members who were not speaking on behalf of the party; the RTÉ ban did not affect UK stations broadcasting in the Republic of Ireland as, until 1988 at least, viewers in the Republic were still able to hear the voices of Sinn Féin representatives. The following figures were issued by RTÉ as part of their annual report in 2012. In 2012 RTÉ received in total €180,894,000 in public funding from the licence fee, it received €127,100,000 in commercial revenue.
RTÉ total expenditure in 2012 was €327,023,000. They had restructuring costs of €46,161,000 in 2012. Losses for the year came to €65,147,000. Profit and Loss across radio and online services. RTÉ receives income from two main sources: The television licence fee. Within the State, it is necessary to pay a fee of €160 per annum to possess any piece of
Spiddal is a village on the shore of Galway Bay in County Galway, Ireland. It is 18 kilometres west on the R336 road. Spiddal is of the Connemara region, it is a centre for tourism with a scenic beach and shore fishing. The village is part of the civil parish of Moycullen. There is a broad range of services. On the eastern side of the village is An Ceardlann, a craft village. There is a secondary school in the village. On most weekend nights, sometimes during the week in the summer, there is live traditional Irish music in the pubs, most of which double as restaurants; the village is served by Bus Éireann route 424 from Galway City. The Boluisce river enters Galway Bay at Spiddal; each summer, groups of Irish teenagers visit Spiddal for three-week Irish language courses. American students visit for the autumn semester each year to study Irish-language literature and culture. Coláiste Chonnacht and Coláiste Lurgan are two local Irish language schools; the music group The Waterboys recorded part of their Fisherman's Blues album in Spiddal.
They recorded a song called Spring Comes to Spiddal on their album Room to Roam. The television series Ros na Rún is filmed there, broadcast on TG4; the local Gaelic Athletic Association club is Cumann Lúthchleas Gael An Spidéal, with Gaelic football and hurling being the most popular sports. There is a sailing club in the village. Mary Bergin - Musician Ronan Browne - Musician Thom McGinty - Actor and stillness artist Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin - Journalist, sports official and the sixth president of the International Olympic Committee Seán Ó Neachtain - Former Member of the European Parliament and Fianna Fáil politician Gráinne Seoige - Television presenter Síle Seoige - Television presenter Charlie Lennon - Musician Seán Ó Gallchobhair - Irish cyclist and musician John Feeney, father of John Ford & Francis Ford Máirtín Thornton was an Irish heavyweight boxer in the 1940s List of towns and villages in Ireland Spiddal Community Website Coláiste Chroí Mhuire, the secondary school in An Spidéal Information about Spiddal, including photographs Comhlacht Forbartha an Spidéil, the local community development organisation
RTÉ One is the main television channel of Irish state-owned broadcaster, Raidió Teilifís Éireann, it is the most-popular and most-watched television channel in Ireland. It was launched as Telefís Éireann on 31 December 1961, it was renamed RTÉ in 1966, it was renamed as RTÉ 1 upon the launch of RTÉ 2 in 1978, it is funded by the government's licence fee. Because RTÉ is funded by the licence fee it shows fewer advertisements than most other channels available in Ireland and Northern Ireland. RTÉ One is available to 98% of the Irish population in HD on the Saorview DTT service, it is available in Northern Ireland via Saorview overspill, the UK Freeview service, satellite provider Sky, cable provider Virgin Media. The channel is available online through RTÉ Live. RTÉ One began life as Telefís Éireann in 1961, it was renamed as RTÉ in 1966, upon the renaming of the Radio Éireann Authority as Radio Telefís Éireann, became RTÉ 1 upon the launch of RTÉ 2 in 1978. The station broadcast in black and white throughout the country using the European 625-line standard, as well as on the 405-line television system in the northern and eastern parts of the country.
A standards conversion unit was used to provide the 405-line service, but when this electronic device failed, optical conversion was used by directing a 405-line camera at a 625-line monitor. The first programme to be pre-recorded for the new television service was The School Around the Corner, an interview/quiz show created and presented by Paddy Crosbie and produced by James Plunkett. PAL colour transmissions began in 1968, the first programme made and transmitted in colour was "John Hume's Derry." The first outside broadcast in colour for RTÉ Television was the 1971 Railway Cup Finals, soon after that, the Eurovision Song Contest 1971 from Dublin. In the 1970s the studios in RTÉ's Television Centre started being equipped for colour, the first was the news studio in 1974, studio 2 in 1975 and studio 1 in 1976. RTÉ was the sole Irish TV channel until 1978, when RTÉ 2 was created; the Irish language station TG4 began in 1996 as Teilifís na Gaeilge. Since 1998 RTÉ One competes with Virgin Media One.
Since it began broadcasting, RTÉ One has competed with BBC One and UTV and in 1980s RTÉ began competing with other satellite and cable channels that are available across Ireland through cable subscription services due to the high take up of cable TV from pan-European and UK channels since the 1960s, the continued roll out of MMDS and satellite during the 1980s and 1990s. From 1961, RTÉ Television would only broadcast from 17:35 until around 23:30 during the Winter months. In 1975 this changed with transmission starting at around 15:30 and concluding around midnight. 24-hour broadcasts began in the late 1990s. In 1988, RTÉ One launched a schedule with a new news bulletin at 13:00. In the past RTÉ One did not offer "breakfast television" but since 2013 the station now airs an early morning current affairs show called Morning Edition which simulcast on RTÉ News Now, Virgin Media One is the only indigenous broadcaster in direct competition for this early morning market with Ireland AM since 1999.
RTÉ One during the Olympics and special breaking news or election coverage, will provide a special bulletin in the mornings. On 6 July 2017, RTÉ One extended its on-air hours, the channel now started at 6:00am rather than the 6:20 am. RTÉ One HD was launched on 16 December 2013. RTÉ One is now broadcast in High Definition on the national DTT service Saorview, with the Standard Definition simulcast ending on 2 April 2014; however RTÉ still provides a Standard Definition output of RTÉ One to pay television operators on cable and satellite, for those subscribers who still have equipment that does not support HD. RTÉ Television decided to launch the new HD service just before the Christmas period to draw audiences attention to the new service available to viewers. RTÉ have started to convert their main production studios to HD, the first being studio 5 in 2012, used for sports productions. Any programmes still made in standard-definition are upscaled on the channel and it is intended that the vast majority of the channel's output will be in high-definition in due course.
RTÉ One in SD will continue to be available on Virgin Media Ireland until more of their customers have upgraded to HD. Sky Ireland launched the channel on 14 December 2015, as part of a new long-term partnership with RTÉ, however the channel hasn't been made available on Sky UK's Northern Ireland EPG. In response to queries, RTÉ advises Northern Ireland Sky subscribers to contact Sky on the matter whereas Sky replies that it's an issue for RTÉ as to whether they make their HD channel available. A timeshift channel for RTÉ One shares channel space with RTÉjr; the channel was made available on Saorview from its launch, UPC Ireland replaced City Channel with RTÉ One +1 on 13 March 2012. Reeling in the Years does not broadcast on this channel, it was referred to as RTÉ One Deferred in the Easy TV commercial DTT multiplex application, Easy TV was made up of RTÉ NL and UPC Ireland. RTÉ had plans to create a third channel called RTÉ Three along with RTÉ One Deferred as reported in the Sunday Business Post in May 2008.
RTÉ Three was dropped for the alternative R