Hässelby-Vällingby is a borough in the western part of Stockholm. It is made up of Hässelby and Vällingby; the other districts that make up the borough are Kälvesta, Nälsta, Råcksta and Vinsta. As of 2004, the population is 58,796 in an area of 19.60 km², which gives a density of 2,999.80/km². The name is taken from Hässelby Castle, which included large areas within the present three districts; the port of Hässelby includes parts of Vinsta. The castle is located in the postcode of Vällingby. Media related to Hässelby-Vällingby at Wikimedia Commons
Enskede-Årsta-Vantör is a borough in the southern part of Stockholm. The districts that make up the borough are Enskedefältet, Enskede Gård, Gamla Enskede, Stureby, Årsta, Östberga, Bandhagen, Högdalen, Örby, Rågsved and Hagsätra; the population as of 2014 was 96,916. The borough was formed in January 2007 from Vantör. Johanna and Klara Söderberg, musicians Janet Leon, former member of Play Sanna Nielsen, musician Media related to Enskede-Årsta-Vantör at Wikimedia Commons
Stockholm City Centre
Stockholm City Centre is the city centre of Stockholm in Sweden. The entire city of Stockholm is the centre of the Stockholm Metropolitan Area. Since 2007, Stockholm City Centre is organized into four stadsdelsområden: Kungsholmen, Södermalm, Norrmalm and Östermalm. Before 2007, Stockholm City Centre was organized into five boroughs: Katarina-Sofia borough, Kungsholmen borough, Maria-Gamla stan borough, Norrmalm borough and Östermalm borough; the border between the historical provinces of Södermanland and Uppland splits Stockholm City Centre in two parts. 179,185 people live on an area of 28.05 km² in the northern part, which gives a density of 6,388.06/km². The same data for the southern part is 103,646 people on 7.44 km², giving a density of 13,930.91/km². This border has no administrative significance whatsoever. South Stockholm West Stockholm Stockholm City Station
Riddarholmen is a small islet in central Stockholm, Sweden. The island forms part of Gamla Stan, the old town, houses a number of private palaces dating back to the 17th century; the main landmark is the church Riddarholmskyrkan, used as Sweden's royal burial church from the 17th century to 1950, where a number of earlier Swedish monarchs lie buried. The western end of the island gives a magnificent panoramic and photogenic view of the bay Riddarfjärden used by TV journalists with Stockholm City Hall in the background. A statue of Birger Jarl, traditionally considered the founder of Stockholm, stands on a pillar in front of the Bonde Palace, north of Riddarholm Church. Other notable buildings include the Old Parliament Building in the south-eastern corner, the Old National Archive on the eastern shore, the Norstedt Building, the old printing house of the publisher Norstedts, the tower roof of, a well-known silhouette on the city's skyline. While the Riddarholm Church dates back to the Middle Ages, is one of Stockholm's oldest buildings, most of the present structures on Riddarholmen were built during the 17th century when the island was an aristocratic setting that gave the islet its present name.
Three of the palaces are gathered around the central public square, Birger Jarls Torg centred on the 19th-century statue of Birger Jarl: The Wrangel Palace on the west side, the most impressive, incorporates a medieval defensive tower and a portal designed by Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. North of the square, the two 19th-century wings of the Palace of Schering Rosenhane reach the rustic main building, which dates from the 17th century. Wrangel Palace, the palaces of Hessenstein, Schering Rosenhane are today used by Svea Hovrätt, the appellate court for Svealand, while the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court reside in the palaces of Bonde and Stenbock respectively; some of the older Swedish Government Agencies, like the Legal and Administrative Services Agency and the Chancellor of Justice, are located on the island. According to a Swedish guide book, these anonymous institutions, together with the motorway Centralbron that isolates the island from the rest of the city, make the island as a whole a lifeless and dull environment, despite ambitious restorations during the 1990s.
The island is first mentioned as Kidaskär in the Eric Chronicles from around 1325, which recounts how King Magnus Ladulås had a Greyfriars monastery built on the island about 1270, asking in his will that he be buried in it in 1285. During the Middle Ages, the original name disappeared from historical records, replaced by Gråbrödraholm, Gråmunkeholm, the latter most used until the 17th century; the monastery, closed following the Protestant Reformation and was subsequently converted into a church. As consequence, the name changed in the 1630s, the island being referred to as Riddarholmen, för detta Gråmunkeholm kallad in 1638; the old name did persist however, so while Charles XI preferred the new name, his youngest daughter Ulrika Eleonora remained faithful to the old. C. K. G. Billings's yacht Vanadis is now anchored at Riddarholmen, is used as a hotel known as Mälardrottningen with the ship rechristened as Lady Hutton. History of Stockholm Geography of Stockholm List of streets and squares in Gamla stan Riddarholmsbron Hebbes Bro Birger Jarls torn Media related to Riddarholmen at Wikimedia Commons
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end
Skarpnäck is a borough in the southern part of Stockholm, Sweden. This area corresponds with the Skarpnäck parish; the districts that make up the borough are Bagarmossen, Björkhagen, Flaten, Hammarbyhöjden, Kärrtorp, Skarpnäcks Gård, Skrubba. The population of Skarpnäck borough is 40,707 as of December 31, 2007 on an area of 15.66 square kilometres, which gives a density of 2,599 inhabitants per square kilometer. The following sports clubs are located in Skarpnäck: Bagarmossen Kärrtorp BK Spårvägens GoIF Spårvägens FF Media related to Skarpnäck at Wikimedia Commons
The Moderate Party is a liberal-conservative political party in Sweden. The party supports tax cuts, the free market, civil liberties and economic liberalism. Internationally, it is a full member of the International Democrat Union and European People's Party; the party was founded in 1904 as the General Electoral League by a group of conservatives in the Riksdag, the Swedish parliament. The party was known as The Right and Right Wing Party. After holding minor posts in centre-right governments, the Moderates became the leading opposition party to the Swedish Social Democratic Party and since those two parties have dominated Swedish politics. After the 1991 general election, party leader Carl Bildt formed a minority government, the first administration since 1930 to be headed by a member of the party, which lasted three years; the party was returned in government, under party leader and Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeld, after the 2006 and 2010 general elections. In 2010 the party, the leading member of the centre-right Alliance coalition, obtained its best result ever.
The current chairman of the party, Ulf Kristersson, was elected at a special party congress on 1 October 2017, following Anna Kinberg Batra's sudden resignation. Kinberg Batra had replaced Reinfeldt, Prime Minister from 2006 to 2014. Under Reinfeldt's leadership, the party moved more towards the centre in Swedish politics; the party was founded on 17 October 1904 in a restaurant called Runan in Stockholm. The intention was to start a campaign organization in support of the group of Conservatives which had emerged in the Riksdag. During the 19th century conservatives had organised themselves in the Riksdag but there was no party to support them; the Swedish right were threatened by the rise of the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Liberals. The party was called the General Electoral League. At first the party was nationalist and staunchly conservative; the importance of a strong defense was underlined and other societal institutions embraced by the party were the monarchy and the state of law.
The party held a protectionist view towards the economy. In the defence policy crisis in 1914, which overturned the parliamentary Liberal government, the party sided with King Gustav but stopped short of accepting a right-wing government by royal appointment, instead opting for an independent-conservative "war cabinet" under Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, overturned in favor of a Liberal-Social Democratic majority coalition government and thus the breakthrough of parliamentary rule, albeit reluctantly embraced by the right. Arvid Lindman became influential in the party and served two terms as Prime Minister of Sweden and after the enactment of universal suffrage. In 1907 he proposed universal male suffrage to the parliament and in 1912 he was formally elected leader, but the party voted against universal suffrage and the party again voted against women's right to vote. It was only because the party was in minority that Sweden was able to grant the right to vote for all, pushed through by the Liberals and the Social Democrats, against the objections of the right.
Although not one of the founders of the party and not a prominent ideologist and his achievements as a leader are appreciated as being of great importance for the new party. His leadership was marked by a consolidation of the Swedish right, by transforming the party into a modern, political movement. Lindman was a pragmatic politician, but without losing his principles, he was peace-broker. For this he was respected by his fiercest political opponents and when he resigned and left the parliament in 1935, the leader of the Social Democrats, Per Albin Hansson, expressed his "honest thanks over the battle lines". From the beginning of the 20th century social democracy and the labour movement rose to replace liberalism as the major political force for radical reforms; the Moderate Party intensified its opposition to socialism during the leadership of Lindman—the importance of continuance and strengthening national business were cornerstones. But at the same time, recent social issues gained significant political attention.
During the governments led by Lindman, several reforms for social progress were made, it was his first government that initiated the public state pension. In the 1920s the Swedish right started to move towards a classical liberal view on economic issues under the influence of the liberal economist Gustav Cassel, but the economic downturn following the Great Depression frustrated the possible liberal transition of their economic policy. Before that occurred the party gained its greatest success yet with 29.4% in the general election of 1928 called the Cossack Election, on a anti-socialist programme. The government formed by the party did not accept the concept of the market economy, but continued the protectionist policy by generous financial aid; the government began complete regulation of agriculture. Production associations, with the objective to administer the regulations and to run monopolies on imports, were established du