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Lawrence A. Appley

Lawrence Asa Appley was an American management specialist and organizational theorist, known for his early work on management and organization quality management. In 1962 he was awarded the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal. Appley was born in 1904 in Nyack, New York, the youngest of three children of the Methodist minister Joseph Earl Appley and Jessie Appley, his grandfather from his father's side had been shoemaker. As Methodist minister his father changed pastorates every second year along with the family, they successively lived in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, North Tarrytown, Fleischmanns and Kingston, New York. After primary school in those places he attended the Northfield Mount Hermon School. After graduation in 1923, he entered the Ohio Wesleyan University. In those years he held several part-time jobs, such as high school debate coach, short-order cook, washing machine salesman, motorcycle policeman, streetcar conductor, truck driver. In the year 1924-25 he taught eighth graders at an elementary school for a whole year.

In 1927 he received his BA in English, won a Chi Phi's 1927 Sparks Scholarship Medal, started some graduate work at Ohio State University in the summer. By Autumn 1927 Appley was appointed speech instructor and debate coach at Colgate University, where he worked for three years, he spend the summer of 1929 at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs taking graduate classes in public administration, gained his interest in business administration. In 1930 he moved to the Buffalo division of the Standard Oil Company, where he was appointed personnel manager. After the merger in 1934 to the Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, he was appointed educational director for the firm. After Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, he held a similar executive position at the Vick Chemical Company and at Montgomery Ward & Company for some time. In 1938 Appley started consulting work besides his regular work at Socony-Vacuum. In that year he joined the United States Civil Service Commission as advisor and lecturer on personnel problems.

In 1941 in Washington he became full-time advisor on civilian and personnel training to the United States Secretary of War, in 1942 he assisted the War Manpower Commission as director of its placement bureau. From 1948 to 1968 he served as president of the American Management Association. Appley served as board member in 35 corporations. In 1953 he was appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower into the Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Apply died at his home, April 1997, in the village of Hamilton, New York. Lawrence A. Appley, Management in Action. New York: American Management Association, 3rd ed. 1956. Lawrence A. Appley. Management the Simple Way. American Management Association, 1956. Lawrence A. Appley; the Management Evolution. American Management Association, 1963. Lawrence A. Appley. Values in management. New York: American Management Ass. 1969. Lawrence A. Appley. Formula for success: A core concept of management. New York: Amacom, 1974. Articles, a selectionLawrence A. Appley. "Preface" in: Ernest Dale and developing the company organization structure.

No. 20. American Management Association, 1952. Lawrence A. Appley, "Management and the American Future," Management at Mid-Century, 1954 Lawrence Appley and Paul McNutt, photo 1944 Robert T. Sheen, Lawrence Appley, David Secundo, photo 1963

Factory reset

A factory reset known as master reset, is a software restore of an electronic device to its original system state by erasing all of the information stored on the device in an attempt to restore the device to its original manufacturer settings. Doing so will erase all of the data and applications that were on the device; this is done to fix an issue with a device, but it could be done to restore the device to its original settings. Such electronic devices include smartphones. Since a factory reset entails deleting all information stored in the device, it is the same concept as reformatting a hard drive. Pre-installed applications and data on the card's storage card will not be erased. A factory reset destroys all data stored in the unit. Factory resets can fix many chronic performance issues, but it does not remove the device's operating system. Factory resets can be achieved in a variety of ways depending on the electronic device. For some devices, this could be done by going into the device's Service Menu.

Other devices may require a complete re-installation of the software. The following section lists a few common electronic devices and how they can be reset to factory settings. Computer factory resets will restore the computer to the computer's original operating system and delete all of the user data stored on the computer. Microsoft's Windows 8 and Windows 10, Apple's macOS have options for this. On Android devices, there is a factory data reset option in Settings that will appear to erase all of the device's data and reset all of its settings; this method is used when the device has a technical problem that cannot be fixed using other methods, or when the owner wants to remove all their personal data before selling, giving away, returning or disposing of the device. After performing a study, Avast! reported that the data is recoverable using forensics software, generic and publicly available. The "Factory data reset" option does not affect the Knox Flag; as such, it does not reset the device to its original factory settings and is not a way to return the device to a state compatible with the manufacturer's warranty.

Data on the SIM card and the microSD card is not erased. Many other devices can be restored to factory settings, like televisions, GPS units or tablet computers. Many electronic devices have a menu with tools and settings called the service menu, which includes a tool that performs a factory reset; this tool is most common in devices such as television sets and computer monitors. These menus are accessed through a sequence of button presses. Hardware reset Reboot Troubleshooting

This Silence Kills

This Silence Kills is the debut studio album by Brazilian singer-songwriter Dillon, released on November 21, 2011 on BPitch Control. The album received positive reviews from music critics; the song Thirteen Thirtyfive is based on "Pocketful of Money" by Swedish singer-songwriter Jens Lekman. German music magazine Musikexpress called the album "chanson-pop" and noted influences from electronic music. Dillon's vocals on the album have been compared to those of Björk; this Silence Kills received positive reviews from contemporary music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 72, based on 5 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". Markus Schneider of the Berliner Zeitung praised the album. Schneider noted that Dillon's electronic music distinguished her from many other songwriters, "who include electronic music as decorations." In a review for the BBC, Mike Diver lauded the album saying, "Dillon uses spare beats, subtle orchestrations and background-mixed brass, but everything is bound by a vocal that speaks to the soul, not the soles."

All tracks are written by Dominique Dillon de Byington except for Thirten Thirtyfive

Dhaka Premier Division Cricket League

The Dhaka Premier Division Cricket League known as the Dhaka Premier League, is a club List A tournament in Bangladesh. Since its inauguration in 1974–75 the league has been the premier club cricket competition in Bangladesh, it gained List A status starting with the 2013–14 tournament, thus superseding the National Cricket League One-Day as Bangladesh's main List A competition. In the years from 1974–75 to 2011–12, Abahani Limited won the championship 17 times. Other winners were Mohammedan Sporting Club nine times, Biman Bangladesh Airlines five times, Victoria Sporting Club four times, Old DOHS Sports Club twice and Brothers Union once. There was no tournament in 2012–13. Since the tournament gained List A status, the winners have been: 2013–14: Gazi Tank Cricketers 2014–15: Prime Bank 2015–16: Abahani Limited 2016–17: Gazi Group Cricketers 2017–18: Abahani Limited 2018–19: Abahani Limited The competition is played as a round-robin, followed by play-off rounds among the top six teams for the championship and among the lowest three teams to determine relegation.

The 2013–14 competition ran from mid-September to late November 2014. All matches. In 2016–17 only three grounds were used: Khan Shaheb Osman Ali Stadium in Fatullah, Bangladesh Krira Shikkha Protisthan No 3 and No 4 Grounds in Savar; the same three grounds were used in 2017–18 and 2018-19, as well as Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium in Mirpur. The system of allocating players to clubs has elements of lottery. Players change clubs between seasons. Imrul Kayes, for example, played for Victoria Sporting Club in 2006–07 and 2014–15, Mohammedan Sporting Club in 2007–08 and 2011–12, Gazi Tank Cricketers in 2008–09 and 2013–14, Abahani Limited in 2009–10 and 2010–11, Brothers Union in 2015–16, Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi Club in 2016–17 and Gazi Group Cricketers in 2017–18 and 2018–19. Of the 22 players who appeared for Brothers Union in 2013–14, only two were among the 20 Brothers Union players in 2014–15. Most teams include players from outside Bangladesh. In 2013–14 82 foreign players played in the competition.

From 2015–16 only one foreign player has been allowed in any playing eleven, although clubs are allowed to have several foreign players on their list. There are 12 participating teams, changing each season with relegation; the two lowest-finishing teams are demoted to the second division for the next season and the top two teams in the second division are promoted. Cricket Coaching School played the first six matches but were demoted after failing to arrive at their seventh match in time to play. Old DOHS Sports Club and Partex Sporting Club were promoted in place of Cricket Coaching School and Khelaghar Samaj Kallyan Samity. Gazi Tank Cricketers changed their name to Legends of Rupganj. Cricket Coaching School and Gazi Group Cricketers were promoted in place of Old DOHS Sports Club and Partex Sporting Club. Partex Sporting Club and Khelaghar Samaj Kallyan Samity returned in place of Cricket Coaching School and Kala Bagan Cricket Academy. Agrani Bank Cricket Club and Shinepukur Cricket Club were promoted in place of Victoria Sporting Club and Partex Sporting Club.

Bangladesh Krira Shikkha Protishtan and Uttara Sporting Club were promoted in place of Agrani Bank Cricket Club and Kala Bagan Krira Chakra. 2013–14 – 157 not out by Ravi Bopara 2014–15 – 161 not out by Chamara Kapugedera 2015–16 – 142 by Tamim Iqbal 2016–17 – 190 by Raqibul Hasan 2017–18 – 154 by Soumya Sarkar 2018–19 – 208 not out by Soumya Sarkar 2013–14 – 7 for 25 by Sean Williams 2014–15 – 6 for 33 by Naeem Islam 2015–16 – 7 for 58 by Saqlain Sajib 2016–17 – 6 for 18 by Tanvir Islam 2017–18 – 8 for 40 by Yeasin Arafat 2018–19 – 6 for 46 by Mashrafe Mortaza 2013–14 – 640 by Ravi Bopara 2014–15 – 714 by Rony Talukdar 2015–16 – 719 by Raqibul Hasan 2016–17 – 752 by Liton Das 2017–18 – 749 by Nazmul Hossain Shanto 2018–19 – 814 by Saif Hassan 2013–14 – 29 by Arafat Sunny and Farhad Reza 2014–15 – 31 by Elias Sunny 2015–16 – 30 by Chaturanga de Silva 2016–17 – 35 by Abu Haider 2017–18 – 39 by Mashrafe Mortaza 2018–19 – 38 by Farhad Reza The fastest century is by Brendan Taylor, who reached 100 off 46 balls for Prime Bank against Kalabagan Cricket Academy in 2013–14.

The highest team score is 393 for 4 by Abahani against Prime Doleshwar in 2017–18. Official Bangladesh Cricket Board website "The original premier league" by Mohammad Isam at Cricinfo Dhaka Premier Division 2013–14 at CricketArchive Dhaka Premier Division 2014–15 at CricketArchive Dhaka Premier Division 2015–16 at CricketArchive Dhaka Premier Division 2016–17 at CricketArchive Dhaka Premier Division 2017–18 at CricketArchive

History of the halfpenny

The British halfpenny coin was worth 1/480th of a pound sterling. At first in its 700-year history it was made from silver but as the value of silver increased, the coin was made from base metals, it was abandoned in 1969 as part of the process of decimalising the British currency. "Halfpenny", colloquially written ha'penny, was pronounced HAY-pə-nee. It was long considered that the first halfpenny coins were produced in the reign of King Edward I, with earlier requirements for small change being provided by "cut coinage". However, in recent years metal detectorists have discovered a few halfpennies of Kings Henry I and Henry III – these are rare and little is known about them. No documentary evidence of these coins is known to exist, it is possible that there are other coins or issues still to be discovered. A few King Henry I silver halfpennies have been discovered recently; the issue is a pattern or trial, but it is obvious that several specimens entered circulation. The obverse features an uncrowned front-facing bust of the king, with the inscription HENRIC REX – King Henry – while the reverse features a cross with the identification of the moneyer GODWIN A ON WI – Godwin of Winchester.

Two issues, both struck at the London mint, have been discovered recently. Both are in the short-cross style of King Henry III, produced between 1216 and 1247, are similar in design to the pennies, but only half the size; the obverse shows a crowned bust of the king holding a sceptre, with the inscription HENRICUS REX, while the reverse shows a small cross with four pellets in each quarter with the moneyer's inscription TERRI ON LUND – Terry of London. King Edward I introduced the halfpenny as part of his new coinage, which allowed trade to increase; as with all coins of this period, the denomination was not written on the coin, worth its weight in silver. All hammered halfpennies tend to be difficult to identify because they are small clipped, in poor condition, the legends on the coins are incorrect because of the difficulty in making dies which were small enough for the denomination; the fact that Kings Edward II, III, IV issued halfpennies makes it difficult to distinguish between them – in general, Edward I's coins are larger than his successors'.

As with other denominations, by far the majority of coins were produced at the London mint, in the Tower of London, but five other mints were active in Edward I's reign. The legend on the reverse of the coin identifies the mint's name, reads CIVITAS LONDON or LONDONIENSIS for London, VILLA BRISTOLLIE for Bristol, CIVITAS LINCOL for Lincoln, NOVI CASTRI for Newcastle upon Tyne, CIVITAS EBORACI for York, VILLA BEREVVICI for Berwick-upon-Tweed; the king's name appears in the obverse inscription EDW, EDWA, or EDWR R ANGL DNS HYB, or RICARD or HENRI for the issues of Kings Richard II and Henry IV. During the reign of King Edward II, halfpennies were only produced at the mints in London and Berwick because sufficient had been produced when his father introduced the new coinage; the principal difference between the coins of Edward II and his father is that the obverse inscription of the London-produced coins reads EDWARDUS REX A, EDWARDUS REX AN on the Berwick-produced coins. Three mints were producing halfpennies in the reign of King Edward III, 1327–1377, at London and Reading, although Berwick and Reading coins are rare.

The usual obverse inscription of this reign was EDWARDUS REX AN – Edward King of the English – or on earlier coins EDWARDUS REX – King Edward – or EDWARDUS ANGLIE D or EDWARDUS DEI GRA R – Edward by the grace of God King. At this time English coins were much envied in Europe for their weight and good metal content, with the result that English halfpennies were copied on the continent. King Richard II produced all his halfpennies at the London mint; the obverse legend reads RICHARD REX ANGL – Richard King of England – around a front-facing bust of the king. The halfpennies of King Henry IV are difficult to identify because they have been clipped or worn; the obverse legend reads HENRIC REX ANGL around a front-facing bust of the king, while the reverse legend reads CIVITAS LONDON. In 1412 the weight of the halfpenny was reduced from 4.5 grains to 3.75 grains, although coins were produced from the same dies as before. The halfpennies of King Henry V are a little easier to identify, but the basic design remained the same as before.

In the first reign of King Henry VI, halfpennies were produced at London and Calais, less at York. The designs are continuations of those of the earlier Henries, with the obverse legend HENRIC REX ANGL; the halfpennies of the first reign of King Edward IV are divided into the heavy coinage up to 1464, only minted in London, the light coinage from 1464, produced at London, Canterbury and Norwich. The obverse inscription reads EDWARD DI G