Seoul the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. With surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province, Seoul forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area. Seoul is ranked as the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world and is larger than London and Paris. Strategically situated on the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BCE by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea; the city was designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city; as with its long history, the Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Changdeok Palace, Hwaseong Fortress, Jongmyo Shrine and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty. More Seoul has been a major site of modern architectural construction – major modern landmarks include the N Seoul Tower, the 63 Building, the Lotte World Tower, the Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Lotte World, Trade Tower, COEX, the IFC Seoul.
Seoul was named the 2010 World Design Capital. As the birthplace of K-pop and the Korean Wave, Seoul received over 10 million international visitors in 2014, making it the world's 9th most visited city and 4th largest earner in tourism. Today, Seoul is considered a leading and rising global city, resulting from the South Korean economic boom - referred to as the Miracle on the Han River - which transformed it into the world's 7th largest metropolitan economy with a GDP of US$635.4 billion in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. International visitors reach Seoul via AREX from the Incheon International Airport, notable for having been rated the best airport for nine consecutive years by the Airports Council International. In 2015, it was rated Asia's most livable city with the second highest quality of life globally by Arcadis, with the GDP per capita in Seoul being $39,786. Inhabitants of Seoul are faced with a high cost of living, for which the city was ranked 6th globally in 2017.
Seoul is an expensive real estate market, ranked 5th in the world for the price of apartments in the downtown center. With major technology hubs centered in Gangnam and Digital Media City, the Seoul Capital Area is home to the headquarters of 15 Fortune Global 500 companies, including Samsung, LG, Hyundai. Ranked sixth in the Global Power City Index and Global Financial Centres Index, the metropolis exerts a major influence in global affairs as one of the five leading hosts of global conferences. Seoul has hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup, more the 2010 G-20 Seoul summit; the city has been known in the past by the names Wiryeseong, Hanseong, Keijō. During Japan's annexation of Korea, "Hanseong" was renamed "Keijō" by the Imperial authorities to prevent confusion with the hanja'漢', which refers to Han people or the Han dynasty and in Japanese is a term for "China", its current name originated from the Korean word meaning "capital city", believed to have descended from an ancient word, which referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla.
Ancient Gyeongju was known in documents by the Chinese-style name Geumseong, but it is unclear whether the native Korean-style name Seorabeol had the same meaning as Geumseong. Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja. On January 18, 2005, the Seoul government changed its official Chinese name from the historic Hancheng, still in common use, to Shou'er. Settlement of the Han River area, where present-day Seoul is located, began around 4000 BCE. Seoul is first recorded as the capital of Baekje in the northeastern Seoul area. There are several city walls remaining in the area. Pungnaptoseong, an earthen wall located southeast Seoul, is believed to have been at the main Wiryeseong site; as the Three Kingdoms competed for this strategic region, control passed from Baekje to Goguryeo in the 5th century, from Goguryeo to Silla in the 6th century. In the 11th century Goryeo, which succeeded Unified Silla, built a summer palace in Seoul, referred to as the "Southern Capital".
It was only from this period. When Joseon replaced Goryeo, the capital was moved to Seoul, where it remained until the fall of the dynasty; the Gyeongbok Palace, built in the 14th century, served as the royal residence until 1592. The other large palace, constructed in 1405, served as the main royal palace from 1611 to 1872. After Joseon changed her name to the Korean Empire in 1897, Hwangseong designated Seoul; the city was surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals and attacks. The city has grown beyond those walls and although the wall no longer stands, the gates remain near the downtown district of Seoul, including most notably Sungnyemun and Heunginjimun (commonly known as Dong
OBS Gyeongin TV
OBS Gyeongin TV is a South Korean free-to-air television station covering Gyeonggi Province and Seoul. It is the only regional television network in operation not affiliated with any national broadcast network. At the time of launch, OBS Gyeongin TV Ltd. was owned by the following companies: Young-An Hat Company Media Will KD Group Officially, "OBS" does not stand for anything. However, as the channel's first president Joo Chulhwan explained, the "O" could mean "One", "Our", "Open", "Oasis" and "Opportunity". "Kyung-TV OBS, 1 from Seoul to start broadcasting globally." Joinsmsn.com. Accessed September 2011. "Seoulseo see Kyung-TV... KCC, offshore permit retransmission." Asia Economy. Accessed September 2011. "Times-OBS Kyung-business agreement." Kyung-Times. Accessed September 2011. Official website
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation is one of the leading South Korean television and radio network companies. Munhwa is the Korean word for "culture", its flagship terrestrial television station MBC TV is Channel 11 for Digital. Established on December 2, 1961, MBC is a Korean terrestrial broadcaster which has a nationwide network of 17 regional stations. Although it operates on advertising, MBC is a public broadcaster, as its largest shareholder is a public organization, The Foundation of Broadcast Culture. Today, it is a multimedia group with one terrestrial TV channel, three radio channels, five cable channels, five satellite channels and four DMB channels. MBC is headquartered in Digital Media City, Mapo-gu, Seoul and has the largest broadcast production facilities in Korea including digital production center Dream Center in Ilsan and outdoor sets in Yongin Daejanggeum Park. Launching the first radio broadcast signal from Seoul, MBC started as the first non-governmental commercial broadcaster in Korea.
On April 12, 1963, it obtained a license from the government for operating regional stations in major cities in Korea, established a broadcast network which connects 6 cities including Seoul and Busan. MBC launched TV broadcasting on August 8, 1969, started to broadcast its main news program MBC Newsdesk on October 5, 1970, it reached affiliation deal with 7 commercial stations between 1968 and 1969, started nationwide TV broadcasting through its 13 affiliated or regional stations. In 1974, FM radio was launched; the first color TV broadcasting was started on December 22, 1980. MBC was separated from The Kyunghyang Shinmun according to the 1981 Basic Press Act. In 1982, it moved into the Yoido headquarters and founded professional baseball team MBC Cheong-ryong. With the live coverage of the 1986 Seoul Asian Games and the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games, MBC made a great advancement in scale and technology. After growing into a large corporation, covering major international events, MBC established specialized companies for each value chain and spined them off as subsidiaries to become a more efficient corporation amid fiercer competition in the multimedia era.
※ MBC Production and MBC Media Tech were merged into MBC C&I in August, 2011. As the convergence of broadcasting and communications becomes full-fledged, MBC made its subsidiary iMBC an independent corporation and pursued various internet-related business. Furthermore, it started new DMB broadcasting. In 2007, MBC established digital production center Ilsan Dream Center, equipped with high-tech production facilities. In September 2014, it completed the construction of a new headquarters building and moved from Yoido to Sangam-dong, opening a new era of Sangam MBC. In 2001, MBC launched cable television broadcasting; as part of this expansion it created MBC America, a subsidiary based in Los Angeles, United States, to distribute its programming throughout the Americas. On August 1, 2008 MBC America launched MBC-D, a television network carried on the digital subchannels of KSCI-TV, KTSF-TV, WMBC-TV; the service was planned to be launched in Atlanta and Washington, D. C. by the end of the year. In northeast metro Atlanta, it aired on WKTB-CD channel 47.3, but as of 2011 is on WSKC-CD channel 22.1.
MBC is an active member of international organizations such as ABU, IATAS and INPUT, is affiliated with 21 broadcasters in 13 different countries. It is engaged in various global business through overseas corporations in Los Angeles and Shanghai, bureaus in North America, Latin America and the Middle East as well as Asia, in close cooperation with major global media groups. MBC is devoted to expanding the business area, it maintains a close relationship with foreign buyers by participating in major content markets every year such as MIP-TV, MIPCOM, NATPE, BCWW and ATF. In addition, it operates an English web site which introduces various MBC content to the overseas buyers and viewers so that they can access its content. MBC drama What on Earth Is Love? is the first Korean Wave drama which sparked the K-drama boom across China, when it was aired on CCTV in 1997. Since numerous MBC dramas, entertainment shows, documentaries have been exported to different countries; the drama "Dae Jang Geum" was shown in as many as 91 countries around the world.
More MBC is widening its content business area by exporting show formats such as I Am a Singer, We Got Married and Dad! Where Are We Going? to other countries. See in Korean Wikipedia: Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation Television1 terrestrial TV 3 Radio stations:5 cable 5 satellite 3 terrestrial DMB 2 satellite DMB List of programs broadcast by Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation Korean Broadcasting System Educational Broadcasting System List of South Korean broadcasting networks List of Korea-related topics Contemporary culture of South Korea http://www.misodacom.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=3_3&wr_id=11 Official Homepage Live Stream (Chunch
Korean Broadcasting System
Korean Broadcasting System is the national public broadcaster of South Korea. It was founded in 1927, operates radio and online services, being one of the biggest South Korean television networks. KBS began as Kyeongseong Broadcasting Corporation and was established by the Governor-General of Korea on 16 February 1927; this second radio station started using the call sign HLKA in 1947 after the Republic of Korea got the call sign HL of the International Telecommunication Union. After doing a national broadcast, the radio was renamed Seoul Central Broadcasting Station in 1948. Television broadcasts in South Korea began on 12 May 1956 with the first television station HLKZ-TV, it was sold to KBS in 1961. KBS station status changed from government to public broadcasting station on 3 March 1973. Construction of KBS headquarters in Yeouido started in 1976. In 1979, KBS radio began broadcasting on the FM wave with the launch of KBS Stereo. KBS began accepting advertising in 1980, differing from the norm of advert-free broadcasting by public broadcasters, after the forced merger of several private broadcasters into KBS by the military government of Chun Doo-hwan.
In 1981, KBS launched KBS 3TV and Educational FM, on 27 December 1990, the channels split from KBS to form the Educational Broadcasting System. After a revision of the television licensing fee system in 1994, KBS1 stopped broadcasting commercials. KBS is a public corporation funded by the South Korean government and license fees, but is managed independently; as part of the Constitution, the president of KBS is chosen by the President of South Korea, after being recommended by its board of directors. Political parties in South Korea have the right to name members of the KBS board of directors; because of this system, which gives politicians effective control over choosing the president of KBS, as well as its board of directors, people who are critical of the system cite political intervention in KBS's governance as reason for revising the current system of recruiting. Around 37.8% of KBS' revenue comes from a mandatory television licence fee of 2,200 won, with another 47.6% coming from commercial advertisement sales.
KBS' international output such as KBS World, as well as specialised services such as KBS Radio 3 for the disabled, receive public funding from the South Korean government. KBS1 - KBS' flagship channel, it broadcasts news and current affairs, education and culture, it launched in 1961 as HLKA-TV and is funded by the license fee, airing commercial-free. It is available nationally on broadcasting via digital terrestrial television. KBS1 airs public information films and minor entertainment programming, but the majority of, on KBS2. KBS2 - KBS' entertainment and drama channel, it was launched in 1980 as a replacement for the Tongyang Broadcasting Corporation, controversially merged with KBS, it is available on digital channel 7 via digital terrestrial television. KBS2 airs public information films and less news and current affairs programming, but the majority of, on KBS1. KBS UHD - The Ultra High Definition channel. Airs music videos and re-runs of dramas, it is on national terrestrial digital channel 66.
KBS1 and KBS2 phased out analogue services on 31 December 2012 as part of the switchover to digital television. KBS Prime - A culture and drama channel, launched in 1995 as KBS Satellite 2, it was renamed before becoming Prime. KBS Drama - KBS Sky Drama, launched in 2002 KBS N Sports - KBS Sports/KBS Sky Sports, launched in 2002 KBS Joy - a comedy and quiz show channel, launched in 2006 KBS Kids - the children's channel, launched in 2012 KBS W - a channel aimed at a female audience, launched in 2013 KBS - K Picture Media - distribution paid cartoons onlineThese six channels are carried by cable and satellite operators in South Korea. There are 100+ cable operators in South Korea, Skylife is the sole satellite television service provider; these channels are managed and operated by KBS N, a subsidiary company of KBS. KBS World is the international television and radio service of KBS, it launched on 1 July 2003. It is broadcast on a 24-hour schedule with programs including news, television dramas and children's.
KBS World television is broadcast locally and around the world. As of July 2007, around 65% of its programs are broadcast with English subtitles, it is available in 32 countries, more than 40 million households around the world can access KBS World, it has two overseas subsidiaries: KBS Japan. KBS Japan is independently operated by a KBS subsidiary in Japan, most programs are provided with Japanese subtitles. KBS World television is a television channel that broadcasts programs commissioned for KBS' 2 terrestrial networks: KBS1 and KBS2. KBS World television is distributed over several international communication and broadcasting satellites such as IS-19, IS-20, IS-21, Measat 3, Apstar 6 & 7, Eutelsat Hotbird 13A, Galaxy 11, 18 & 23, Badr 6, Vinasat 1, Palapa D, SES 7, Telkom 1, Thaicom 5, EchoStar 15, Anik F3. Local cable and/or satellite operators receive the signal from one of these satellite and carry the signal to end subscribers of their own networks. KBS doesn't allow individual viewer to receive the signal from IS-19, IS-20, IS-21, Measat 3, Asiasat 5, Galaxy 18.
The signal from Badr 6 and Eutelsat Hotbird 13A is Free-to-Air. KBS Radio 1 - news, current affairs, drama and culture. Launched in 1927 as Kyeongseong Broadcasting Corporation JODK and it became KBS Radio 1 in 1965. KBS
Taegu Broadcasting Corporation
The Taegu Broadcasting Corporation Hangul: 대구 방송 is a regional television and radio broadcasting company, based in Daegu, South Korea, are broadcasting as an affiliate of Seoul Broadcasting System. The station were established on August 10, 1994, had first started its demo emissions, although it were beginning its test transmissions on October 7, 1994, it had commenced its official broadcasts on May 14, 1995. Television Channel - Ch. 15 Launched - May 14, 1995 Call Sign - HLDE-DTV FM radio Frequency - 99.3 MHz, 99.7 MHz, 106.5 MHz Launched - December 1, 1997 Call Sign - HLDE-FM Hiroshima Home Television KCOP-TV Shenyang Television List of South Korean broadcasting networks Communications in South Korea SBS Official website
South Korea the Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea has a predominantly mountainous terrain, it comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2. Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million. Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was inhabited by early humans starting from the Lower Paleolithic period; the history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 11th century BCE, its existence and role has been controversial in the modern era; the written historical record on Gojoseon was first mentioned in Chinese records in the early 7th century BCE.
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Unified Silla in CE 668, Korea was subsequently ruled by the Goryeo dynasty and the Joseon dynasty. It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U. S. zones of occupations. A separate election was held in the U. S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea, while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Soviet zone. The United Nations at the time passed a resolution declaring the ROK to be the only lawful government in Korea; the Korean War began in June 1950. The war lasted three years and involved the U. S. China, the Soviet Union and several other nations; the border between the two nations remains the most fortified in the world. Under long-time military leader Park Chung-hee, the South Korean economy grew and the country was transformed into a G-20 major economy. Military rule ended in 1987, the country is now a presidential republic consisting of 17 administrative divisions.
South Korea is a developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world. The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP as of 2010. South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, its export-driven economy focuses production on electronics, ships, machinery and robotics. South Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the United Nations, Uniting for Consensus, G20, the WTO and OECD and is a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit; the name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name; the 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, thus inherited its name, pronounced by the visiting Persian merchants as "Korea". The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel.
Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that Imperial Japan, around the time of the Japanese occupation, intentionally standardised the spelling on Korea, making Japan appear first alphabetically. After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in 1392, Joseon became the official name for the entire territory, though it was not universally accepted; the new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon. In 1897, the Joseon dynasty changed the official name of the country from Joseon to Daehan Jeguk; the name Daehan, which means "Great Han" derives from Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula. However, the name Joseon was still used by Koreans to refer to their country, though it was no longer the official name. Under Japanese rule, the two names Han and Joseon coexisted. There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
Following the surrender of Japan, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopted as the legal English name for the new country. Since the government only controlled the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the informal term South Korea was coined, becoming common in the Western world. While South Koreans use Han to refer to the entire country, North Koreans and ethnic Koreans living in China and Japan use the term Joseon as the name of the country; the Korean name "Daehan Minguk" is sometimes used by South Koreans as a metonym to refer to the Korean ethnicity as a whole, rather than just the South Korean state. The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology. Gojoseon expanded until it controlled parts of Manchuria. Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. In 108 BCE, the Han dynasty defeated Wiman Joseon and installed four commanderies in the n
SBS MTV is a South Korean pay television music channel. Being a South Korean version of American MTV, it features South Korean pop artists, international music, a few reality programs, it broadcasts programs from the American MTV, along with a few Asian programs. The channel is owned by SBS Viacom LLC, a joint venture of SBS Medianet and Viacom International Media Networks. From 1994 to 1999, MTV, through a partnership deal, showed programs on the CheilJedang group's Mnet network. In January 2001, the MTV block returned on OnGameNet owned by Orion Group's On-Media. In July 2001, On-Media and Viacom launched MTV Korea, their partnership ended in 2008. In 2008, MTV Korea was acquired by C&M. In September 2011, SBS, a South Korean commercial broadcaster, became the official South Korean partner of Viacom. With this, MTV became a part of SBS, renamed SBS MTV in November 2011. KSTAR News 840 SBS Inkigayo Running Man K-pop Star Channel Fiestar The Show The Stage Big Pleasure KPOP Hero MTV Hits SBS MTV KPOP 20 After Hours Wake Up Call HITS: Classic FRESH: POP FRESH: K-POP LIVE 4 U School Attack Yogobara I GOT7 Lovelyz in Wonderland Nara Supasize Semi Seorak Kewnsung Hongwook MC Rhymer Seunggwang Sia Tim G-Ma$ta Jungmin Hanbyul Janet Joi Sara Bin Donemany Lee Eugene Yuri MTV MTV Networks Asia Pacific MTV Southeast Asia Mnet Official website