Royal Dutch Football Association
The Royal Dutch Football Association is the governing body of football in Netherlands. It organises the main Dutch football leagues, the amateur leagues, the KNVB Cup, the Dutch men's and women's national teams. For three seasons in the 2010s, the KNVB and its Belgian counterpart operated a joint top-level women's league, the BeNe League, until the two countries dissolved the league after the 2014–15 season and reestablished their own top-level leagues; the KNVB is based in the central municipality of Zeist. With over 1.2 million members the KNVB is the single largest sports association in the Netherlands. In 1889, the Nederlandsche Voetbal en Athletiek Bond was founded. Due to certain disagreements several football clubs ended their association with it and together to form Koninklijke Belgische Voetbalbond, renamed to present name, it was one of the founding members of FIFA in 1904 and one of the first non-British football association in Europe. The first Dutch football club was formed in 1879 in Haarlem.
The Netherlands Football League Championship had existed for a decade unofficially when the association was founded. The KNVB disapproved the professionalism of football in 1909, it said that "it will protest against it by all means necessary." In 2012 KNVB launched an 11-point action plan, called'Football for Everyone' to promote gay football players in coming out. It released a 30-second video named'Gay? It doesn't matter'; the video was broadcast during the Dutch national football's teams World Cup qualifier match against Andorra held in October 2012. During the FIFA World Cup 2014, it collaborated with Royal Philips to open six football clinics across Brazil. Bert van Oostveen is the current Secretary-General of KNVB. Nike ING Group Heineken Coca-Cola PricewaterhouseCoopers Staatsloterij KPN Adecco Netherlands men's national football team Netherlands women's national football team KNVB.nl – official website KNVB.com – official website in English OnsOranje.nl – website of the Netherlands national football team Netherlands National Football Team History at VoetbalStats.nl Netherlands at FIFA site Netherlands at UEFA site
Netherlands women's national football team
The Netherlands women's national football team is directed by the Royal Dutch Football Association, a member of UEFA and FIFA. In 1971, the team played the first women's international football match recognized by FIFA against France, they have played at the final tournament of the 2009, 2013, 2017 UEFA Women's Championship and were champions in 2017. They have played at the final tournament of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup and reached thirteenth place; the nicknames for the team are Leeuwinnen. Sarina Wiegman has been head coach since January 2017; as of June 2018, the team is ranked number 9 in the FIFA Women's World Rankings. On 17 April 1971, the Dutch team played the first women's international football match recognized by FIFA against France; the match took place in Hazebrouck and resulted in a 4–0 defeat for the Netherlands. In 1980s and 1990s, the team failed to qualify for the final tournaments of UEFA's European Championship and also for the FIFA's World Championship; the team qualified for the UEFA Women's Euro 2009 and reached third place together with Norway, after England and Germany.
The team again did not advance after the group stage. The team qualified for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup and reached thirteenth place, after having lost their first match in the knockout stage to Japan. In 2017, the Netherlands won their first major women's trophy, ending Germany's unbeatable reign over the UEFA Women's Championship and surprising friend and foe alike by winning the tournament on home soil, beating Denmark 4–2 in the final; the successful campaign in which Oranje managed to win all of their matches contributed to the popularity of women's football in the Netherlands. In 2018, the Netherlands finished second in their UEFA Qualifying Group, meaning they must now win the UEFA play-off in order to qualify for the 2019 World Cup. Switzerland and Denmark are the other teams in the play-off. UEFA Women's Euro: 2017 Algarve Cup: 2018 On 27 November 2014, the Netherlands women's national football team qualified to the final tournament of the FIFA Women's World Cup for the first time.
* Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. The Netherlands failed to qualify for the final tournament of the UEFA Women's Championship from 1984 to 2005. In 2009, the Dutch women's team reached third place. In 2013, they did not advance after the group stage; the Dutch women booked a major victory on the 2017 tournament: following a 4–2 victory over Denmark they became the new European champion. Furthermore, Lieke Martens was heralded as the best player of the tournament. * Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. ** Missing flag indicates no host country. The Algarve Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's soccer hosted by the Portuguese Football Federation. Held annually in the Algarve region of Portugal since 1994, it is one of the most prestigious women's football events, alongside the Women's World Cup and Women's Olympic Football. * Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. All times are CEST, as listed by UEFA; the following is a list of matches in 2018 and 2019 On 10 April 2019, the following 23 players were named to the squad for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup.
Caps and goals are current as of 9 April 2019 after match against Chile. Head coach: Sarina Wiegman The following players were named to a squad in the last 12 months; this list may be incomplete. Notes: SBY: Stand-by list Active players are highlighted in orange; as of 9 April 2019 As of 9 April 2019 Coaches As of 9 April 2019 All results list the Netherlands goal tally first. Goal scorers are sorted alphabetically. Netherlands women's national under-17 football team Netherlands women's national under-19 football team OnsOranje.nl – official website FIFA profile
Rotterdam is the second-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands. It is located in the province of South Holland, at the mouth of the Nieuwe Maas channel leading into the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta at the North Sea, its history goes back to 1270, when a dam was constructed in the Rotte, after which people settled around it for safety. In 1340, Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland. A major logistic and economic centre, Rotterdam is Europe's largest port, it has a population of 633,471. Rotterdam is known for its Erasmus University, its riverside setting, lively cultural life and maritime heritage; the near-complete destruction of the city centre in the World War II Rotterdam Blitz has resulted in a varied architectural landscape, including sky-scrapers designed by renowned architects such as Rem Koolhaas, Piet Blom and Ben van Berkel. The Rhine and Scheldt give waterway access into the heart of Western Europe, including the industrialized Ruhr; the extensive distribution system including rail and waterways have earned Rotterdam the nicknames "Gateway to Europe" and "Gateway to the World".
The settlement at the lower end of the fen stream Rotte dates from at least 900 CE. Around 1150, large floods in the area ended development, leading to the construction of protective dikes and dams, including Schielands Hoge Zeedijk along the northern banks of the present-day Nieuwe Maas. A dam on the Rotte was located at the present-day Hoogstraat. On 7 July 1340, Count Willem IV of Holland granted city rights to Rotterdam, whose population was only a few thousand. Around the year 1350, a shipping canal, the Rotterdamse Schie was completed, which provided Rotterdam access to the larger towns in the north, allowing it to become a local trans-shipment centre between the Netherlands and Germany, to urbanize; the port of Rotterdam grew but into a port of importance, becoming the seat of one of the six "chambers" of the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, the Dutch East India Company. The greatest spurt of growth, both in port activity and population, followed the completion of the Nieuwe Waterweg in 1872.
The city and harbor started to expand on the south bank of the river. The Witte Huis or White House skyscraper, inspired by American office buildings and built in 1898 in the French Château-style, is evidence of Rotterdam's rapid growth and success; when completed, it was the tallest office building in Europe, with a height of 45 m. During World War I the city was the world's largest spy centre because of Dutch neutrality and its strategic location in between Great-Britain and German-occupied Belgium. Many spies who were arrested and executed in Britain were led by German secret agents operating from Rotterdam. MI6 had its main European office on de Boompjes. From there the British occupied Belgium. During World War I, an average of 25,000 Belgian refugees lived in the city, as well as hundreds of German deserters and escaped Allied prisoners of war. During World War II, the German army invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940. Adolf Hitler had hoped to conquer the country in just one day, but his forces met unexpectedly fierce resistance.
The Dutch army was forced to capitulate on 15 May 1940, following the bombing of Rotterdam on 14 May and the threat of bombing of other Dutch cities. The heart of Rotterdam was completely destroyed by the Luftwaffe; some 80,000 civilians were made homeless and 900 were killed. The City Hall survived the bombing. Ossip Zadkine attempted to capture the event with his statue De Verwoeste Stad; the statue stands near the Leuvehaven, not far from the Erasmusbrug in the centre of the city, on the north shore of the river Nieuwe Maas. Rotterdam was rebuilt from the 1950s through to the 1970s, it remained quite windy and open until the city councils from the 1980s on began developing an active architectural policy. Daring and new styles of apartments, office buildings and recreation facilities resulted in a more'livable' city centre with a new skyline. In the 1990s, the Kop van Zuid was built on the south bank of the river as a new business centre. Rotterdam was voted 2015 European City of the Year by the Academy of Urbanism.
A Guardian profile of Rem Koolhaas begins "If you put the last 50 years of architecture in a blender, spat it out in building-sized chunks across the skyline, you would end up with something that looked a bit like Rotterdam."'Rotterdam' is divided into a northern and a southern part by the river Nieuwe Maas, connected by: the Beneluxtunnel. The former railway lift bridge De Hef is preserved as a monument in lifted position between the Noordereiland and the south of Rotterdam; the city centre is located on the northern bank of the Nieuwe Maas, although recent urban development has extended the centre to parts of southern Rotterdam known as De Kop van Zuid. From its inland core, Rotterdam reaches the North Sea by a swathe of predominantly harbour area. Built behind di
Kit (association football)
In association football, kit is the standard equipment and attire worn by players. The sport's Laws of the Game specify the minimum kit which a player must use, prohibit the use of anything, dangerous to either the player or another participant. Individual competitions may stipulate further restrictions, such as regulating the size of logos displayed on shirts and stating that, in the event of a match between teams with identical or similar colours, the away team must change to different coloured attire. Footballers wear identifying numbers on the backs of their shirts. A team of players wore numbers from 1 to 11, corresponding to their playing positions, but at the professional level this has been superseded by squad numbering, whereby each player in a squad is allocated a fixed number for the duration of a season. Professional clubs usually display players' surnames or nicknames on their shirts, above their squad numbers. Football kit has evolved since the early days of the sport when players wore thick cotton shirts and heavy rigid leather boots.
In the twentieth century, boots became lighter and softer, shorts were worn at a shorter length, advances in clothing manufacture and printing allowed shirts to be made in lighter synthetic fibres with colourful and complex designs. With the rise of advertising in the 20th century, sponsors' logos began to appear on shirts, replica strips were made available for fans to purchase, generating significant amounts of revenue for clubs; the Laws of the Game set out the basic equipment which must be worn by all players in Law 4: The Players' Equipment. Five separate items are specified: shirt, socks and shin pads. Goalkeepers are allowed to wear tracksuit bottoms instead of shorts. While most players wear studded football boots, the Laws do not specify. Shirts must have sleeves, goalkeepers must wear shirts which are distinguishable from all other players and the match officials. Thermal undershorts must be the same colour as the shorts themselves. Shin pads must be covered by the stockings, be made of rubber, plastic or a similar material, "provide a reasonable degree of protection".
The only other restriction on equipment defined in the Laws of the Game is the requirement that a player "must not use equipment or wear anything, dangerous to himself or another player". It is normal for individual competitions to specify that all outfield players on a team must wear the same colours, though the Law states only "The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each other and the referee and the assistant referees". In the event of a match between teams who would wear identical or similar colours the away team must change to a different colour; because of this requirement a team's second-choice is referred to as its "away kit" or "away colours", although it is not unknown at international level, for teams to opt to wear their away colours when not required to by a clash of colours, or to wear them at home. The England national team sometimes plays in red shirts when it is not required, as this was the strip worn when the team won the 1966 FIFA World Cup. In some cases both teams have been forced to wear their second choice away kits.
Many professional clubs have a "third kit", ostensibly to be used if both their first-choice and away colours are deemed too similar to those of an opponent. Most professional clubs have retained the same basic colour scheme for several decades, the colours themselves form an integral part of a club's culture. Teams representing countries in international competition wear national colours in common with other sporting teams of the same nation; these are based on the colours of the country's national flag, although there are exceptions—the Italian national team, for example, wear blue as it was the colour of the House of Savoy, the Australian team like most Australian sporting teams wear the Australian National Colours of green and gold, neither of which appear on the flag, the Dutch national team wear orange, the colour of the Dutch Royal House. Shirts are made of a polyester mesh, which does not trap the sweat and body heat in the same way as a shirt made of a natural fibre. Most professional clubs have sponsors' logos on the front of their shirts, which can generate significant levels of income, some offer sponsors the chance to place their logos on the back of their shirts.
Depending on local rules, there may be restrictions on how large these logos may be or on what logos may be displayed. Competitions such as the Premier League may require players to wear patches on their sleeves depicting the logo of the competition. A player's number is printed on the back of the shirt, although international teams also place numbers on the front, professional teams print a player's surname above their number; the captain of each team is required to wear an elasticated armband around the left sleeve to identify them as the captain to the referee and supporters. Most current players wear specialist football boots, which can be made either of
BeNe Super Cup
The BeNe Super Cup was a women's football competition between the holders of the Dutch Vrouwen Eredivisie and the Belgian Women's First Division. It was played two times, its inaugural edition took place on 30 August 2011 in Venlo and confronted Standard Liège and FC Twente. Standard won 4-1; the competition was a first step towards the joint BeNe League that gathered the top eight teams from each country and was started in the 2012–13 season. It has not been held since
The Amsterdam Tournament was a pre-season association football competition, held in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The competition was hosted by Eredivisie club Ajax at the Amsterdam Arena, it was inaugurated in 1975 as the Amsterdam 700 Tournament to celebrate 700 years of history in the city. It was held annually each summer until 1992, when the last edition of the original tournament was played, it returned in 1999 with the backing of the International Event Partnership. Four teams participate in the competition, played in a league format since 1986. Since its return, the tournament has used an unusual point scoring system; as with most league competitions, three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. An additional point, however, is awarded for each goal scored; the system is designed to reward teams. Each entrant plays two matches, with the winner being the club that finishes at the top of the table; the original competition was held at De Meer, Ajax's home between 1934 and 1996.
The Amsterdam Arena has played host to the event since its return. The first winners were Belgian club Molenbeek; the hosts are the most successful club in the tournament's history, having lifted the trophy on ten occasions. The club won their first title in 1978 and their most recent success came in 2004. Fellow Dutch side AZ and English club Arsenal are the only other teams to have won the competition more than once. Feyenoord, Ajax's domestic rivals, are among a group of clubs to have won the tournament once, while Belgium has produced the most individual winners, one more than England and Netherlands. AZ and Arsenal are the most regular guests, having been invited to compete in the tournament on six occasions; as well as being the most successful club, Ajax has finished as runners-up eleven times. Next in the list are two Italian clubs and Roma, who has finished in second place five times between them. Romania is the only national team to have taken part in the tournament, they were invited in 1984 and finished in fourth place as Atlético Mineiro became the first Brazilian club to lift the trophy.
In total, teams from 13 countries have participated in the competition. The 2010 edition did not take place due to Ajax's involvement in the qualifying stages of the Champions League. Copa Amsterdam Future Cup Official website
Netherlands national under-21 football team
The Netherlands national under-21 football team is the national under-21 team of the Netherlands and is controlled by the Royal Dutch Football Association. The team competes in the European Under-21 Championship, held every two years. Following the realignment of UEFA's youth competitions in 1976, the Dutch Under-21 team was formed; the team did not have a good record, failing to qualify for nine of the fifteen tournaments. The team did not enter for the 1978 competition, but since has reached the semi-finals twice, qualified for the last eight on three other occasions. Since the under-21 competition rules insist that players must be 21 or under at the start of a two-year competition, technically it is an U-23 competition. For this reason, the Netherlands' record in the preceding U-23 competitions is shown; the first competitive match was in a match which they lost. The team qualified for the last eight of each of the three U-23 tournaments. In 2006 the Netherlands national under-21 football team of coach Foppe de Haan won the 2006 European Under-21 Championship.
Klaas-Jan Huntelaar became top scorer and player of the tournament with four goals, broke the all-time goalscoring record of 15 goals held by Roy Makaay and Arnold Jan Bruggink, in his last match with the team as he pushed this record to eighteen goals. The following year, Netherlands national under-21 football team defended their title by winning the 2007 European Under-21 Championship in the final against Serbia with 4–1. Maceo Rigters was the top scorer of the competition with four goals and Royston Drenthe was the Player of the Tournament; the win meant. The team failed to qualify for the 2009 European Under-21 Championship, after losing out to Switzerland in their final qualifying match; the Netherlands were randomly chosen to play cards Bulgaria for the title in a one-off match in Sofia, which the Netherlands lost. 17 April 1968: Bulgaria 3–1 Netherlands. 1972: Losing quarter-finalists. 1974: Losing quarter-finalists. 1976: Losing semi-finalists. The following players were called up for the match against Germany on the 16th of November 2018.
Names in italics denote players. Caps and goals updated as 17 September 2018. Clubs updated as of 17 February 2019