SDCCU Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in San Diego, United States. The stadium opened in 1967 as San Diego Stadium and was known as Jack Murphy Stadium from 1981 to 1997. From 1997 to 2017, the stadium's naming rights were owned by San Diego-based telecommunications equipment company Qualcomm, the stadium was known as Qualcomm Stadium; the naming rights expired on June 14, 2017 and was purchased by San Diego County Credit Union renaming the facility as SDCCU Stadium on September 19, 2017. It is the home of the San Diego State Aztecs football team from San Diego State University. One college football bowl the Holiday Bowl, is held in the stadium every December, it was also the home of the San Diego Fleet of the Alliance of American Football in early 2019. The stadium was the longtime home of two professional franchises: the San Diego Chargers of the National Football League and the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball; the Chargers played at the stadium from 1967 through the 2016 season, after which they moved to Los Angeles to become the Los Angeles Chargers.
The Padres played home games at the stadium from their founding in 1969 through the 2003 season, when they moved to Petco Park in downtown San Diego. The stadium was home to a second college bowl game, the Poinsettia Bowl, from 2005 until its discontinuation following the 2016 edition; the stadium has hosted three Super Bowls: Super Bowl XXII in 1988, Super Bowl XXXII in 1998, Super Bowl XXXVII in 2003. It has hosted the 1978 and 1992 Major League Baseball All-Star Games, as well as games of the 1996 and 1998 National League Division Series, the 1984 and 1998 National League Championship Series, the 1984 and 1998 World Series, it is the only stadium to host both the Super Bowl and the World Series in the same year, it is one of three stadiums to host the World Series, the MLB All-Star Game, the Super Bowl, along with the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis and Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles; the stadium is located northwest of the interchange of Interstates 8 and 15. The neighborhood surrounding the stadium is known as Mission Valley, in reference to the Mission San Diego de Alcalá, located to the east, its placement in the valley of the San Diego River.
The stadium is served by the Stadium station of the San Diego Trolley, accessible via the Green Line running toward Downtown San Diego to the west, Santee to the east. In the early 1960s, local sportswriter Jack Murphy, the brother of New York Mets broadcaster Bob Murphy, began to build up support for a multi-purpose stadium for San Diego. In November 1965, a $27 million bond was passed allowing construction to begin on a stadium, designed in the Brutalist style. Construction on the stadium began one month later; when completed, the facility was named San Diego Stadium. The Chargers played the first game at the stadium on August 20, 1967. San Diego Stadium had a capacity of around 50,000; the Chargers were the main tenant of the stadium until 1968, when the AAA Pacific Coast League San Diego Padres baseball team played its last season in the stadium, following their move from the minor league sized Westgate Park. Due to expansion of Major League Baseball, this team was replaced by the current San Diego Padres major-league team beginning in the 1969 season.
The original scoreboard, a black-and-white scoreboard created by All American Scoreboards, was replaced in 1978 by one manufactured by American Sign and Indicator, the first full-color outdoor scoreboard built. This was replaced in 1987 by a White Way Sign scoreboard, in which the video screen is surrounded entirely by three messageboards; the original video board was replaced in 1996 by a Sony JumboTron, with a second JumboTron installed behind the opposite end zone. After Jack Murphy's death in September 1980, San Diego Stadium was renamed San Diego–Jack Murphy Stadium by a 6–2 vote of the San Diego City Council on January 6, 1981. In 1983, over 9,000 bleachers were added to the lower deck on the open end of the stadium raising the capacity to 59,022; the most substantial addition was completed in 1997, when the stadium was enclosed, with the exception of where the scoreboard is located. Nearly 11,000 seats were added in readiness for Super Bowl XXXII in 1998, bringing the capacity to 70,561.
In 1997, the facility was renamed Qualcomm Stadium after Qualcomm Corporation paid $18 million for the naming rights. The naming rights belonged to Qualcomm until 2017, after which the rights were purchased by San Diego County Credit Union. In order to continue to honor Murphy, the city named the stadium site Jack Murphy Field. However, as part of the naming agreement Jack Murphy Field was not allowed to be used alongside Qualcomm Stadium; some San Diegans, still refer to the stadium as "Jack Murphy" or "The Murph". Before his death in 2004, Bob Murphy still referred to it as Jack Murphy Stadium during New York Mets broadcasts after it was renamed; the stadium was temporarily renamed "Snapdragon Stadium" for 10 days in December 2011 as a marketing tie in for Qualcomm's Snapdragon brand. The legality of the temporary name change was challenged at the time, since it was agreed to unilaterally by San Diego's mayor, without approval from the City Council and against the advice of the City Attorney.
The stadium was the first of the square-circle "octorad" style, thought to be an improvement over the other cookie cu
Juan Carlos Letelier Pizarro is a former football striker from Chile, nicknamed "Pato" and/or "Lete". He played for his native country at the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, he played 57 times for his country scoring 18 goals between 1979 and 1989, scoring the last goal against Algeria at the 1982 World Cup. During his club career Letelier played professional football in Chile, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela. At international level, Letelier played for the Chilean team for an entire decade, making 57 appearances and scoring 18 goals between 1979 and 1989. Cobreloa Chilean League: 1982, 1986 Universitario Peruvian League: 1992 Sporting Cristal Peruvian League: 1994 Juan Carlos Letelier – Liga MX stats at MedioTiempo.com
Sidney "Sid" Davis was an American director and producer who specialized in social guidance films. Davis was born on April 1916 in Chicago, Illinois, he was born to a seamstress mother. He moved to Los Angeles in 1920; the family moved to California when Davis was four years old. In 1920 he began working as a child actor for a comedy made by Harold Lloyd, he began working in the film industry as landing bit parts. He dropped out of junior high school to help support his parents; when he was older he worked as a stand-in for Leif Erickson and John Wayne. Peter L. Stein of the San Francisco Chronicle said "as a young man, because of his strapping stature, he earned steady work as a stand-in for John Wayne." In November 1949 Linda Joyce Glucoft, a six-year-old girl in Los Angeles, was molested and murdered by a man named Fred Stroble. The story made front-page news in the Los Angeles Times for a week as police and the FBI searched for Stroble; the story was picked up by Time Magazine and other national media, led to a flurry of reported rapes and attempted rapes.
Some media began to speculate that the supposed epidemic of rape was media manipulation of public perception. Davis stated that the tragedy disturbed him because his then-six-year-old daughter Jill did not seem to pay attention to his warnings about strangers. Davis talked to John Wayne saying that a film about this should be made, Wayne suggested that Davis make the film. Wayne gave Davis $1,000 and used the money to make his first film, The Dangerous Stranger, a film he would remake at least twice over the next 30 years; the film tells the story of several young children—some of the children are kidnapped and saved, others are kidnapped and never seen again. Davis used schoolchildren and police officers instead of professional actors. Peter L. Stein of the San Francisco Chronicle said "he film was a success among schools and police departments". Davis sold copies of the film to schools and police departments, he used the money to make more than 150 films over the next few decades. Davis' films are 10 to 30 minutes long.
Due to the content of his films, people referred to him as the "King of Calamity". His films cover topics such as driver safety, marijuana use, heroin addiction, gang warfare. Live and Learn, a famous Davis film, features Jill cutting out paper dolls in her room; when her father comes home she jumps up to greet him, trips on the carpet, impales herself on the scissors. Other children in the film are unlucky—falling off cliffs, being run over by cars, or losing vision in one eye from flying shards of glass. One of Davis' most notorious films, Boys Beware, produced with the cooperation of the Inglewood, California Police Department and the Inglewood Unified School District, warns boys of the perceived dangers of male homosexuals, predatory pedophiles; the film includes the line "What Jimmy didn't know was that Ralph was sick—a sickness, not visible like smallpox, but no less dangerous and contagious—a sickness of the mind. You see, Ralph was a homosexual: a person who demands an intimate relationship with members of their own sex."
The same year, Davis made Girls Beware, warning girls not to put themselves into situations where they would be defenseless, a topic that Davis had covered at least 10 years earlier in his film Name Unknown, in which a man used a gun to accost a couple in isolated surroundings, forcing the boy into the trunk of the car and raping the girl. In 1961, Davis made the film Seduction of the Innocent, targeting teenagers with the message that marijuana use leads to heroin addiction, a message that many marijuana activists dispute as an example of a slippery slope fallacy; the film follows a teenage girl through her use of "reds", "pep pills", 7-Up, to her first puff of marijuana, to her addiction to heroin, to her fate as a prostitute arrested on her twentieth birthday, "lost to society". The film promises that "she'll continue her hopeless, degrading existence until she escapes in death."In 1964 his company Sid Davis Productions distributed his film Too Tough to Care, aimed at undermining teenage resistance to anti-smoking education.
The film used satire and humor, in a short story with no narration, to illustrate the misleading claims of cigarette advertising – an unconventional approach for its genre. The film garnered positive reviews in the mainstream press as well as coverage in academic journals. Davis' work is about a small group of themes: that strangers must be treated with caution, that the world itself is an unfriendly place, regardless of the presence of strangers, that children must think before acting, his films feature monotonous narration suffused with what Mental Hygiene author Ken Smith calls a "sledgehammer morality." His work is anecdotal and unsupported by evidence, is notorious among social guidance films because Davis covered topics that scholarly film producers such as Coronet Films and Encyclopædia Britannica did not address. Coronet, Centron Corporation, Britannica had teams of scholars with PhDs in sociology who guided development of their films. Davis, when he used consultants used anyone with a degree in a relevant field, instead he used policemen and detectives for their anecdotal advice.
The ARM Cortex-A17 is a 32-bit processor core implementing the ARMv7-A architecture, licensed by ARM Holdings. Providing up to four cache-coherent cores, it serves as the successor to the Cortex-A9 and replaces the previous ARM Cortex-A12 specifications. ARM claims that the Cortex-A17 core provides 60% higher performance than the Cortex-A9 core, while reducing the power consumption by 20% under the same workload. ARM renamed Cortex-A12 to a variant of Cortex-A17 since the second revision of the A12 core in early 2014, because these two were indistinguishable in performance and all features available in the A17 were used as upgrades in the A12. New features of the Cortex-A17 specification, not found in the Cortex-A9 specification, are all improvements from the third-generation ARM Cortex-A, which includes the Cortex-A7 and Cortex-A15: Hardware virtualization and 40-bit Large Physical Address Extensions addressing Full-system coherency, bringing support for the big. LITTLE architecture NEON unit, for floating-point data and SIMD processing Deeper integer instruction pipeline, with 10–12 stages Full out-of-order execution design with load/store unitsModern Linux kernel implementations will report and support the above features thus: processor: 3 model name: ARMv7 Processor rev 1 BogoMIPS: 48.00 Features: half thumb fastmult vfp edsp thumbee neon vfpv3 tls vfpv4 idiva idivt vfpd32 lpae evtstrm CPU implementer: 0x41 CPU architecture: 7 CPU variant: 0x0 CPU part: 0xc0d CPU revision: 1 ARM architecture Comparison of ARMv7-A cores Comparison of ARMv8-A cores List of applications of ARM cores List of ARM cores Official website
Daewon C. I. short for Daewon Culture Industry, is a subsidiary of Daewon Media founded in 1991. This South Korean publisher releases domestic and imported comics, Newtype Korea Magazine, children's books, light novels. With Haksan Culture Company and Seoul Cultural Publishers, Daewon C. I. accounts for more than 50% of comics publications in South Korea. Daewon C. I. was founded in 1991 as the publishing arm of Daewon Media. Its initial publication was Comic Champ magazine in December of that year. In 1994, they launched Young Champ, followed with two additional monthly magazines in 1995, which are no longer in print. Issue was introduced that year as a biweekly magazine; the first Newtype Korea was published in 1999, in 2002, Mag X was launched in Thailand. Its newest magazine, Super Champ debuted in 2006, they have a magazine circulation of over 2,000,000 per year and publish 11,000,000 collected volumes of comics per year. In September 2018, KakaoPage, a Kakao company, bought a 19.8% stake in Daewon C.
I. making it the company's second biggest stakeholder after Daewon Media. Daewon C. I. produces comics magazines. Each magazine has its own book imprint under which collected volumes of these comics are published, its magazines are: Comic Champ, a biweekly first published in 1991, aimed at adolescent and young teenage boys. Young Champ, an online-only biweekly first published in 1994, aimed at young adults. Issue, a monthly first published in 1995, aimed at teenage girls. Daewon C. I. publishes light novels under five imprints: Arche-Type, Newtype Novels, Issue Novels, BLove, Iliad. Series published include: Newtype Korea, first published in July 1999, is a glossy magazine released monthly, it is the Korean version of Newtype from Japan, covers Japanese and domestic TV, DVD, theatrical animation. Much of the content is translated directly from Japanese, with added features emphasizing domestic Korean productions. Daewon C. I. publishes entertainment and educational books for young children featuring a variety of characters.
The term metafunction originates in systemic functional linguistics and is considered to be a property of all languages. Systemic functional linguistics is functional and semantic rather than formal and syntactic in its orientation; as a functional linguistic theory, it claims that both the emergence of grammar and the particular forms that grammars take should be explained "in terms of the functions that language evolved to serve". While languages vary in how and what they do, what humans do with them in the contexts of human cultural practice, all languages are considered to be shaped and organised in relation to three functions, or metafunctions. Michael Halliday, the founder of systemic functional linguistics, calls these three functions the ideational and textual; the ideational function is logical. Metafunctions are systemic clusters; the three metafunctions are mapped onto the structure of the clause. For this reason, systemic linguists analyse a clause from three perspectives. Halliday argues that the concept of metafunction is one of a small set of principles that are necessary to explain how language works.
Function is considered to be "a fundamental property of language itself". According to Ruqaiya Hasan, the metafunctions in SFL "are not hierarchised. Hasan argues that this is one way in which Halliday's account of the functions of language is different from that of Karl Bühler, for example, for whom functions of language are hierarchically ordered, with the referential function the most important of all. For Buhler, the functions were considered to operate one at a time. In SFL, the metafunctions operate and any utterance is a harmony of choices across all three functions; the ideational function is language concerned with maintaining a theory of experience. It includes the logical function; the experiential function refers to the grammatical choices that enable speakers to make meanings about the world around us and inside us: "Most perhaps, when we watch small children interacting with the objects around them we can see that they are using language to construe a theoretical model of their experience.
This is language in the experiential function. We should stress, I think, that the grammar is not annotating experience. Thus, the human species had to "make sense of the complex world in which it evolved: to classify, or group into categories, the objects and events within its awareness"; these categories are not given to us through our senses. In taking this position on the active role of grammar in construing "reality", Halliday was influenced by Whorf. Halliday describes the logical function as those systems "which set up logical–semantic relationships between one clausal unit and another" The systems which come under the logical function are TAXIS and logico-semantic relations; when two clauses are combined, a speaker chooses whether to give both clauses equal status, or to make one dependent on the other. In addition, a speaker chooses some meaning relation in the process of joining or binding clauses together. Halliday argues that the meanings we make in such processes are most related to the experiential function.
For this reason, he puts the experiential and logical functions together into the ideational function. The interpersonal function refers to the grammatical choices that enable speakers to enact their complex and diverse interpersonal relations; this tenet of systemic functional linguistics is based on the claim that a speaker not only talks about something, but is always talking to and with others. Language not only construes experience, but acts out "the interpersonal encounters that are essential to our survival". Halliday argues that these encounters: "range all the way from the changing microencounters of daily life – most centrally, semiotic encounters where we set up and maintain complex patterns of dialogue – to the more permanent institutionalized relationships that collectively constitute the social bond."The grammatical systems that relate to the interpersonal function include Mood and Polarity. Halliday argues that both experiential and interpersonal functions are intricately organized, but that between the two "there is comparatively little constraint".
This means that "by and large, you can put any interactional'spin' on any representational content". What allows meanings from these two modes to combine is the intercession of a third, distinct mode of meaning that Halliday refers to as the textual function; the term encompasses all of the grammatical systems responsible for managing the flow of discourse. These systems "create coherent text – text that coheres within itself and with the context of situation" They are both structural, non-structural (involving choices that create cohesiv