St. Francis' Institution
Saint Francis' Institution is a public all-boys school in Malacca, Malaysia with La Sallian tradition. It is called'SFI' by the local population. Alumni, or Old Boys, are known as'Franciscans' or'Lasallians'; the School Badge is an emblem that incorporates a star, an armorial bearing, the Famosa Gate, an open book, to show the School's association with the De La Salle Order. The badge is a shield with four quarters. In the top left-hand quarter is a gold star on a black background; the top right-hand quarter has three parallel divisions arranged horizontally. The top division is coloured red, the middle one is a chess-board pattern with alternating squares of black and white, the lowest division is plain white or silver. On the red back-ground of the top division there are three crescents, so arranged that the points of the horns coincide, while the top and lowest crescents have alternating squares of black and white, the middle crescent has a white, or silver colour; this heraldic device of horizontal divisions and crescent was the coat-of-arms of the Castle of Xavier, the ancestral home of St. Francis.
In the quarter beneath the star is the design of the Famosa Gate, an historical Malacca ruin, the Gate is coloured red, the original colour of the laterite from which the gate was constructed. In the last quarter is an open book, yellowish green in colour on a black background, showing the words ‘Initium Sapientiae’ meaning ‘The beginning of wisdom’. Above the shield is a helmet surmounted by a cross on three steps, a mantle, of gold and brown leaves, hangs front the helmet to provide a decoration for the shield. Beneath the shield is the motto ‘Age Quod Agis’, the best translated as ‘Whatever You Do, Do It Well’. 1902 - 1903: Bro. Maurice Joseph 1903 - 1911: Bro. Alman Dositheus 1911 - 1915: Bro. Lewis Edward 1915 - 1916: Bro. Claude-Marie 1916 - 1918: Bro. Lewis Edward 1918 - 1920: Bro. V. Augustus 1920 - 1921: Bro. Lewis Edward 1921 - 1923: Bro. Claude-Marie 1923 - 1929: Bro. Barnitus Kennedy 1930 - 1931: Bro. Defendant Louis 1931 - 1936: Bro. Dominic John 1936 - 1947: Bro. V. Augustus 1948 - 1953: Bro.
Edmund McCullagh 1953 - 1956: Bro. T. Michael 1956 - 1956: Bro. Patrick Donovan 1956 - 1958: Bro. Leonard Aloysius 1959 - 1962: Bro. Alban De Rozario 1962 - 1966: Bro. Anthony McNamara 1967 - 1968: Bro. Edwin Cheng 1969 - 1971: Bro. Phillip Daly 1972 - 1976: Bro. Cassian Pappu 1977 - 1988: Bro. Harold Reynolds 1988 – 2017: Bro. Ambrose Loke 2000 - 2009: Mr. Ong Chong Wee 2009 - 2011: Mdm. Chong Chew Yoong 2011 - 2014: Mr. Lee Bun Chuan 2014 - 2018: Mr. Lee Chee Choon Education in Malaysia The Franciscan - The Official St. Francis' Institution Website St. Francis' Institution - Official School Website
SFI Coding and Classification System
The SFI Group System is the most used classification system for the maritime and offshore industry worldwide. It is an international standard, which provides a functional subdivision of technical and financial ship or rig information. SFI consists of a technical account structure covering all aspects of ship/rig specification, it can be used as a basic standard for all systems in the shipping/offshore industry. More than 6000 SFI systems have been installed worldwide. SFI is used by shipping and offshore companies, consultancies, software suppliers and classification societies; the SFI Group System was first released in 1972 as the result of a research project undertaken by the Ship Research Institute of Norway. Today, sales and upgrading of the SFI Group System is undertaken by SpecTec; the main purpose of the SFI Group System is to help shipping and offshore companies control operations by tying together all their procedures such as purchasing, maintenance, technical records, etc. The SFI Group System provides major advantages for shipping and offshore operations in the following areas: Communication Computerisation Cooperation Cost Control Cost Comparison Development Education and Training Quality Control Standardisation When the SFI Group System was established, the intention was that it should be capable of accommodating all relevant ship or rig types, it should be a common code for the flow of information between different enterprises within the maritime and offshore industry.
The system should be independent of company organization and methods of ship building, ship operation and repair. It should further lend itself to be updated with regard to new technology. In order to meet the purpose of and the requirements to the system, the ships were divided into functions; the ship functions are common to all parties who are concerned with the specification and operation of ships. In addition to the Group System with Detail Code, it may be necessary for each user to develop special codes, such as plan of finance accounts for budgeting and cost control of total company operation. Shipyards using the SFI Group System for planning and control of production will require a supplementary company internal Work Breakdown Structure. Shipping companies using the SFI Group System for operation and maintenance planning and control, will require a coding system for consumables; the SFI Group System improves the control and quality assurance of activities such as maintenance, purchasing and record keeping within shipping and offshore operations.
SFI provides shipping and offshore companies, authorities and consultants with a common plan of technical account/codes in the handling of: Specifications Estimates Drawings Purchase Material Administration Maintenance and Repair Planning Instruction Material Budgets and Cost Control FilesThe areas of system utilization are increasing, the system has contributed to increased efficiency in the maritime industry. The SFI Group Systemis a useful tool when routines are being established according to the quality loop. Specifications are established at different levels of detail: Outline, Building, As Built and Repair Specifications. Technical descriptions of components should be part of the As Built Specification and should follow the SFI Detail Code; the database version of the Group System lends itself well to the development of the various specifications. A report generator makes it easy for the user to edit specifications according to requirements. Specifications may be related to different Group System levels.
Outline specifications to Primary Group level Functional requirements to Secondary Group level Functional solutions to Tertiary Group level Component selections to Detail Code level As estimates are based on specifications, they should follow the same breakdown structure. The estimates contain cost of material and working hours: Drawings can be numbered according to SFI, complex drawings in CAD systems may be split into layers to show individual installations according to the SFI Group System. Drawing identification may incorporate a SFI Group System number. A standard drawing number may be composed as follows: 179-731-001 Ship no. – SFI tertiary group no. – Consecutive no. Drawings should be numbered according to the group level if possible; the Primary and Secondary Group levels are used for system and arrangement drawings: 179-100-000: General arrangement 179-200-001: Profile and deck plan 179-350-000: Loading and discharging system 179-446-001: Engine stores arrangementItem lists on arrangement drawings may be coded according to the SFI Group System.
A purchase is charged to a finance account and to a SFI Group System number called a technical account. When purchasing components, a yard may specify the individual item by the SFI Detail Code; when a shipping company orders spare parts, these may be identified by the SFI Detail Code + consecutive numbers. When components are purchased directly to order/ship, the SFI Detail Code may be used as a technical account; the spare part manufacturer may have its own numbering system. For a shipping company it is convenient to establish a spare part numbering system comprising the SFI Detail Code + consecutive numbers: 731.001 - Starting air compressor 731.001.001 - HP cylinder 731.001.002 - LP cylinder 731.001.003 - HP cylinder cover 731.001.004 - LP cylinder cover An operation and maintenance system will contain a register covering all maintenance units on board. These units are identical to the components in the Detail C
The solar cycle or solar magnetic activity cycle is the nearly periodic 11-year change in the Sun's activity and appearance. They have been observed for centuries; the changes on the Sun cause effects in space, in the atmosphere, on Earth's surface. While it is the dominant variable in solar activity, aperiodic fluctuations occur. Solar cycles have an average duration of about 11 years. Solar maximum and solar minimum refer to periods of maximum and minimum sunspot counts. Cycles span from one minimum to the next; the solar cycle was discovered in 1843 by Samuel Heinrich Schwabe, who after 17 years of observations noticed a periodic variation in the average number of sunspots. Rudolf Wolf compiled and studied these and other observations, reconstructing the cycle back to 1745 pushing these reconstructions to the earliest observations of sunspots by Galileo and contemporaries in the early seventeenth century. Following Wolf's numbering scheme, the 1755–1766 cycle is traditionally numbered "1". Wolf created the Wolf index, which continues to be used today.
The period between 1645 and 1715, a time of few sunspots, is known as the Maunder minimum, after Edward Walter Maunder, who extensively researched this peculiar event, first noted by Gustav Spörer. In the second half of the nineteenth century Richard Carrington and Spörer independently noted the phenomena of sunspots appearing at different latitudes at different parts of the cycle; the cycle's physical basis was elucidated by George Ellery Hale and collaborators, who in 1908 showed that sunspots were magnetized. In 1919 they showed. Hale's observations revealed that the complete magnetic cycle spans two solar cycles, or 22 years, before returning to its original state. However, because nearly all manifestations are insensitive to polarity, the "11-year solar cycle" remains the focus of research. Furthermore, the two halves of the 22-year cycle are not identical. In 1961 the father-and-son team of Harold and Horace Babcock established that the solar cycle is a spatiotemporal magnetic process unfolding over the Sun as a whole.
They observed that the solar surface is magnetized outside of sunspots, that this magnetic field is to first order a dipole, that this dipole undergoes polarity reversals with the same period as the sunspot cycle. Horace's Babcock Model described the Sun's oscillatory magnetic field as having a quasi-steady periodicity of 22 years, it covered the oscillatory exchange of energy between toroidal and poloidal solar magnetic field ingredients. Sunspot numbers over the past 11,400 years have been reconstructed using Carbon-14-based dendroclimatology; the level of solar activity beginning in the 1940s is exceptional – the last period of similar magnitude occurred around 9,000 years ago. The Sun was at a high level of magnetic activity for only ~10% of the past 11,400 years. All earlier high-activity periods were shorter than the present episode. Fossil records suggest. For example, the cycle length during the early Permian is estimated to be 10.62 years and in the Neoproterozoic. Until 2009 it was thought that 28 cycles had spanned the 309 years between 1699 and 2008, giving an average length of 11.04 years, but research showed that the longest of these seems to have been two cycles, so that the average length is only around 10.7 years.
Since observations began cycles as short as 9 years and as long as 14 years have been observed, in the double cycle of 1784–1799 one of the two component cycles had to be less than 8 years in length. Significant amplitude variations occur. A list of historical "grand minima" of solar activity exists. There are many mutually contradictory predictions, based on different methods, for the forthcoming solar cycle 25, ranging from weak to moderate magnitude. At present, no definite prediction can be made; the current solar cycle began on 4 January 2008, with minimal activity until early 2010. It is on track to have the lowest recorded sunspot activity since accurate records began in 1750; the cycle featured a "double-peaked" solar maximum. The first peak reached 99 in 2011 and the second in early 2014 at 101, it appears that Cycle 24 will end sometime between mid-2019 and late 2020. This cycle lasted 11.6 years, beginning in May 1996 and ending in January 2008. The maximum smoothed sunspot number observed during the solar cycle was 120.8, the minimum was 1.7.
A total of 805 days had no sunspots during this cycle. Because the solar cycle reflects magnetic activity, various magnetically driven solar phenomena follow the solar cycle, including sunspots and coronal mass ejections; the Sun's apparent surface, the photosphere, radiates more when there are more sunspots. Satellite monitoring of solar luminosity revealed a direct relationship between the Schwabe cycle and luminosity with a peak-to-peak amplitude of about 0.1%. Luminosity decreases by as much as 0.3% on a 10-day timescale when large groups of sunspots rotate across the Earth's view
Software Freedom Day
Software Freedom Day is an annual worldwide celebration of Free Software organized by Digital Freedom Foundation. SFD is a public education effort with the aim of increasing awareness of Free Software and its virtues, encouraging its use. SFD was was first observed on 28 August of that year. About 12 teams participated in the first Software Freedom Day. Since that time it has grown in popularity and while organisers anticipated more than 1,000 teams in 2010 the event has stalled at around 400+ locations over the past two years, representing a 30% decrease over 2009. Since 2006 Software Freedom Day has been held on the third Saturday of September; each event is left to local teams around the world to organize. Pre-registered teams receive; the SFD wiki contains individual team pages describing their plans as well as helpful information to get them up to speed. Events themselves varies between conferences explaining the virtues of Free and Open Source Software, to workshops, games, planting tree ceremonies and InstallFests.
Note on the figures above: it is difficult to find figures of the early years and more find sources. The maps on the SFD website are only reliable after 2007, however some years such as 2009 saw extra teams from two different sources which didn't "officially" register with SFI. There was about 80 teams from China and a hundred from the Sun community who subsidized goodies for their teams. In the early year of SFD the map was an optional component not connected with the registration script and therefore some teams didn't go through the troubles of adding themselves; the primary sponsor from the start was Canonical Ltd. the company behind Ubuntu, a Linux distribution. IBM, Sun Microsystems, DKUUG, Red Hat, Linode and now MakerBot Industries have joined the supporting organisations as well as the FSF and the FSFE. IBM and Sun Microsystems are not sponsoring the event. In terms of media coverage SFI is partnering with Linux Journal and Ubuntu User; each local team can seek sponsors independently local FOSS supporting organisations and appears in local medias such as newspapers and TV.
Outline of free software Document Freedom Day Hardware Freedom Day Culture Freedom Day Public Domain Day International Day Against DRM, promoted by the Free Software Foundation in its Defective by Design campaign Software Freedom Day
Small form-factor pluggable transceiver
The small form-factor pluggable is a compact, hot-pluggable optical module transceiver used for both telecommunication and data communications applications. The form factor and electrical interface are specified by a multi-source agreement under the auspices of the Small Form Factor Committee, it is a popular industry format jointly supported by many network component vendors. An SFP interface on networking hardware is a modular slot for a variable, media-specific transceiver in order to connect a fiber optic cable or sometimes a copper cable. SFP transceivers exist supporting SONET, Gigabit Ethernet, Fibre Channel, other communications standards. At introduction, speeds were limited to 1Gib/s, but the published SFP28 iteration is designed for speeds of 25 Gbit/s; the SFP replaced the larger GBIC in most applications, has been referred to as a Mini-GBIC by some vendors. A larger sibling is the four-lane Quad Small Form-factor Pluggable; the additional lanes allow for speeds 4 times their corresponding SFP.
The latest published variant is QSFP28 variant allowing speeds up to 100 Gbit/s. There are inexpensive adapters allowing SFP transceivers to be placed in a QSFP port. Both a SFP-DD, which allows for 100 Gbit/s over two lanes, as well as a QSFP-DD specifications, which allows for 400 Gbit/s over eight lanes, have been published; these use a formfactor, backwardly compatible to their respective predecessors. An alternative competing solution, the OSFP transceiver is intended for 400Gbps fiber optic links between network equipment via 8 x 50 Gbps electrical data lanes, it is larger version than the QSFP formfactor, capable of handling larger power outputs. The OSFP standard was announced on November 15, 2016, its proponents say. SFP transceivers are available with a variety of transmitter and receiver specifications, allowing users to select the appropriate transceiver for each link to provide the required optical reach over the available optical fiber type. Transceivers are designated by their transmission speed.
SFP modules are available in several different categories. 1 Gbit/s multi-mode fiber, LC connector, with black or beige extraction leverSX – 850 nm, for a maximum of 550 m at 1.25 Gbit/s. Other multi-mode SFP applications support higher rates at shorter distances. 1.25 Gbit/s multi-mode fiber, LC connector, extraction lever colors not standardised SX+/MX/LSX – 1310 nm, for a distance up to 2 km. Not compatible with SX or 100BASE-FX. Based on LX but engineered to work with a multi-mode fiber using a standard multi-mode patch cable rather than a mode-conditioning cable used to adapt LX to multi-mode. 1 to 2.5 Gbit/s single-mode fiber, LC connector, with blue extraction leverLX – 1310 nm, for distances up to 10 km EX – 1310 nm, for distances up to 40 km ZX – 1550 nm, for distances up to 80 km, with green extraction lever EZX – 1550 nm, for distances up to 160 km BX – 1490 nm/1310 nm, Single Fiber Bi-Directional Gigabit SFP Transceivers, paired as BX-U and BX-D for Uplink and Downlink also for distances up to 10 km.
Variations of bidirectional SFPs are manufactured which use 1550 nm in one direction, higher transmit power versions with link length capabilities up to 80 km. 1550 nm 40 km, 80 km, 120 km SFSW – Single Fiber Single Wavelength transceivers, for bi-directional traffic on a single fiber. Coupled with CWDM, these double the traffic density of fiber links. CWDM and DWDM transceivers at various wavelengths achieving various maximum distances. CWDM and DWDM transceiver support 40 km, 80 km and 120 km link distance. 1 Gbit/s for copper twisted pair cabling, 8P8C connector 1000BASE-T – these modules incorporate significant interface circuitry for Physical Coding Sublayer recoding and can only be used for gigabit Ethernet because of the specific line code. They are not compatible with Fiber channel or SONET. Unlike non-SFP, copper 1000BASE-T ports integrated into most routers and switches, 1000BASE-T SFPs cannot operate at 100BASE-TX speeds. 100 Mbit/s copper and optical – some vendors have shipped 100 Mbit/s limited SFPs for fiber to the home applications and drop-in replacement of legacy 100BASE-FX circuits.
These are uncommon and can be confused with 1 Gbit/s SFPs. Although it is not mentioned in any official specification document the maximum data rate of the original SFP standard is 5 Gbit/s; this was used by the DDR Infiniband in its four lane QSFP form. The enhanced small form-factor pluggable is an enhanced version of the SFP that supports data rates up to 16 Gbit/s; the SFP+ specification was first published on May 9, 2006, version 4.1 published on July 6, 2009. SFP+ supports 8 Gbit/s Fibre Channel, 10 Gigabit Ethernet and Optical Transport Network standard OTU2, it is a popular industry format supported by many network component vendors. Although the SFP+ standard does not include mention of 16 Gbit/s Fibre Channel, it can be used at this speed. SFP+ introduces direct attach for connecting two SFP+ ports without dedicated transceivers. Direct attach cables exist in passive and active optical variants. 10 Gbit/s SFP+ modules are the same dimensions as regular SFPs, allowing the equipment manufacturer to re-use existing physical designs for 24 and 48-port swit
Swedish Film Institute
The Swedish Film Institute was founded in 1963 to support and develop the Swedish film industry. The institute is housed in the Filmhuset building located in Östermalm in Stockholm; the building, completed in 1970, was designed by architect Peter Celsing. The Swedish Film Institute supports Swedish filmmaking and allocates grants for production and public showing of Swedish films in Sweden, it promotes Swedish cinema internationally. Furthermore, the Institute organises the annual Guldbagge Awards; the Swedish Film Database is published by the institute. Through the Swedish Film Agreement, between the Swedish state and the film and media industry, the Government of Sweden, the TV companies which were party to the agreement, Sweden's cinema owners jointly fund the Film Institute and thus, Swedish filmmaking; the agreement ran from January 1, 2006, until December 31, 2012. The building contains a large film archive and two theatres, named after Victor Sjöström and Mauritz Stiller, which arrange screenings of classic films.
1963–1970 Harry Schein 1970–1972 Bo Jonsson 1972–1978 Harry Schein 1978–1982 Jörn Donner 1982–1989 Klas Olofsson 1989–1994 Ingrid Edström 1994–1998 Lars Engqvist 1998–1999 Hans Ottosson 1999–2006 Åse Kleveland 2006–2010 Cissi Elwin Frenkel 2010–2011 Bengt Toll 2011–present Anna Serner 1963–1967 Krister Wickman 1967–1970 Roland Pålsson 1970–1978 Harry Schein 1978–1981 Per Ahlmark 1981–1984 Bert Levin 1984–1992 Hans Löwbeer 1992–1999 Åke Ahrsjö 1999–2005 Lisa Söderberg 2005–2011 Håkan Tidlund 2012–2014 Göran K Johansson 2015–present Claes Ånstrand Trollywood Finnish Film Foundation American Film Institute ACE – Association of European Film Archives and Cinematheques The Swedish Film Institute