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New Theatre Royal Lincoln

The New Theatre Royal Lincoln is a theatre in Lincoln, England. The present theatre called the New Theatre Royal, was built in 1893 to the designs of Bertie Crewe and W. G. R. Sprague. After an explosion and fire in 1892 had destroyed the previous Theatre Royal on the site, built in 1806; the 1806 theatre was, in turn, a rebuild of an earlier theatre of 1764 on Butchery Street, now called Clasketgate. The structure of the building remained the same until 1907, when the present frontage and lounge were added, spinning the orientation of the entrance to face Clasketgate. A 2010 refurbishment of public non-auditorium space restructured and modernised the foyer and bar areas; the building is Grade II listed. The New Theatre Royal Lincoln was renamed to the Theatre Royal Lincoln and later changed back the New Theatre Royal Lincoln in 2016 when the theatre was taken over and refurbished after the previous management folded. From 1893 to 1954 the theatre was run by a succession of leaseholders and managers presenting popular plays, music hall stars and film.

In 1954 it became a weekly repertory theatre under the Lincoln Theatre Association until bankruptcy in 1976, after which it was taken over by Paul Elliot Entertainments in association with Chris Moreno. Under Elliot it became a producing house for its own shows, a design and production facility for various UK theatre pantomimes, national tours and cruise-ship shows, a continuing venue for amateur dramatic companies. Chris Moreno became sole manager and lessee in 1993. In 2009 the local authority, Lincoln City Council, withdrew its ongoing subsidy which led to a threat of closure, to scrutiny of how council funding had been used. Bids from amateur dramatic and community groups, local entertainment businesses to take-over the theatre's lease were unsuccessful; the theatre was taken over by ID Productions, using it as a base for its touring shows. Theatre Royal's professional theatre offer is now as a receiving house for UK theatre tours and musical acts. During the Second World War, The Theatre Royal was popular with RAF personnel within the county Guy Gibson.

Sir Patrick Stewart’s debut as a professional actor, as Morgan in Treasure Island, was at the Theatre Royal. During September 2002, author and former politician Jeffrey Archer, while serving part of his gaol sentence at North Sea Camp prison, worked backstage at the theatre. In November and December 2003, Theatre of Dreams, a series of four fly-on-the-wall documentaries built around profiles of four employees at the Theatre Royal, was aired on BBC2. In 2009, reality TV personality Jade Goody played the'Wicked Witch' in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, but had to pull out through illness. On 18 March 2011, Lord Chancellor Kenneth Clarke visited the theatre as part of the campaign in the May 2011 referendum on the Alternative Vote system in UK parliamentary elections. Theatres Database The Theatres Trust: Theatre Royal.

Yishan (official)

Yishan, courtesy name Jingxuan, was a Manchu lesser noble and official of the Qing dynasty. He is best known for his failure to defend Guangzhou from British forces during the First Opium War, for signing the treaties of Kulja and Aigun with the Russian Empire in 1851 and 1858 respectively. Yishan was born in the Aisin Gioro clan, the imperial clan of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, towards the end of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor, he was a great-great-grandson of Yunti, the Kangxi Emperor's 14th son and the first in line in the Prince Xun peerage. His great-grandfather, once held the title of a junwang as "Prince Tai of the Second Rank", his family was under the Bordered Blue Banner of the Eight Banners. In 1821, after the Daoguang Emperor came to the throne, Yishan a fourth-grade noble, was recruited to serve as a third class imperial guard in the Forbidden City. Between 1821 and 1838, he held the following appointments, among others: lingdui dachen of Da'erbahatai. In 1838, he was appointed as General of Ili to govern and maintain security in the area known as Dzungaria.

He was recalled back to the capital, two years later. In 1841, when the First Opium War broke out, the Daoguang Emperor dismissed Qishan from his position as Imperial Commissioner overseeing military affairs in Guangdong Province, appointed Yishan as "Jingni General" to replace Qishan. Yishan distrusted the local people in Guangdong Province and strengthened defences against them instead of against the British, he recruited inexperienced fresh recruits from Fujian Province to serve in the Qing military instead of seasoned soldiers. Besides, he spent his time partying with the officers. On 21 May 1841, Yishan ordered his troops to launch a sneak attack on the British at night, but the attack failed; the British captured all the artillery positions outside Guangzhou. The Qing forces did not dare to engage the British. Chaos broke out in Guangzhou when the volunteer militias from Nanhai and Hunan started fighting over supplies. On 26 May, Yishan signed the Treaty of Guangzhou with Charles Elliot. During his time in Canton Yishan sent lies and misinformation to the Daoguang emperor, making it seem that the Qing forces were stronger than the British.

In late 1842, Yishan was detained by the Imperial Clan Court to await trial for his failure to defend Guangzhou. However, he was released in mid-1843 and promoted to second class imperial guard and acting banshi dachen of Khotan. In 1845, he was appointed to serve as General of Ili for a second term. In 1847, he was awarded the rank of a first class zhenguo jiangjun, the fourth lowest tier in the Qing dynasty's hierarchy of noble ranks. In mid-1851, Ivan Zakharov started negotiations with Yishan and Buyantai at Ili to open up Kulja and Chuguchak to Sino–Russian trade; the Russians wanted the new treaty to be based on the earlier Treaty of Kyakhta. Yishan agreed to all the Russian terms, except for trade in Kashgar. On 6 August 1851, the Qing Empires signed the Treaty of Kulja. In 1855, Yishan was reassigned to serve as General of Heilongjiang to oversee Heilongjiang Province. During the Second Opium War, Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky approached Yishan and offered to provide Russian assistance to the Qing Empire against the British and French, in return for redefining the Sino–Russian border along the Amur and Ussuri rivers.

The Russians put up a display of their military power by firing artillery shells along the Amur River. Yishan did not want to retaliate for fear of starting another war. In May 1858, the Russian and Qing Empires signed the Treaty of Aigun, which transferred the lands between the Stanovoy Range and Amur River to the Russian Empire. In 1860, the Russians intervened in the Convention of Beijing, forced the Qing Empire to further cede its territories east of the Ussuri River, including Sakhalin, to them; the Xianfeng Emperor was enraged by the territorial losses to the Russians, so he dismissed Yishan from his office as General of Heilongjiang, despite the latter's attempts to explain himself. Yishan was soon back into service. Yishan died of illness in Beijing in 1878, he was survived by at least two sons, including his second son Zaizhuo. Yunti, Prince Xun Prince Xun Royal and noble ranks of the Qing dynasty Zhao, Erxun. Draft History of Qing. Volumes 164, 220, 373. China. Hummel, Arthur William, ed..

Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period. Washington: United States Government Printing Office

Tobu Daishi Line

The Tobu Daishi Line is a 1.0 km railway line in Adachi, Japan and operated by the private railway operator Tobu Railway. It connects Nishiarai Station to Daishimae Station; this line forms part of the proposed Tobu Nishi-Ita Line, never completed. The Tobu Nishi-Ita line was intended to link the Tobu Skytree Line and Tobu Tojo Line to allow efficient transfer of rolling stock, improve the service for residents along the line; the line opened on December 20, 1931, as the Tobu Nishi-Ita Line from Nishiarai to Daishimae, with a total distance of 1.1 km. Operation was suspended from May 20, 1945. Operations resumed from May 21, 1947, with the line renamed Tobu Daishi Line. On December 1, 1968, Daishimae station was relocated due to road extension, shortening the line by 100 m. On July 26, 1991, the track was elevated. Wanman driver-only operation started on March 19, 2003. From 17 March 2012, station numbering was introduced on all Tobu lines. Tobu Daishi Line stations were numbered prefixed with the letters "TS".

Tobu Railway Daishi Line information page

Caverna do Diabo State Park

The Caverna do Diabo State Park is a state park in the state of São Paulo, established in 2008. It protects a mountainous area of Atlantic Forest, is known for the dramatic Caverna da Tapagem or Caverna do Diabo, which draws thousands of visitors each year; the Caverna do Diabo State Park is divided between the municipalities of Barra do Turvo, Cajati and Iporanga in São Paulo. It has an area of 40,174.82 hectares. The Caverna do Diabo State Park was created by state law 12.810 of 21 February 2008. It was one of several conservation units created by law 12.810 in which the Jacupiranga Mosaic was created from the former Jacupiranga State Park and its surrounding lands. The park was created to preserve the Atlantic Forest biome; the park forms part of the Serra de Paranapiacaba Mosaic, which has over 120,000 hectares and contains the largest remaining area of Atlantic Forest in Brazil. Other conservation units in the mosaic are the Carlos Botelho State Park, Alto Ribeira Tourist State Park, Nascentes do Paranapanema State Park, Intervales State Park, Xitué Ecological Station, Serra do Mar Environmental Protection Area and Quilombos do Médio Ribeira Environmental Protection Area.

The Caverna do Diabo State Park is in a region that contains mixed rainforests and typical Atlantic Forest, with areas of araucaria. Heart of palm was once common, but steady clandestine extraction has reduced its numbers; the vegetation is dense submontane and montane rainforest. Near the cave there is secondary growth forest in an advanced state of regeneration the Myrtaceae and Rubiaceae families; the canopy is about 25 metres high with emergents up to 32 metres. On the slopes and higher up the forest is replaced by herbaceous-shrubby fields. In a 2009 survey 154 species of trees were identified. There are many species of fauna with a high degree of endemism, including birds, small mammals, reptiles and insects. Birds of prey, larger mammals and fish are present in smaller numbers. About 27,000 people visit the park each year to see the cave, at the Caverna do Diabo Center in Eldorado at Km 111 on the SP-165 highway; the park base includes a visitor center, monitor center, accommodation for researchers and parking.

There are some shops selling local handicrafts and souvenirs. The visitor center provides environmental interpretation. There are two trails in the park, the Araçá trail and the Mirador do Governador Trail; the Tapagem Cave was found in 1896 by Ricardo Krone. It follows an underground stretch of the Rio das Ostras in the Serra de André Lopes, is over 5 kilometres long, it has been fitted with walkways and lighting to make it accessible to tourists. There is an entrance fee, a fee for an environmental monitor, who must accompany visitors

Noyes Museum

The Noyes Museum of Art is an art museum in Galloway Township, New Jersey. The museum opened in 1983. Since 2017, the museum is a part of Stockton University, a partnership which began in 2010 and expanded in 2016. Due to lack of funds for needed repairs, the main building for the Noyes Museum has been closed to the public since 2016, it appears unlikely to reopen, the museum's current leadership has announced their intent to sell the main Oceanville property. While the original building remains closed as of 2018, the museum's collection is displayed in four other affiliated sites in Atlantic City and Galloway as it searches for a new permanent home; the Noyes Museum of Art was created due to the philanthropic efforts of Fred and Ethel Noyes. Fred Noyes helped create and promote the "Historic Towne of Smithville" tourist and activity site, was the owner of the Smithville Inn restaurant. Noyes was an avid art collector, used his own personal collection to start the museum's collection; the Noyes family created their foundation in 1973 and began design of the museum in 1974, using funds from the sale of Historic Smithville.

The museum opened in 1983 at its Oceanville, Galloway site on Lily Lake, only 2 miles away from Smithville. The museum was built directly next to the Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge; the Noyes Museum served as a cultural center within Atlantic County. It was known in the area for being in a somewhat unique place for an art museum, nestled within a secluded forested area and surrounded by wildlife. Ethel Noyes died in 1979, during the museum's construction, Fred Noyes died in 1987, but the charitable foundation they built continued on; the museum began to run into budgetary problems from its heating and air conditioning systems, which became inefficient with time. Additionally, its electrical systems needed to be upgraded, the building was not compliant with the ADA; the museum signed an agreement with Richard M. Stockton College in 2010 in which Stockton would gain access to some of the Noyes collection, the college would agree to invest $500,000 to upgrade the building and bring it into compliance with modern building codes.

The university backed out of this agreement in late 2015, both it and the Noyes Foundation decided it was not worth spending more money into the structure. Executive Director Michael Cagno called it "a beautiful location but it was in the middle of nowhere" and that the business case for repairing the structure was not good; as a result, in January 2016, the original Noyes Museum building was closed. In August 2017, Stockton University took over control of the Noyes Foundation's holdings. In December 2017, Stockton University took control over the final remaining assets of the Noyes Foundation, including ownership of the Oceanville property; the foundation's donated assets were estimated to be worth 2.2 million dollars. The main Galloway location is for sale; the Noyes Museum still exists and its collection rotates between four sites where it is displayed: the Seaview golf club in Galloway, the Arts Garage in Atlantic City, the Claridge Hotel in Atlantic City, at Stockton's Kramer Hall in Hammonton.

The largest of the sites is the Noyes Arts Garage, which opened in 2013 as a new spinoff venture of the Noyes Foundation. It is located in downtown Atlantic City near the edge of the Tanger Outlets The Walk outdoor mall; the building was redeveloped by Atlantic City's Casino Reinvestment Development Authority which leases the site to Noyes at no cost. The Arts Garage includes space for independent artists to set up shop and sell their own wares, although the mall section has had trouble attracting enough foot traffic to keep the stores solvent; the Noyes collection includes 3,500 pieces of sculpture. It includes a set of over 300 duck decoys, a personal interest of Fred Noyes that he began collecting at a young age. Official website The Noyes Arts Garage at Atlantic City