Lawrence Gordon Tesler is a computer scientist who works in the field of human–computer interaction. Tesler has worked at Xerox PARC, Apple and Yahoo!. Tesler has a strong preference for modeless software, in which a user's action has a consistent effect, rather than changing its meaning depending on previous actions, as in the vi text editor, his Gypsy editor, for example, provided a'click and type' interface in which the user could, at any time, enter text at the current insertion point, or click where the insertion point should be repositioned. Most editors used the keyboard to enter text or to issue commands, depending on the current mode. To promote his preference, as of 2010, Tesler equipped his Subaru automobile with a personalized California license plate with the license number "NO MODES". Along with others, he has been using the phrase "Don't Mode Me In" for years, as a rally cry to eliminate or reduce modes. Tesler grew up in New York City and graduated from the Bronx High School of Science in 1961.
He went on to Stanford University, where he studied computer science in the 1960s, worked for a time at the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. With Horace Enea, he designed an early single assignment language; this functional programming language was intended to make concurrent processing more natural and was used to introduce programming concepts to beginners. In the late 1960s, Tesler became involved in the Midpeninsula Free University, where he delivered classes about topics such as How to end the IBM Monopoly, Computers Now, Procrastination. In the 1970s, from 1973 to 1980, Tesler worked at Xerox PARC, where some of his main projects were the Gypsy word processor and Smalltalk. Copy and paste was first implemented in 1973-1976 by Tesler and Tim Mott, while they were working on Gypsy for Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. In 1980, Tesler moved to Apple Computer, holding various positions including Vice President of AppleNet, Vice President of the Advanced Technology Group, Chief Scientist.
He worked on the Lisa team, was enthusiastic about the development of the Macintosh as the successor to the Lisa. In 1985, Tesler worked with Niklaus Wirth on adding object-oriented language extensions to the Pascal programming language, calling the new language Object Pascal, he was involved in the development of the MacApp, one of the first class libraries for application development. These two technologies became Apple products. Starting in 1990, Tesler led the efforts of developing the Apple Newton as Vice President of the Advanced Development Group, as Vice President of the Personal Interactive Electronics division. In 1991, Tesler contributed the article "Networked Computing in the 1990s" to Scientific American Special Issue on Communications and Networks, September, 1991. Tesler left Apple in 1997 to co-found Stagecast Software, which allowed him to'use' his enthusiasm for kids' programming and use of computers, an enthusiasm he acquired at Xerox PARC, where he worked in Alan Kay's Learning Research Group.
Tesler joined Amazon in 2001. In 2005, he joined Yahoo! as Vice President of Yahoo!'s User Design group. In November 2008, Tesler left Yahoo to join personal genetics information company 23andMe, as Product Fellow. Since December 2009, he has been an independent consultant. AI effect List of programmers List of computer scientists Law of conservation of complexity Larry Tesler home page Publications by Larry Tesler from Interaction-Design.org Computer History Museum, Larry Tesler Oral History Interview Stagecast site Founders 1999 Lecture on Novice Programming Larry Tesler home page Publications by Larry Tesler from Interaction-Design.org Computer History Museum, Larry Tesler Oral History Interview Stagecast site Founders 1999 Lecture on Novice Programming
GroupLens Research is a human–computer interaction research lab in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities specializing in recommender systems and online communities. GroupLens works with mobile and ubiquitous technologies, digital libraries, local geographic information systems; the GroupLens lab was one of the first to study automated recommender systems with the construction of the "GroupLens" recommender, a Usenet article recommendation engine, MovieLens, a popular movie recommendation site used to study recommendation engines, tagging systems, user interfaces. The lab has gained notability for its members' work studying open content communities such as Cyclopath, a computational "geo-wiki" being used in the Twin Cities to help plan the regional cycling system. In 1992, John Riedl and Paul Resnick attended the CSCW conference together. After they heard keynote speaker Shumpei Kumon talk about his vision for an information economy, they began working on a collaborative filtering system for Usenet news.
The system collected ratings from Usenet readers and used those ratings to predict how much other readers would like an article before they read it. This recommendation engine was one of the first automated collaborative filtering systems in which algorithms were used to automatically form predictions based on historical patterns of ratings; the overall system was called the "GroupLens" recommender, the servers that collected the ratings and performed the computation were called the "Better Bit Bureau". This name was dropped after a request from the Better Business Bureau. "GroupLens" is now used as a name both for this recommender system, for the research lab at the University of Minnesota. A feasibility test was done between MIT and the University of Minnesota and a research paper was published including the algorithm, the system design, the results of the feasibility study, in the CSCW conference of 1994. In 1993, Riedl and Resnick invited Joseph Konstan to join the team. Together, they decided to create a higher-performance implementation of the algorithms to support larger-scale deployments.
In summer 1995 the team gathered Bradley Miller, David Maltz, Jon Herlocker, Mark Claypool for "Hack Week" to create the new implementation, to plan the next round of experiments. In the Spring of 1996, the first workshop on collaborative filtering was put together by Resnick and Hal Varian at the University of California, Berkeley. There, researchers from projects around the US that were studying similar systems came together to share ideas and experience. In the summer of 1996, David Gardiner, a former Ph. D. student of Riedl's, introduced John Riedl to Steven Snyder. Snyder had been an early employee at Microsoft, but left Microsoft to come to Minnesota to do a Ph. D. in Psychology. He realized the commercial potential of collaborative filtering, encouraged the team to found a company in April 1996. By June, Snyder, Miller and Konstan had incorporated their company, by July they had their first round of funding, from the Hummer-Winblad venture capital company. Net Perceptions went on to be one of the leading companies in personalization during the Internet boom of the late 1990s, stayed in business until 2004.
Based on their experience and Konstan wrote a book about the lessons learned from deploying recommenders in practice. Recommender systems have since become ubiquitous in the online world, with leading vendors such as Amazon and Netflix deploying sophisticated recommender systems. Netflix offered a $1,000,000 prize for improvements in recommender technology. Meanwhile, research continued at the University of Minnesota; when the EachMovie site closed in 1997, the researchers behind it released the anonymous rating data they had collected, for other researchers to use. The GroupLens Research team, led by Brent Dahlen and Jon Herlocker, used this data set to jumpstart a new movie recommendation site called MovieLens, a visible research platform, including a detailed discussion in a New Yorker article by Malcolm Gladwell, a report in a full episode of ABC Nightline. Between 1997 and 2002 the group continued its research on collaborative filtering, which became known in the community by the more general term of recommender systems.
With Joe Konstan's expertise in user interfaces, the team began exploring interface issues in recommenders, such as explanations, meta-recommendation systems. In 2002, GroupLens expanded into social computing and online communities with the addition of Loren Terveen, known for his research of social recommender systems such as PHOAKS. In order to broaden the set of research ideas and tools they used, Riedl and Terveen invited colleagues in social psychology, economic and social analysis to collaborate; the new, larger team adopted the name CommunityLab, looked at the effects of technological interventions on the performance of online communities. For instance, some of their research explored technology for enriching conversation systems, while other research explored the personal and economic motivations for user ratings. In 2008 GroupLens launched Cyclopath, a computational geo-wiki for bicyclists within a city. In 2010, GroupLens won the annual ACM software system award. Brent Hecht joined the GroupLens faculty in 2013.
Lana Yarosh joined the GroupLens faculty in 2014. A third professor, Haiyi Zhu, joined in 2015. Haiyi has published research on
William Arthur Stewart "Bill" Buxton is a Canadian computer scientist and designer. He is a principal researcher at Microsoft Research, he is known for being one of the pioneers in the human–computer interaction field. Buxton received his bachelor's degree in music from Queen's University in 1973 and his master's degree in computer science from the University of Toronto in 1978. Buxton's scientific contributions include applying Fitts' law to human-computer interaction and the invention and analysis of the marking menu, he pioneered multi-touch interfaces and music composition tools in the late 1970s, while working in the Dynamic Graphics Project at the University of Toronto. In 2007, he published Sketching User Experiences: Getting the Right Design. Buxton is a regular columnist at BusinessWeek. Before joining Microsoft Research he was chief scientist at Alias Wavefront and SGI from 1994 to 2002. In 2004, he was a visiting professor at the University of Toronto. Buxton received the SIGCHI Lifetime Achievement Award in 2008 for his many fundamental contributions to the human–computer interaction field.
As of 2010, the Bill Buxton Award is handed out annually for the best doctoral dissertation in the field of HCI, completed at a Canadian university. In 2016, he was recognized for his lifelong work in human computer interaction design and received the Digifest Digital Pioneer Award. Recipient of the Canadian Human-Computer Communications Society New Media Visionary of the Year Award SIGCHI Lasting Impact Award Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery SIGCHI Lifetime Achievement Award Doctor of Design Honoris Causa from the Ontario College of Art and Design, Ontario Doctor of Laws Honoris Causa from Queen's University, Ontario Doctor of Industrial Design Honoris Causa from the Technical University of Eindhoven, The Netherlands Doctor of Science Honoris Causa from the University of Toronto, Ontario Official website Fireside chat with Bill Buxton
Lucy Suchman is a Professor of Anthropology of Science and Technology in the Department of Sociology at Lancaster University, in the United Kingdom. Her current research extends her longstanding critical engagement with the field of human-computer interaction to the domain of contemporary war fighting, including problems of ‘situational awareness’ in military training and simulation, in the design and deployment of automated weapon systems. At the center of this research is the question of whose bodies are incorporated into military systems and with what consequences for social justice and the possibility for a less violent world. Before coming to Lancaster, she worked for 22 years at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, where she held the positions of Principal Scientist and Manager of the Work Practice and Technology research group. Suchman is a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley, obtaining her BA in 1972, MA in 1977, Doctorate in Social and Cultural Anthropology in 1984.
While at Berkley, she wrote her dissertation on the work practices of accountants. She studied procedural office work to understand how it was similar and different than a program, assumptions around the work, how the work informed the design of these systems. Suchman's early research was influenced by ethnomethology, a subfield of sociology that argued that people create meaningful action by improvising based on their social and environmental resources. Suchman's book and Situated Actions: The Problem of Human-machine Communication, provided intellectual foundations for the field of human-computer interaction, she challenged common assumptions behind the design of interactive systems with a cogent anthropological argument that human action is constructed and reconstructed from dynamic interactions with the material and social worlds. The theory of situated cognition emphasises the importance of the environment as an integral part of the cognitive process, she has made fundamental contributions to ethnographic analysis, conversational analysis and Participatory Design techniques for the development of interactive computer systems.
An updated version of the book was published in 2007. This second edition, called Human-Machine Reconfigurations: Plans and Situated Action, included five new chapters exploring developments in the field of computing and social studies technology since the mid-1980s. Suchman addressed the relationship and interactions between humans and machines with a focus on the idea of human-like machines. In 1988, Suchman served as the Program Chair for the Second Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, she served as the Program Chair for the first Conference on Participatory Design of Computer Systems. Between 1982 and 1990, Suchman was on the board of directors of the Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, a group she helped to form. Suchman is a member of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control. In addition, she serves as a Collaborating Editor for Social Studies of Science. Suchman is affiliated with numerous academic institutions, she served as president of the Society for Social Studies of Science from 2016-2017.
She has served as a Visiting Senior Research Fellow with King's College London's Work and Technology Research Group and as an Adjunct Professor for the Interaction Design and Work Practice Laboratory at Sydney's University of Technology. Suchman serves as an Adjunct Professor at the IT University of Copenhagen in Denmark. Suchman, L. Plans and situated actions: The Problem of Human-Machine Communication. Cambridge University Press, New York. Suchman, L. Response to Vera and Simon's Situated Action: A Symbolic Interpretation. Cognitive Science, 17:71—75, 1993. Suchman, L. Making Work Visible. Communications of the ACM, 38. Pp. 56–61+. Suchman, L. Representations of Work. Communications of the ACM, 38. Pp. 33–68. Suchman, L. and Blomberg, J. and Orr, J. E. Reconstructing Technologies as Social Practice; the American Behavioral Scientist, 43. Pp. 392–408. Suchman, L. Embodied Practices of Engineering Work. Mind and Activity, 7. Pp. 4–18. Suchman, L. Making a case: knowledge and routine work in document production.
In: Workplace studies: recovering work practice and informing system design. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 29–45. Suchman, L. Organising alignment: a case of bridge-building. Organization, 7. Pp. 311–327. Suchman, L. and Bishop, L. Problematizing'Innovation' as a Critical Project. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 12. Pp. 327–333. Suchman, L. Practice-based design of information systems: notes from the hyperdeveloped world; the Information Society, 18. Pp. 139–144. Suchman, L. A. and Blomberg, J. and Trigg, R. Working Artefacts: Ethnomethods of the prototype. British Journal of Sociology, 53. Pp. 163–179. Suchman, L. Figuring service in discourses of ICT: the case of software agent. In: Global and Organizational Discourses about Information Technology. International Federation for Information Processing. Kluwer, The Netherlands, pp. 15–32. Suchman, L. Organising alignment. In: Knowing in organisations: a practice-based approach. M. E. Sharpe, London, pp. 187–203. Suchman, L. Decentring the manager/designer.
In: Managing as designing. Stanford Business Books, Stanford, pp. 169–73. Suchman, L. Methods and madness. In: First person: new media as story and game. MIT Press, London, pp. 95–98. Suchman, L. Talking things. In: First person: new media as story and game. MIT Press, London, pp. 262–265. Suchman, L. Affiliative Objects. Organization, 12. Pp. 379–399. Suchman, L
Ernest Edmonds is a British artist, a pioneer in the field of computer art and its variants, algorithmic art, generative art, interactive art, from the late 1960s to the present. His work is represented in the Victoria and Albert Museum, as part of the National Archive of Computer-Based Art and Design. Ernest Edmonds is an international expert on Human-Computer Interaction who specialises in creative technologies for creative uses, he was one of the first to predict the value of iterative design and a early advocate of iterative design methods and Agile software development. He founded the ACM Creativity and Cognition Conference series and was part of the founding team for the ACM Intelligent User Interface conference series. Edmonds studied Philosophy at Leicester University, he has a PhD in logic from the University of Nottingham, is a Fellow of the British Computer Society, a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology. He has nearly 300 refereed publications in the fields of human-computer interaction and art and was a pioneer in the development of practice-based PhD programmes.
Ernest Edmonds is Professor of Computation and Creative Media at the University of Technology and Professor of Computational Art at De Montfort University, Leicester, UK. Edmonds’ art is in the constructivist tradition and he first used computers in his art practice in 1968, he first showed an interactive work with Stroud Cornock in 1970. He first showed a generative time-based computer work in London in 1985, he has exhibited throughout the world, from Moscow to LA. The Victoria and Albert Museum, holds some of his artwork and is collecting his archives within the National Archive of Computer Based Art and Design. In 2014 Edmonds curated a seminal historical exhibition, Automatic Art, at GV art gallery, London.. 2017Ernest Edmonds De Montfort University Gallery Leicester UK Constructs, Code: Ernest Edmonds 1967-2017 2013Ernest Edmonds, Conny Dietzschold Gallery, Sydney Transformations: Digital Prints from the V&A collection, Royal Brompton Hospital, UK 2012/3Light Logic. Site Gallery, Sheffield, UK Selected New Acquisitions.
Victoria and Albert Museum, London 2012Intuition and Integrity, London. Mondriaanhuis, Amersfoort Constructs & Reconstructions, Loughborough University 2000: Relativities, Bankside Gallery and tour 1999Galerie Jean-Mark Laik, Koblenz Science in the Arts—Arts in Science, Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest 1994Digital Arts, The Mall Gallery, London Friends of Mesures. Vervier and Antwerp 1990SISEA, Groningen—collaborative performance Avant Garde 1990, Moscow Art Creating Society. Museum of Modern Art, Oxford Heads and Legs. Liege including a collaborative performance 1989Constructivism versus Computer. Galerie FARO, World Trade Centre, Rotterdam Re-Views: Contemporary systematic and constructive arts; the Small Mansion Arts Centre, London 1988Null-Dimension. Galerie New Space, Fulda 1985Duality and Co-existence. Exhibiting Space, London. 19752nd International Drawing Biennale. Middlesbrough Art Gallery and tour 1972Cognition and Control. Midland Group Gallery, Nottingham Franco, Francesca. "Documenting Art as Art: the case of Notes by British artist Ernest Edmonds".
Visual Resources – an International Journal of Documentation. 29: 2013. Doi:10.1080/01973762.2013.846793. Edmonds, Ernest. "Algorithmic Art Machines". Arts. 29: 333–352. Doi:10.1080/01973762.2013.846793. Ernest Edmonds and Francesca Franco, "Art of Conversation," Ideas before their time – Connecting the past and present in computer art, Franco, F. Gardiner, J. Lambert, N. British Computer Society, London 2010. Francesca Franco, "Ernest Edmonds' Experiments in Colour, Structure and Space," Ernest Edmonds: Light Logic, Laura Sillars, Sheffield: Site Gallery, 2012. Ernest Edmonds website List of Edmonds' works held by the Victoria and Albert Museum Ernest Edmonds' page at Digital Art Museum http://dada.compart-bremen.de/item/agent/580 http://www.artnet.com/galleries/conny-dietzschold-gallery/artist-ernest-edmonds/ http://www.sitegallery.org/archives/4849 http://www.leoalmanac.org/editorial-board/ernest-edmonds/ http://www.dmu.ac.uk/about-dmu/academic-staff/art-design-humanities/ernest-edmonds/ernest-edmonds.aspx
University of Maryland, Baltimore County
The University of Maryland, Baltimore County is a public research university in Baltimore County, Maryland. It has a fall 2017 enrollment of 13,662 students, 48 undergraduate majors, over 60 graduate programs and the first university research park in Maryland. Established as a part of the University of Maryland System in 1966, the university became the first public collegiate institution in Maryland to be inclusive to all races. UMBC has the fourth highest enrollment of the University System of Maryland, specializing in natural sciences and engineering, as well as programs in the liberal arts and social sciences. Athletically, the UMBC Retrievers have 19 NCAA Division I teams that participate in the America East Conference; the planning of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County was first discussed in the 1950s due to the post-World War II baby boom, the expansion of higher education under the GI Bill, the large amount of growth both in population and industry in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area.
At this time, the University of Maryland, College Park was the main higher education source in the region, so talks began of adding a branch campus in the Baltimore area. In 1955, Governor Theodore McKeldin issued "The Needs of Higher Education in Maryland," which recommended the need for university expansion. Three years the "Advisory Committee on Higher Education in the State of Maryland" report proposed that the Baltimore branch of the University of Maryland be established as a two-year program, subordinate to the College Park campus. In 1960, the Warfield Commission, appointed by Governor Tawes, issued, "A Plan for Expanding the University of Maryland," which propelled the idea of creating three additional university centers throughout Maryland. In 1963, the Maryland Legislature approved the development of several new universities throughout Maryland. By the end of that year, 435 acres were purchased from Spring Grove State Hospital, a psychiatric facility in Catonsville, Maryland; the new campus would be efficiently located in Southwestern Baltimore, would be able to be accessed from Wilkens Avenue, the Baltimore Beltway and Interstate 95.
Architectural design and planning of the new campus was completed at the University of Maryland, College Park. In 1965, Albin Owings Kuhn, an accomplished administrator and professor at College Park was named Vice President of Baltimore Campuses, including both UMBC and the founding campus, University of Maryland, Baltimore; the new campus included Dr. Homer Schamp of the College Park as the first Dean of Faculty, David Lewis as the first full-time faculty member and head of Social Sciences, John Haskell, Jr. as the first Librarian. The first classes began on September 19, 1966 with 750 students, 3 buildings, the older wing of the Biological Sciences building, 45 faculty members, 35 support staff, 500 parking spaces; as university enrollment increased drastically over the coming years, the university would coincide with the turbulent changes in society in the 1960s. While undergoing the Civil rights movement and the Vietnam War, UMBC would prove to be a new and different atmosphere with open and peaceful minds during campus protests.
In 1971, Albin Owings Kuhn resigned his position as UMBC's first chancellor, succeeded by Calvin B. T. Lee. Five years in 1976, John Dorsey, Administrative Vice President at the University of Maryland, College Park was appointed as UMBC's third Chancellor. By 1980, undergraduate enrollment reached 5,800 students. In this year and Quadmania were established as cornerstone events that would become UMBC tradition for years to come. During this decade, the University Center and Sherman Hall were opened, as well as Hillside and Terrace Apartments. In addition, University of Maryland, College Park alum Jim Henson funds the establishment of the Imaging Research Center at UMBC. In 1986, Michael Hooker becomes chancellor until 1992 when he moves to president of the University of Massachusetts system. In 1988, a proposed merger of UMBC with the University of Baltimore was considered but was voted down by the University System of Maryland Board of Regents. In 1990, undergraduate enrollment reached over 10,000 students.
In 1991, a merger plan between UMBC and the University of Maryland, Baltimore was approved in the Maryland House of Delegates, but was rejected by the Senate. Throughout the last decade of the twentieth century, the university opened the Engineering and Computer Science Building and Potomac Hall; the current university president, Freeman A. Hrabowski III was appointed in 1992; the first decade of the twenty-first century featured many university developments as UMBC approached its fortieth anniversary in 2006. Some of these developments included the establishment of the Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education, a new partnership with the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center to develop the Goddard Earth Science and Technology Center, as well as numerous expansions to the campus such as the University Commons, the Physics Building, Information Technology & Engineering Building and the Public Policy Building. During this time, UMBC was recognized by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology for being the leading producers of chemistry and biochemistry degrees, was classified by The Carnegie Foundation as being among the top tier research universities, Doctoral/Research Universities for achieving 50 or more doctoral degrees per year across at least 15 disciplines.
UMBC offers graduate degree programs in a variety of areas of study. There are 48 majors, 38 minors, 25 certificate and 13 Pre-Professional programs offering in its undergraduate program. UMBC's Graduate School offers 37 master's degree progra