Senegal the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal's economic and political capital is Dakar; the unitary semi-presidential republic is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World, or Afro-Eurasia, owes its name to the Senegal River, which borders it to the east and north. Senegal covers a land area of 197,000 square kilometres and has an estimated population of about 15 million; the climate is Sahelian, though there is a rainy season. From a Portuguese transliteration of the name of the Zenaga known as the Sanhaja, or a combination of the supreme deity in Serer religion and o gal meaning body of water in the Serer language.
Alternatively, the name could derive from the Wolof phrase "Sunuu Gaal," which means "our boat." The territory of modern Senegal has been inhabited by various ethnic groups since prehistory. Organized kingdoms emerged around the seventh century, parts of the country were ruled by prominent regional empires such as the Jolof Empire; the present state of Senegal has its roots in European colonialism, which began during the mid-15th century, when various European powers began competing for trade in the area. The establishment of coastal trading posts led to control of the mainland, culminating in French rule of the area by the 19th century, albeit amid much local resistance. Senegal peacefully attained independence from France in 1960, has since been among the more politically stable countries in Africa. Senegal's economy is centered on commodities and natural resources. Major industries are fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair.
As in most African nations, agriculture is a major sector, with Senegal producing several important cash crops, including peanuts, cotton, green beans, tomatoes and mangoes. Owing to its relative stability and hospitality are burgeoning sectors. With it being a multiethnic and secular nation, Senegal is predominantly Sunni Muslim with Sufi and animist influences. French is the official language, although many native languages are recognized. Since April 2012, Senegal's president has been Macky Sall. Senegal has been a member of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie since 1970. Archaeological findings throughout the area indicate that Senegal was inhabited in prehistoric times and has been continuously occupied by various ethnic groups; some kingdoms were created around the 7th century: Takrur in the 9th century and the Jolof Empire during the 13th and 14th centuries. Eastern Senegal was once part of the Ghana Empire. Islam was introduced through Toucouleur and Soninke contact with the Almoravid dynasty of the Maghreb, who in turn propagated it with the help of the Almoravids, Toucouleur allies.
This movement faced resistance from ethnicities of the Serers in particular. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the area came under the influence of the empires to the east. In the Senegambia region, between 1300 and 1900, close to one-third of the population was enslaved as a result of captives taken in warfare. In the 14th century the Jolof Empire grew more powerful, having united Cayor and the kingdoms of Baol, Saloum, Futa Tooro and Bambouk, or much of present-day West Africa; the empire was a voluntary confederacy of various states rather than an empire built on military conquest. The empire was founded by Ndiadiane Ndiaye, a part Serer and part Toucouleur, able to form a coalition with many ethnicities, but collapsed around 1549 with the defeat and killing of Lele Fouli Fak by Amari Ngone Sobel Fall. In the mid-15th century, the Portuguese landed on the Senegal coastline, followed by traders representing other countries, including the French. Various European powers—Portugal, the Netherlands, Great Britain—competed for trade in the area from the 15th century onward.
In 1677, France gained control of what had become a minor departure point in the Atlantic slave trade—the island of Gorée next to modern Dakar, used as a base to purchase slaves from the warring chiefdoms on the mainland. European missionaries introduced Christianity to the Casamance in the 19th century, it was only in the 1850s that the French began to expand onto the Senegalese mainland after they abolished slavery and began promoting an abolitionist doctrine, adding native kingdoms like the Waalo, Cayor and Jolof Empire. French colonists progressively invaded and took over all the kingdoms except Sine and Saloum under Governor Louis Faidherbe. Yoro Dyao was in command of the canton of Foss-Galodjina and was set over Wâlo by Louis Faidherbe, where he served as a chief from 1861 to 1914. Senegalese resistance to the French expansion and curtailing of their lucrative slave trade was led in part by Lat-Dior, Damel of Cayor, Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof, the Maad a Sinig of Sine, resulting in the Battle of Logandème.
On 4 April 1959 Senegal and the French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation, which became independent on 20 June 1960, as a result of a transfer of power agreement signed with France on 4 April 1960. Due to internal political difficulties, the Federation broke up on 20 August, when
Mike Green (basketball, born 1985)
Michael Edward Green is an American professional basketball player for SIG Strasbourg of the LNB Pro A. He played college basketball for Butler. Green played high school basketball in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Green played college basketball for Butler University from 2006 to 2008, he was the Horizon League men's basketball player of the year in 2007–2008 after leading Butler in points and assists as a senior. He went undrafted in the 2008 NBA draft, he played for the Philadelphia 76ers in the Orlando Pro Summer League in 2010, with the Portland Trail Blazers in the NBA Summer League. He played with Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyesi of the Turkish Basketball League, Liege in Belgium and Cantù in Italy. On July 31, 2011, he signed with Sigma Barcellona of the Italian Second Division for the 2011–12 season. In July 2012, he signed with Cimberio Varese. In July 2013, Green signed a two-year deal with the Russian team BC Khimki. In June 2014, he parted ways with Khimki. In July 2014, he signed with Paris-Levallois.
On June 29, 2015, he signed with Reyer Venezia Mestre of the Italian Lega Basket Serie A for the 2015–16 season. On July 28, 2016, Green signed with Turkish club Best Balıkesir. On December 14, 2016, he signed with Pınar Karşıyaka. Green played in the Basketball Champions League with Karşıyaka, was named the Round of 16 MVP. On August 2, 2017, he signed with AEK Athens of the Greek League for the 2017–18 season. With AEK, he won the Greek Cup title, in 2018. On May 6, 2018, Green won the FIBA Champions League title with AEK, he was named the Final Four MVP after scoring 19 points in the final game. Note: Only games in the primary domestic competitions are included. Therefore, games in cup or European competitions are left out. Eurocupbasketball.com profile Legabasket.it profile
A third jersey, alternate jersey, third kit, third sweater or alternate uniform is a jersey or uniform that a sports team wear in games instead of its home outfit or its away outfit when the colors of two competing teams' other uniforms are too similar to play easily. Alternate jerseys are a means for professional sports organizations to generate revenue, by sales to fans. Of North American sports leagues, the NFL generates $1.2 billion annually in jersey sales, with the NBA second selling $900 million annually. Another use of the alternate uniform is for identifying with causes, like the Central Coast Mariners wear an alternate pink kit on pink ribbon day. Extra alternate uniforms or fourth/fifth kits are not used, but are sometimes required when teams' other uniforms cause color clashes, or the uniforms are unavailable to use. In cases where teams have worn more than three kits in the same season, the extra kits were recycled from previous seasons. Third-choice jerseys or uniforms are used in all four Major professional sports leagues in the United States sports leagues, with the exception being college sports.
Third kits are commonplace in professional European association football and in some professional European rugby union clubs. Alternate jerseys are common in Australia's two biggest domestic leagues, the Australian Football League and National Rugby League. For home and away jerseys in North America, historical convention has dictated the colors used by teams in a given league. Teams have one jersey, in a team color, another jersey, white and accented with a team color. "White at home" is the convention in baseball, minor league professional hockey, college hockey. "White while away" is the convention in football, major league professional hockey, professional lacrosse. Association football does not have a "white at a "white while away" convention; the NHL enforces the color/white rule strictly. In minor league hockey, the rules are set in both the AHL and ECHL where the team wears white jerseys at home during one half of the season wears the color jerseys during the other half at home, vice versa on the road.
In the NFL, the rules state that the home team has the first choice of color, with the visiting team forced to choose a contrasting color. Starting with their uniform contract with Nike that begins with the 2017-2018 season, the NBA has abolished the color/white rule. Instead, each team will designate whether their white uniform, now dubbed the "Association Edition," or their colored uniform, called the "Icon Edition," will be the home uniform, with the other becoming their designated away uniform. In American sports, throwback jerseys are only used for special team games and not for the "third" purpose. In American football a third jersey may be a throwback uniform based on designs the team used in the past. In association football, meanwhile, it is more a radically different design; the NFL was the last of the major professional sports leagues to adopt the third jersey rule in 2002, with the only exceptions being the 1994 season, when teams issued a throwback uniform in honor of the league's 75th Anniversary.
The NFL rule stated that a team may wear their third jersey only once a year, after one year this restriction was increased to twice a year. Some teams have exceeded the limit. There are no rules on wearing alternate pants. Teams are only permitted to wear alternate jerseys once in playoff games. In the past, rules allowed for teams to wear their third jersey two times in the regular season and once in the preseason until 2010. In 2011 teams were no longer allowed to wear their third jersey in the preseason. However, there have been some exceptions since 2011; some teams will use one of their third jersey allotments against a particular division opponent each year. For instance, the Los Angeles Chargers would wear their popular alternate powder blue jerseys at home against the Oakland Raiders, while the Houston Texans were known to wear their alternate "Battle Red" uniforms at home against the Jacksonville Jaguars, the Pittsburgh Steelers wore their throwbacks from 2007-2011 at home against the archrival Baltimore Ravens.
The New York Giants were known to wear their alternate red jerseys at home against the Dallas Cowboys until the red jerseys were retired in 2009. The Los Angeles Rams have worn their throwback uniform against the San Francisco 49ers in recent years; the Washington Redskins wear their alternative uniform on home games to commemorate their annual homecoming game once a year since 2012. When wearing their third jerseys if the team is wearing a throwback uniform, the team may theme the field around the uniforms; when the New York Jets, for instance, wore their 1960–1962 "Titans of New York" throwbacks at home, they painted the field in the Titans blue-and-gold color scheme. In addition, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers dressed the field up in Orange when they wore thei
French Basketball Cup
The French Basketball Cup, or French Basketball Federation Cup, is the annual national basketball federation cup competition of France. It is organized by the French Basketball Federation, it is known as the Trophée Robert Busnel, named after the late basketball player Robert Busnel, who died in 1991. A total of 54 amateur and professional teams from France, participate in the cup competition. 1952–53 to 1968–69 French Cup * 1981–82 to 1984–85 Federation Cup 1992–93 to 1994–95 League Cup 1995–96 to present French Cup *From 1971 to 1995, the French Cup was not contested by professional clubs. French Pro A League French Leaders Cup Match des Champions French Basketball Federation Official Site
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Forward–center or Bigman is a basketball position for players who play or have played both forward and center on a consistent basis. This means power forward and center, since these are the two biggest player positions on any basketball team, therefore more overlap each other. Forward–center came into the basketball jargon as the game evolved and became more specialized in the 1960s; the five positions on court were known only as guards and the center, but it is now accepted that the five primary positions are point guard, shooting guard, small forward, power forward, center. A forward–center is a talented forward who came to play minutes at center on teams that need help at that position; the player could be a somewhat floor-bound center, under seven feet tall at the NBA level, whose skills suit him to a power forward position if that team has a better center. One such player is Marcus Camby of the New York Knicks. At 6'11", he plays as a center, but when he played for the New York Knicks earlier in his career, he played power forward because his team had one of the best pure centers in the league in 7'0" Patrick Ewing.
Ewing himself was used as a forward–center early in his career to complement the then-incumbent Knicks center, 7'1" Bill Cartwright. Ralph Sampson, at 7'4", was another notable forward–center who played center his rookie year in 1983. In 1984, he moved to power forward. Most forward-centers range from 6' 9" to 7' 0" in height. Other notable forward-centers include: Kevin Garnett, Tim Duncan, Pau Gasol, Chris Bosh, LaMarcus Aldridge, Anthony Davis, Al Horford, Draymond Green. Tweener
David Emil Andersen is an Australian professional basketball player for SIG Strasbourg of the LNB Pro A. One of Australia's most experienced and successful players, Andersen has won 11 championships abroad and has played in Italy, Spain and France, he has played in the NBA, spending two years in the league between 2009 and 2011. He holds a Danish passport because he has a Danish father and an Australian mother. Andersen was born to parents Mary and Danny in Melbourne where he started playing basketball at Frankston East Primary School, his mother coached him and his brother, Stuart, at Frankston East and because there was only one team at the school, Andersen always played a year above his age. At the age of 11, Andersen joined his local basketball association, the Frankston Blues, in his first year at the club, the under 12 team he played in, won the championship, he played with the Frankston Blues Junior Program until he was 15 years old and joined the Frankston Blues men's team, going on to play in the 1995 CBA Grand Final.
After a successful Under 16 Australian Junior Championships with Victoria, Andersen was selected to join the Australian Institute of Sport Basketball Development Program. He subsequently moved to Canberra and in conjunction with the AIS, he attended Lake Ginninderra Secondary College. A three-year scholarship holder, Andersen played for the AIS in the Continental Basketball Association from 1996 to 1998 where he was named the Australian Junior Male Basketballer of the Year in 1998. Following the conclusion of his time at the Australian Institute of Sport, Andersen signed a two-year deal with the Wollongong Hawks of the Australian National Basketball League. In 1998 -- 99, he played 25 games while averaging 6.2 4.0 rebounds per game. In 1999, Andersen left Wollongong and signed a multi-year deal with Kinder Bologna of the Italian LBA. In the 2000–01 season, he helped Kinder Bologna win the Italian Cup, the LBA championship, the EuroLeague 2000–01 season championship. On 26 June 2002, Andersen was selected with the 37th overall pick in the 2002 NBA draft by the Atlanta Hawks.
He returned to Kinder Bologna for the 2002–03 season, where he was named to the LBA All-Star Game for the first time. In 2003, Andersen was forced to leave Bologna, he subsequently signed with Montepaschi Siena for the 2003–04 season, went on to win the LBA Finals MVP award, after helping Montepaschi Siena win their first title. He helped the club reach the EuroLeague Final Four, for the first time as well. In 2004, Andersen signed a two-year deal with CSKA Moscow of the Russian Basketball Super League. In his first season with CSKA, the team were crowned Russian League champions and Russian National Cup champions, along with making the 2005 Final Four of the EuroLeague. Andersen was named to the All-EuroLeague First Team of the 2004–05 season. After a fantastic start to the 2005–06 season, Andersen dislocated his ankle and fractured his fibula in January 2006, forcing him to return to Australia for surgery, specialist treatment and rehabilitation, before heading back to Russia to continue rehab and to support his team for their 2006 EuroLeague Final Four campaign.
Andersen went on to re-sign with CSKA Moscow, subsequently helped them win the 2007 and 2008 Russian Super League championships, as well as the 2008 EuroLeague championship. In June 2008, Andersen signed a three-year deal with FC Barcelona of the Spanish Liga ACB. Barcelona went on to win the 2008–09 ACB season championship. On 14 July 2009, the Atlanta Hawks traded Andersen's rights to the Houston Rockets in exchange for cash and future draft considerations. On 11 August 2009, he signed a multi-year deal with the Rockets. On 28 July 2010, Andersen was traded, along with cash considerations, to the Toronto Raptors in exchange for a 2015 protected second-round pick. On 20 November 2010, he was traded, along with Jarrett Jack and Marcus Banks, to the New Orleans Hornets in exchange for Jerryd Bayless and Peja Stojaković. On 28 June 2011, Andersen signed a three-year deal with Montepaschi Siena, returning to the club for a second stint. On 19 December 2011, he was formally waived by the New Orleans Hornets following the conclusion of the NBA lockout.
In August 2012, Andersen and Montepaschi agreed on a €800,000 buyout, he subsequently signed a two-year deal with Fenerbahçe of the Turkish Super League. On 12 June 2013, he parted ways with Fenerbahçe. On 22 January 2014, Andersen signed with SIG Strasbourg of the French League for the rest of the 2013–14 LNB Pro A season. On 11 September 2014, Andersen signed a two-year deal with ASVEL Basket. In June 2016, he helped. On 16 July 2016, Andersen signed a two-year deal with Melbourne United, returning to the NBL for the first time since 1999. For his return season in the NBL, he was named captain of United, he made his debut for United in their season opener on 7 October, scoring nine points in a 76–71 loss to the New Zealand Breakers. On 6 November, he scored a season-high 23 points in an 82–73 loss to the Illawarra Hawks. On 12 December, he was ruled out for six weeks with a knee injury. On 23 March 2017, Andersen signed with his former club ASVEL Basket for the rest of the 2016–17 Pro A season.
After helping ASVEL reach the semi-finals, he returned to Melbourne United for the 2017–18 season. In March 2018, at 37 years old, he became the oldest player to win his first NBL championship, after helping Melbourne defeated the Adelaide 36ers 3–2 in the grand final series. On 4 June 2018, Andersen signed with the Illawarra Hawks, returning to the franchise for a second stint, a full twenty years after his first. On 24 February 2019, Andersen signed with French team SIG Strasbourg, returning to the team