SPOT is a commercial high-resolution optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space. It is run based in Toulouse, France, it was initiated by the CNES in the 1970s and was developed in association with the SSTC and the Swedish National Space Board. It has been designed to improve the knowledge and management of the Earth by exploring the Earth's resources and forecasting phenomena involving climatology and oceanography, monitoring human activities and natural phenomena; the SPOT system includes a series of satellites and ground control resources for satellite control and programming, image production, distribution. Earlier satellites were launched using the European Space Agency's Ariane 2, 3, 4 rockets, while SPOT 6 and SPOT 7 were launched by the Indian PSLV. SPOT Image is marketing the high-resolution images, which SPOT can take from every corner of the Earth. SPOT 1 launched February 22, 1986 with 10 panchromatic and 20 meter multispectral picture resolution capability.
Withdrawn December 31, 1990. SPOT 2 launched January 22, 1990 and deorbited in July 2009. SPOT 3 launched September 26, 1993. Stopped functioning November 14, 1997. SPOT 4 launched March 24, 1998. Stopped functioning July, 2013. SPOT 5 launched May 2002 with 2.5 m, 5 m and 10 m capability. Stopped functioning March 31, 2015. SPOT 6 launched September 9, 2012. SPOT 7 launched on June 30, 2014; the SPOT orbit is polar, sun-synchronous, phased. The inclination of the orbital plane combined with the rotation of the Earth around the polar axis allows the satellite to fly over any point on Earth within 26 days; the orbit has an altitude of 832 kilometers, an inclination of 98.7°, completing 14 + 5/26 revolutions per day. Since 1986 the SPOT family of satellites has been orbiting the Earth and has taken more than 10 million high quality images. SPOT 1 was launched with the last Ariane 1 rocket on February 22, 1986. Two days the 1800 kg SPOT 1 transmitted its first image with a spatial resolution of 10 or 20 meters.
SPOT 2 joined SPOT 1 in orbit on January 22, 1990, on the Ariane 4 maiden flight, SPOT 3 followed on September 26, 1993 on an Ariane 4. The satellite loads were identical, each including two identical HRV imaging instruments that were able to operate in two modes, either or individually; the two spectral modes are multispectral. The panchromatic band has a resolution of 10 meters, the three multispectral bands have resolutions of 20 metres, they have a scene size of 3600 km2 and a revisit interval of one to four days, depending on the latitude. Because the orbit of SPOT 1 was lowered in 2003, it will lose altitude and break up in the atmosphere. Deorbiting of SPOT 2, in accordance with IADC, commenced in mid-July 2009 for a period of two weeks, with a final burn on 29 July 2009. SPOT 3 is no longer functioning, due to problems with its stabilization system. SPOT 4 launched March 24, 1998 and stopped functioning July, 2013. In 2013, CNES lowered the altitude of SPOT 4 by 2.5 km to put it on a phased orbit with a five-day repeat cycle.
On this orbit, SPOT4 was programmed to acquire a time-lapse series of images over 42 sites with a five days revisit period from February to end of May 2013. The data set it produced is aimed at helping future users of the Sentinel-2 mission to learn working with time-lapse series; the time-lapse series provided by SPOT4 have the same repetitiveness as those that will be delivered by the Sentinel-2 satellites, starting in 2015 and 2016. SPOT 5 was launched on May 4, 2002 and has the goal to ensure continuity of services for customers and to improve the quality of data and images by anticipating changes in market requirements. SPOT 5 has two high resolution geometrical instruments that were deduced from the HRVIR of SPOT 4, they offer a higher resolution of 2.5 to 5 meters in panchromatic mode and 10 meters in multispectral mode. SPOT 5 features an HRS imaging instrument operating in panchromatic mode. HRS points forward and backward of the satellite. Thus, it is able to take stereopair images simultaneously to map relief.
SPOT 6 was launched by India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle on flight C21 at 04:23 UTC on 9 September 2012, while SPOT 7 was launched on PSLV flight C23 at 04:42 UTC on 30 June 2014. They form a constellation of Earth-imaging satellites designed to provide continuity of high-resolution, wide-swath data up to 2024. EADS Astrium took the decision to build this constellation in 2009 on the basis of a perceived government need for this kind of data. Spot Image, a subsidiary of Astrium, funded the satellites alone and owned the system at time of launch. In December 2014, SPOT 7 was sold to Azerbaijan's space agency Azercosmos; the architecture is similar to that of the Pleiades satellites, with a centrally mounted optical instrument, a three-axis star tracker, a fiber-optic gyro and four control moment gyros. SPOT 6 and SPOT 7 are phased in the same orbit as Pléiades 1A and Pléiades 1B at an altitude of 694 km, forming a constellation of 2-by-2 satellites - 90° apart from one another. Image product resolution: Panchromatic: 1.5 m Colour merge: 1.5 m Multi-spectral: 6 m Spectral bands, with simultaneous panchromatic and multi-spectral acquisitions: Panchromatic Blue Green Red Near-infrared
Vasiliy Sergeevich Stepanov is a Russian actor who debuted in Bondarchuk's film The Inhabited Island as Maxim Kammerer. Vasiliy Stepanov was born in Moscow in the Russian family of saleswoman, his school holidays he spent in the country, at his grandmother's. He graduated with teaching credentials, he is a candidate for master of hand to hand combat, despite being a smoker with experience. On April 10, 2017, being in a state of depression, threw himself out of the window of the 5th floor of an apartment building on Davydkovskaya Street in Moscow, he fractures. 2008: The Inhabited Island Part 1 as Maxim Kammerer 2009: The Inhabited Island: Skirmish Part 2 as Maxim Kammerer 2012: My Guy - Angel 2013: Okolofutbol as speaker 2018: Tankers 2018: Who's next, Dreamers? as Mark 2011: Insurance Case as Artyom 2011: Kiss of Socrates as Kostya 2012: Long Тime Рassed Vasiliy Stepanov on IMDb
The University of California operates the largest academic library system in the world. It manages more than 34 million items in 100 libraries on ten campuses; the purpose of these libraries is to assist research and instruction on the University of California campuses. While each campus library is separate, they share facilities for storage, computerized indexing, digital libraries and management. For example, each campus maintains its own computerized library catalog and participates in the systemwide union catalog, MELVYL; the UC libraries manage a digital library, the California Digital Library or CDL. They hold special collections and electronic archives of research documents. Special collections include historical archives on California history, federal depositories, law libraries, specialized collections for medical and scientific research, a series of periodicals. A major concern of the library system is the rising cost of scientific journal subscriptions, the costs of renting article databases.
The library is leading an effort to publish science research online in a persistently-available electronic format through a digital repository called the eScholarship repository. The physical collections are scattered across the UC campuses, their collections and stand-alone library buildings are listed below. In the 1980s, to relieve overcrowding in existing on-campus library buildings, the UC system constructed two regional library facilities: the Northern Regional Library Facility at UC Berkeley's Richmond Field Station, the Southern Regional Library Facility on the western edge of the UCLA campus; as of 2007, Northern Regional Library Facility is home to 4.7 million volumes, while SRLF is home to 5.7 million. Each facility receives items from all UC campuses in its respective region of the state, has climate controls and high-density stacks. Items are arranged in a sequence that results in efficient use of space; as a result, casual browsing is prohibited, the shelves are accessible only by library clerks trained to retrieve and put back items properly.
Users must page materials to a library at their home campus. University of California, Berkeley Library System Doe Memorial Library Moffitt Library Bancroft Library Hargrove Music Library Peter J. Shields Library Physical Sciences and Engineering Library Blaisdell Medical Library Carlson Health Science Library Mabie Law Library Langson Library Science Library Grunigen Medical Library Law Library Gateway Study Center University of California, Los Angeles Library System American Indian Studies Center Library Arts Library Asian American Studies Center Library/Reading Room Charles E. Young Research Library Chicano Studies Research Center Library Ethnomusciology Archive Eugene and Maxine Rosenfeld Management Library Gonda Elementary Library Grace M. Hunt Memorial English Reading Room Hugh & Hazel Darling Law Library Powell Library Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library Library Special Collections Music Library Ralph J. Bunche Center for African American Studies Library and Media Center Richard C.
Rudolph East Asian Library Science and Engineering Library Social Science Data Archive UCLA Film and Television Archive William Andrews Clark Memorial Library Kolligian Library Tomas Rivera Library Orbach Science Library Geisel Library Biomedical Library UCSF Library Parnassus Campus Library Mission Bay FAMRI Library UC Santa Barbara Library UCSB Music Library McHenry Library Humanities and Social Sciences David Kirk Digital Scholarship Commons Special Collections and Archives Dead Central archives of the Grateful Dead Science & Engineering Library Jean and Bill Lane Botanical Library Page Smith Library, Cowell College Adlai E. Stevenson College Library Merrill College Library Crown College Library Oakes College Library The UC library system has open stacks at most libraries, permits free research and reading by the public. In addition, all campuses allow any California resident to apply for a library card and thus gain limited borrowing privileges for libraries on that campus, although there is a charge for these cards.
Materials may be borrowed between the UC campus libraries or from the regional library facilities through interlibrary loan. Books may take between a day to a week to be delivered between campuses; the Librarians Association of the University of California is the statewide organization of librarians employed at least half-time in the UC Library system. Each campus supports its own division. Librarians are academic appointees but not faculty. LAUC's objectives are to: advise the University on professional and governance matters, to make recommendations concerning UC librarians’ rights and obligations, to promote full utilization of UC librarians’ professional abilities. LAUC awards research grants to its members to support librarian research and professional development. California Digital Library — the digital library branch of the UC Libraries Melvyl — the catalog of the UC Libraries The University of California Libraries The Melvyl Catalog the California Digital Library the eScholarship rep