click links in text for more info


SRGB is an RGB color space that HP and Microsoft created cooperatively in 1996 to use on monitors and the Internet. It was subsequently standardized by the IEC as IEC 61966-2-1:1999, it is the "default" color space for images that contain no color space information if the images' pixels are stored in 8-bit integers per color channel. SRGB uses the ITU-R BT.709 primaries, the same as in studio monitors and HDTV, a transfer function typical of CRTs, a viewing environment designed to match typical home and office viewing conditions. This specification allowed sRGB to be directly displayed on typical CRT monitors of the time, which aided its acceptance. SRGB defines the chromaticities of the red and blue primaries, the colors where one of the three channels is nonzero and the other two are zero; the gamut of chromaticities that can be represented in sRGB is the color triangle defined by these primaries. As with any RGB color space, for non-negative values of R, G, B it is not possible to represent colors outside this triangle, well inside the range of colors visible to a human with normal trichromatic vision.

SRGB defines a nonlinear transformation between the intensity of these primaries and the actual number stored. The curve is similar to the gamma response of a CRT display; this nonlinear conversion means that sRGB is a reasonably efficient use of the values in an integer-based image file to display human-discernible light levels. Unlike most other RGB color spaces, the sRGB gamma cannot be expressed as a single numerical value; the overall gamma is 2.2, consisting of a linear section near black, a non-linear section elsewhere involving a 2.4 exponent and a gamma changing from 1.0 through about 2.3. The purpose of the linear section is so the curve does not have an infinite slope at zero, which could cause numerical problems; the CIE XYZ values must be scaled so that the Y of D65 is 1.0. This is true but some color spaces use 100 or other values; the first step in the calculation of sRGB from CIE XYZ is a linear transformation, which may be carried out by a matrix multiplication. = These linear RGB values are not the final result.

The following formula transforms the linear values into sRGB: γ = { 12.92 u = 323 u 25 u ≤ 0.0031308 1.055 u 0.41 6 ¯ − 0.055 = 211 u 5 12 − 11 200 otherwise where u is R, G, or B. These gamma-compressed values are clipped to the 0 to 1 range; this clipping can be done before or after the gamma calculation, or done as part of converting to 8 bits. If values in the range 0 to 255 are required, e.g. for video display or 8-bit graphics, the usual technique is to multiply by 255 and round to an integer. Again the sRGB component values R s r g b, G s r g b

1985 Atlanta Braves season

The 1985 Atlanta Braves season was the 20th in Atlanta and the 115th season in franchise history. The Braves failed to qualify for the postseason for the third consecutive season. December 5, 1984: Brian Fisher was traded by the Braves to the New York Yankees for Rick Cerone. December 7, 1984: Bruce Sutter was signed as a free agent by the Braves. Joe Torre had managed the Braves to the 1982 National League West Division title to a second-place 1983 finish, but his 1984 Braves fell below the.500 mark and 12 lengths behind the division-champion San Diego Padres. Torre was fired when the 1984 campaign ended and replaced by coach Eddie Haas, a successful pilot in the Braves' farm system, but Haas' appointment did not rouse the 1985 Braves, who were at 50–71, in fifth place in the NL West and mired in a six-game losing streak when Haas was relieved of his duties August 25. Haas' immediate successor, coach Bobby Wine, compiled a 16 -- 25 mark. During the offseason, the Braves would hire former Pittsburgh Pirates skipper Chuck Tanner as their 1986 manager.

In addition to a new manager, the 1985 Braves had a new relief ace in Bruce Sutter. They had slugger Bob Horner in the lineup and Dale Murphy was back as well; the Braves started the season 4–1 but lost three consecutive games to the Reds at home to fall to.500. A 9–5 win over the Astros on Friday, April 19, gave the Braves a 5–4 record, good enough for second place, a half-game out. However, the Braves would not be above the.500 mark again. They lost three straight games to drop into fifth place with a 5–7 mark; the Braves beat the Reds twice, 8–4 and 17–9 to their record at 10–10, to climb within a game of first place. This was on May 1, the Braves led the National League in runs scored. Things changed however; the Braves not only lost eight of their next ten games, they were shut out four consecutive games. They were held to only one run in each of the two games that followed, one of, a win; the 12–18 Braves were in last place, six games out. Atlanta improved to 16–19 and 4​1⁄2 games out of first following a 3–0 win over Chicago on May 19.

The Braves lost three straight to the Cardinals, the beginning of a 4–11 stretch that lowered their record to 20–30 on June 7. Atlanta was 10​1⁄2 games behind at that point and the Braves' situation was becoming precarious, they won their next three games by impressive margins, 7–3 and 10–3 over Los Angeles and 70 over San Francisco. By June 28, Atlanta was 9 1⁄2 games of first place, they were mired in fifth place, however. The Braves lost nine of their next 11 games and were 35–47 on July 10, in fifth place and 12 games out, they swept the Philadelphia Phillies in four games just before the All-Star Break. Atlanta was 39 -- 47 in fifth place and 9 1⁄2 out; the Braves were 49–59 on August 11, in fifth place and 15 games out. It was over for the Braves, with no real chance at first place. Atlanta lost six in a row and were 16 games below the.500 mark, the first time since 1979. After a 6 -- 3 win over San Diego halted the losing streak. At this point the Braves were 50–71 and 22 games out of first, Haas was fired and Wine took the helm.

The Braves won their first five games under the new manager. However, they fizzled out with an 11–25 finish that dropped them to 66–96 and 29 games out of first place. Thanks to the San Francisco Giants' poorer performance, the Braves avoided last place and finished in fifth place, a position they had held for all but one day since May 15. On July 4, the New York Mets beat the Braves 16-13 in a 19-inning contest that featured Keith Hernandez hitting for the cycle, Mets manager Davey Johnson being ejected, the Braves coming back to tie the game twice in extra innings, most notably in the bottom of the 18th. Relief pitcher Rick Camp, a career.074 hitter batting only because the Braves had no position players left, shockingly hit a solo home run on a 0-2 pitch in the 18th off Tom Gorman to re-tie the game at 11-11. Once the game was over though the date/time is July 5, 3:15 am, the Braves' stadium crew shot off the scheduled Fourth of July post-game fireworks for the fans who endured to the end.

Camp struck out to end the game. April 17, 1985: Alex Treviño was traded by the Braves to the San Francisco Giants for John Rabb. June 3, 1985: Al Martin was drafted by the Braves in the 8th round of the 1985 Major League Baseball draft. With Tanner's hiring, Braves' owner Ted Turner had employed four different managers in the period of 13 months, but Turner made a more momentous change in his executive offices on October 22, 1985, when he replaced general manager John Mullen, on the job since Bill Lucas' sudden death in May 1979, with former Atlanta field manager Bobby Cox, who had just piloted the Toronto Blue Jays to the 1985 American League East Division pennant. As general manager, Cox began a long rebuilding process that would last five seasons, see Cox draft, develop or acquire players like Tom Glavine, John Smoltz, Chipper Jones, David Justice and Steve Avery, but the continued struggles of the Braves on the field would result in Cox' return to uniform as Atlanta's field manager on June 23, 1990.

Although the Braves continued their losing ways, going only 40–57 under Cox in 1990, they were poised to break into sustained contention in 1991, with 14 division titles in 15 seasons, five National League championships and the 1995 World Series title. Cox would enter the Baseball Hall of Fame on the strength of his successful managerial career, which ended with his 2010 retirement. Note: Pos = Position. = Batting average.

Ksawery Wyro┼╝emski

Ksawery "Big Bill" Wyrożemski was an exile Polish fighter pilot who flew Hawker Hurricanes and Supermarine Spitfires as an Officer with the Polish Air Forces's 308 and 315 "City of Deblin" Fighter Squadrons from April 1942 until the end of World War II. One of the aircraft he piloted in 1942 was Spitfire Mk. Vb, BM597, now flying with the Historic Aircraft Collection at Duxford. Wyrożemski flew the North American Mustang Mk. IIIs when No.315 Squadron converted in March 1944. He was awarded the Polish Cross of Valour plus bar. Wyrożemski was a Polish Army officer when the Germans invaded Poland in September 1939. Wyrożemski served with 217 Eskadra Bombowa equipped with PZL.37 Łoś twin-engine bombers as an observer before he fled the German advance. He made his way to Istanbul where he signed onto a freighter bound for England and reported to the Polish Embassy in London. Richard L. Holm, former CIA Directorate of Operations member, stated in an article about his African experiences that Wyrożemski was "fiercely loyal to Poland, he wanted to fight against the Germans.

Wyrożemski claimed he had been a pilot in the Polish Air Force, he had flown a small plane in his youth. He joined other Poles and flew a Spitfire in the Battle of Britain."Wyrożemski's serial number was RAF P-O779, with rank of F/Lt & Captain in Polish. He served with the 315th Polish Fighter Squadron in Great Britain from April 1942 until the end of WW II. On 25 April 1945 Wyrożemski participated in the longest and last mission flown in World War II by fighters of the Polish Air Force, he flew as part of some 240 Mustangs from RAF 11 Group and the USAAF VIII Fighter Command, escorting 225 Avro Lancaster bombers on a Ramrod mission to hit Nazi headquarters in the Bavarian Alps. Some pilots landed in liberated territory on the European continent to refuel on the return leg of the mission while others calculated their loads sufficient to reach their bases in England. Wyrożemski fell one kilometer short of Andrews Airfield and dead-sticked his Mustang into a pasture where several horses slowed his fighter sufficiently such that he was not injured.

The livestock were not so fortunate. Fellow squadron mate Tadeusz Pinkowski, recounted "Seeing him approaching the airfield and going down, we climbed a jeep and sped toward him. We found him O. K; those two horses were O. K. not! Leaving the scene we joked a little. Didn't you forget something?' We all had a good laugh and that helped to release the tension." Wyrozemski and his wife Emilia Ann, known as "Lila", emigrated to the United States from the United Kingdom with their three-year-old young son, Ksawery M. R. Wyrozemski in 1959 and settled in Fort Walton Beach, home of Eglin Air Force Base and the Air Proving Ground Center. Wyrozemski was employed by the Central Intelligence Agency where he was ostensibly involved with the Lockheed U-2 program as a Lockheed "employee". More he was one of the contract pilots operating C-54 Skymaster flights out of Eglin AFB out of Duke Field, for the Development Projects Division, the Agency's air arm, in support of Operation Pluto, the ill-fated Bay of Pigs Invasion, in 1960-1961.

A temporary C-54 unit, the 1045th Operational Evaluation and Training Group, Headquarters Command, Eglin AFB, as the Air Force designated it, but, a DPD operation, was temporarily based at Eglin's Auxiliary Field Three from late 1960 to June/July 1961. “There was a total of about 20 Polish airmen at Eglin at the time, all of them'employed' by Lockheed, so there should be enough of them to form at least two crews.” The DPD operated independently of "the organizational structure of the project, in which it had a vital, central role, including air drops to the underground, training Cuban pilots, operation of air bases, the immense logistical problems of transporting the Cuban volunteers from Florida to Guatemala, the procuring and servicing of the military planes." "After 18 years as a contract officer in Agency air operations, Bill's eyesight weakened and he could no longer fly. There was a need for air ops officers on the ground in the Congo and soon he was in Africa," said Holm. In 1964 he served as an airfield commander and trained Cuban exile pilots, hired by the CIA.

He gathered intelligence material. Holm continues. "Shortly after his arrival, he was concerned about a possible rebel force moving toward Albertville from the west, Bill got approval from Leopoldville to make a short reconnaissance of the area. He had been instructed not to go alone, but no one else was available." Returning to Albertville, he was killed when the Land Rover he was in was hit head-on by a Congolese Army truck speeding on the wrong side of a narrow road. He was 51. A local Playground Daily News account of his death stated that "Mr. Wyrozemski was a civil service employee with the United States Army." It stated that "no details are available on the accident in which he lost his life." He is buried in Fort Walton Beach. On 28 May 2016, Wyrożemski was recognized with a star at the Langley headquarters of the CIA as an employee who lost his life while in the service of the agency

Ringed toadfish

The ringed toadfish, is a species of puffer in the family Tetraodontidae. It grows up to 25 cm in length, is poisonous to consume, it has a black ring surrounding its pectoral fins, an oval-like body covered in small spines. It lives in seagrass beds, rocky reefs, sandy bottoms from 1 to 146 meters deep from the surface, it is found in the eastern Indian Ocean, around southern Australia. Its prey consists of benthic invertebrates, making it a carnivore, it is sometimes bycatched in Australian fisheries, its aquatic resources are being harvested, but these don't impact it as much, it has no specific threats, its distribution overlaps with marine protected areas, so it has been listed as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List. O. armilla is one of two species in its genus, alongside the bluespotted toadfish, with which it overlaps

Cricklewood Baptist Church

Cricklewood Baptist Church is a Baptist church in Cricklewood, is part of the London Baptist Association. Built in 1907, the church had its first service on 5 January 1908. In 1930, a church hall was added and after the main church building was sold to property developers in 1990, the hall became the central place of worship for the congregation; the area around the church was owned by All Souls College, Oxford and in 1900, housing was built along Anson Road. By 1904 there were 210 houses in the area and another 65 were being built; the influx of people and the number of houses being built began to give Cricklewood an identity as a residential district and it was during this time that several churches were built. A Congregationalist church opened on Chichele Road in 1893, St Gabriels, Cricklewood Anglican church opened on Walm Lane in 1898 and St. Michael's Anglican church opened on St Michael's Road in 1910. Cricklewood Baptist Church celebrated its centenary in November 2008 with a visit from local Liberal Democrat MP, Sarah Teather.

In December 2014, the congregation held a carol service in the foyer of the original church building on Anson Road. This was the first service to be held in the old church since it was sold to developers in 1990 and became Trinity Court; the building was designed by Arthur Keen of Kenton & Company, Clerkenwell in the style of Italian Byzantine architecture and consists of red and yellow brick. The church tower is a recognisable landmark and the west window of the hall contains an Art Deco stained glass window depicting Christ holding a sheep. Along the north wall are several smaller stained glass windows telling the Parable of the Sower; the London Baptist Association

2009 Formula Renault 2.0 UK Championship

The 2009 Formula Renault 2.0 UK Championship was the 21st British Formula Renault Championship. The season began at Brands Hatch on 5 April and ended at the same venue on 4 October, after twenty rounds held in England. Dean Smith won the title, despite missing the opening rounds of the series. Harry Tincknell won the Graduate Cup for first-year drivers. Despite initial fears of the financial crisis of 2007–2008 causing a lack of entries into the championship, the series' grid increased from the previous season with a total of 26 entries prior to the championship's opening race at Brands Hatch. Most of the pre-season anticipation centred around the two championship favourites: Fortec Motorsport's James Calado and Alpine Motorsport's Dean Stoneman, both in their second season and boasting victories in their début season in the series, with pre-season testing further backing media predictions that the championship would most be decided between the pair; the series swelled for the second meeting at Thruxton.

All races were held in United Kingdom. Points are awarded to the drivers. T. Pts – points if all races counted. Drop – two dropped scores. Pts – best 18 results. G. Pts – drivers in the Graduate Cup, with the best 15 results counting; the 2009 Formula Renault UK Winter Series was the 12th British Formula Renault Winter Series. The series began at Snetterton Motor Racing Circuit on 31 October and ended at Rockingham Motor Speedway on 7 November, after four races at two rounds held in England. Harry Tincknell won the title. All races were held in United Kingdom; the official website of the Formula Renault UK Championship