SS Cedar Rapids Victory

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SeagoingCowboysShipSSCedarRapidsVictory.jpg
The livestock ship SS Cedar Rapids Victory
History
United States
Name: Cedar Rapids Victory
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: American West African Line
Builder: California Shipbuilding Company, Los Angeles
Laid down: November 25, 1944
Launched: January 14, 1945
Completed: February 17, 1945
Fate: Scrapped 1985
General characteristics
Class and type: VC2-S-AP3 Victory ship
Tonnage: 7612 GRT, 4,553 NRT
Displacement: 15,200 tons
Length: 455 ft (139 m)
Beam: 62 ft (19 m)
Draught: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Installed power: 8,500 shp (6,300 kW)
Propulsion: HP & LP turbines geared to a single 20.5-foot (6.2 m) propeller
Speed: 16.5 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
4 Lifeboats
Complement: 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards
Armament:
Notes: [1]

SS Cedar Rapids Victory was the 77th Victory ship built during World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. She was launched by the California Shipbuilding Company on January 14, 1945, and completed on February 17, 1945. The ship’s United States Maritime Commission designation was VC2-S-AP3 and her hull number was 77. Her operator was the American West African Line.

Cedar Rapids was one of the new 10,500-short-ton-class (9,500-tonne; 9,400-long-ton) ships known as Victory ships. They were designed to replace the earlier, smaller Liberty ships, which were designed to only be used for the duration of the war. Victory ships were faster, taller, longer and wider, had a thinner stack set farther toward the superstructure and had a long raised forecastle; they were built to last longer and serve after the war.

World War II[edit]

She served as cargo transport in the Pacific Theater of World War II, she took supplies to the troops during the Battle of Okinawa in 1945. During the battle, she used her deck guns to defend herself and other ships against kamikaze attacks from airplanes, from May 19, 1945, to June 6, 1945, she was under heavy attack.

Horses on board SS Cedar Rapids Victory

War relief and sea cowboys[edit]

From 1945 to 1947 the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and the Brethren Service Committee of the Church of the Brethren sent livestock to war-torn countries using Victory ships. The 73 ships, known as "seagoing cowboys", made about 360 trips. Cedar Rapids Victory was one of these ships; she transported livestock across the Atlantic Ocean. In 1942, the Church of the Brethren started the Heifers for Relief project; this became Heifer International in 1953.[2]

Cedar Rapids Victory departed Newport, Rhode Island, on July 10, 1946, and sailed to Trieste, Italy, with livestock.[3] She took livestock to Yugoslavia on July 10, 1946,[contradictory] and to Poland on August 30, 1946.[4] The ship moved horses, heifers and mules, as well as a few chicks, rabbits and goats;[5] in November 1946 she delivered livestock to Kalamata, Greece.[6] Cedar Rapids Victory took 750 wild horses from the plains of The Dakotas to Bremen, Germany, up the Weser River, departing on September 26, 1946 from Newport News, Virginia. The horses filled the cargo holds and a few were put on the main deck, each cowboy was assigned 35 horses to feed, water and take care of during the trip. She ran into a tropical hurricane; the sailing was rough, but she made it to Germany.[7][8] Cedar Rapids Victory was sailing with livestock from Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 16, 1948, and delivered the livestock to Goeteborg, Sweden, on January 20, 1949. Returning to the U.S., Cedar Rapids Victory went adrift on February 11, 1948, beyond the Arctic Circle off Norway's northwest coast. Her propeller shaft was broken, so a salvage company was sent to tow her, the salvage company Norsk Bjergningskompani sent SS Achilles to the find Cedar Rapids Victory. Achilles was expected to reach her on February 12, 1948. She was found at a longitude of 67 degrees and 49 minutes north and a latitude of 14 degrees and 20 minutes east.[9]

In 1948 she was stored in Wilmington, North Carolina, and later transferred to Beaumont, Texas, as part of the National Defense Reserve Fleet, she was scrapped in 1985 at Brownsville, Texas.[10]

Honors[edit]

The crew of the Navy Armed Guard on the SS Cedar Rapids earned Battle Stars in World War II for action during the assault on Okinawa from May 19, 1945, to June 6, 1945. [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review. 
  2. ^ "Heifer International". www.heifer.org. 
  3. ^ "SS Cedar Rapids Victory". The Seagoing Cowboys. 
  4. ^ "Harold Joseph Slagell". The Seagoing Cowboys. 
  5. ^ "SS Carroll Victory". The Seagoing Cowboys. 
  6. ^ "KGMom Musings: A Tale of the Sea-Going Cowboy". Kgmom. 18 May 2009. 
  7. ^ "The Casual Comment". Alan Mansfield's Blog. 
  8. ^ "Seagoing Cowboy Diary". Manchester University Funderburg Library. 
  9. ^ Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland, February 11, 1948, Page 10
  10. ^ "California Shipbuilding, Los Angeles CA". Kaiser California Shipbuilding. 
  11. ^ usmm.org, "Battle Stars" in World War II.

Sources[edit]

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]