Jennifer Munson Donovan
Jennifer Munson is a fictional character on the CBS soap opera As the World Turns. The character was the daughter of late police chief, Hal Munson, fashion designer, Barbara Ryan, she was born on-screen on October 29, 1990 and died on-screen on July 7, 2006 of cardiovascular myopathy brought on by a pneumonic infection. The role was portrayed by Jennifer Ferrin at the time of the character's death, she received two Daytime Emmy nominations in 2005 and 2006 for "Outstanding Younger Actress" and "Outstanding Supporting Actress" respectively. She was born Jennifer Louise Munson on October 29, 1990 to Barbara Ryan and Darryl Crawford but was adopted by Hal Munson, her birth date was revised to 1983 after she aged to 16 years old in 1999. Mike and Jennifer met through mutual friends, her sister, had a crush on Mike and his friend, had a crush on Nikki. One day, Mike was fixing a pipe, he ripped his jeans, Jennifer decided that she would make a design out of them. With Mike as her inspiration, she decided to start her own design company called "Street Jeans".
Mike and Jen started spending time together. They decided to embark on a relationship but when Mike's ex-girlfriend, Katie Peretti, came back into town, it was obvious that Katie and Mike still had feelings for one another. Though Mike had feelings for Katie, he insisted. On the night of a party for Jen's company, Mike didn't show up. Jen knew. After the party, thinking that she and Mike were breaking up, Jen got drunk and slept with Craig Montgomery. Jen felt horrible about what she'd done, confessed all to Mike, he forgave her. Jen found out that not only was she pregnant, but it wasn't Mike's baby. Mike suggested that they get married, that he would raise that baby as his own. Tensions rose soon. Jennifer, knowing his history, was determined to keep him out of her child's life, she decided to set Craig up to make it look. Her plan worked; the court decided. Mike, who wanted a peaceful resolution, was angry, he went to a hotel where Katie just happened to be staying. They ended up admitting that they still loved one another.
Jen found Mike with Katie and tried to convince him that they could make their marriage work but Mike told her that their marriage was over. Jennifer first met older man, Dusty when she first came back to Oakdale from Europe, she at first flirted with him as a way of getting him away from Rose, Jen's brother Paul's former girlfriend. While Jennifer and Dusty were attracted to one another, they didn't like each other. Dusty stayed with Rose, Jen moved on. Years business would bring them back into each other's lives. With Jen building her new company, Street Jeans, the company became a subsidiary of Lucinda Walsh's World Wide where Dusty worked. Not getting along at first, they found common ground against a common enemy in Craig Montgomery. After having a one-night stand with Craig, Jennifer found herself pregnant, but Jennifer, knowing the type of father that Craig was, didn't want him in her baby's life. Jennifer decided to raise the baby as his. To make this happen and Dusty set Craig up; as a result, there was a restraining order against Craig.
Having found out what Jennifer and Dusty did, Mike left her. Upset over the breakup, Jen went to her mother's cabin, she went into premature labor. Dusty helped her give birth to her son, but at the hospital, Jen's baby died. With Dusty delivering her son and Dusty formed a bond and friendship. At her son's funeral, it was revealed that she named John Dustin Kasnoff. For months, Dusty was there for Jen, he helped her through the pain of losing her child, her drug addiction and believed in her when she insisted that her son was still alive. Their friendship turned into love. After not being able to prove that her son was alive, Jen pushed Dusty away. Having been rejected by Jennifer, Dusty went back to Meg Snyder. Meg kept it a secret to keep Dusty with her; when her guilt got the best of her, Meg made it so that Dusty would figure out the truth without having anyone discover her part in it. Dusty got John Dustin back for Jen and their bond became stronger, but Dusty remained with Meg. When Dusty discovered Meg's part in the deception, he left her and went back to Jennifer.
Not too long after Jennifer and Dusty started dating, Dusty was presumed dead. Like when her son was presumed dead, Jennifer didn't believe it, she didn't feel. Her brother, Paul claimed to have killed him during a fight they had but Paul was lying. Paul thought that Meg killed Dusty, but when he discovered that she didn't, he realized that his former girlfriend, Emily Stewart might have. Emily didn't kill Dusty, she was holding him hostage. After getting a note from Dusty, she was determined to find him, she followed Emily into the woods. There, she found Dusty. With that crisis over, Dusty asked Jen to marry him, she accepted his proposal, he adopted her son. Not long after the adoption went through, Johnny fell ill, but with the help of Dusty's kidnapper, Emily, he got better. Jen contracted pneumonia while looking over Johnny, her disease turned into something deadly. Knowing her fate, Jen asked Dusty to marry her now instead of later. Not too lo
Tom Hughes (As the World Turns)
Thomas Christopher "Tom" Hughes is a fictional character on the American soap opera As the World Turns. He was played by a number of actors during the character's 49-year tenure on the show, the longest-running actor being Scott Holmes, who took over the role July 3, 1987, remained until ATWT's cancellation in 2010, he is an attorney in Oakdale. The character of Tom Hughes has been played by many young actors before being aged in 1969. Unknown babies James Madden Jerry Schaffer Frankie Michaels Richard Thomas Paul O'Keefe Peter Link Tom Hughes was born onscreen in May 1961 to Bob and Lisa Hughes, his parents divorced when he was young and Tom blamed his father for the break-up, due to his mother's having poisoned his mind against him. Lisa, tired of Oakdale, dropped him off at a military school, his grandparents and Nancy, brought him back home, he was put in Bob's care. However, young Tommy was still angry at his father, started acting up by destroying daddy dolls. Luckily, Ellen Lowell was able to reach out to Tommy and got him to see not only how much Bob loved him, but made him realize how much his dad, a busy young doctor, was needed.
When Tom was a bit older, he became insolent and Lisa again shipped him off to boarding school for a brief time. When Tom returned, he was shocked to learn that his mother had lied to him about the baby she was caring for. Lisa told Tom that the child, was the child of an ill friend, when in reality, he was Lisa's son by Michael Shea, with whom she had been having an affair. Tom wrote her off. At this point, a teenaged Tom was becoming rebellious, he was obnoxious to his grandparents and Chris, who shared Lisa's conviction that Bob had become neglectful of his son. Tom's uncle, Donald Hughes was the only one in the family, able to develop a good rapport with Tom. In one conversation, Tom complained to his uncle that being prepared for adulthood was like being "a Boy Scout... a straight arrow going nowhere." Don sensed that Tom was going nowhere but downward, thanks to his long-haired boarding school roommate, Hank Barton, Hank was a criminal, getting Tom hooked on speed, enlisted Tom's help in robbing Hank's father's pharmacy.
Bob became concerned about Tom's attitude and warned him he'd cut off his financial support unless he took Lisa back into his life. Tom begrudgingly needed his father's advice; as his parents sorted out their convoluted love lives, Tom was bedeviled by demons of his own. His grades were so bad. Chris tried to reach out to his grandson, but the boy went ahead and joined the Army, shipping off to Vietnam, his time in Vietnam, during which his drug dependency intensified, was cut short, after a self-inflicted wound resulted in his early discharge from the Army. When he returned to Oakdale, Tom resumed his dependency on his old boarding school roommate, Hank Barton, for dubious companionship and drugs. One night, when Tom was high, Hank put him up to breaking into Michael Shea's office to steal narcotics. Michael caught Tom and extracted a written confession, which he used to blackmail Lisa into marrying him. Having been left by his wife Claire, Michael had become obsessed with having Chuckie know him as his father, he wanted the boy all to himself.
He was, however tired of Lisa and was now carrying on with Karen Adams, a sympathetic but impressionable young nurse. Shortly after Lisa and Michael married, Lisa left Chuckie in her car during an errand and the boy pressed the accelerator. Chuckie was unhurt, he devised a series of near mishaps designed to make Lisa look like an unfit mother so he could divorce her and sue for custody of Chuckie. Tom foolishly tried to rob Michael's office again, prompting the devious doctor to attempt to blackmail Lisa into handing over his son. However, it was not to be. Michael was shot and killed and Tom was seen leaving the scene mumbling, "He got what he deserved." Tom went to trial. Trying to protect Lisa, whom he secretly assumed was the murderer, Tom made no effort to prove his own innocence. Karen Adams was a suspect, since she'd been late for her nursing shift the night Michael was murdered, but the evidence against Tom was overwhelming; the one bright spot in Tom's life was Carol Deming, a sweet, uncomplicated girl he'd met.
Carol was convinced of Tom's innocence and stuck by him despite the misgivings of her psychiatrist father. As Tom took the witness stand, Lisa returned to Oakdale and rushed into the courtroom, only to collapse and awaken with amnesia, giving her name as Mrs. Robert Hughes. Tom was convicted of the murder. While Bob tried to help Tom, he was preoccupied with a mysterious terminally ill patient named Miss Thompson. One day, she entrusted Bob to represent her in a banking transaction and he noticed that the bank listed her name as Helen Pearce; when Bob questioned his patient, she remained secretive until he happened to mention that his son, had been convicted of Michael Shea's murder. Much to Bob's shock, Miss Thompson told him that she was the killer! She was the woman from Michael's past. To prove her guilt, Miss Thompson gave Bob one detail of her crime -- Michael was fixing a dry Rob Roy on the night she shot him, she died, leaving Bob with a story but no witnesses. Frantically, Bob investigated Miss Thompson but turned up nothing soli
A soap opera is an ongoing drama serial on television or radio, featuring the lives of many characters and their emotional relationships. The term soap opera originated from radio dramas being sponsored by soap manufacturers. BBC Radio's The Archers, first broadcast in 1950, is the world's longest-running radio soap opera; the first serial considered to be a "soap opera" was Painted Dreams, which debuted on October 20, 1930 on Chicago radio station WGN. Early radio series such as Painted Dreams were broadcast in weekday daytime slots five days a week. Most of the listeners would be housewives. Thus, the shows were consumed by a predominantly female audience; the first nationally broadcast radio soap opera was Clara, Lu, Em, which aired on the NBC Blue Network at 10:30 p.m. Eastern Time on January 27, 1931. A crucial element that defines the soap opera is the open-ended serial nature of the narrative, with stories spanning several episodes. One of the defining features that makes a television program a soap opera, according to Albert Moran, is "that form of television that works with a continuous open narrative.
Each episode ends with a promise that the storyline is to be continued in another episode". In 2012, Los Angeles Times columnist Robert Lloyd wrote of daily dramas, "Although melodramatically eventful, soap operas such as this have a luxury of space that makes them seem more naturalistic. You spend more time with the minor characters. An individual episode of a soap opera will switch between several different concurrent narrative threads that may at times interconnect and affect one another or may run independent to each other; each episode may feature some of the show's current storylines, but not always all of them. In daytime serials and those that are broadcast each weekday, there is some rotation of both storyline and actors so any given storyline or actor will appear in some but not all of a week's worth of episodes. Soap operas bring all the current storylines to a conclusion at the same time; when one storyline ends, there are several other story threads at differing stages of development.
Soap opera episodes end on some sort of cliffhanger, the season finale ends in the same way, only to be resolved when the show returns for the start of a new yearly broadcast. Evening soap operas and those that air at a rate of one episode per week are more to feature the entire cast in each episode, to represent all current storylines in each episode. Evening soap operas and serials that run for only part of the year tend to bring things to a dramatic end-of-season cliffhanger. In 1976, Time magazine described American daytime television as "TV's richest market," noting the loyalty of the soap opera fan base and the expansion of several half-hour series into hour-long broadcasts in order to maximize ad revenues; the article explained that at that time, many prime time series lost money, while daytime serials earned profits several times more than their production costs. The issue's cover notably featured its first daytime soap stars, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of Our Lives, a married couple whose onscreen and real-life romance was covered by both the soap opera magazines and the mainstream press at large.
The main characteristics that define soap operas are "an emphasis on family life, personal relationships, sexual dramas and moral conflicts. Fitting in with these characteristics, most soap operas follow the lives of a group of characters who live or work in a particular place, or focus on a large extended family; the storylines follow personal relationships of these characters. "Soap narratives, like those of film melodramas, are marked by what Steve Neale has described as'chance happenings, missed meetings, sudden conversions, last-minute rescues and revelations, deus ex machina endings.'" These elements may be found from EastEnders to Dallas. Due to the prominence of English-language television, most soap-operas are English. However, several South African soap operas started incorporating a multi-language format, the most prominent being 7de Laan, which incorporates Afrikaans, English and several other Bantu languages which make up the 11 Official Languages of South Africa. In many soap operas, in particular daytime serials in the US, the characters are attractive, seductive and wealthy.
Soap operas from the United Kingdom and Australia tend to focus on more everyday characters and situations, are set in working class environments. Many of the soaps produced in those two countries explore social realist storylines such as family discord, marriage breakdown or financial problems. Both UK and Australian soap operas feature comedic elements affectionate comic stereotypes such as the gossip or the grumpy old man, presented as a comic foil to the emotional turmoil that surrounds them; this diverges from US soap operas. UK soap operas make a claim to presenting "reality
Paul Ryan (As the World Turns)
Paul Ryan is a fictional character on the CBS soap opera As the World Turns. The role was originated in 1980 and portrayed by several child actors until he was SORASed in 1986; the role was last portrayed by Roger Howarth who stepped into the role in 2003. The role was originated by Canaan Crouch, the real-life son of Colleen Zenk and her former husband for several months in 1980. Three other child actors including, Danny Pintauro took over the role. Pintauro debuted in January 1983 and last appeared on February 10, 1984 and was replaced by Elden Ratliff on February 13, 1984. Ratliff departed from the series in January 1985 and C. B. Barnes stepped into the role the following month. Damon Scheller stepped into the role in February 1986 on a recurring basis and last appeared in October 1986. In November 1986, Andrew Kavovit stepped into the role when the character was SORASed to age 16. In 1990, Kavovit earned the Daytime Emmy award in the Outstanding Younger Actor category for his portrayal of Paul.
Kavovit last appeared on the series in October 1991, with a brief appearance in 1992. Actor John Howard stepped into the role in 1996 but was let go. In May 2001, it was announced. Holroyd began taping in June and made his first appearance on July 10, 2001. Kevin Stapleton, known for his role as One Life to Live's Kevin Buchanan was considered for the role. In March 2003, Holyroyd confirmed in an interview with TV Guide that he was departing from the series. Holroyd made his last appearance on May 13, 2003. Following the announcement about Holroyd's departure, rumors began circulating that Daytime Emmy winner Roger Howarth, known for his role as One Life to Live's Todd Manning was being considered for the role. In May 2003, after several weeks of speculation, CBS confirmed that Howarth had signed on to play Paul Ryan and Howarth made his first appearance on July 7, 2003. Paul Ryan and Meg Snyder Nochimson, Martha. No End to Her: Soap Opera and the Female Subject. University of California Press, 1992.
174. Google Books. Web. Jan. 12, 2012. ISBN 0-520-07771-7. Paul Ryan from soapcentral.com
Robert "Bob" Hughes M. D. is a fictional character on the American soap opera. Bob was played by actor Don Hastings from October 1960 until the series' final episode on September 17, 2010. Actors Bobby Alford and Ronnie Welch played Bob between 1956 and 1960, he was married to Lisa Miller during the 1960s. He is married to Kim Hughes, with whom he had a daughter, a son, Chris. Bob was the last character seen on the show, leaving his office at the end of the final episode with the words "Good night," which mirrored the first words spoken on the show, "Good morning, dear," spoken by Helen Wagner as she portrayed Bob's mother, Nancy Hughes. Bob Hughes has always been a man of honor. Despite this, he's had a number of many women who didn't measure up. Bob was in college and planning to go to medical school, when he met, Lisa Miller, a young college student from Rockford, Illinois. Lisa was determined to get Bob to marry her; when Bob succumbs to Lisa's charms and they are secretly married, Bob's parents tried to have the marriage annulled on the basis of the couple being too young, Lisa's announcement of her pregnancy put an end to Chris and Nancy plans and the couple moved in with the Hugheses.
Though Bob tried to be a good husband to Lisa and a good father to their son, Lisa soon grew bored with her life and left Bob for a rich shoe salesman. The man found Lisa too unsophisticated and dumped her. Lisa tried to get back together with Bob. Not long after his divorce from Lisa, Bob fell for a sweet nurse named Sylvia Hill, suffering from lupus. However, that relationship ended rather since Sylvia decided to return home to her native Michigan. Bob continued to be busy building his medical career and became best friends with the older Dr. David Stewart. Meanwhile, at home, Tommy was lashing out at the Hugheses, thanks to Lisa's poisoning his mind against them. Blaming his father for the breakup of the marriage, Tommy destroyed "daddy" dolls and destroyed all gifts that Bob bought him. One day, Lisa left Oakdale with Tommy. Searching for him, the Hugheses discovered that he was placed in a military school in California and Bob and his father, retrieved the boy and brought him home. Now with his father, Tommy formed a close bond with his family again.
Soon after, Bob received word that Lisa had gone to L. A. looking for Tommy, so he flew over to meet her only to find her nearly catatonic following a rape. Distressed at her condition, Bob brought her home. Returning to Oakdale was Sylvia, whose lupus was in remission. Bob and Sylvia became engaged. By now, Lisa had recovered from her traumatic experience in L. A. and guilted Sylvia about splitting up the family. Not wanting to be a detriment to a potential reconciliation, Sylvia left town. However, though Lisa and Nancy, had hoped that he'd marry her again, he rebuffed her advances. Bob's next wife was Sandy Wilson McGuire, a woman, unjustly put in prison, had a son from a previous marriage named Jimmy. Though both Tommy and Nancy opposed the union, with Nancy going as far as to tell Sandy that she'd always consider Lisa her daughter in law, Bob married Sandy anyway; the marriage was a happy one, until tragedy struck: Sandy was caught in a fire and was horribly burned. Sandy's condition left her depressed and Bob had no choice but to place her in an institution.
While Sandy was away, Bob's sister, who couldn't have children of her own, persuaded Sandy's ex-husband, Roy McGuire, to get custody of Jimmy though Roy believed the boy should stay with Bob. This put Bob at odds with his sister when Penny talked Roy into marrying her to ensure that he would get custody. Sandy soon recovered and returned to Bob, with Jimmy being returned to them, it was Bob's turn to be caught in a fire. The fire left him blind and the stress of taking care of him became too much for Sandy and she left. Feeling betrayed, Bob divorced her and his eyesight returned. Sandy returned to Oakdale a few years and though she and Bob tried to make another go of their relationship, by now Sandy was too involved in her new career and the two parted ways again. Afterwards, Bob fell for nurse Jennifer Ryan, the wife of Bob's old friend from medical school, Chuck Ryan; when Chuck learned he was dying, he asked Bob to take care of his family. Bob ended up falling in love. Though Jennifer's daughter, liked the Hughes family, who idolized his father resented Bob and vehemently opposed their relationship, going as far as to tell his mother that Lisa was pregnant with Bob's child.
Jennifer married him. Rick's poor performance at Memorial put a strain on their marriage because Jennifer continually accused Bob of being too hard on her son, an aspiring doctor. However, Bob refused to condone Rick's shoddy work, which included shamelessly stealing patients from Bob and David and making careless near-fatal diagnosis. With Rick a constant source of strife in the marriage and Jennifer's started coming apart. At a convention in Florida, Bob was pleasantly surprised to see Jennifer's sister, Kim Sullivan Reynolds. A singer, the widowed Kim was performing in Florida and she and Bob became reacquainted and had a fling. Afterwards, smitten with Bob, followed him back to Oakdale and observed for herself the deteriorating state of t
Oxford is a university city in south central England and the county town of Oxfordshire. With a population of 155,000, it is the 52nd largest city in the United Kingdom, with one of the fastest growing populations in the UK, it remains the most ethnically diverse area in Oxfordshire county; the city is 51 miles from London, 61 miles from Bristol, 59 miles from Southampton, 57 miles from Birmingham and 24 miles from Reading. The city is known worldwide as the home of the University of Oxford, the oldest university in the English-speaking world. Buildings in Oxford demonstrate notable examples of every English architectural period since the late Saxon period. Oxford is known as a term coined by poet Matthew Arnold. Oxford has a broad economic base, its industries include motor manufacturing, publishing and a large number of information technology and science-based businesses, some being academic offshoots. Oxford was first settled in Anglo-Saxon times and was known as "Oxenaforda", meaning "ford of the oxen".
It began with the establishment of a river crossing for oxen around AD 900. In the 10th century, Oxford became an important military frontier town between the kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex and was on several occasions raided by Danes. In 1002, many Danes were killed in Oxford during the England-wide St. Brice's Day massacre, a killing of Danes ordered by King Æthelred the Unready; the skeletons of more than 30 suspected victims were unearthed in 2008 during the course of building work at St John's College. The ‘massacre’ was a contributing factor to King Sweyn I of Denmark’s invasion of England in 1003 and the sacking of Oxford by the Danes in 1004. Oxford was damaged during the Norman Invasion of 1066. Following the conquest, the town was assigned to a governor, Robert D'Oyly, who ordered the construction of Oxford Castle to confirm Norman authority over the area; the castle has never been used for military purposes and its remains survive to this day. D'Oyly set up a monastic community in the castle consisting of a chapel and living quarters for monks.
The community never grew large but it earned its place in history as one of Britain's oldest places of formal education. It was there that in 1139 Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote his History of the Kings of Britain, a compilation of Arthurian legends. Additionally, there is evidence of Jews living in the city as early as 1141, during the 12th century the Jewish community is estimated to have numbered about 80–100; the city was besieged during The Anarchy in 1142. In 1191, a city charter stated in Latin, "Be it known to all those present and future that we, the citizens of Oxford of the Commune of the City and of the Merchant Guild have given, by this, our present charter, confirm the donation of the island of Midney with all those things pertaining to it, to the Church of St. Mary at Oseney and to the canons serving God in that place. Since, every year, at Michaelmas the said canons render half a mark of silver for their tenure at the time when we have ordered it as witnesses the legal deed of our ancestors which they made concerning the gift of this same island.
We have made this concession and confirmation in the Common council of the City and we have confirmed it with our common seal. These are those who have made this confirmation. Oxford's prestige was enhanced by its charter granted by King Henry II, granting its citizens the same privileges and exemptions as those enjoyed by the capital of the kingdom. Oxford's status as a liberty obtained from this period until the 19th century. A grandson of King John established Rewley Abbey for the Cistercian Order. Parliaments were held in the city during the 13th century; the Provisions of Oxford were instigated by a group of barons led by Simon de Montfort. Richard I of England and John, King of England the sons of Henry II of England, were both born at Beaumont Palace in Oxford, on 8 September 1157 and 24 December 1166 respectively. A plaque in Beaumont Street commemorates these events; the University of Oxford is first mentioned in 12th-century records. Of the hundreds of Aularian houses that sprang up across the city, only St Edmund Hall remains.
What put an end to the halls was the emergence of colleges. Oxford's earliest colleges were University College and Merton; these colleges were established at a time when Europeans were starting to translate the writings of Greek philosophers. These writings challenged European ideology, inspiring scientific discoveries and advancements in the arts, as society began to see itself in a new way; these colleges at Oxf