Sachima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sachima
Sachima
Sachima
Alternative namesShāqímǎ
TypePastry
Place of originChina
Main ingredientsFlour, butter, rock sugar
Variationsby region including raisins, sesame, coconut, etc
Sachima
Traditional Chinese沙琪瑪
Simplified Chinese沙琪玛
Hanyu Pinyinshāqímǎ
Cantonese Yalesākèimáh
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese薩其馬
Simplified Chinese萨其马
Hanyu Pinyinsàqímǎ
Cantonese Yalesaatkèimáh
Second alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese馬仔
Simplified Chinese马仔
Hanyu Pinyinmǎzǎi
Cantonese Yalemáhjái

Sachima (Manchu: ᠰᠠᠴᡳᠮᠠ; Möllendorff: sacima; Abkai: saqima), also called sàqímǎ or shāqímǎ, is a common Chinese pastry, originated among Manchus in Northeast China. Sachima has spread throughout all of China. Its decoration and flavor vary in different regional Chinese cuisine, but the appearance of all versions is essentially the same. It is made of fluffy strands of fried batter bound together with a stiff sugar syrup, showing similarity to American Rice Krispies Treats. That is, but without the marshmallows; as the American Rice Krispies Treats is American. Sachima is Chinese in comparison. Instead, it has different ingredients that makes it sweet.

Manchu[edit]

In Manchu cuisine originally, sachima is a sweet snack. It mainly consists of flour, butter, and rock sugar. It is now popular in mainland China among children and adults.

Cantonese[edit]

The Cantonese pastry version of sachima is slightly sweet. It is also made of essentially the same ingredients as the other varieties of sachima. It is often sprinkled with sesame seeds, raisins or dried coconut. The Cantonese variety of sachima ranges from chewy to crunchy in texture. Most overseas Chinatowns offer the Cantonese style of the pastry. It is commonly found in Hong Kong.

Fujian[edit]

Many of the Fujian distribution companies manufacture packaged versions of Sachima. This version has sesame and is made of wheat flour, vegetable oil, egg, milk, granular sugar, and malt sugar.[1] The taste is comparatively plain compared to the more sweetened Cantonese version.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to the list of ingredients on a package of Sachima from the Zhangzhou distribution company in Fujian province.