Sack of Campeche (1663)

The Sack of Campeche was a 1663 raid by pirates led by Christopher Myngs and Edward Mansvelt which became a model for coastal pirate raids of the buccaneering era. Having raided Santiago de Cuba in 1662, Myngs announced that his next target would be the fortified coastal town, Campeche, in what is now southern Mexico. Pirate captains from across the Caribbean volunteered their services, Myngs amassed the largest pirate fleet seen with 14 ships and 1400 pirates; the English fleet was subsequently joined by four French ships and three Dutch privateer ships for a total of more than 20 vessels. Leading the fleet was Myngs' flagship HMS Centurion and the smaller vice-flagship the Griffin; the fleet included Henry Morgan and Abraham Blauvelt. It is it included other younger sailors who would captain pirate vessels of their own and replicate Myngs' tactics, they left Port Royal in January, joined by other smaller vessels as they went but losing contact with the Griffin. Early the following month, the fleet arrived in Campeche Bay.

By night, Myngs landed 1000 men a short distance from the city on 8 February. The following morning, Spanish lookouts saw the fleet's smaller ships at first light and sought to raise the alarm, though unaware that Myngs' much larger 40-gun flagship lay just out of sight. Regardless, the warning came too late and the pirates attacked at 8:00 am; the pirates struggled against the city's 150-strong militia who used high ground of flat-roofed stone houses to their advantage. Fighting was fierce and Myngs was injured, he was returned to his ship leaving Mansvelt in charge. After a 2-hour-long battle, 50 Spanish defenders and 30 English and French pirates were dead; the sole surviving Spanish official agreed to terms of surrender and the pirates sacked the city, taking an additional 14 vessels from the harbour when they left 2 weeks later. The pirates plundered a total of 150,000 Spanish pieces of eight; the defeat of Campeche's defences was so comprehensive and the subsequent outrage so strong that King Charles was forced to forbid further similar raids.

That policy was enforced across the Caribbean for the remainder of the term of Governor Thomas Modyford. When he died in 1679, similar raids were organised including the attack on Veracruz in 1683 and the raid on Cartagena that same year. Both plans involved landing a large ground-based force to attack a fortified settlement which otherwise might have been able to defend itself against a seaborne raid. Myngs returned to England the following year to recover from his injuries. Buccaneer Piracy in the Caribbean

After the Love Has Gone (Steps song)

"After the Love Has Gone" is a song by Steps, released as their seventh single, the third from their second album Steptacular. The track has clear Asian musical influences. Claire Richards provides lead vocals; the song spent eleven weeks in the UK singles charts peaking at number five. It fell out of the top 75 after nine weeks, but spent two more weeks inside; the video has Asian influences. The group wear jade-green outfits for the dance sequences, in a setting of Chinese lanterns and a dancing dragon. UK CD single After the Love Has Gone - 4:35 After the Love Has Gone - 5:37 My Best Friend's Girl - 3:40Europe CD-Maxi After The Love Has Gone 4:32 After The Love Has Gone 4:36 After The Love Has Gone 5:37 My Best Friend's Girl 3:40Australian CD-Maxi After The Love Has Gone 4:35 After The Love Has Gone 5:37 My Best Friend's Girl 3:40 One For Sorrow 3:30Cassette After the Love Has Gone - 4:35 My Best Friend's Girl - 3:40 Recording Recorded at PWL Studios, Manchester in 1999 Mixed at PWL Studios, Manchester Mastered at Transformation Studios, LondonVocals Lead vocals – Claire Richards Background vocals – Lisa Scott-Lee, Faye Tozer, Lee Latchford-Evans, Ian "H" WatkinsPersonnel Songwriting – Mark Topham, Karl Twigg, Lance Ellington Production – Mark Topham, Karl Twigg, Pete Waterman Mixing – Tim Speight Engineer – Dan Frampton Drums – Chris McDonnell Keyboards – Karl Twigg Guitar – Mark Topham Bass – Mark Topham Mandolin – Erwin KeilesCredits adapted from the liner notes of Steptacular.

| style="width: 50%. Costume Costume Designer - Assistant Costume Designer - Helen Gilmour Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Michael Carbajal

Michael Carbajal is an American five-time world boxing champion of Mexican descent. His nickname was "Little Hands Of Stone," after his favorite boxer,"Hands Of Stone" Roberto Durán. Carbajal had an amateur record of 94-9 and won a silver medal as a Light Flyweight at 1988 Seoul Olympics in South Korea. 1986 National Golden Gloves Light Flyweight champion 1987 – Carbajal won the silver medal at the 1987 Pan American Games 1988 – United States amateur Light Flyweight champion Below are the results of Michael Carbajal, an American light flyweight boxer who competed at the 1988 Seoul Olympics: Round of 32: Defeated Kwang-Soo Oh points Round of 16: Defeated Dang Hieu Hien points Quarterfinal: Defeated Scotty Olson points Semifinal: Defeated Robert Isaszegi points Final: Lost to Ivailo Marinov points There were suspicions of politics influencing the judges in Carbajal's decision loss in the gold medal bout. Seven months after the Olympics, in February 1989, Carbajal made his debut in front of a national television audience as part of the card where Duran became a four-time world champion by beating Iran Barkley in Atlantic City.

In his first fight, Carbajal outboxed Will Grigsby. Carbajal followed that win with a spectacular first-round knockout of Silviano Perez on NBC. In his tenth bout, he met Pedro Feliciano. Four more wins followed, Carbajal was presented with an opportunity to fight for a world championship. On July 29, 1990, Carbajal faced Muangchai Kittikasem, who came to Phoenix from Thailand to defend his IBF light flyweight championship. Carbajal methodically took apart the champion in front of an ABC national audience. In round 7, after a combination of punches left Kittikasem lying defenseless against the ropes, the referee stepped in and stopped the fight, making Carbajal the world champion for the first time in his career. Carbajal began a string of twelve victories over the next two and a half years, including six title defenses against challengers such as Leon Salazar, Hector Patri, Kim Kwang-Sun and Robinson Cuesta, a win over future champion Jesus Chong in a non-title fight, he fought a anticipated unification match with WBC champion Humberto González on March 13, 1993.

Carbajal and Gonzalez became the first Junior Flyweights in history to earn a million dollar purse, it was the first Junior Flyweight "superfight" and championship bout to headline a Pay Per View event. Carbajal was downed in rounds 2 and 5, he was bleeding from his right eyebrow when he blasted a tremendous left hand to the side of Gonzalez's chin in the seventh round. Gonzalez turned sideways, Carbjal landed another right hand that sent him to the canvas. Gonzalez could not beat the count, Michael Carbajal had unified the world's Junior Flyweight championship in The Ring's fight of the year, he would be named fighter of the year for 1993. Mane television endorsement deals followed, including printed and television ads for Diet Pepsi and Emergency Chiropractic, but trouble seemed to follow, as well, he was accused of firing gunshots onto the roof of a party in Scottsdale. This unwanted attention seemed to take its toll on Carbajal, after two additional defenses, he fought Gonzalez once again in a pay-per-view match in Los Angeles, California.

In his 11th world title fight, Carbajal suffered the first loss of his career as he was defeated by a controversial 12 round split decision. Carbajal next took on former sparring partner Abner Barajas, winning by a fifth-round knockout in Laughlin and was given another shot at a world title by the WBO title holder Josue Camacho, who came from Puerto Rico to the challenger's hometown to defend his title. Carbajal won a unanimous twelve-round decision over Camacho. A title holder again, Carbajal set to try to recover his International Boxing Federation and WBC belts against Gonzalez in a third unification bout between the boxers. In November 1994, three months after the Camacho victory, they met once again, this time in Mexico City. Once again, it was a split decision, once again, Carbajal came out on the losing end, he wouldn't give up, he kept training under the guidance of his brother, Danny Carbajal, the only man to train Michael. He put another string of seven wins together, against the likes of former world champion Jose Quirino, whom he stopped in one round, tough Mauro Salas, who lasted seven.

He met two-time world champion Melchor Cob Castro in Las Vegas for the vacant International Boxing Federation Junior Flyweight title. Carbajal beat Castro by unanimous decision to claim his fourth world title, his third title reign lasted 22 months and three defenses, including an eighth-round knockout of tough two-time challenger Tomas Rivera, before he lost his crown again. On January 18, 1997, Carbajal looked aged and was unable to do anything against the charges of Colombian Mauricio Pastrana. Carbajal still lost a twelve-round split decision. After that, Carbajal met Canada's Scotty Olson in Texas. Carbajal showed he had more left than Olson did, dominated the fight until a spectacular right hand sent Olson down for the count in round 11; the win over Olson gave Carbajal a minor title, but in July 1997 in Las Vegas once again, he was defeated by South Africa's Jacob Matlala. Matlala handed Carbajal his first inside the distance defeat stopping the past-his-prime former world champion in round nine via cuts.

Carbajal did not fight for 19 months after this defeat. Carbajal announced a comeback early in 1999, he won three bouts, including a tko victory over former champion José de Jesús, on Ju