Trinity River (Texas)
The Trinity River is a 710-mile-long river in Texas, is the longest river with a watershed within the U. S. state of Texas. It rises in extreme northern Texas, a few miles south of the Red River; the headwaters are separated by the high bluffs on the southern side of the Red River. Robert Cavelier de La Salle, in 1687, called the stream the "River of Canoes"; the name "Trinity" came three years in 1690 from Alonso de León, who called the stream the "La Santísima Trinidad". The Trinity River has four branches: the West Fork, the Clear Fork, the Elm Fork, the East Fork; the West Fork Trinity River has its headwaters in Archer County. From there it flows southeast, through the man-made reservoirs Lake Bridgeport and Eagle Mountain Lake flowing eastward through Lake Worth and the city of Fort Worth; the Clear Fork Trinity River begins north of Weatherford and flows southeastward through Lake Weatherford and Benbrook Lake reservoirs, northeastward, where it joins the West Fork near downtown Fort Worth and continues as the West Fork.
The Elm Fork Trinity River flows south from near Gainesville through Ray Roberts Lake and east of the city of Denton through Lewisville Lake. The West Fork and the Elm Fork merge as they form the Trinity River; the East Fork Trinity River begins near McKinney and flows through Lavon Lake Lake Ray Hubbard before joining the Trinity River just southeast of Dallas. The Trinity flows southeast from Dallas across a fertile floodplain and the pine forests of eastern Texas, many of which were settled during the period of the Republic of Texas; the Trinity crosses Texas State Highway 31 in Henderson County, near where the first county seat, was established. 65 miles north of the mouth, an earthen dam was built in 1968 to form Lake Livingston. It flows onward to the south, into Trinity Bay, an arm of Galveston Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico, its river mouth is near the town of southeast of Houston. Clear Fork of the Trinity River East Fork of the Trinity River Elm Fork of the Trinity River West Fork of the Trinity River Bachman Branch Cedar Creek Mountain Creek Fossil Creek Johnson Creek Red Oak Creek Richland Creek White Rock Creek Rowlett Creek Big Creek Fourmile Creek Five Mile Creek Ten Mile Creek Plans from the 1890s for a shipping channel along the length of the Trinity River were scrapped because it would have required extensive dredging to make the river navigable, although several overpasses were built with high clearances in anticipation of the shipping channel.
Locks were built 13 miles downstream of Dallas in the early 1900s. Original federal plans called for building 36 locks and dams from Trinity Bay near Houston to Dallas; the first built was Dam No. 1 in the city of Dallas at McCommas Bluff. Lock construction came to a standstill in the wake of World War I, however. Only Lock and Dam Nos. 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 20 and 25 were built. There are no plans for addressing these old locks located in various spots along the Trinity River. However, the Corps is working nearby on the Dallas Floodway Extension Project; the DFE Project is under construction and is helping to fulfill their mission, as directed by Congress in cooperation with the city of Dallas. It is helping to lower flood risk, provide ecosystem restoration and recreation to the citizens of Dallas; the Trinity River Corridor Project is intended to transform the Trinity River flood zone in downtown Dallas into the nation's largest urban park, featuring three signature bridges designed by acclaimed architect Santiago Calatrava.
A similar project is planned by the Tarrant Regional Water District, City of Fort Worth, Tarrant County, Streams & Valleys Inc. and U. S. Army Corps of Engineers to develop an area north of "downtown" as "uptown" along the Trinity River; this plan promotes a large mixed-use development adjacent to the central city area of Fort Worth, with a goal to prevent urban sprawl by promoting the growth of a healthy, vibrant urban core. The Trinity River Vision lays the groundwork to enable Fort Worth's central business district to double in size over the next forty years. Major flooding occurred on the Trinity River in the years 1844, 1866, 1871, 1890, but a major event in the spring of 1908 set in motion the harnessing of the river. On 26 May 1908, the Trinity River reached a width of 1.5 miles. Five people died, 4,000 were left homeless, property damage was estimated at $2.5 million. Now the wreckage of a shed or outhouse would move by, followed by a drowned swine or other livestock; the construction forces of the Texas & Pacific worked feverishly to safeguard the long trestle carrying their tracks across the stream.
This whole structure turned on its side down-stream, broke loose from the rest of the track at one end and swung out into the middle of the current and began breaking up, first into large sections and into smaller pieces, rushing madly along to some uncertain destination. Dallas was without power for three days, all telephone and telegraph service was down, rail service was canceled; the only way to reach Oak Cliff was by boat. West Dallas was hit harder than any other part of the city—the Dallas Times Herald said "indescribable suffering" plagued the area. Much to the horror of residents, thousands of livestock drowned in the flood and some became lodged in the tops of trees; the stench of their decay hung over the city. After the disastrous flood, the city's citizenry wa
National Register of Historic Places listings in Blanco County, Texas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Blanco County, Texas. This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Blanco County, Texas. There are two individual properties listed on the National Register in the county. One district includes an individual property and a State Antiquities Landmark both of which are Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks; the other district is a National Historic Park and includes another Recorded Texas Historic Landmark. This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted March 29, 2019; the locations of National Register properties and districts may be seen in a mapping service provided. National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Blanco County Media related to National Register of Historic Places in Blanco County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons
National Register of Historic Places listings in Atascosa County, Texas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Atascosa County, Texas. This is intended to be a complete list of properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Atascosa County, Texas. There are three properties listed on the National Register in the county. One property is a State Antiquities Landmark; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted March 29, 2019. The locations of National Register properties may be seen in a mapping service provided. National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Atascosa County Media related to National Register of Historic Places in Atascosa County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons
National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas. This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Bexar County, Texas. There are 27 districts, 126 individual properties, one former property listed on the National Register in the county. Two districts and seven individually listed. One district is a National Historical Park, one property is a National Historic Site. One property is a State Historic Site. Two districts and 15 individually listed properties are State Antiquities Landmarks while six districts contain several more. Two districts are Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks while 33 individual properties are designated RTHLs or contain one or more. Ten districts contain many more RTHLs; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted March 29, 2019. The publicly disclosed locations of National Register properties and districts may be seen in a mapping service provided.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Bexar County Media related to National Register of Historic Places in Bexar County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons
Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Tyler, Texas)
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Tyler, United States. It is the principal church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tyler. Tyler started to grow. Lay ministers from Nacogdoches and Palestine came to Tyler to celebrate Mass and attend to the pastoral needs of Catholics. Immaculate Conception Church was established in 1878. A wood frame church was built at the corner of West Locust Street and North College Avenue two years later. By the 1910s, it was evident that the parish needed a larger church, the present church would not be built until after the Rev. Sebastian A. Samperi became pastor in 1927; the congregation purchased property at Front Street and South Broadway and the new church was dedicated until March 17, 1935. The parish renovated and redecorated the church in 1949 and again in 1978, it added parish offices, a library and a large meeting room in 1984 and two years named the church basement facility for Father Samperi. Pope John Paul II created the Diocese of Tyler on December 12, 1986, from portions of the Diocese of Dallas, the Diocese of Beaumont and the Diocese of Galveston-Houston.
Immaculate Conception became the Cathedral at that time. As the population of Tyler and Smith County grew, the Cathedral parish expand as well. In the early 1990s, the parish added the Cathedral Center, featuring meeting and banquet rooms for parish activities. In 1994, with thousands attending Masses every weekend at the Cathedral, there became a need for an additional space; the parish created St. Paul’s Chapel in the Chancery Office as a temporary facility while it planned a permanent location; the patience of the parishioners was rewarded on December 8, 2011, when Bishop Alvaro Corrada dedicated the 700-seat Chapel of Sts. Peter & Paul on the campus of Bishop Gorman Regional Catholic High School; the parish includes St. Gregory Cathedral School, opened in 1946; the school has twice been named a U. S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon School, List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States List of cathedrals in the United States Media related to Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception at Wikimedia Commons Cathedral Website Diocese of Tyler Website
Claude Marie Dubuis
Claude Marie Dubuis was a French-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. Dubuis learned English and Spanish in order to tend his diverse flock, he served as the second Bishop of Galveston from 1862 to 1892. Unable to obtain women religious from American communities to care for the many sick and orphaned, he founded the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word. Dubuis was born 10 March 1817 to François and Antoinette Dubuis, in Coutouvre, where he was raised on his parents' farm. At the age of ten years old, he was sent to live with his maternal uncle, the abbé Dubost, a pastor in a nearby town, in the expectation that the abbé would sufficient train Dubuis fot entrance to the seminary, he learned Latin, but in 1833, when Dubuis entered L'Argentière, a preparatory seminary, it became apparent that his education was lacking in a knowledge of Greek. After six months of frustration, he withdrew from the seminary, returned to his home in Teche, where he worked as a day laborer for a time before deciding to become a missionary.
At his mother's suggestion, he asked Dubost for help and was directed to a tutor in a nearby village named Fouilland. Fouilland taught Dubuis Latin and French grammar for eight months, he entered a minor seminary, where he passed all of his courses without difficulty. He returned to L'Argentière, where in his second year he served as infirmarian, he was graduated with honors. By 1840 he had entered the major seminary of St. Irenaeus at Lyons. On June 1, 1844, at the age of twenty-seven, Dubuis was ordained a priest at Lyon, his first assignment was at Lyons, where in 1846 he met Bishop Jean Marie Odin, apostolic vicar for Texas, who had returned to France to recruit religious to work in Texas. The Texas mission was supported by the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, but was short of both funds and missionaries. Dubuis, set sail from Le Havre in March of that year with a small group of fellow recruits. After arriving in New Orleans, they were sent first to the St. Mary's of the Barrens, a Vincentian Seminary in Perryville, Missouri, to learn English.
Father Dubuis arrived in Texas during the winter of 1847, was assigned as pastor of Castroville, where many of the residents were German or Alsatian immigrants. There he found a small church and a crude hut, used by a former priest, he set to work learning the Alsatian language. With the help of his assistant, Father Matthew Chazelle, they started building a new house. Dubuis opened a school, his energy and disposition soon won him the affection of the people. That year Father Chazelle died of typhus and Father Emmanuel Domenech was sent to help Father Dubuis; the parish included the villages of D'Hanis, Quihi, New Braunfels, Fredericksburg. Dubuis tended his parish on horseback. On one occasion, he spent a night in a tree above surging floodwaters. Dubuis had to ride through hostile Comanche territory in order to carry out his duties and was captured four times by Indians. However, Castroville was not attacked. Sometimes they stopped by the church to hear the music. By 1850, the small church was inadequate, with the help of the men of the parish and Father Domenech, the second church was completed by Easter.
This church was used for 20 years and razed when the third and present church was finished. In 1850, Bishop Odin sent Dubuis to France to recruit missionaries; when Dubuis left Castroville for San Antonio he left behind him a established parish of St. Louis, as well as a church building and rectory built by his own hands, he is credited with developing the architectural style distinctive to Castroville, which resembles that of Alsatian structures. Dubuis developed the cemetery and placed a cross on the hill next to the cemetery, following a tradition common in the villages of France. Since it has been called Cross Hill and was used by the Catholics for more than 100 years for pilgrimages and prayer petitions, such as rogation days, to pray for successful crops of the farmers; the custom was discontinued in the 1950s. Upon his return from France in 1851, Dubuis was appointed pastor of the Church of San Fernando in San Antonio and vicar general of the Diocese of Galveston. A diverse community, announcements from the pulpit were made in English, French and Spanish.
Dubuis was not sufficiently conversant in Spanish to administer the last rites, Bishop Odin stayed in San Antonio until a priest who spoke Spanish arrived to assist. Archbishop Antoine Blanc, Archbishop New Orleans, died on June 20, 1860. On February 15, 1861 Bishop Odin was appointed his successor. Dubuis was one of three individuals Bishop Odin had recommended to succeed him in Galveston, all of whom spoke both English and Spanish, knew the area. Dubuis went to New Orleans in June 1861 to improve his health, planned to make a trip to France to recruit more missionaries. However, in April 1961 President Lincoln had ordered a blockade of Southern ports. Not having heard from the Holy See, Bishop Odin decided to go to Europe. In early 1862, Dubuis wrote a Texas colleague that he planned to run the blockade and leave for France in mid-April. Franklin C. Williams, Jr. is of the opinion that as Odin and Dubuis were both French Vincentians from the area of Lyons, that they sailed together. Some months Dubuis was appointed to succeed Bishop Odin as the second Bishop of the Diocese of Galveston.
Dubuis was consecrated by Odin on November 1862, in Lyons. In May 1863 he entered his episcopal city, where he worked for the next s
National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas
These historic properties and districts in the state of Texas are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Properties and/or districts are listed in most of Texas's 254 counties; the tables linked below are intended to provide a complete list of properties and districts listed in each county. The locations of National Register properties and districts with latitude and longitude data may be seen in an online map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates"; the names on the lists are. This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019; the following are approximate tallies of current listings by county. List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Texas List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmark