Lasallian educational institutions
Lasallian educational institutions are educational institutions affiliated with the De La Salle Brothers, a Roman Catholic religious teaching order founded by French Priest Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, canonized in 1900 and proclaimed by the Vatican in 1950 as patron saint of all teachers. In regard to their educational activities the Brothers have since 1680 called themselves "Brothers of the Christian Schools", associated with the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools; the De La Salle Brothers say that, with the assistance of more than 73,000 lay colleagues, they teach over 900,000 students in 80 countries. Short prayers are recited in Lasallian educational institutions during the school day: The US-based La Salle International Foundation, which supports global educational and other networks of the De La Salle Brothers, say on their Web site that they sponsor educational projects and support schools in 82 countries. Since the 1980s increasing numbers of cases of sexual and physical abuse of children, covered up by authorities, in institutions of the Catholic Church and others have been reported.
Cases of physical and sexual abuse of children in Lasallian educational institutions, failure to investigate and subsequently protect children have been investigated and admitted. Collège Mgr Steinmetz Collège Pierre Kula, in Diebougou Collège De La Salle, in Ouagadougou Collège Lasallien Badenya, in Ouagadougou Collège Charles Lwanga, in Nouna Collège Lasallien de Kongoussi, in Kongoussi Centre Lasallien d'Initiation aux Métiers d'Agriculture, in Beregadougou Collège De La Salle and Saint Georges in Kinshasa Collège Ntetembwa in Matadi Bosawa, Liboke Moko, Liziba primary schools, plus Institut Frère Iloo in Mbandaka Tumba Kunda dia Zayi in Tumba Collège des Frères, in Cairo Collège de la Salle in Daher, Cairo Collège Saint Joseph in Khoronfish, Cairo Collège Saint Paul in Shobra, Cairo Collège Saint Marc in Alexandria Collège Saint Gabriel in Alexandria Collège Saint Vincent de Paul in Alexandria Saint Joseph School, Karen Hagaz Agricultural and technology school, Hagaz Eritrea St. Joseph School St. Joseph School Bisrate-Gabriel School Meki Catholic School Saint Paul School, Marsabit Saint Marys Boys High School, Nyeri Child Discovery Center, Nakuru Rongai Agricultural and Technical School, Rongai Bishop Ndingi Mwangaza Collège, Nakuru Christ the Teacher Institute for Education, Nairobi La Salle Catholic Primary School, Nairobi Collège Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague, Ambositra Collège Saint-Joseph, Ambatondrazaka Collège Saint-Jean, Antalaha Lycée Stella Maris, Toamasina Institution Sainte Famille, Antananarivo École Saint-Joseph, Antananarivo École Louis Rafiringa, Antananarivo Centre de Promotion rurale, Ambositra Escola Joao XXIII, Sofala L.
E. P. Issa Béri in Niamey De La Salle Middle School, Ondo State Mount De La Salle College, Makurdi, Benue State Académie De La Salle in Byumba École d’Art in Gisenyi Collège Saint Charles Lwanga, Ziguinchor De La Salle Holy Cross College in Johannesburg La Salle College in Roodepoort Chan Sui Ki College, in Homantin, Kowloon Chan Sui Ki Primary School, in Homantin, Kowloon Chong Gene Hang College De La Salle Secondary School, N. T. in Sheung Shui La Salle College, Kowloon La Salle Primary School, Kowloon St. Joseph's College, in Hong Kong Island St. Joseph's Primary School St. La Salle Hr. Sec School, in Tuticorin. St. Joseph Hr. Sec. School, in Sooranam, Sivagangai Boys Town ITI, Madurai Arul Thendral, Aspirancy, in Madurai S. Joseph. Juniorate, in Tuticorin St. Pauls Higher Secondary School,in Montfort Hill, Aizawl De La Salle Catholic University, in Manado Collège des Frères, in Haifa Collège des Frères, in Jaffa Collège des Frères, in Nazareth Bethlehem University, Bethlehem Collège Des Frères, Bethlehem The international community regards East Jerusalem, including the Old City, as part of the occupied Palestinian territories, but no part of Jerusalem is considered to be part of either Israel or the State of Palestine.
Collège des Frères, in the Old City of Jerusalem Collège des Frères, in the Beit Hanina suburb of East Jerusalem La Salle High School in Hakodate La Salle High School in Kagoshima De La Salle Frere, in Amman Collège Mont La Salle, Ain Saadeh Collège du Sacré-Cœur, Gemmayzé, Beirut Collège Notre-Dame, Furn el Chebback, Beirut École Saint-Pierre, Baskinta Collège de La Salle, Zgharta Collège des Frères, Dedeh-Koura Ecole Saint Vincent de Paul, Bourj Hammoud, Beirut La Salle School, Kuala Lumpur La Salle School, Kuala Lumpur La Salle School, Peel Road, Kuala Lumpur La Salle School, Kuala Lumpur St. John's Institution, Kuala Lumpur La Salle Chinese Primary School, Kuala Lumpur St. Theresa Chinese Primary School, Kuala Lumpur St. Joseph's Institution International School Malaysia, Petaling Jaya La Salle School, Petaling Jaya La Salle School, Penang La Salle School, Klang St. Andrew All Boys' School, Muar City, Johore St. Francis Institu
Klang or Kelang Royal Town of Klang, is a royal town and former capital of the state of Selangor, Malaysia. It is located within the Klang District, it was the civil capital of Selangor in an earlier era prior to the emergence of Kuala Lumpur and the current capital, Shah Alam. Port Klang, located in the Klang District, is the 12th busiest transshipment port and the 12th busiest container port in the world, it holds the record for the largest AEON in Asia, AEON Bukit Tinggi. The Klang Municipal Council or MP Klang exercises jurisdiction for a majority of the Klang District while the Shah Alam City Council exercises some jurisdiction over the east of Klang District, north of Petaling District and the other parts of Selangor State including Shah Alam itself; as of 2010, the Klang City has a total population of 240,016, while the population of Klang District is 842,146, the population of all towns managed by Klang Municipal Council is 744,062. The royal town of Klang has been a site of human settlement since prehistoric times.
Bronze Age drums and other artefacts have been found in the vicinity of the town and within the town itself. A bronze bell dating from the 2nd century BC is now in the British Museum. Found are iron tools called "tulang mawas". Commanding the approaches to the tin rich Klang Valley, Klang has always been of key strategic importance, it was mentioned as a dependency of other states as early as the 11th century. Klang was mentioned in the 14th century literary work Nagarakretagama dated to the Majapahit Empire, the Klang River was marked and named on the earliest maritime charts of Chinese Admiral Cheng Ho on his visits to Malacca from 1409 to 1433. Klang was under the control of the Malacca Sultanate in the 15th century; the celebrated Tun Perak, the Malacca's greatest Bendahara, came from Klang and became its territorial chief. According to the Malay Annals, the people of Klang overthrew the local chief or penghulu and asked the Sultan of Malacca Muzaffar Shah to appoint another, Tun Perak was appointed the leader.
Klang was known as a producer of tin. Klang however remained in Malay hands after the fall of Melaka to the Portuguese in 1511, was controlled by the Sultan Johor-Riau until the creation of Selangor sultanate in the 18th century. Klang was once known as Pengkalan Batu meaning "stone jetty". In the 19th century the importance of Klang increased by the rapid expansion of tin mining as a result of the increased demand for tin from the West; the desire to control the Klang Valley led directly to the Klang War of 1867–1874 when Raja Mahdi fought to regain what he considered his birthright as territorial chief against Raja Abdullah. During the Klang War, in 1868, the seat of power was moved to Bandar Temasya, Kuala Langat, to Jugra which became the royal capital of Selangor. Klang however did not lose its importance. In 1874, Selangor accepted a British Resident who would "advise" the Sultan, Klang became the capital of British colonial administration for Selangor from 1875 until 1880 when the capital city was moved to Kuala Lumpur due to the growth of Kuala Lumpur from tin-mining.
Today Klang is no longer State capital or the main seat of the ruler, but it remains the headquarters of the District to which it gives it name. Until the construction of Port Swettenham in 1901, Klang remained the chief outlet for Selangor's tin, its position was enhanced by the completion of the Klang Valley railway to Bukit Kuda in 1886, connected to Klang itself via a rail bridge, the Connaught Bridge, completed in 1890. In the 1890s its growth was further stimulated by the development of the district into the State' leading producer of coffee, rubber. In 1903, the royal seat was moved back to Klang. In May 1890, a local authority, known as Klang Health Board, was established to administer Klang town; the official boundary of Klang was first defined in 1895. The first road bridge over the Klang River connecting the two parts of the town, the Belfield Bridge, was constructed in 1908. In 1926 the health boards of Klang and Port Swettenham were merged, in 1945 the local authority was renamed Klang Town Board.
In 1954, the Town Board became the Klang Town Council after a local election was set up to select its members in accordance with the Local Government Election Ordinance of 1950. In 1963, the Port Klang Authority was created and it now administers three Port Klang areas: Northport and West Port. In 1971, the Klang District Council, which incorporated the nearby townships of Kapar and Meru as well as Port Klang, was formed. After undergoing a further reorganisation according to the Local Government Act of 1976, Klang District Council was upgraded to Klang Municipal Council on 1 January 1977. From 1974 to 1977, Klang was the state capital of Selangor before the seat of government shifted to Shah Alam in 1977. Klang may have taken its name from the Klang River; the entire geographical area in the immediate vicinity of the river, which begins at Kuala Lumpur and runs west all the way to Port Klang, is known as the Klang Valley. One popular theory on the origin of the name is; the word may mean a canal or waterway, alternatively it has been argued that it means "warehouses", from the Malay word Kilang – in the old days, it was full of warehouses.
A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle and high school system. Secondary schools follow on from primary schools and lead into vocational and tertiary education. Attendance is compulsory in most countries for students between the ages of 11 and 16; the organisations and terminology are more or less unique in each country. Within the English speaking world, there are three used systems to describe the age of the child; the first is the'equivalent ages' countries that base their education systems on the'English model' use one of two methods to identify the year group, while countries that base their systems on the'American K-12 model' refer to their year groups as'grades'. This terminology extends into research literature. Below is a convenient comparison.
The building needs to accommodate: Curriculum content Teaching methods Costs Education within the political framework Use of school building Constraints imposed by the site Design philosophyEach country will have a different education system and priorities. Schools need to accommodate students, storage and electrical systems, support staff, ancillary staff and administration; the number of rooms required can be determined from the predicted roll of the school and the area needed. According to standards used in the United Kingdom, a general classroom for 30 students needs to be 55 m², or more generously 62 m². A general art room for 30 students needs to be 83 m ². A drama studio or a specialist science laboratory for 30 needs to be 90 m². Examples are given on, and 1,850 place secondary school. The building providing the education has to fulfil the needs of: The students, the teachers, the non-teaching support staff, the administrators and the community, it has to meet general government building guidelines, health requirements, minimal functional requirements for classrooms and showers, electricity and services and storage of textbooks and basic teaching aids.
An optimum secondary school will meet the minimum conditions and will have: adequately sized classrooms. Government accountants having read the advice publish minimum guidelines on schools; these enable environmental establishing building costs. Future design plans are audited to ensure. Government ministries continue to press for cost standards to be reduced; the UK government published this downwardly revised space formula in 2014. It said the floor area should be 1050m² + 6.3m²/pupil place for 11- to 16-year-olds + 7m²/pupil place for post-16s. The external finishes were to be downgraded to meet a build cost of £1113/m². A secondary school locally may be called high senior high school. In some countries there are two phases to secondary education and, here the junior high school, intermediate school, lower secondary school, or middle school occurs between the primary school and high school. Names for secondary schools by countryArgentina: secundaria or polimodal, escuela secundaria Australia: high school, secondary college Austria: Gymnasium, Hauptschule, Höhere Bundeslehranstalt, Höhere Technische Lehranstalt Azerbaijan: orta məktəb Bahamas, The: junior high, senior high Belgium: lagere school/école primaire, secundair onderwijs/école secondaire, humaniora/humanités Bolivia: educación primaria superior and educación secundaria and Herzegovina: srednja škola, gimnazija Brazil: ensino médio, segundo grau Brunei: sekolah menengah, a few maktab Bulgaria: cредно образование Canada: High school, junior high or middle school, secondary school, école secondaire, collegiate institute, polyvalente Chile: enseñanza media China: zhong xue, consisting of chu zhong from grades 7 to 9 and gao zhong from grades 10 to 12 Colombia: bachillerato, segunda enseñanza Croatia: srednja škola, gimnazija Cyprus: Γυμνάσιο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο Czech Republic: střední škola, gymnázium, střední odborné učiliště Denmark: gymnasium Dominican Republic: nivel medio, bachillerato Egypt: Thanawya Amma, Estonia: upper secondary school, Lyceum Finland: lukio gymnasium France: collège, lycée Germany: Gymnasium, Realschule, Fachoberschule Greece: Γυμνάσιο, Γενικό Λύκειο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο, Hong Kong: Secondary school Hungary: gimnázium, k
Ipoh is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Perak. Located by the Kinta River, it is nearly 180 km north of Kuala Lumpur and 123 km southeast of George Town in neighbouring Penang; as of 2010, Ipoh contained a population of 657,892, making it the third largest city in Malaysia by population. A village, Ipoh began to grow in the 1880s after huge deposits of tin were discovered within its vicinity. By 1895, it was the second largest town within the Federated Malay States, which consisted of Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang. Ipoh was declared a city in 1988. However, following the depletion of its tin deposits and the collapse of tin prices in the 1970s, the city suffered decades of decline and neglect. In recent years, Ipoh's popularity as a tourist destination has been boosted by efforts to conserve its British colonial-era architecture; the city is well known for its cuisine and natural attractions, such as its limestone hills and caves within which Buddhist temples were built. In addition, Ipoh has managed to maintain its reputation as one of the cleanest cities in Malaysia.
Ipoh's location between Kuala Lumpur and George Town has made it a major land transportation hub within West Malaysia, with both the Malayan Railway's West Coast Line and the North-South Expressway cutting through the city. Aside from the land transportation links, Ipoh is served by the Sultan Azlan Shah Airport. Ipoh is known as the Hipster Capital of Malaysia by various tourism official agencies. Ipoh grew out from the Malay village of Palau along the banks of the Kinta River in the 1880s, its geographic location in the rich tin-bearing valley of the Kinta River made it a natural centre of growth. The Great Fire of Ipoh in 1892 destroyed over half the town, but presented an opportunity to rebuild the town in a more orderly grid pattern. Ipoh was subsequently rebuilt in time for the second tin rush and grew as a result of the booming tin mining industry in the 1920s and 1930s. A local Hakka miner, millionaire Yau Tet Shin, started developing a large tract of the town in the early 1930s, today known as the'New Town', from the eastern bank of the Kinta River to Greentown.
In 1937, Ipoh was made the capital of Perak. Ipoh was invaded by the Japanese on 15 December 1941. In March 1942, the Japanese Civil Administration or Perak Shu Seicho was set up at the St. Michael's Institution. After the liberation of Malaya by British forces, Ipoh remained the capital of Perak to this day; the decline of the tin mining industry during the latter half of the 20th century caused the growth of Ipoh to stagnate. With the closure of the tin mines, its urban population was forced to seek employment in other cities within Malaysia. In spite of this, Ipoh remains one of the largest cities in Malaysia in terms of population, with tourism now a main driver of the city's economy. Ipoh gained Municipal status in 1962, in 1988, was declared a city by the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Azlan Shah. Ipoh is in the state of Perak, in the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia; the city is in the middle of the Kinta Valley, on the bank of the Kinta River and the confluence of smaller rivers, Sungai Pinji and Sungai Pari.
The city is surrounded by limestone hills, which can be found around suburban areas to the northeast and southeast. The Kledang mountain range stretches from the north to the west of the city; this range runs parallel to the Bintang mountain range with the Perak River flowing on its left bank and the Kinta River to its right. This range is interrupted to the north of Ipoh by a tributary of the Perak River called the Pelus River, sourced from the Titiwangsa mountain range, which runs to the east of Ipoh. Ipoh features a tropical rainforest climate more subject to the Intertropical Convergence Zone than the trade winds and with rare cyclones so an equatorial climate. Temperatures are about the same throughout the year, showing little variation; the city's average temperature is 28 °C. Ipoh sees high precipitation throughout the year with an average of 200 mm of rain each month and averaging 2,427.9 mm of rain per year. The wettest month is October. Ipoh's driest month is January. Limestone outcrops rise on the outskirts of Ipoh.
There are many caves in these outcrops. Sam Poh Tong is a notable one along with Kek Lok Tong, which lies on the other side of the same outcrop, it is accessible through the Gunung Rapat housing area. It has a clean and cool environment. Other cave temples in Ipoh include Nan Tian Tong, Kwan Yin Tong and Perak Tong. Gua Tempurung, near Gopeng south of Ipoh, is a show cave open to the public and popular among spelunkers. More than 3 km long, it is one of the longest caves in Peninsular Malaysia. Part of it has been developed with electric lighting and walkways, there are tours of different lengths and difficulty. A river passage runs about 1.6 km through the hill. There are five large chambers and some stalactites and stalagmites. Ipoh has a vibrant food scene with a vast proliferation of hawker restaurants, it is well known for dishes such as "Sar Hor Fun" a complete one-dish rice noodle meal with prawn, fish, vegetables and a savoury sauce. Other well known dishes from Ipoh include "Hor Hee", flat white rice noodles served with fish cakes and/or fish balls, "Nga Choi Kai", chicken with soy sauce and beansprouts topped with pepper,"Kai Shi Hor Fun" rice noodles with Chicken, "Hakka Mee", yellow rice noodles served with
Perak known by its honorific Darul Ridzuan or "Abode of Grace", is one of the thirteen states of Malaysia, the fourth-largest one. It borders Kedah at the north; the state's administrative capital of Ipoh was known for tin-mining activities until the price of the metal dropped affecting the state's economy. The royal capital, remains at Kuala Kangsar, where the palace of the Sultan of Perak is located; the state's official name is Perak Darul Ridzuan. Perak means silver in Malay, derived from the silvery colour of tin. In the 1890s, with the richest alluvial deposits of tin in the world was one of the jewels in the crown of the British Empire. However, some say. Darul Ridzuan is the state's Arabic honorific, can mean either "land" or "abode" of grace. Legend tells of a Hindu-Malay Kingdom called Gangga Negara in the northwest of Perak. Archaeological discoveries indicate; the modern history of Perak began with the fall of the Malacca Sultanate. Raja Muzaffar Shah, the eldest son of the last Sultan of Melaka, Sultan Mahmud Shah and his Queen Tun Fatimah, fled the Portuguese conquest of 1511 and established his own dynasty on the banks of the Sungai Perak in 1528.
Being rich in tin ore deposits, the dominion was under continuous threat from outsiders. The Dutch attempted to control the tin trade in the 17th century, built defensive forts at the mouth of the Perak River and on Pulau Pangkor. Early history recorded the arrival in Perak of the Dutch in 1641, when they captured the Straits of Malacca and controlled tin-ore and spice trading. However, the Dutch attempt to monopolise the tin-ore trading in Perak by influencing Sultan Muzaffar Syah failed, they turned to Sultanah Tajul Alam Safiatuddin, the Sultan of Aceh, to seek permission to trade in Perak, which forced the Sultan of Perak to sign a treaty, allowing the Dutch to build their plant in Kuala Perak on 15 August 1650. This did not go down well with the aristocracy of Perak. In 1651, Temenggung and the people of Perak destroyed the Dutch plant; the Dutch were forced to leave their base in Perak. The Dutch sent a representative to Perak in 1655 to renew the earlier agreement and to seek compensation for the loss of their plant.
The Perak government however was thus surrounded by the Dutch. In 1670, the Dutch returned to Perak to build Kota Kayu, now known as Kota Belanda, on Pangkor Island. Perak agreed to the construction because of news that the Kingdom of Siam would be attacking the state. In 1685, Perak once again attacked the Dutch on Pangkor Island, forcing them to retreat and close their headquarters; the Dutch failed. In the 19th century, the Bugis and the Siamese all attempted to invade Perak, only British intervention in 1820 prevented Siam from annexing Perak. Although the British were reluctant to establish a colonial presence in Malaya, increasing investment in the tin mines brought a great influx of Chinese immigrants, including Foo Ming, who formed rival clan groups allied with Malay chiefs and local gangsters which all fought for control of the mines; the Perak Sultanate was unable to maintain order as it was embroiled in a protracted succession crisis. In her book The Golden Chersonese and The Way Thither, Victorian traveller and adventurer Isabella Lucy Bird describes how Raja Muda Abdullah turned to his friend in Singapore, Tan Kim Ching.
Tan, together with an English merchant in Singapore, drafted a letter to Governor Sir Andrew Clarke which Abdullah signed. The letter expressed Abdullah's desire to place Perak under British protection, "to have a man of sufficient abilities to show a good system of government." In 1874, the Straits Settlements governor Sir Andrew Clarke convened a meeting on Pulau Pangkor, at which Sultan Abdullah was installed on the throne of Perak in preference to his rival, Sultan Ismail. This Pangkor Treaty required that the Sultan of Perak accept a British Resident, a post granted wide administrative powers. In 1875, various Perak chiefs assassinated the British Resident James W. W. Birch, resulting in the short-lived Perak War of 1876. Sultan Abdullah was exiled to the Seychelles, the British installed a new ruler; the new resident, Sir Hugh Low, was well-versed in the Malay language and local customs, proved to be a more capable administrator. He introduced the first rubber trees in Malaya. Perak joined Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang to form the Federated Malay States in 1896.
However, the British Resident system persisted until the Malayan Union was established in 1948. Perak gained its independence from the British on 31 August 1957. Under the laws of the Constitution of Perak, Perak is a constitutional monarchy, with a constitutional hereditary ruler; the current Sultan of Perak is the 35th Sultan of Perak. He was appointed as the new Sultan on 29 May 2014; the preceding Sultan was Sultan Azlan Muhib
Kuching the City of Kuching, is the capital and the most populous city in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia. It is the capital of Kuching Division; the city is situated on the Sarawak River at the southwest tip of the state of Sarawak on the island of Borneo and covers an area of 431 square kilometres with a population about 165,642 in the Kuching North administrative region and 159,490 in the Kuching South administrative region—a total of 325,132 people. Kuching was the third capital of Sarawak in 1827 during the administration of the Bruneian Empire. In 1841, Kuching became the capital of the Kingdom of Sarawak after the territory in the area was ceded to James Brooke for helping the Bruneian empire in crushing a rebellion by the interior Borneo dweller Land Dayak people who became his loyal followers after most of them being pardoned by him and joining his side; the town continued to receive attention and development during the rule of Charles Brooke such as the construction of a sanitation system, prison, a bazaar.
In 1941, the Brooke administration had a Centenary Celebration in Kuching. During World War II, Kuching was occupied by Japanese forces from 1942 to 1945; the Japanese government set up a Batu Lintang camp near Kuching to hold prisoners of war and civilian internees. After the war, the town survived intact. However, the last Rajah of Sarawak, Sir Charles Vyner Brooke decided to cede Sarawak as part of British Crown Colony in 1946. Kuching remained as capital during the Crown Colony period. After the formation of Malaysia in 1963, Kuching retained its status as state capital and was granted city status in 1988. Since the Kuching city is divided into two administrative regions managed by two separate local authorities; the administrative centre of Sarawak state government is located at Kuching. Kuching is a major food destination for tourists and the main gateway for travellers visiting Sarawak and Borneo. Kuching Wetlands National Park is located about 30 kilometres from the city and there are many other tourist attractions in and around Kuching such as Bako National Park, Semenggoh Wildlife Centre, Rainforest World Music Festival, state assembly building, The Astana, Fort Margherita, Kuching Cat Museum, Sarawak State Museum.
The city has become one of the major commercial centres in East Malaysia. The name "Kuching" was in use for the city by the time Brooke arrived in 1841. There are many theories as to the derivation of the name "Kuching", it was derived from the Malay word for cat, "kucing" or from Cochin, an Indian trading port on the Malabar Coast and a generic term in China and British India for trading harbour. Some Hindu artefacts can be seen today at the Sarawak State Museum. However, another source reported that the Kuching city was known as "Sarawak" before Brooke arrived; the settlement was renamed to "Sarawak proper" during the kingdom expansion. It was only in 1872 that Charles Brooke renamed the settlement to "Kuching". There was one unlikely theory based on a story on miscommunication. According to the story, James Brooke arrived in Kuching on his yacht "Royalist." He asked his local guide about the name of the town. The local guide mistakenly thought that Brooke was pointing towards a cat, so had said the word "Kuching."
However, ethnic Malays in Sarawak have always used the term "pusak" for cats, instead of the standard Malay word "kucing". Despite this etymological discrepancy, Sarawakians have adopted the animal as a symbol of their city; some source stated that it was derived from a fruit called "mata kucing", a fruit that grows in Malaysia and Indonesia. There was a hill in the city, named after the fruit, called Bukit Mata Kuching. While as been written by a British woman to her son in the 19th century, it was stated that the name was derived from a stream of the same name, called "Sungai Kuching" or Cat River in English. On page 64 of Bampfylde and Baring-Gould's 1909'A History of Sarawak under its Two White Rajahs', it says: "Kuching, the capital of Sarawak, is so called from a small stream that runs through the town into the main river...." The stream was situated in front of the Tua Pek Kong Temple. In the 1950s, the river became shallow because of silt deposits in the river; the river was filled to make way for roads.
There is another theory that Kuching means "Ku"(古） - Old and "Ching"（井） - Well or "old well" in Chinese. During the Brooke administration, there was no water supply and water-borne diseases were common. In 1888, an epidemic broke out, known as "Great Cholera Epidemic". A well situated in the present day China Street in Main Bazaar helped to combat the disease by providing clean water supply. Due to increased demand for a water supply, the role of the well was replaced by water treatment plant on the Bau Road. Sarawak was part of the Bruneian Empire since the reign of first Brunei sultanate, Sultan Muhammad Shah. Kuching was the third capital of Sarawak, founded in 1827 by the representative of the Sultan of Brunei, Pengiran Indera Mahkota. Prior to the founding of Kuching, the two past capitals of Sarawak were Santubong, founded by Sultan Pengiran Tengah in 1599, Lidah Tanah, founded by Datu Patinggi Ali in the early 1820s. Pengiran Raja Muda Hashimit ceded the territory to a British adventurer, James Brooke as a reward for helping him to counter a rebellion.
The rebellion was crushed in November 1840, on 24 September 1841, Brooke was appointed as the Governor of Sarawak with the title of Rajah. It was not announced until 18 August 1842, following Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II's ratifying the g
The Kulim District is a district and town in the state of Kedah, Malaysia. It is located on the southeast of Kedah; the town of Kulim, a mere 27 km east of Penang's capital city, George Town forms part of Greater Penang, Malaysia's second largest conurbation. The Kulim’s independence clock was officiated by the Sultan of Kedah and serves as the unofficial landmark for the city of Kulim; the construction of the clock was completed within 3 months and upon completion 1833-1888 Capital States Kedah: Kulim, was made formalized by DYMM Tuanku Sultan Badlishah Ibni Almarhum Yang Di Pertuan Paduka Seri Sultan Abdul Hamid Shah, KOM, CMG, KBE Sultan Kedah on 15 September 1957, or 2 weeks after the declaration of independence of Malaysia. Kulim District is divided into 15 mukims, which are: Bagan Sena Junjung Karangan Keladi Kulim Town Lunas Mahang Nagalilit Padang China Padang Meha Sedim Sidam Kanan Sungai Seluang Sungai Ular Terap Kulim District is administered by Kulim Municipal Council. Kulim Hi-Tech Park Ismail Omar the 9th Inspector General of Royal Malaysian Police Malaysian ambassador to France.
Gary Steven Robbat, professional football player for Johor Darul Takzim F. C. Suppiah Chanturu, professional football player for Johor Darul Takzim F. C. Muhammad Akram Mahinan, professional football player for Johor Darul Takzim II F. C. List of Kulim district representatives in the Federal Parliament List of Kulim district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly Butterworth–Kulim Expressway Northern Corridor Economic Region Penang Kulim travel guide from Wikivoyage Kulim’s Municipal Council Website Kulim 2035 Draft Plan