Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy

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Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy
Chapel IV of the Sacro Monte (Varese)2.JPG
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Italy Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 45°58′28″N 9°10′10″E / 45.974556°N 9.169556°E / 45.974556; 9.169556
Includes Sacred Mount Calvary of Domodossola
Sacro Monte di Belmonte
Sacro Monte di Crea
Sacro Monte di Ghiffa
Sacro Monte di Oropa
Sacro Monte di Orta
Sacro Monte di Ossuccio
Sacro Monte di Varallo
Sacro Monte di Varese Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iv) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 1068
Inscription 2003 (27th Session)
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy is located in Italy
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy
Location of Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy

The Sacri Monti (Italian for "Sacred Mountains") of Piedmont and Lombardy are a series of nine calvaries or groups of chapels and other architectural features created in northern Italy during the late sixteenth century and the seventeenth century. They are dedicated to various aspects of the Christian faith and are considered of great beauty by virtue of the skill with which they have been integrated into the surrounding natural landscape of hills, forests and lakes, they also house important artistic material in the form of wall paintings and statuary. In 2003, they were named as a World Heritage Site.

Sacro Monte di Varallo. Gaudenzio Ferrari, Statue of Christ on the Road to Calvary, Polychrome wood, ca. 1510

Model and characteristics[edit]

The model of the calvary or "holy mountain" is a Christian creation dating from the late fifteenth century, that during the Counter-Reformation spread from Italy to Europe and the New World. A calvary is a devotional complex standing on the slopes of a mountain, with a series of chapels or kiosks containing scenes from the life of Christ, the Virgin Mary or the Saints, in the form of painting or sculptures.

As a re-evocation of the New Jerusalem, Sacred Mountains offered pilgrims an opportunity to visit the Holy Places by conjuring up, on a smaller scale, the buildings in which Christ's Passion took place. The Sacred Mountains stand on high ground, at some distance from the town centre, in a more natural setting, they are usually reached by pilgrimage. The itinerary leading up to the Sacred Mountain often re-evokes the Via Dolorosa, the road leading from Jerusalem to Calvary along which Christ carried the Cross.

The nine[edit]

The nine Sacri Monti are:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]