Sadri language

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Sadri, Nagpuri
Native to India, Bangladesh
Region Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam
Native speakers
3.5 million (2000–2001)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Devanagari, Eastern Nagari script, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
sck – Sadri
sdr – Oraon Sadri
Glottolog sada1242[4]

Sadri, also known as Nagpuri, is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, northern West Bengal, Assam and in Bangladesh.[5]

Speakers of Sadri also use Hindi, Assamese, Oriya, Maithili and Bengali. In 1997, the population included 1,381,000 Sadani, 574,000 Nagpurkar, and 165,683 Oraon, it is also spoken by the Chero tribe as a first language. Sadri has become a lingua franca of Jharkhandi society. Besides speaking their own mother tongue Oraon, the members of the Munda and Kharia communities speak in Sadri with each other in many parts of Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, North Bengal, Assam, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and in other parts of India where the Jharkhandi community resides.

"In preparation for the January 2014 education season, the national curriculum and textbook board has already started printing books in six languages ... Chakma, Cogborok (Tripura community), Marma, Santal, Sadri (Orao community) and Achik (Mandi community)."[6]

There are many variations of Sadri, the residents of Biru region (a former princely state) in Simdega district of Jharkhand speak it as their first language, although they also have their own language. Even Oraon, Munda and Kharia of Odisha speak it as their first language, although Sadri still lacks a standardised form, much literature has been written in the language. Many Sadri magazines were published in various parts of India. Gharaiya Guith, a monthly magazine in Sadri, is published in Shillong. Johar Sahiya is currently published in Ranchi. Veer Birsa, Aguwa, Nawa Parha, NIRANG PAJHRA and Adivasi Express were published in the Dooars and Tarai regions of West Bengal. A few feature films have also been produced in the Sadri language in Assam, Dooars, Jharkhand, Siliguri and in Odisha. Since 1980, many Sadri songs and videos have been produced.

A variation of Sadri is Nagpuri, which is taught at Ranchi University and other universities of Jharkhand.

Alternate names and/or names of dialects include: Sadani, Sadana, Sadati, Sadari, Sadhan, Sadna, Sadrik, Santri, Siddri, Sradri, Sadhari, Sadan, Nagpuria, Nagpuri, Chota Nagpuri, Dikku Kaji, Gawari, Ganwari, Goari, Gauuari, Jharkhandhi.[7][8][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sadri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Oraon Sadri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-06. Retrieved 2016-03-21. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-05-29. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sadani". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-27. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  6. ^ Chowdhury, K.R. (2013-05-21). "Native tongue offers ethnic children a good start". Archived from the original on 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  7. ^ "Sadri (Language code 'sck')". Global Recordings Network. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  8. ^ "Oraon Sadri (Language code 'sdr')". Global Recordings Network. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  9. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code: sck". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2012-08-25.