Daimús is a small municipality in the Safor comarca, in the Valencian Community close to the Mediterranean sea in Spain. It has a population of around 20,000 in summer; the municipality is divided into three parts: el Poble: the most ancient part. It is composed of one-floor houses and a church. Els Pedregals: a group of bungalows near a small church 1 km from the main village. La Platja: a group of buildings only used in summer holidays by tourists from Madrid, it is 1.5 kilometer from the village. Daimús is a small municipality near the town of Gandia, the most important in the area. Daimús was founded in the 13th century, after the Reconquista; the historical importance of Gandia during the Renaissance made the rest of the small towns around it live under its shadow. As a result, Daimús' history is not well known by its inhabitants; the beach was unpopulated until the 1960s, when the many French tourists took advantage of the exchange rate and bought apartments by the sea. Some examples are the La Torre and Costa Blanca apartment buildings.
In the late 1960s, the Spanish economy flourished and many Spaniards could afford a second house for the summer season. Thus, more apartment buildings appeared, such as Semiramis, Costa Blanca II, Finamar I, Finamar II and Pinocho. Once it was called a family beach because it had no hotels, because it was small, it used to have a summer cinema called Terraza Daison. In the 1970s, it had one of the earliest Pacha discothèques, since closed. In the late 1990s, Daimús doubled its size in about 6 years. For many centuries Daimús was a rural area with crops of oranges, it became a tourist area due to its proximity of the sea and the fields became new buildings. Most of the population now work in the nearby cities of Gandia. Webpage - Daimús Página Web de Daimús Daimús Community Manager
Province of Valencia
Valencia or València is a province of Spain, in the central part of the Valencian Community. Of the province's 2,547,986 people, one-third live in the capital, the capital of the autonomous community and the 3rd biggest city in Spain, with a metropolitan area of 2,522,383 it's one of the most populated cities of Southern Europe. There are 265 municipalities in the province. Although the Spanish Constitution of 1812 loosely created the province of València, a stable administrative entity does not arise until the territorial division of Spain in 1833, remaining today without major changes; the Provincial Council of Valencia dates from that period. After the Valencian Statute of Autonomy of 1982, the province became part of the Valencian Community. Together with Spanish, Valencian is the co-official language, it is bordered by the provinces of Alicante, Cuenca, Castellón, the Mediterranean Sea. The northwestern side of the province is in the mountainous Sistema Ibérico area. Part of its territory, the Rincón de Ademuz, is an exclave sandwiched between the provinces of Cuenca and Teruel.
The province is subdivided into the comarques of Camp de Túria, Camp de Morvedre, Canal de Navarrés, Hoya de Buñol, Horta de València, Horta Nord, Horta Oest, Horta Sud, Requena-Utiel, Rincón de Ademuz, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baixa, Los Serranos, Vall d'Albaida and Valle de Cofrentes. The province of Valencia, like the rest of the region, is mountainous in the interior in the north and west, with the Sistema Central running from north to south and the foothills of Andalusia from west to east; this mountainous interior features deep and steep valleys formed by the major rivers running through it. The plain of Valencia, is the second largest coastal plain of the country, located in the low region between the Júcar and Turia river valleys, it is twenty wide. In 1843 it was cited as "one of the most fertile and best cultivated spots in Europe"; the other main rivers include the Serpis. The Altiplano de Requena-Utiel range, in the interior of the Valencia region, has an average height of about 750 m.
The principal mountains in the province are Cerro Calderón, Sierra del Caroche, Sierra del Benicadell, Serra Calderona, Sierra Martés, Sierra de Utiel, Sierra de Enguera, the Sierra de Mondúver. The València plains are known for their olive, ilex, algaroba and palm trees, with the appearance of an "immense garden"; such is the fertility of the soil, that two and three crops in the year are obtained, the greater part of the land returns eight per cent. The rice crops are the most valuable, are chiefly produced in the tract, irrigated by the Albufera, a large lake in the neighbourhood of València. Rice being the principal food of the lower classes, the crop is consumed in the province, with the exception of a small quantity which finds its way into Castile and Andalusia; the other chief product is the white mulberry, once the source of great wealth: it was worked in the silk-factories of València. In 1828, the produce of silk from the vega of València amounted to one million of pounds yearly, the greater part of, exported in its raw state, but the produce has increased since, owing to demands from the manufacturers of Lyon and other towns in the south of France.
The province of València is a notable producer of satins, silk ribbons, velvets. The export of fruit from Valencia is considerable of raisins; the raisins are of two kinds, the muscatel, an inferior and smaller raisin, called pasa de legia. The export of figs and wine from the province and ports of València is considerable, with a wine known as Beni Carlo, which as of 1843 was shipped to Cette. Mercury, sulphur, argentiferous lead, coal, etc. are among the mineral products, but they are procured only in small quantities. Today, tourism is a major source of income, with the city of Valencia and the resort towns along the coast being the primary earners during the summer months; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, by C. Knight
La Font d'En Carròs
La Font d'En Carròs is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain
Palmera is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain
Piles is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain. One of the watchtowers to defend Valencia against north-African forces was built in Piles 1577
Autonomous communities of Spain
In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain. Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized unitary state. While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes; each community has its own set of devolved powers. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism". There are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies"; the two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it.
This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies". The autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy, which contain all the competences that they assume. Since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature, the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure. Spain is a diverse country made up of several different regions with varying economic and social structures, as well as different languages and historical and cultural traditions. While the entire Spanish territory was united under one crown in 1479 this was not a process of national homogenization or amalgamation; the constituent territories—be it crowns, principalities or dominions—retained much of their former institutional existence, including limited legislative, judicial or fiscal autonomy. These territories exhibited a variety of local customs, laws and currencies until the mid nineteenth century.
From the 18th century onwards, the Bourbon kings and the government tried to establish a more centralized regime. Leading figures of the Spanish Enlightenment advocated for the building of a Spanish nation beyond the internal territorial boundaries; this culminated in 1833, when Spain was divided into 49 provinces, which served as transmission belts for policies developed in Madrid. However, unlike in other European countries such as France, where regional languages were spoken in rural areas or less developed regions, two important regional languages of Spain were spoken in some of the most industrialized areas, moreover, enjoyed higher levels of prosperity, in addition to having their own cultures and historical consciousness; these were Catalonia. This gave rise to peripheral nationalisms along with Spanish nationalism; therefore and social changes that had produced a national cultural unification in France had the opposite effect in Spain. As such, Spanish history since the late 19th century has been shaped by a dialectical struggle between Spanish nationalism and peripheral nationalisms in Catalonia and the Basque Country, to a lesser degree in Galicia.
In a response to Catalan demands, limited autonomy was granted to Catalonia in 1914, only to be abolished in 1923. It was granted again in 1932 during the Second Spanish Republic, when the Generalitat, Catalonia's mediaeval institution of government, was restored; the constitution of 1931 envisaged a territorial division for all Spain in "autonomous regions", never attained—only Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia had approved "Statutes of Autonomy"—the process being thwarted by the Spanish Civil War that broke out in 1936, the victory of the rebel Nationalist forces under Francisco Franco. During General Franco's dictatorial regime, centralism was most forcefully enforced as a way of preserving the "unity of the Spanish nation". Peripheral nationalism, along with communism and atheism were regarded by his regime as the main threats, his attempts to fight separatism with heavy-handed but sporadic repression, his severe suppression of language and regional identities backfired: the demands for democracy became intertwined with demands for the recognition of a pluralistic vision of the Spanish nationhood.
When Franco died in 1975, Spain entered into a phase of transition towards democracy. The most difficult task of the newly democratically elected Cortes Generales in 1977 acting as a Constituent Assembly was to transition from a unitary centralized state into a decentralized state in a way that would satisfy the demands of the peripheral nationalists; the Prime Minister of Spain, Adolfo Suárez, met with Josep Tarradellas, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in exile. An agreement was made so that the Generalitat would be restored and limited competencies would be transferred while the constitution was still being written. Shortly after, the government allowed the creation of "assemblies of members of parliament" integrated by deputies and senators of the different territories of Spain, so that they could constitute "pre-autonomic regimes" for their regions as well; the Fathers of the Constitution had to strike a balance between the opposing views of Spain—on the one hand, the centralist view inherited from Franco's regime, on the other hand federalism and a pluralistic view of Spain as a "nation of nations".
Simat de la Valldigna
Simat de la Valldigna is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain. It is 50 km from Valencia, 20 km from Cullera and Gandia, it is near Xàtiva and Alzira. It is one of the four villages, it is a natural area, surrounded by the mountains of the Serra de Corbera, in the north, by the Montdúver in the south, by the Mediterranean Sea to the east. Coming from Valencia the V-31 must be taken, afterwards the CV-42 and the CV-50; the final access is through the CV-600. There are two hamlets in the municipality of Simat de la Valldigna: Les Foies; the municipality of Simat de la Valldigna is bordered by the municipalities of Benifairó de la Valldigna, Barx, Barxeta and Pinet, which are in the province of Valencia. Simat de la Valldigna has a privileged climate. Since it is placed in the middle of a valley and it is surrounded and protected by the mountains, the weather is mild, with hot summers and warm winters. Together with the areas of la Safor and part of the Marina Alta, Simat has one of the highest rain indices of the Valencian Country.
The land around Simat de la Valldigna has been inhabited since the beginning of history, as the coves de Bolomor in Tavernes de la Valldigna, Medalletes and Parpalló in Barx show. Nonetheless the first concrete historical references appear during the Muslim period; the Christian conquest of the 13th century began a new period in this village history. James I conquered these lands; when James II came back from an expedition against the kingdoms of Murcia and Almeria at the end of the 13th century, they came through the vall d'Alfàndec. The king was impressed by the valley's beauty, he exclaimed: Vall digna per a un monestir de la vostra religió!. The Santes Creus abbot replied: Vall digna!. On 15 March 1297 James II of Aragon donated the vall d'Alfàndec to the Cistercian order in order to found a monastery devoted to the Virgin Mary. Since this moment, the Alfàndec valley will change its name and it will be called Valldigna. Christians and Muslims lived together in the Valldigna area, they worked in the lands that the monastery abbot lent them in usufruct though the conditions were harder for the Muslims.
Nonetheless they were allowed to remain as Muslims. The Valldigna Moorish people gathered around the la Xara mosque. In this place they received teaching as well, contracts were made, the Muslims judges made trials; this convivence ended with the expulsion from Spain of all Moorish people. Life in the Valldigna valley went on, according to the evolution of the feudal society, under the rule of the monastery and its abbot, it lasted until 1835. The rule of the monastery and its abbot over the valley and its people ended, a time of neglect and destruction of the monastery began, it was a private property until 1991. The most important monument of the village is the Monastery of Santa María de la Valldigna, it was founded in 1297 by James II of Aragon. Since the beginning, it was one of the most important monasteries of the Cistercian order, it was founded by the monks of Santes Creus in the Tarragona province. The whole Valldigna valley belonged according to a royal order; the monastery was inhabited by monks until 1835, when a revolt in the Valldigna valley took place after the Ecclesiastical Confiscations of Mendizábal.
After that, the monks were forced to abandon the monastery. Most of its goods and works of art were plundered or destroyed. After decades of abandonment, many restorations projects are envisaged, nowadays the monastery of Santa Maria de Valldigna is, according to the 57th article of the Statute of Autonomy of the Valencian Community, "the spiritual and cultural temple of the ancient Kingdom of Valencia, it is as well a symbol of the grandeur of the Valencian people". The same article states that "the Generalitat Valenciana will recover and preserve the monastery a law from the Valencian Parliament will determine the destiny and usage of the monastery as a meeting point of all Valencians, as a research center for the recovery of the Valencian Community history". Simat de la Valldigna was the first village from the Valencian Country that requested a.cat domain for the town hall website. Monastery of Santa María de la Valldigna: It is the most interesting monument of the whole valley, it is placed in the municipality of Simat de la Valldigna.
It was an ancient Cistercian monastery, neglected and in ruins, until the Generalitat Valenciana began a process of restoration that still lasts. La Xara mosque or Saint Anne hermitage, it is a little hermitage, placed in the middle of the orange fields. It is the only remaining building from the ancient village of la Xara, abandoned in 1609, after the expulsion of the Moorish people from Spain, it is the building of the old mosque. It is rectangular, there is a gate in the eastern part with a horsehoe arch. Four columns divide the building in three naves: Next to the gate there is a spiral staircase, which had the old function of the minaret; the Qibla is the most important element, since it shows the direction of Mecca and thus it was the place towards which the Muslims had to address their prayers