Nushabad is a city in the Central District of Aran va Bidgol County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 10,476, in 2,859 families; the underground city of Ouyi, located 5km north of Kashan, Isfahan province, is considered a notable piece of ancient architecture. As Noushabad city is located in the central desert region of Iran, it experiences harsh weather. During the day, Noushabad has a hot temperature and during the nights it gets notably cold; the reason why this city is called Noushabad is because in ancient times, one of the Sassanian kings who were passing through this area stopped here to drink water from a well and he found this water clear and cold. Therefore he ordered the building of a city around this well and named it Anoushabad, which turned into Noushabad. One reason for this underground city being built is thought to be to offer an escape from the high daytime temperature of the region; however the main reason that the underground city of Noushabad was carved stemmed from the fact that in the past, this region was insecure, suffering from raids, by forming an underground chain of passages beneath the entire city, the inhabitants could shelter there during such attacks.
Through these passages they could reach any spot in the city without being seen. The depth of this underground city varies from 4 to 18 meters. To reach the underground city there were several different openings; some of these openings were located inside the houses of people and others were located in important gathering places, such as the main fort just outside the city. People could live in the underground passages for several days without the need of to go outside. There are three levels in this underground city, planned in such a way that going to the different levels required moving from down to up; this made it easier for the people sheltering in the underground city to prevent enemies from getting to the upper levels. Another interesting feature of their architecture was the curvy passages that made it possible for the inhabitants to ambush enemies. Furthermore there were several other tricks that were used to resist against the enemies, for instance digging deep holes in the middle of the rooms and covering them with rotating stones that would fall down if anyone stepped on them
Buin va Miandasht
Buin va Miandasht is a city and capital of Central District, in Buin va Miandasht County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 9,933, in 2,537 families; the city was a merger to two smaller settlements Miandasht. Buin va Miandasht includes Buin and Miandasht and Sheshjavan as a sector of city
Ardestan is a city and capital of Ardestan County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 14,698, in 4,077 families. Ardestan is located at the southern foothills of the Karkas mountain chain and is 110 km northeast of Isfahan, it is believed the city has been founded in Sassanian times and was fortified in the 10th century. A Seljuk-era mosque, a bazaar, several ab anbars, historical houses of the old town are among the tourist attractions of Ardestan. Mulberry, pomegranate and a special kind of fig are the main orchard products of the town, it has been said. Imamzadeh Husayn: This Seljuk imamzadeh made part of a Seljuk madrasah. Only little of this structure remains today. A badly damaged portal with the remains of a minaret can still be found. Imamzadeh Ismael Jameh Mosque of Ardestan: The oldest parts indicate a pre-Seljuk building, it is possible the mosque was built on the site of a chahar taq; the structure was incorporated in a Seljuk kiosk mosque in the 12th century, further expanded to the classical four-iwan plan.
The stucco decoration of the mihrab was altered during the Il-Khanid period. Matheson, Sylvia A.. Persia: An Archaeological Guide. London: Faber and Faber Limited. ISBN 0-571-09305-1yektamob Photographs of Ardestan:— Masjed-e Jāme'eh Ardestān
Buin va Miandasht County
Buin va Miandasht County is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Buin va Miandasht, it was split from Faridan County. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 27,586, in 6,666 families; the county has two Districts: 1- Central District 2- Karchambu District. The county has two cities: Afus. اطلس گیتاشناسی استانهای ایران
Fereydunshahr is a city and capital of Fereydunshahr County, about 150 kilometres west of the city of Isfahan in the western part of Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 14,007, in 4,062 families. Fereydunshahr is situated inside the Zagros mountain range, it has one of the country's largest population of ethnic Georgians. People from Fereydunshahr speak a Georgian dialect along with Persian; the Georgian alphabet is used. Georgians in Iran Muliani, S. Jaygah-e Gorjiha dar Tarikh va Farhang va Tamaddon-e Iran. Esfahan: Yekta. Rahimi, M. M. Gorjiha-ye Iran. Esfahan: Yekta. Sepiani, M. Iranian-e Gorji. Esfahan: Arash. Esfahan's tourist exhibition, mentions the Georgians from Fereydan; the report of this exhibition is available in the web site of the Iranian Cultural Heritage News agency at:. Saakashvili visited Fereydunshahr and put flowers on the graves of the Iranian Georgian martyrs' graves, showing respect towards this community
Aran o Bidgol
Aran o Bidgol is a city and capital of Aran va Bidgol County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 55,651, in 15,556 families, it is one of the ancient desert cities of the province, close to Kashan. As suggested by its name, the city is an amalgam of two separate settlements: Aran and Bidgol; the area consisted of two distinct and separate villages named “Aran” and “Bidgol”. Each village had its own customs, social communications, dialect, it was situated near the Silk Road and many caravans passed it on their way from Europe to the Orient. About 40 years ago, the wall of separation collapsed and these two small towns unified. We can name the Jandaghian family as one of the most famous ones in this city. Jandaghians have a representative in the Ministry of interiors; the town is surrounded by desert from the north and east, thus it has a typical climate of hot and dry in summer and dry in winter, little rainfall during the year. These conditions make agriculture difficult.
Carpet making is the main industrial product of the town, the carpets are exported to Afghanistan, Pakistan and other neighboring countries. Natural gas and oil resources have been discovered near the city. Deserts and salt lakes tours Camel riding in desert Driving on sand dunes Maranjab caravansari Si zan castle Holy shrines and religious mausoleums. Iran Kashan Isfahan Province Iranian history ĀRĀN, Encyclopædia Iranica http://www.persiadesert.com
Isfahan is a city in Iran. It is located 406 kilometres south of Tehran, is the capital of Isfahan Province. Isfahan has a population of 1.6 million, making it the third largest city in Iran after Tehran and Mashhad, but was once one of the largest cities in the world. Isfahan is an important city as it is located at the intersection of the two principal north–south and east–west routes that traverse Iran. Isfahan flourished from 1050 to 1722 in the 16th and 17th centuries under the Safavid dynasty when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its history under Shah Abbas the Great. Today the city retains much of its past glory, it is famous for its Perso–Islamic architecture, grand boulevards, covered bridges, tiled mosques, minarets. Isfahan has many historical buildings, monuments and artefacts; the fame of Isfahan led to the Persian pun and proverb "Esfahān nesf-e- jahān ast": Isfahan is half the world. The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world.
UNESCO has designated it a World Heritage Site. See also: Names of Isfahan"Isfahan" is derived from Middle Persian Spahān. Spahān is attested in various Middle Persian seals and inscriptions, including that of Zoroastrian Magi Kartir, is the Armenian name of the city; the present-day name is the Arabicized form of Ispahan. The region appears with the abbreviation GD on Sasanian numismatics. In Ptolemy's Geographia it appears as Aspadana, translating to "place of gathering for the army", it is believed. Human habitation of the Isfahan region can be traced back to the Palaeolithic period. Recent discoveries archaeologists have found artifacts dating back to the Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Iron ages. What was to become the city of Isfahan in historical periods emerged as a locality and settlement that developed over the course of the Elamite civilisation. Under Median rule, this commercial entrepôt began to show signs of a more sedentary urbanism growing into a noteworthy regional centre that benefited from the exceptionally fertile soil on the banks of the Zayandehrud River in a region called Aspandana or Ispandana.
Once Cyrus the Great had unified Persian and Median lands into the Achaemenid Empire, the religiously and ethnically diverse city of Isfahan became an early example of the king's fabled religious tolerance. It was Cyrus who, having just taken Babylon, made an edict in 538 BCE, declaring that the Jews in Babylon could return to Jerusalem. Now it seems that some of these freed Jews settled in Isfahan instead of returning to their homeland; the 10th-century Persian historian Ibn al-Faqih wrote:"When the Jews emigrated from Jerusalem, fleeing from Nebuchadnezzar, they carried with them a sample of the water and soil of Jerusalem. They did not settle down anywhere or in any city without examining the water and the soil of each place, they did all along. There they rested, found that both resembled Jerusalem. Thereupon they settled there, cultivated the soil, raised children and grandchildren, today the name of this settlement is Yahudia." The Parthians in the period 250–226 BCE continued the tradition of tolerance after the fall of the Achaemenids, fostering the Hellenistic dimension within Iranian culture and the political organisation introduced by Alexander the Great's invading armies.
Under the Parthians, Arsacid governors administered the provinces of the nation from Isfahan, the city's urban development accelerated to accommodate the needs of a capital city. The next empire to rule Persia, the Sassanids, presided over massive changes in their realm, instituting sweeping agricultural reform and reviving Iranian culture and the Zoroastrian religion. Both the city and region were called by the name Aspahan or Spahan; the city was governed by a group called the Espoohrans, who came from seven noble and important Iranian royal families. Extant foundations of some Sassanid-era bridges in Isfahan suggest that the Sasanian kings were fond of ambitious urban planning projects. While Isfahan's political importance declined during the period, many Sassanid princes would study statecraft in the city, its military role developed rapidly, its strategic location at the intersection of the ancient roads to Susa and Persepolis made it an ideal candidate to house a standing army, ready to march against Constantinople at any moment.
The words'Aspahan' and'Spahan' are derived from the Pahlavi or Middle Persian meaning'the place of the army'. Although many theories have been mentioned about the origin of Isfahan, in fact little is known of it before the rule of the Sasanian dynasty; the historical facts suggest that in the late 4th and early 5th centuries, Queen Shushandukht, the Jewish consort of Yazdegerd I settled a colony of Jews in Yahudiyyeh, a settlement 3 km northwest of the Zoroastrian city of Gabae (its Achaemid and Parthian name. The gradual population decrease of Gay and the simultaneous population increase of Yahudiyyeh and its suburbs