Muban is the lowest administrative sub-division of Thailand. Translated as village and sometimes as hamlet, they are a subdivision of a tambon; as of 2008, there were 74,944 administrative muban in Thailand. As of the 1990 census, the average village consisted of 746 persons. Muban may function as one word, in the sense of a hamlet or village, as such may be shortened to Ban. Mu ban may function as two words, i.e. หมู่ group บ้าน homes. Mu, in the sense of group, are assigned numbers in the sequence in which each is entered in a register maintained in the district or branch-district office. Ban, in the sense of home or household for members of each group, are assigned a number in the sequence in which each is added to the household register maintained in the district or branch-district office; each ban is registered in the name of a householder. Assigned Ban and Mu numbers, together with the names of tambon and province, are used as geographic addresses by government agencies. Village or Ban names do not form part of such official addresses, as explained below.
Ban in the sense of Village occurs in geopolitical toponyms on maps and Thai highway network signage, but these are not administrative subdivisions. Such village names may apply to an isolated muban, but apply to a group of adjoining ones, which have been subdivided from the original settlement; each new mu is assigned a new number, in the sequence. The village name of the original settlement is retained for the larger grouping; such village names are not part of a household address, unless Ban is retained as part of the toponym when such a settlement is upgraded—e.g. A household in Ban Dan would be addressed as Ban No.__ Mu No.__, Ban Dan Sub-district, Ban Dan District, Buriram. Ban Dan A. Ban Dan, Buriram 31000. Note: Usage of the short form number/number for ban/mu is both unofficial and unambiguous in a tambon, but in city districts is restricted to subdivision of an original household registration into additional household registrations; each such mu or group is led by a headman called village headman or village chief, elected by the population of the village and appointed by the Ministry of the Interior.
The headman has one for governmental affairs and one for security affairs. There may be a village committee with elected members from the village, serving as an advisory body of a village; the village headman, once elected, was in office until reaching retirement age. They now only serve for a five-year term but can apply for reelection; the same is true for "sub-district headman" at the next higher tambon level. Communities or neighborhoods that are part of a town or city have no equivalent to village headman, but may be organized into community associations having advisory committees. Muban, is the Thai term for housing estate or gated community
Pattani is one of the southern provinces of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Narathiwat and Songkhla; the name Pattani is the Thai adaptation of the Malay name Patani, which can mean "this beach" in Patani Malay language. Another suggestion is that it derives from a Sanskrit word pathini, meaning "virgin nymph". Pattani Province was the centre of the Malay Sultanate of Patani Darul Makrif. For centuries a tributary state of Siam, Patani has been governed by Siam since its conquest in 1785. Siamese rule was acknowledged by the Burney Treaty of 1826 negotiated with the British Empire which included Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu. Unlike these four sultanates, Patani was not included in the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 and remained under Siamese rule. Both Yala and Narathiwat were part of Patani, but were made provinces in their own right during the territorial administrative reform and the creation of a united centralized Siam state in the early-20th century. Pattani is one of the four provinces of Thailand where the majority of the population are Muslim, with the other provinces being Yala and Satun.
In the 2014 census, it is stated that they make up to 88 percent of its population. The strong Muslim presence in this province is due to the people being of Malay ancestry, with a large portion of the population being able to speak the Pattani Malay language. Pattani is with the coast of the Gulf of Thailand to the north; the south is dominated by the Sankalakhiri mountain range, which includes Budo-Su-ngai Padi National Park, on the border with Yala and Narathiwat. The seal of the province shows the cannon called Phraya Tani, known as Sri Pattani in Malay, cast in Pattani Province, it was brought to Bangkok in 1785, is now on display in front of the Ministry of Defence in Bangkok. The provincial flower is the Chinese hibiscus, the provincial tree the Ironwood. Pattani is divided into 12 districts, which are further subdivided into 115 communes and 629 villages; the districts of Chana and Saba Yoi were detached from Pattani and transferred to Songkhla in 1796 by Siam government. As of 2018, the provisions of Thailand's Internal Security Act remain imposed on Mae Lan District.
Internal security restrictions, maintained by Thailand's Internal Security Operations Command can result in curfews, prohibited entry, or prohibited transport of goods. It is considered one step below the imposition of full martial law. Pattani is served by Pattani Airport, but the airport does not allow public flights due to the Royal Thai Air Force's reliance on it for counter-insurgency operations in the area. Pattani's main station is Pattani Railway Station. 2007 South Thailand bombings Pattani Pattani kingdom South Thailand insurgency Pattani travel guide from Wikivoyage Pattani province website Tourism Authority of Thailand: Pattani Pattani Erupts Archived February 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Thailand Islamic Insurgency Muslim rebels light fuse in Thailand
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district. A municipal utility district is a special-purpose district or other jurisdiction that provides services to district residents. Local residents may vote to establish a municipal utility district, represented by a board of directors elected by constituents; as governmental bodies, they are nonprofit. In the US, public utility districts have similar functions to Municipal utility districts, but are created by a local government body such as a city or county, have no authority to levy taxes, they provide public utilities to the residents of that district. PUDs are created by a local government body, such as county, or metropolitan service area; the districts are non-profit. PUDs are governed by a commission, which may be appointed or elected.
In Afghanistan, a district is a subdivision of a province. There are 400 districts in the country. Electoral districts are used in state elections. Districts were used in several states as cadastral units for land titles; some were used as squatting districts. New South Wales had several different types of districts used in the 21st century. In Austria, the word Bezirk is used with different meanings in three different contexts: Some of the tasks of the administrative branch of the national and regional governments are fulfilled by the 95 district administrative offices; the area a district administrative office is responsible for is although informally, called a district. A number of statutory cities 15, are not served by any district administrative office, their respective municipal bureaucracies handle the tasks performed by the district administrative office. The cities of Vienna and Graz are divided into municipal districts, assisting the respective municipal governments. In Vienna, the constituents of each district elect a district council.
Although the city vests its districts with a limited amount of budgetary autonomy, district councils and chairpersons have little real responsibility. In particular, they do not legislate. Most of the districts of Vienna were independent municipalities at some point. From the point of view of the judiciary of Austria, the country is subdivided into 115 judicial districts, each corresponding to one of the country's 115 lowest-level trial courts. Bangladeshi districts are local administrative units. In all, there are 64 districts in Bangladesh. There were 21 greater districts with several subdivisions in each district. In 1984, the government made all these subdivisions into districts; each district has several sub districts called Upazila in Bengali. In Belgian municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, on initiative of the local council, sub-municipal administrative entities with elected councils may be created; as such, only Antwerp, having over 460,000 inhabitants, became subdivided into nine districts.
The Belgian arrondissements, an administrative level between province and municipality, or the lowest judicial level, are in English sometimes called districts as well. Bhutanese districts are local administrative units consisting of village blocks called gewog; some have subdistricts called dungkhag. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a district is a self-governing administrative unit. Brčko District in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina is formally part of both the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; the Assembly of the Brčko District has 29 seats. Brazilian municipalities are subdivided into districts. Small municipalities have only one urban district, which contains the city itself, consisting of the seat of the local government, where the municipality's prefeitura and câmara de vereadores are located; the rural districts and groups of urban districts may present a sub local Executive body, named subprefeitura. A district is known locally as daerah and it is the first-level administrative division of Brunei.
There are four districts in the country, namely Brunei-Muara, Tutong and Temburong. Each district is administered by a Jabatan Daerah, headed by a Pegawai Daerah. All district offices are government departments under the Ministry of Home Affairs. In Alberta, the municipal districts and improvement districts are types of rural municipalities, they are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada, which form parts of census divisions. In the province of British Columbia, there are several kinds of administrative districts by that name; the usual usage is a reference to district municipalities, which are a class of municipality in the same hierarchy as city, town, or village. Most are styled, e.g. "District of Mission" or "District of Wells", though some are styled, e.g. "Corporation of Delta" or "Township of Langley". Within the area of municipal powers, regional districts – which
Mayo is a district of Pattani Province, southern Thailand. The area of Mayo was part of Yaring District. In 1900 the district was established named Rako; when in the following year the district office in tambon Mayo was opened the district was renamed after its central tambon. Neighboring districts are Yaring, Thung Yang Daeng, Yarang; the district is divided into 13 sub-districts, which are further subdivided into 58 villages. Mayo is a township. There are a further 10 tambon administrative organizations. Amphoe.com
Mueang Pattani District
Mueang Pattani is the capital district of Pattani Province, southern Thailand. This area was the center of the Pattani Kingdom. In the reign of King Rama II, the king ordered the kingdom divided into seven cities: Pattani, Yaring, Nong Chik, Ra-ngae and Sai Buri, it was made a district in 1901. Pattani was the central district of Monthon Pattani when King Rama V created the monthon in 1906. In 1917 the district was renamed the name of the central sub-district. In 1938 the name was changed back to Mueang Pattani. Neighboring districts are Yaring and Nong Chik. To the north is the Gulf of Thailand; the important water resource is the Tani River. Mueang Pattani is divided into 13 sub-districts, which are further subdivided into 66 administrative villages. There is one town in the district: Pattani consisting of sub-districts Sabarang and Chabang Tiko. There is one sub-district municipality in the district: Rusa Milae consisting of sub-district Rusa Milae. There are nine sub-district administrative organizations in the district: Bana consisting of sub-district Bana.
Tanyong Lulo consisting of sub-district Tanyong Lulo. Khlong Maning consisting of sub-district Khlong Maning. Kamiyo consisting of sub-district Kamiyo. Barahom consisting of sub-district Barahom. Paka Harang consisting of sub-district Paka Harang. Talubo consisting of sub-district Talubo. Baraho consisting of sub-district Baraho. Puyut consisting of sub-district Puyut. Mueang Pattani has named as the land of three religions. There are places of worship for all three religions: Chao Mae Lim Ko Niao Shrine Chinese shrine of Lim Ko Niao opposite Krue Se Mosque. Krue Se Mosque Regarded as one of the most famous mosques with the oldest history. Wat Chang Hai Rat Buranaram known as Wat Chang Hai. Notable Thai temple, a legendary monk Luang Pu Thuat was once abbot here. Amphoe.com on Mueang Pattani District
An amphoe is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Translated as "district". Amphoe make up the provinces, are analogous to counties; the chief district officer is Nai Amphoe. Amphoe are divided into sub-districts. Altogether Thailand has 878 districts, not including the 50 districts of Bangkok which are called khet since the Bangkok administrative reform of 1972; the number of amphoe in provinces varies, from only three in the smallest provinces, up to the 50 urban districts of Bangkok. The sizes and population of amphoe differ greatly; the smallest population is in Ko Kut with just 2,042 citizens, while Mueang Samut Prakan has 509,262 citizens. The khet of Bangkok have the smallest areas—Khet Samphanthawong is the smallest, with only 1.4 km2—while the amphoe of the sparsely populated mountain regions are bigger than some provinces. Umphang at 4,325.4 km2 is the largest and has the lowest population density. The names of amphoe are unique, but in a few cases different Thai names have the same form in English due to the flaws of the romanization system.
The notable exception, however, is the name Amphoe Chaloem Phra Kiat, given to five districts created in 1996 in celebration of the 50th anniversary of King Bhumibol Adulyadej's accession to the throne. Chaloem Phra Kiat means'in commemoration of' or'in honour of' a royal family member; each district is led by a district chief officer, appointed by the Ministry of Interior. The officer is a subordinate of the provincial governor; the district which contains the administrative office of the province is the amphoe mueang. The district should not to be confused with the capital town itself, a different administrative entity much smaller than the district; until the 1930s, most of the capital districts had names just like other districts, whereas districts dating back to old provinces had the word mueang in their name. In 1938 all the capital districts were renamed amphoe mueang, whereas in all non-capital districts mueang was removed from the name; the notable exception to this rule is Ayutthaya, where the capital district is named Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, the same as the province, named Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya.
The capital districts of Thonburi and Phra Nakhon Provinces had the same name as the province, which they kept when the two provinces were merged to form Bangkok metropolis. In most cases the capital district is the most populous district of the province, as the provincial administration is in the largest town of the province. Songkhla Province is the most striking exception, as the town Hat Yai grew much faster than the capital Mueang Songkhla due to its better transport connections. There are four districts in Thailand which contain the term mueang in their name as well though they are not capital districts. All of these were created recently, between 1973 and 1995. Minor districts are set up when the administration of areas remote from the district center is inconvenient for citizens. Most of the tasks of the amphoe are transferred to the king amphoe, but it is still a subordinate of the amphoe it was created from; when the king amphoe meets the necessary qualifications to become an amphoe, it is promoted.
However, not every newly created amphoe begins as a king amphoe: if the qualifications are met directly, this phase is skipped. While a minor district is upgraded after a few years, in some cases it remains a minor district for decades. For example, Ko Yao was a minor district for 85 years until it was upgraded in 1988. Sometimes a district is downgraded to a minor district. Thung Wa lost a lot of its population to neighboring La-ngu minor district, so La-ngu was upgraded and Thung Wa downgraded. Another example is Chumphon Buri, reduced after the more developed part was split off to form a new district and the remaining district was downgraded; the criteria required for an amphoe are a population of at least 30,000 people and at least five tambon, or, if the area is more than 25 km from the district office, a population of at least 15,000 and four tambon. A minor district is led by a chief officer; the Thai word king means'branch' and should not be confused with the English word "king". The recommended translation is "minor district" —however they are quite translated as sub-district, the recommended translation for tambon, wrongly suggests that they are at a lower administrative level than the amphoe.
The Thai government upgraded all remaining 81 minor districts to full districts on 15 May 2007 in order to streamline administration. With publication in the Royal Gazette on 24 August the order became official; the administration of the district is housed in an office building called thi wa kan amphoe, which marks the center of each district. Distances on road signs are always calculated to this office building; the office is in the largest settlement of the district, to make it accessible to the majority of the population —one of the tasks of the amphoe is the civil registry, which makes the district the most important of the administrative levels for the Thai public. Administrative divisions of Thailand http://www.amphoe.com "Districts of Thailand". Statoids
Nong Chik District
Nong Chik is a district in Pattani Province, southern Thailand. Nong Chik was one of the seven states into which the Pattani Kingdom was split in the early-19th century to diminish the power of the rebellious tributary kingdom; the capital was put in tambon Nong Mai. In 1901 the district office was moved to Tu Yong. Due to the district office location in Tu Yong, the district was renamed "Tu Yong" in 1917. In 1938 it was again renamed "Nong Chik". Neighboring districts are Mueang Pattani, Mae Lan, Khok Pho of Pattani Province, Thepha of Songkhla Province. To the north is the Gulf of Thailand; the district Nong Chik is divided into 12 sub-districts, which are further subdivided into 76 administrative villages. There are two sub-district municipalities in the district: Bo Thong consisting of sub-district Bo Thong and parts of sub-district Bang Khao. Nong Chik consisting of parts of sub-district Tuyong. There are 11 subdistrict administrative organizations in the district: Ko Po consisting of sub-district Ko Po.
Kholo Tanyong consisting of sub-district Kholo Tanyong. Don Rak consisting of sub-district Don Rak. Dato consisting of sub-district Dato. Tuyong consisting of parts of sub-district Tuyong. Tha Kamcham consisting of sub-district Tha Kamcham. Bang Khao consisting of parts of sub-district Bang Khao. Bang Tawa consisting of sub-district Bang Tawa. Pulo Puyo consisting of sub-district Pulo Puyo. Yabi consisting of sub-district Yabi. Lipa Sa-ngo consisting of sub-district Lipa Sa-ngo. amphoe.com http://www.nongjik.blogspot.com/ Official blog of the district office