Saône-et-Loire is a French department, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers between which it lies. When it was formed during the French Revolution, as of March 4, 1790 in fulfillment of the law of December 22, 1789, the new department combined parts of the provinces of southern Burgundy and Bresse, uniting lands that had no previous common history nor political unity and which have no true geographical unity, thus its history is that of Burgundy, is to be found in the local histories of Autun, Mâcon, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans. Saône-et-Loire is the seventh largest department of France, it is part of the region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. In the west, the department is composed of the hills of the Autunois, the region around Autun, in the southwest the Charollais, the Mâconnais in the south. In the centre, the department is traversed from north to south by the Saône in its wide plain; the source of the Loire, is south of the department, in the department of Ardèche. It makes its way in the opposite direction, forming the southwest border of the department, draining into the Atlantic Ocean.
The Canal du Centre links the Saône to the Loire between Chalon-sur-Saône and Digoin, thereby linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic ocean. In the east, the department occupies the northern part of the plain of Bresse. In the west, its industrial heart is in Le Creusot and Montceau-les-Mines noted for their coal mines and metallurgy; the department consists of five arrondissements: Autun Chalon-sur-Saône Charolles Louhans MâconThere are 29 cantons in the department and 567 communes. Touristic sites: Roche de Solutré, Abbaye de Cluny, Taizé and Taizé Community Dompierre-les-Ormes. Mâcon - Capital Cantons of the Saône-et-Loire department Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department Arrondissements of the Saône-et-Loire department Chizerots General Council website Prefecture website Saone-et-Loire at Curlie
Beaubery is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Anzy-le-Duc is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France. The village lies in the middle of the commune, above the left bank of the Arconce, which flows southwest through the eastern part of the commune north through its central part. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Communes of France
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain; the United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered; the communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. Communes vary in size and area, from large sprawling cities with millions of inhabitants like Paris, to small hamlets with only a handful of inhabitants. Communes are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes, the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers.
Except for the municipal arrondissements of its largest cities, the communes are the lowest level of administrative division in France and are governed by elected officials with extensive autonomous powers to implement national policy. A commune is city, or other municipality. "Commune" in English has a historical bias, implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history. There is nothing intrinsically different between commune in French; the French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas; this is a higher total than that of any other European country, because French communes still reflect the division of France into villages or parishes at the time of the French Revolution. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes.
This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. There are only a few exceptions: COM of Saint-Martin, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe région. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Martin became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. COM of Wallis and Futuna, which still is divided according to the three traditional chiefdoms. COM of Saint Barthélemy, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe region. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Barthélemy became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. Furthermore, two regions without permanent habitation have no communes: TOM of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Clipperton Island in the Pacific Ocean In metropolitan France, the average area of a commune in 2004 was 14.88 square kilometres. The median area of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was smaller, at 10.73 square kilometres. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune.
This median area is smaller than that of most European countries. In Italy, the median area of communes is 22 km2. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France; the communes of France's overseas départements such as Réunion and French Guiana are large by French standards. They group into the same commune several villages or towns with sizeable distances among them. In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes; the median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. Again this is a small number, here France stands apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries; this small median population of French communes can be compared with Italy, where the median population of communes in 2001 was 2,343 inhabitants, Belgium, or Spain.
The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. As mentioned in the introduction, a commune can be a city of 2 million inhabitants such as Paris, a town of 10,000 inhabitants, or just a hamlet of 10 inhabitants. What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants. In metropolitan France just over 50 percent of the 36,683 communes have fewer than 500 inhabitants a
Baron is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Beauvernois is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
L'Abergement-de-Cuisery is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. The commune lies in the south of the department in the Saône valley, not far from Mâcon, the capital of the department. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics