Subprefectures in France
In France, a subprefecture is the administrative center of a departmental arrondissement that does not contain the prefecture for its department. The term applies to the building that houses the administrative headquarters for an arrondissement; the civil servant in charge of a subprefecture is the subprefect, assisted by a general secretary. Between May 1982 and February 1988, subprefects were known instead by the title commissaire adjoint de la République. Where the administration of an arrondissement is carried out from a prefecture, the general secretary to the prefect carries out duties equivalent to those of the subprefect; the municipal arrondissements of Paris and Marseille are divisions of the city rather than the prefecture, so are not arrondissements in the same sense. List of subprefectures of France List of arrondissements of France
Aromas is a commune in the Jura department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. On 1 January 2017, the former commune of Villeneuve-lès-Charnod was merged into Aromas. Communes of the Jura department INSEE statistics
Nadir Belhadj is an Algerian professional football player who plays for Qatari Club Al-Sailiya as a left wingback or as a left winger. He is well known for his stamina. An Algerian international, Belhadj was a former French youth international having played for the French Under-18's for a couple of games in 2000. Belhadj was among the first footballers to profit from the 2004 change in FIFA eligibility rules as he had played as a French youth international. After his switch of national allegiance to Algeria, he was called up to an unofficial friendly on 30 March 2004 against Belgian club R. A. A. Louviéroise, he made his senior international debut in a friendly against China on 28 April 2004. He featured for Algeria at the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, reaching the semi-finals, the 2010 FIFA World Cup. On 4 May 2012, he announced his international retirement, ending his career with 54 caps and 4 goals. Belhadj played a vital role for Qatari club Al Sadd in the 2011 Asian Champions League final, by beating South Korean side Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 4–2 in a penalty shoot-out.
Belhadj scored the decisive penalty after the game had finished 2–2 in regulation time, holding his nerve to beat Kim Min-Sik. This was the first win for a Qatari club since the AFC Champions League started in 2003, ended five consecutive triumphs for South Korea and Japan. Belhadj was born in Saint-Claude from Oran, he started playing with Jura Sud Foot until 1997. He played after with Racing Besançon. A left back who can operate as a winger, Belhadj began his career at Ligue 1 club Lens, where he failed to make the first-team, he joined Ligue 2 FC Gueugnon on loan in 2002 and after making 26 league appearances signed permanently in 2003. Belhadj played 36 more Ligue 2 games for Gueugnon before moving to CS Sedan in 2004. Making more than thirty appearances in each of his two full seasons with Sedan in Ligue 2, gaining promotion in the second. In January 2007 Belhadj was bought by French champions Olympique Lyonnais for €3.24 million and signed a lucrative four and a half-year deal. He was loaned back to CS Sedan until the end of the season and joined Lyon again in the summer of 2007.
He made just 9 appearances for the club, being blocked at the left-back position by World Cup champion Fabio Grosso, left the club in January. On 7 January 2008, it was confirmed that Belhadj had signed a three and a half-year deal with his former club Lens for a fee of €3.6 million. On 1 September 2008, it was announced that Portsmouth had signed Belhadj on a season-long loan with an option to make the deal permanent, he made his Portsmouth debut on 13 September coming on as a substitute against Middlesbrough at Fratton Park where Portsmouth went from a goal down to come back and win 2–1, with Belhadj playing a key role on the left with Armand Traoré. He started in Portsmouth's first European match, a 2–0 win over Vitória de Guimarães and set Jermain Defoe up with a cross, he scored a long range goal against Sunderland away from home in a 2–1 win, the first win for new manager Tony Adams. Belhadj played a part in Portsmouth's 2–2 draw against Milan in the UEFA Cup. On 30 December, Belhadj signed a four and a half-year deal with Pompey, costing €4.5 million paid to Lens, keeping him at the club until 2013.
He became a Portsmouth player on 1 January 2009 when the winter transfer window opened. On 27 January 2009, Belhadj was sent off for the first time for Portsmouth when he picked up 2 yellow cards in the 1–0 defeat against Aston Villa. Although he has not always kept a first team place, his recall to face Liverpool on 20 December 2009 was an inspired move by Avram Grant as Belhadj was able to keep former Pompey favourite Glen Johnson under control. Belhadj scored the first goal in the game. A highlight of the 2009–10 season for Belhadj was a goal against local rivals Southampton in the FA Cup on 13 February 2010. Belhadj's last appearance for Portsmouth was as a substitute in the 2010 FA Cup final. During the 2011 summer transfer market several clubs showed interest, such as Celtic and Wolves with Al Sadd rejecting all proposals as they viewed Belhadj as an important member of the team, he helped guide his team to the 2011 AFC Champions League title, defeating Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors in the final where he scored the game winning penalty in the shootout.
In January 2013, Belhadj was invited by Lekhwiya to play in a friendly against Paris Saint-Germain. Belhadj began his international career in 2000 by representing France at the Under-18 level, making just two appearances for the team. On 30 March 2004, Belhadj made his unofficial debut for the Algerian national team in a 0–0 friendly against Belgian club R. A. A. Louviéroise. On 28 April 2004, he made his official debut for the team in a friendly against China. On 5 June 2007, Belhadj got his first international goal in a friendly 4–3 loss to Argentina, he scored two goals. During the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations he was sent off in the semi-final against Egypt with a straight card, received a two match competitive international suspension, ruling him out of the match against Tanzania in the 2012 African Cup of Nations qualifying stages. Since the 2010 World Cup and signing with Al-Saad in the Qatar Stars League, Nadir has seen his place at left back for the national side slip away to revelation Djamel Mesbah since his calamitous appearance against the Central African Republic.
On 4 May 2012, Belhadj announced his international retirement. Scores and results list Algeria's goal tally first. "Score" column indicates the score after the player's goal. Ligue 2 Team of the Year: 2005, 2006 CAF Team of the Year: 2009 Qatar Stars League Player of the Year: 2014 CS SedanRunner-up of Co
2017 Tour de France
The 2017 Tour de France was the 104th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The 21-stage race took place across 3,540 km, commencing with an individual time trial in Düsseldorf, Germany on 1 July, concluding with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris on 23 July. A total of 198 riders from 22 teams entered the race; the overall general classification won by Chris Froome of his fourth overall victory. Rigoberto Urán and Romain Bardet finished third, respectively. Geraint Thomas won the opening stage and became the Tour's first rider that year to wear the general classification leader's yellow jersey. Froome, who performed the best in the opening stage out of the pre-race favourites, took the lead after the fifth stage's summit finish, he held the lead until it was taken by Fabio Aru at the end of stage twelve, where Froome lost time on the steep summit finish to Peyragudes. Froome held it until the end of the race; the points classification was won by Michael Matthews of Team Sunweb, with teammate Warren Barguil, winner of two high mountain stages, taking the mountains classification as well as the award for most combative rider.
Orica–Scott's Simon Yates, in seventh place overall, won the young rider classification. The team classification was won by Team Sky; the 2017 edition of the Tour de France consisted of 22 teams. All eighteen UCI WorldTeams were entitled, obliged, to enter the race. On 26 January 2017, the organiser of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation, announced the four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams that were given wildcard invitations, of which three were French-based and one was Belgian. Fortuneo–Oscaro were invited to the race as Fortuneo–Vital Concept, before a change of sponsorship prior to the opening day of racing; the presentation of the teams – where the members of each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place in front of a crowd of 15,000 at the Burgplatz square in Düsseldorf, Germany, on 29 June, two days before the opening stage held in the city. Each squad was allowed a maximum of nine riders, resulting in a start list total of 198.
Of these, 49 were competing in their first Tour de France. The total number of riders that finished the race was 167; the riders came from 32 countries. Six countries had more than 10 riders in the race: France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain; the average age of riders in the race was 29.4 years, ranging from the 22-year-old Élie Gesbert to the 40-year-old Haimar Zubeldia. Cannondale–Drapac had the youngest average age while Team Dimension Data had the oldest; the teams entering the race were: In the lead up to the 2017 Tour de France, Chris Froome was seen by many pundits as the top pre-race favourite for the general classification. His closest rivals were thought to be Richie Porte, Nairo Quintana, Alberto Contador, Romain Bardet and Fabio Aru; the other riders considered contenders for the general classification were Alejandro Valverde, Jakob Fuglsang, Thibaut Pinot, Esteban Chaves, Geraint Thomas, Dan Martin, Simon Yates, Louis Meintjes. Froome, who won the 2013, 2015 and 2016 editions of the Tour, had not won a race in the 2017 season prior to the Tour's start.
His best result was fourth overall at the Critérium du Dauphiné, a race considered to be the warm-up for the Tour and one he has won before his three previous Tour victories. Despite this, he was thought to have one of the strongest teams in the race that would ride in total support of him; the 32-year-old Porte, who placed fifth in the 2016 Tour, won the general classification in two stage races so far in 2017, the Tour Down Under and the Tour de Romandie, came second in the Dauphiné. Quintana, third in the 2016 Tour, placed second at the Giro d'Italia, with overalls wins at the Tirreno–Adriatico and the Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana earlier in the season; the two-time winner 34-year-old Contador came second overall in four stage races in 2017 before the Tour, Paris–Nice, the Vuelta a Andalucía, the Volta a Catalunya and the Tour of the Basque Country. Bardet, the 2017 Tour runner-up, placed sixth overall in the Dauphiné, with his best other result sixth in the one-day Classic race Liège–Bastogne–Liège.
Aru started the Tour sharing leadership of the team with the Dauphiné winner Fuglsang. Aru won the Italian National Road Race Championships a week before the Tour and placed fifth at the Dauphiné; the sprinters considered favourites for the points classification and wins on the flat or hilly bunch sprint finishes were Peter Sagan, Marcel Kittel, Mark Cavendish, André Greipel, Alexander Kristoff. Others expected to contend for sprint finishes included Michael Matthews, Arnaud Démare, Dylan Groenewegen, John Degenkolb, Sonny Colbrelli and Nacer Bouhanni. Double reigning world road race champion Sagan had won the five previous points classifications of the Tour, one away from matching Erik Zabel's record of six from 1996 to 2001, his form in the 2017 season before the Tour included winning the one-day Kuurne–Brussels–Kuurne race and the points classifications in Tirreno–Adriatico, the Tour de Suisse and the Tour of California. Ki
Alexis Vuillermoz is a French road bicycle racer, who rides for UCI WorldTeam AG2R La Mondiale. He was a mountain bike racer before switching to road cycling, winning the French national under–23 mountain bike title twice and riding as part of the French national team that took the team relay title at the 2008 Mountain Bike World Championships, he was a member of the Sojasun team that competed at the 2013 Tour de France, finishing the race 46th overall. Vuillermoz joined Ag2r–La Mondiale for the 2014 season, after his previous team – Sojasun – folded at the end of the 2013 season. In the eighth stage of the 2015 Tour de France, Vuillermoz attacked the leading group on the Mûr-de-Bretagne to cross the line solo atop the hill. "After winning I thought about my dad who died three years ago. He was the one who got me interested in the Tour de France, he used to take my cousins and I to the side of the road to watch the Tour go past," said Vuillermoz. "I hope today he's proud of me."In 2016, Vuillermoz finished in 23rd position in the Olympics men's road race and in 29th position in the Olympic men's road time trial.
He started the 2018 Tour de France, but was forced to abandon with a fractured scapula due to injuries sustained after colliding with a roadside spectator trying to take a photo in one of the cobbled sectors on stage 9 to Roubaix. Mountain–biking Road Official website Alexis Vuillermoz at Cycling Archives Alexis Vuillermoz at CQ Ranking Alexis Vuillermoz at ProCyclingStats Alexis Vuillermoz at the Comité National Olympique et Sportif Français Alexis Vuillermoz at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Arbois is a commune in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France. The Cuisance River passes through the town; the town centres on an arcaded central square. The commune has been awarded two flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Arbois is located 30 km southeast of Dole, it has a typical Revermont landscape. The plain is used for cropping of cereals on medium-sized plots of land; the lower slopes consist of meadows surrounded by small hedges for dairy farming. There are some vineyards in the same area; the rest of the hills is occupied by small vineyards with a few scattered meadows. The top of the hills and the plateau are forested. Access to the commune is by Route nationale N83 which comes from Mouchard in the north and passes through the town before continuing south to Buvilly; the D469 goes west from the village to Mathenay and the D107 goes east to Mesnay. The D14 goes north to Villers-Farlay and the D246 goes south to Pupillin.
The town is about 40 minutes drive from Besançon and Lons-le-Saunier. It takes about 1 hour 30 minutes to 1 hour 45 minutes to Lyon. SNCF ArboisThe railway station is just north of the town and all TER Franche-Comté trains serve this station; the nearest TGV station is at Mouchard on the Paris-Switzerland line. AerodromeThere is a small aerodrome in the north of the commune with the ICAO code LFGD and a restricted use runway. Arbois is traversed by the Cuisance river and is part of Revermont since it lies at the foot of the Plateau of Lons-le-Saunier, the first plateau of the Jura. Together with Salins-les-Bains and Poligny it forms "Revermont Country"; this small historic city has a mild climate with little humidity. The presence of vineyards reflects this and the Loue and Doubs rivers are far enough away to limit the occurrence of fog in the winter; the influence of the small Cuisance river is low. The climate is hot in summer; the origin of the town of Arbois dates back to remote times but it is difficult to be specific.
It is certain however. Until 1260 Arbois was a villa or town without defences: it was surrounded by ramparts during the following ten years. Arbois endured seven sieges when it was part of the Duchy of Burgundy including sackings by Charles I of Amboise, Henry IV, Louis XIV. A castle was built in 1270, some vestiges of which survived the dismantling that Louis XIV ordered in 1678 following the conquest of Franche-Comté. There remain stretches of wall, pierced for archers, three round towers, the square Gloriette tower; when the republic was proclaimed at Lyon on 13 April 1834 the town joined the revolt against the government, which promptly sent a small force of grenadiers, a battery of artillery to subdue it. The U. S. 36th Infantry Division liberated Arbois in September 1944 as it moved up the Rhône towards Besançon and on to the Moselle. The Arbois symbol is the heraldic pelican, called a Pelican in her piety, feeding her young from her beak; this is a Christian symbol and is accompanied by the motto of the city, Sic his quos diligo.
The Arbois band, which plays during the Biou festival is called Le Pelican in reference to this symbolic bird. There is a Guggenmusik band called Biou'Z'Musik; the arms use the colours of the city: yellow and black which are an allusion to yellow wine and dark forests. List of Successive Mayors Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Arbois is a small rural town with a rich historical heritage and important advantages for agricultural activity such as viticulture, an industrial enterprise among the 10 largest in the department, tourism based on its heritage and gastronomy. There is, hide some economic fragility with an aging population and sensitive industries at risk of relocation, a degradation of the diversity of shopping, an overestimation of the value of property to deter young households; the area produces some of the best Jura wines, including vin jaune and vin de Paille, in the Arbois AOC. This is the dominant activity. Arbois has many wineries such as Henri Maire, Frédéric Lornet, Tissot, Claret and Fumey-Chatelain.
The Arbois Appellation d'origine contrôlée was introduced in 1936 and covers 13 communes on the hills and valley slopes surrounding the town. One of these, a small village named Pupillin, is known for the quality of its wines, which come from a patchwork of vineyards planted on south-facing, limestone-rich slopes. Wines from these sites are sold as Arbois-Pupillin. Arbois wines are produced from around 2100 acres of vineyards, planted with Chardonnay, Poulsard, Pinot Noir and Trousseau. About 70% of Jura's red wines are produced under the Arbois name, along with about 30% of its whites; some bottles are labeled with the saying: "Arbois wine: the more you drink, the more it goes right!". An old familiar song, the Tourdion is a song on the wines of Arbois, it is mentioned by Jacques Brel in his song Pour mon dernier repas as well as by Hubert-Félix Thiéfaine in La cancoillotte. In 1285 the Count
Saint-Claude Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Andrew, a national monument of France, located in the town of Saint-Claude. The present cathedral was the church of the former Condat Abbey, which with the village that grew up round it soon acquired the name of Saint-Oyand or Saint-Oyend after Saint Eugendus, fourth abbot and a popular saint. In 687 Saint Claudius became the twelfth abbot. After he died, in 696, his grave became a popular pilgrimage centre, to the extent that by the thirteenth century, the name "Saint-Claude" had become more used than that of "Saint-Oyand", which it superseded; the Bishopric of Saint-Claude was created in 1742, out of the parishes in the care of the abbey. The abbey church, built in the 15th century, became the cathedral. Saint Ribert, abbot of Condat Abbey Location of the cathedral Photo of the cathedral Catholic Hierarchy: Diocese of Saint-Claude Catholic Encyclopedia: Saint-Claude