Saint-Denis is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.4 km from the centre of Paris. Saint-Denis is a subprefecture of the department of Seine-Saint-Denis, being the seat of the arrondissement of Saint-Denis. Saint-Denis is home to the royal necropolis of the Basilica of Saint-Denis and was the location of the associated abbey, it is home to France's national football and rugby stadium, the Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Saint-Denis is a industrial suburb changing its economic base. Inhabitants of Saint-Denis are called Dionysiens; until the 3rd century, Saint-Denis was a small settlement called Catolacus or Catulliacum meaning "estate of Catullius", a Gallo-Roman landowner. About 250 AD, the first bishop of Paris, Saint Denis, was martyred on Montmartre hill and buried in Catolacus. Shortly after 250 his grave became a shrine and a pilgrimage centre, with the building of the Abbey of Saint Denis, the settlement was renamed Saint-Denis. In 1793, during the French Revolution, Saint-Denis was renamed Franciade in a gesture of rejection of religion.
In 1803, under the Consulate of Napoléon Bonaparte, the city reverted to its former name of Saint-Denis. During its history, Saint-Denis has been associated with the French royal house. Starting from Dagobert I every French king was buried in the Basilica. However, Saint-Denis is older than that. In the 2nd century, there was a Gallo-Roman village named Catolacus on the location that Saint-Denis occupies today. Saint Denis, the first bishop of Paris and patron saint of France, was martyred in about 250 and buried in the cemetery of Catolacus. Denis' tomb became a place of worship. Around 475, Sainte Geneviève had a small chapel erected on Denis' tomb, which by had become a popular destination for pilgrims, it was this chapel that Dagobert I had turned into a royal monastery. Dagobert granted many privileges to the monastery: independence from the bishop of Paris, the right to hold a market, most he was buried in Saint-Denis. During the Middle Ages, because of the privileges granted by Dagobert, Saint-Denis grew to become important.
Merchants from all over Europe came to visit its market. In 1140, Abbot Suger, counselor to the King, granted further privileges to the citizens of Saint-Denis, he started the work of enlarging the Basilica of Saint Denis that still exists today cited as the first example of high early Gothic Architecture. The new church was consecrated in 1144. Saint-Denis was depopulated in the Hundred Years' War. During the French Wars of Religion, the Battle of Saint-Denis was fought between Catholics and Protestants on 10 November 1567; the Protestants were defeated. In 1590, the city surrendered to Henry IV, who converted to Catholicism in 1593 in the abbey of Saint-Denis. King Louis XIV started several industries in Saint-Denis: weaving and spinning mills and dyehouses, his successor, Louis XV, whose daughter was a nun in the Carmelite convent, took a lively interest in the city: he added a chapel to the convent and renovated the buildings of the royal abbey. During the French Revolution, not only was the city renamed "Franciade" from 1793 to 1803, but the royal necropolis was looted and destroyed.
The remains were thrown together. The last king to be interred in Saint-Denis was Louis XVIII. After France became a republic and an empire, Saint-Denis lost its association with royalty. On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, the commune of La Chapelle-Saint-Denis was disbanded and divided between the city of Paris, Saint-Denis, Saint-Ouen, Aubervilliers. Saint-Denis received the north-western part of La Chapelle-Saint-Denis. During the 19th century, Saint-Denis became industrialised. Transport was much improved: in 1824 the Canal Saint-Denis was constructed, linking the Canal de l'Ourcq in the northeast of Paris to the River Seine at the level of L'Île-Saint-Denis, in 1843 the first railway reached Saint-Denis. By the end of the century, there were 80 factories in Saint-Denis; the presence of so many industries gave rise to an important socialist movement. In 1892, Saint-Denis elected its first socialist administration, by the 1920s, the city had acquired the nickname of la ville rouge, the red city.
Until Jacques Doriot in 1934, all mayors of Saint-Denis were members of the Communist Party. During the Second World War, after the defeat of France, Saint-Denis was occupied by the Germans on 13 June 1940. There were several acts of sabotage and strikes, most notably on 14 April 1942 at the Hotchkiss factory. After an insurgency which started on 18 August 1944, Saint-Denis was liberated by the 2nd Armored Division on 27 August 1944. After the war, the economic crisis of the 1970s and 1980s hit the city, dependent on its heavy industry. During the 1990s, the city started to grow again; the 1998 FIFA World Cup provided an enormous impulse. The stadium is used by rugby teams for friendly matches; the Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue and Top 1
Henrik Aarrestad Uldalen is a Norwegian oil painter. Uldalen is a self-taught artist whose work includes classic figurative painting, he paints people in oils and pieces these images in impossible scenes such as climbing upside down spiral staircases, or falling from tilted buildings. His work has been described as photosurrealism. Uldalen and co-founders set-up Paintguide in January 2014; the project started as a forum for artists from all over the world to share their favourite artworks and inspirations to the public, the project took form as a website, Instagram. Following a successful takeover of the Paintguide account by Alex Kanevsky, Uldalen found himself inundated with requests for Paintguide takeovers from other like-minded, social media savvy artists. Contributed by over 60 artists and painters, the Paintguide’s following grew exponentially, stands over 329,000 followers. In November 2015, the Paintguide project took form as a pop-up exhibition at Unit London gallery. Showing over 60 artists from their Paintguide Instagram account, such as Jeremy Geddes, Jeremy Mann, Martin Wittfooth, Greg “Craola” Simkins and Dan Quintana.
Alongside the exhibition being set up, Uldalen set-up a Kickstarter campaign for the Paintguide book, showcasing the 60 first artists who took over the Instagram page, displaying 5 of their favourite artworks. It was funded on 28 November. 2018 JD Malat Gallery. London, UK 2014 Thinkspace. Los Angeles, USA 2011 Galerie Contour. Skagen, Denmark 2010 Galleri Ramfjord. Oslo, Norway 2009 Galleri Ramfjord. Oslo, Norway 2015 Friends Of Leon Gallery. “Les Petit Fours”. Sydney, AU 2015 Gallery 1261. “Unfurl”. Denver, USA 2015 Inner State Gallery. “LAX/DTW”. Detroit, USA 2015 Galleri Ramfjord. “Scope Art Show”. New York, USA 2015 LA Municipal Art Gallery. “20 Years Under The Influence of Juxtapoz”. Los Angeles, USA 2015 Modern Eden. “Platinum Blend”. San Francisco, USA 2015 Hashimoto Contemporary. “The Moleskine Project 4”. San Francisco, USA 2014 Arcadia Contemporary. “Scope Art Fair”. New York, USA 2014 Thinkspace. “LA Art Show”. Los Angeles, USA 2014 Arcadia Contemporary. “LA Art Show”. Los Angeles, USA 2014 Arcadia Contemporary.
New York, USA 2014 Thinkspace. Los Angeles, USA 2013 Corey Helford Gallery. “Art Collector Starter Kit”. Los Angeles, USA 2013 Gallery 1261. “Contemporary Realism”. Denver, USA 2013 Thinkspace. Los Angeles, USA 2012 Galleri Ramfjord. Oslo, Norway 2012 NOo Sphere Arts. “Beautiful Maladies”. New York, USA 2012 Spoke Art. San Francisco, USA 2012 J. LeVine Gallery. “Art Basel”, Switzerland 2012 Thinkspace. Los Angeles, USA 2012 Stricoff Fine Art. New York, USA 2011 Galleri Ramfjord. Oslo, Norway 2011 S Cube Gallery. Los Angeles, USA 2011. NO New York. New York, USA 2011 Galleri V58. “Magic Realism”. Århus, Denmark 2010 Galerie Contour. Skagen, Denmark 2010 Galleri Ramfjord. Oslo, Norway Official Website The paintguide Instagram
The Italian Catholic diocese of Termoli-Larino has existed since 1986. In that year the diocese of Larino was united into the historic diocese of Termoli, in existence since the tenth century, it is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Campobasso-Boiano. Termoli is first mentioned as a diocese in 946, when Benefetto, an usurper of the episcopal see, was forced to withdraw by order of Pope Agapitus II; the earliest known legitimate Catholic bishop was Scio. Among his successors were: Jacopo Cini, O. P. author of a commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard. In 1818, this see was united with the diocese of Guardia Alferia, a small town near Cerrato, which had its first bishop in 1075 and its last in 1775. Erected: 10th CenturyLatin Name: ThermularumMetropolitan: Archdiocese of Campobasso-Boiano Giovanni de' Vecchi Angelo Antonio Guiliani Sancio de Ayerbe Antonio Attilio Pietro Durante Vincenzo Durante Marcello Dentice Cesare Ferrante Hannibal Muzi Francesco Scotti Alberto Drago, O. P. Federico Mezio Camillo Moro Hector de Monte Gerolamo Cappello, O.
F. M. Conv. Alessandro Crescenzi, C. R. S. Cherubino Manzoni, O. F. M. Antonio Leoncello Carlo Mannello Fabrizio Maracchi Antonio Savo de' Panicoli Marcus Antonius Rossi Michele Petirro Domenico Catalani Tommaso Maria Farina, O. P. Salvatore di Aloisio Giuseppe Antonio Silvestri Isidoro Pitellia, O. M. Tommaso Giannelli Giuseppe Bucarelli Anselmo Maria Toppi, O. S. B. 1818 Territory Added from the suppressed Diocese of Guardialfiera Giovanni Battista Bolognese Pietro Consiglio Gennaro de Rubertis Domenico Ventura Vincenzo Bisceglia Raffaele di Nonno, C. SS. R. Angelo Balzano Giovanni Capitoli Rocco Caliandro Oddo Bernacchia Giovanni Proni Pietro Santoro Cosmo Francesco Ruppi 30 September 1986 United with Diocese of LarinoLatin Name: Thermularum-Larinensis Domenico Umberto D'Ambrosio Tommaso Valentinetti Gianfranco De Luca Official page A Virtual Tour of Larino's Cathedral This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia.
New York: Robert Appleton