Aumessas is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Communes of the Gard department INSEE
Beaucaire is a French commune in the Gard department in the Occitanie region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Beaucairoises; the commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Beaucaire is located on the Rhône River some 15 km south-west of Avignon and 10 km north of Arles opposite Tarascon, in Bouches-du-Rhône department of Provence. Access to the commune is by the D999 road from Jonquières-Saint-Vincent in the west which passes through the north of the commune and the town and continues east to Tarascon; the D966L comes from Saint-Bonnet-du-Gard in the north and comes down the banks of the Rhône to the town. The D90 branches off the D986L in the commune and passes in a circle around the town continues east across the Rhone changing to the D99B; the D15 goes south from the town to Fourques. The D38 goes south-west from the town to Bellegarde; the D28 links the Ile du Comte to the east bank of the Rhone.
A railway passes through the commune coming from Tarascon in the east with two stations in the commune it continues to Nîmes in the west. Apart from the main town there are the districts of Gaudon, Tour Saint-Pierre, Pauvre Menage, Mas du Consul, Mas Saint-Andre du Boschet, Mas de la Bastide, Mas des Lecques, Le Fer a Cheval, Mas de SAicard and Enclos d'Argent; the commune has a large urban area in the north-east with the rest of the commune farmland. The Rhône river forms the whole eastern border of the commune as it flows south to join the sea at Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône; the river is the departmental border between Gard and Bouches-du-Rhône. The Canal du Rhône à Sète passes through the commune from Saint-Gilles in the south-west and joins the Rhone in the town. A waterway called Laune de Pillet, a branch of the Rhone, cuts through the commune parallel to the Rhone forming the Ile de Pillet. There is an extensive network of irrigation canals covering most of the farmland; the entire town is located in the Rhône Valley and has flat terrain formed by the plain of the Rhône.
The north of the commune has hills north of the town centre where the castle is located as well as Saint-Roman.'Beaucaire' is the French version of the Occitan language name'Bèucaire': Beau < French beau < Occitan bèl/bèu Caire < Occitan caire. Beaucaire appears as the same on the 1790 version. Founded in the 7th century BC, Beaucaire was known as a city on the famous Via Domitia, the first Roman road built in Gaul linking Italy to Spain, it was at this point that the Via Domitia divides in the direction of Arles, Nîmes and Saint-Gilles. At that time, Beaucaire was called Ugernum; this was where, after the capture of Rome by the Vandals in 455, the Gallo-Roman nobility met to elect Avitus as the new emperor. A Roman mausoleum has been discovered on the Île du Comté; the Middle Ages saw a slowdown in the expansion of the city. Beaucaire did not escape the troubles during this dark period, it underwent invasions of Burgundians and Saracens. It was at that time that the first ramparts were built and the castle was expanded.
The city took the name Beaucaire. During the Albigensian Crusade, Raymond VI of Toulouse besieged Beaucaire in May 1216; the efforts of Simon de Montfort to relieve the town were repulsed. The city fell after a three-month siege. In the 13th century Louis IX made several trips to Beaucaire; the city was its population increasing. Despite the Hundred Years War and the Wars of Religion, the splendour and refinement of the architecture grew along with the wealth of the Beaucairois merchants. In 1579 Beaucaire was held by Henri I de Montmorency, the catholic governor of Languedoc, but tolerant; the captain of the city was Jean de Parabere, soon to play his own game. Damville provoked a riot to recover the city but though Parabere was decapitated, the city remained in the hands of the Huguenots, thanks to reinforcements sent by François de Coligny, the son of Gaspard II de Coligny. At the end of the Hundred Years War in 1453, Charles VII of France declared that Beaucaire would become the site of the Fair of la Madeleine, a commercial fair that would enable the trade of goods from all of the Mediterranean Basin countries to all of France.
By the mid-seventeenth century, the Fair was the largest commercial fair in the Mediterranean region exceeding in a week the total volume of trade done in Marseilles in a year. It remained the dominant Mediterranean trade fair until the arrival of the railway in the mid-nineteenth century; the advent of the railway and the end of river trade as well as the removal of its tax-free status by Napoleon destroyed the Fair of the Madeleine and plunged Beaucaire into anonymity. One result of these years of commercial dominance was the construction of a remarkable number of architecturally significant mansions and palaces by rich merchants of many nationalities; the fair still exists in the form of carnivals and various festivities. Camargue bulls are run through the streets, it always lasts at least six days. Beaucaire was capital of the district from 1790 to 1795. During the French Revolution the commune was temporarily called Pont-National. At the end of the 19th century and the early 20th centur
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Barjac is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. The valley of the river Cèze lies to the south, the river Ardèche is 10 km to the north. Barjac is a Renaissance town; the old city centre retains ancient narrow streets and houses of that time. The chateau of the Counts of the Roure, with its stone courtyard, once called the "Citadel", has been rebuilt several times from the twelfth century; this imposing edifice now features a library in the former stables, a cinema in the old kitchens. The chateau is the venue for the festival "Chansons de Paroles" held annually in late July; the contemporary German artist Anselm Kiefer has had his studio, called the Ribaute, in Barjac since 1993 in a former industrial wasteland of 35 hectares. Côtes du Vivarais AOC Communes of the Gard department Le Gard provençal Location of Barjac on a map of France with its neighbouring villages
Aiguèze is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Since 2005, Aiguèze has been a member of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France, the first such location in Gard. Aiguèze is a medieval village; the 14th century fort has a watchpath which provides fine views of the entrance to the Ardèche Gorges. The origins of the parish church are Romanesque; the interior was restored at the beginning of the 20th century with decor donated in 1910 by the Archbishop of Rouen, primate of Normandy, a native of the village. The church has been a listed monument historique since 1993. Including the church, the commune has five sites recorded in the French Ministry of Culture list of historic sites. Communes of the Gard department INSEE
Bernis is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Costières de Nîmes AOC Communes of the Gard department INSEE
Canton of Rousson
The canton of Rousson is an administrative division of the Gard department, southern France. It was created at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015, its seat is in Rousson. It consists of the following communes