Anzême is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. An area of farming and quarrying, comprising the village and several hamlets situated by the banks of the Creuse River, some 7 miles north of Guéret, at the junction of the D14 and the D33; the church of St. Pierre, dating from the thirteenth century A stone bridge and stone cross, both dating from the fourteenth century The hydroelectric dams on the river Communes of the Creuse department The département of Creuse INSEE Anzême on the Quid website
Departments of France
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, five are overseas departments, which are classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils; each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school buildings and technical staff, local roads and school and rural buses, a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; the departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity.
All of them were named after physical geographical features, rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had been discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers; the earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in some of them former French colonies. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number; the number is used, for example, in the postal code, was until used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments.
For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as "the 45". In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, to transfer their powers to other levels of governance; this reform project has since been abandoned. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées infrastructure administration. Before the French Revolution, France gained territory through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved in order to weaken old loyalties; the modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure.
Their boundaries served two purposes: Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department; this was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. This measure was directly inspired by the Great Terror, during which the government had lost control of many rural areas far from any centre of government; the old nomenclature was avoided in naming the new departments. Most were named after other physical features. Paris was in the department of Seine. Savoy became the department of Mont-Blanc; the number of departments 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814–1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86.
In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department; the 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of Haut-Rhin became known as the Territoire de Belfort; when France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. In 1922, it became France's 90th department; the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, a new Moselle department was created in the regaine
Bétête is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. A farming area comprising the village and several hamlets situated some 15 miles northeast of Guéret, at the junction of the D15, D83 and the D88; the Petite Creuse river forms most of the western border of the commune. The church, dating from the twelfth century; the ruins of the medieval castle of Bétête. Two châteaux, of le Moisse and of Ecosse, both dating from the seventeenth century; the twelfth century abbey of Prébenoît, undergoing restoration. Communes of the Creuse department Creuse INSEE Bétête on the Quid website
Boussac is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. A small light industrial town situated by the banks of the Petite Creuse river, some 25 miles northeast of Guéret, at the junction of the D11 and the D997 roads. Jean de Brosse, Marshal of France and died here Pierre Leroux, friend of George Sand was mayor here in 1848 George Sand, set her romance Jeanne here in 1836 The church of St. Anne, dating from the fifteenth century The twelfth-century castle The remains of the old town ramparts Several ancient houses and the river bridge, all from the fifteenth century Communes of the Creuse department Creuse INSEE Boussac on the Quid website Official website of the commune
Ahun is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. A farming area comprising the village and several hamlets situated in the valley of the Creuse River, some 15 km southeast of Guéret, at the junction of the D942, D13 and the D18, it was the Roman site of Acitodunum, an important town on the route between Limoges and Clermont-Ferrand. The viaduct carrying the railway 57m over the river, built by Lloyds and Nordling in 1864; the church of St. Sylvain, dating from the twelfth century. Three fifteenth century chateaux. Saint Silvanus of Ahun and buried in the village. Jean Auclair, politician. Communes of the Creuse department The département of Creuse INSEE Ahun on the Quid website
Budelière is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. An area of lakes and farming comprising the village and several hamlets situated some 10 miles southwest of Montlucon at the junction of the D993 and the D64 roads. Between 1905 and 1955, the commune had a goldmine at Le Chatelet, which produced 11 tonnes of gold in those years; the commune is served by a TER railway. The river Tardes forms all of the commune's eastern border flows into the Cher, 4 km northwest of the village; the church, dating from the nineteenth century. The church at St. Radegonde, dating from the twelfth century; the church of St. Martial at Le Châtelet, dating from the twelfth century; the château de la Villederie. The chapel of Saint-Marien. Communes of the Creuse department Creuse INSEE Official website of the commune of Budelière Budelière on the Quid website
Bourganeuf is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. An area of farming and forestry, comprising the village and several hamlets situated in the valley of the Taurion river, some 21 miles south of Guéret, at the junction of the D8, D912, D940 and the D941; the year 1103 saw. Prince Cem Sultan, pretender to the throne of the Ottoman Empire, was kept prisoner here in the fifteenth century. In 1886, the commune was the third place in all of France to be supplied with power using hydroelectricity. Thanks to French engineer, Marcel Deprez, the waterfalls of the river were harnessed to light up the streets, mairie and cafes; the church of St. Pierre, dating from the twelfth century; the church of St. Jean, dating from the fifteenth century; the remains of a 12th-century castle. Four chapels. A museum of electricity; the archaeological museum in the Zizim tower. Martin Nadaud, politician was born in the hamlet of La Martinèche in 1815. Thierry Ardisson, television producer and animator, was born here in 1949.
René Viviani, was born here in 1863. Michel Riffaterre, French literary critic and theorist born 1924. Bourganeuf is twinned with: Zirndorf, Germany Communes of the Creuse department Creuse INSEE Tourisme Office website Bourganeuf on the Quid website