Beyrie-sur-Joyeuse is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE BITHIRIÑA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa – Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Ayherre is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aihertars. Ayherre is located in the Arberoue Valley in the former province of Lower Navarre some 23 km east by south-east of Bayonne and east of Hasparren. Access to the commune is by the D10 road from Hasparren which passes through the west of the commune and continues north to La Bastide-Clairence; the D251 branches east off the D10 in the commune and goes to the village continues east to Isturits. The D314 goes south-west from the village to Bonloc; the D14 from Bonloc to Saint-Esteben passes through the south of the commune. The commune is farmland with scattered forests; the commune is located in the drainage basin of the Adour with a dense network of streams covering the commune flowing north-westwards, including the Joyeuse, which forms part of the western border of the commune. The Arbéroue rises in the south of the commune and flows north gathering many tributaries before joining the Lihoury to the north.
The commune name in basque is Aiherra. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, the name comes from the basque ailherr, giving the meaning "place on a slope"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. In the Middle Ages Bildarraitz was an independent area without a church but with its own council, a half-dozen homes were ennobled in 1435; the name may be the joining of bil-, meaning "set" or "a round place", araitz, meaning "blackthorn", "prickly", or "briar". Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Camara: Titles of Camara of Comptos Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona) Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Biscay: Martin Biscay Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV On 18 March 1450, Labourd returned to the French crown after the signing of a peace treaty at the Château of Belzunce in Ayherre which marked the end of English influence in the region.
On that the representatives of Labourd made their submission and, upon payment of 2,000 gold écus secured by the retention of 10 hostages, retained their privileges. List of successive mayors The commune is part of six inter-communal structures: the community of communes of Pays d'Hasparren: Hazparneko lurraldea the AEP association of Arberoue the sanitation association of Adour-Ursula the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques the inter-communal association for the building of a retirement home in the Arberoue Valley the inter-communal association for the crafts zone in Ayherre The declaration of rights in 1749 counted 162 fires in Ayherre. In 2010 the commune had 987 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity in the commune is agricultural.
The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. The Lauak company is located in the industrial zone of Ayherre; the Uhagun Mill on the Aran dates to the 19th century and has been converted into a hydro-electric plant. The commune has three sites that are registered as historical monuments: The Château de Belzunce Prehistoric fortifications on Mount Abarratia Prehistoric fortifications The Parish Church of Saint Pierre is registered as an historical monument; the commune has two primary schools: one in the town and one private school of the Immaculate Conception. Émile Larre, born in 1926 at Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry, was a priest, Bertsolari and French academic in the Basque language. He was an active promoter of basque traditions and attached to the basque modes of expression such as the bertsolarism and Basque Pelota, he was priest of Ayherre from 1969 to 1980. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Aiherre in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ayherre official website Community of communes of Pays de Hasparren official website Ayherre on Lion1906 Ayherre on the 1750 Cassini map Ayherre on the INSEE website INSEE
Provinces of France
The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the department system superseded provinces. The provinces of France were equivalent to the historic counties of England, they came into their final form over the course of many hundreds of years, as many dozens of semi-independent fiefs and former independent countries came to be incorporated into the French royal domain. Because of the haphazard manner in which the provinces evolved, each had its own sets of feudal traditions, taxation systems, etc. and the system represented an impediment to effective administration of the entire country from Paris. During the early years of the French Revolution, in an attempt to centralize the administration of the whole country, to remove the influence of the French nobility over the country, the entirety of the province system was abolished and replaced by the system of departments in use today. In some cases, several modern regions or departments share names with the historic provinces, their borders may cover the same territory.
The list below shows the major provinces of France at the time of their dissolution during the French Revolution. Capital cities are shown in parentheses. Bold indicates a city, the seat of a judicial and quasi-legislative body called either a parlement or a conseil souverain. In some cases, this body met in a different city from the capital. Île-de-France Berry Orléanais Normandy Languedoc Lyonnais Dauphiné Champagne Aunis Saintonge Poitou Guyenne and Gascony Burgundy Picardy Anjou Provence Angoumois Bourbonnais Marche Brittany Maine Touraine Limousin Foix Auvergne Béarn Alsace Artois Roussillon Flanders and Hainaut Franche-Comté Lorraine.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
Arbérats-Sillègue is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arberaztar. Arbérats-Sillègue is located in Mixe Country in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre, 3 km north-east of Saint-Palais and 10 km south-west of Sauveterre-de-Béarn; the D933 road from Saint-Palais to Osserain-Rivareyte in the north passes through the northern part of the commune. The D134 road passes through the east of the commune from Sussaute in the north continuing south to join the D11 road west of Domezain-Berraute. Access to the village is by country road from the western border passing through the village and going east to join the D134; the commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour. The Ruisseau de Recaide forms part of the northern border flowing north-west to join the Bidouze; the Ruisseau d'Eyherachar rises north-east of the village and flows west through the commune south forming part of the western border before joining the Bidouze just south of Aïcirits.
The name of the commune in basque is Arberatze-Zilhekoa. Paul Raymond indicated on page 161 of his 1863 dictionary. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested two possible origins of the name Arbérats, both from basque: ar-bera meaning ’fragile’ or ’friable'. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval interpreted Arbérats as place of slate. For Sillègue Jean-Batiste Orpustan suggested the name was a blend of the Basque word zilo, meaning "hole" or "depression in the terrain" and a second element leku meaning "place"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini1: Arbérats-Sillègue on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Cassini2: Sillègue on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV Ohix: Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Regulations: Regulations of the Court of Licharre The village of Sillègue was merged with Arbérats on 14 April 1841.
List of Successive Mayors The commune belongs to six inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Amikuze. In 1350 there were 6 in Sillègue; the fiscal census of 1412-1413, made on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with that of 1551 "of men and weapons that are in this Kingdom of Navarre below the ports" reveals a demography with strong growth. The first indicated the presence at Arbérats of 7 fires, the second of 26; the same for Sillègue: the 1412 census reported 5 fires and that of 1551 22 fires. The census of the population of Lower Navarre in 1695 showed 40 fires at Arbérats and 20 at Sillègues. In 2009 the commune had 307 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 · Although from 1793 to 1836 Arbérats and Sillègue were separate communes, the total population for both communes is shown in the above table.
The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of Ossau-iraty. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte the Basque dialect spoken in Arbérats-Sillègue is western lower-navarrese; the Church of Saint-Laurent is registered as an historical monument. The commune has an elementary school The commune has a festival hall located in the centre of the village; the original building was a school and has been renovated. As it was only equipped with a left wall, Arbérats-Sillègue in 2007 opened a new fronton with toilets and a Pétanque area. There is a football field in the same complex. A pit dating to Roman times has been converted to a leisure park. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arberatze-Zilhekoa in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Arbérats-Sillègue on Lion1906 Arbérats-Sillègue on Google Maps Arbérats-Sillègue on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arberats and Sillegue on the 1750 Cassini Map Arbérats-Sillègue on the INSEE website INSEE
Aldudes is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Aldulaises. The village Aldudes is part of Le Pays Quint; the commune is an area of pasture belonging to cultivated by French farmers. It is located in the Aldudes valley on the banks of the Nive des Aldudes in the Basque province of Lower Navarre, it is on the Spanish border some 20 km southwest of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port although it can not be directly accessed from there. Access is by the D948 road from Saint-Etienne-de-Baigorry in the north, which passes through the village continues south to Urepel; the D58 road goes from the village through the length of the commune before continuing to Spain through Urepel commune. The Spanish border of Navarre forms the northeastern borders of the commune. Located in the watershed of the Adour, Aldudes is traversed by the Nive d'Aldudes with its many tributaries, such as the Urbeltch Labiaringo erreka, the Aktieltako erreka, numerous unnamed streams.
Paul Raymond mentioned a stream which rises in Aldudes and joins the Nive des Aldudes. The name of the commune in Basque is Aldude. Aldudes was the name given to the entire valley bordering the Baigorry Valley and the Spanish border. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposes the construction ald-uhide meaning "the path beside the water". According to Ernest Nègre however, the name Aldudes is a contraction of the basque Aldubide meaning "way to the summits" from the root aldu meaning "heights" and bide meaning "way"; the romanisation into Aldudes is a plural. The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Mérimée: Ministry of Culture Mérimée database: Presentation of the Commune), Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Camara: Titles of Camara de Comptos The commune originated in the 16th century when young noblemen of the Baigory family founded the village which, by the ancient Basque succession rule, reserved the legacy of the family house to the eldest child.
The parish was established in 1793. List of Successive Mayors The commune of Aldudes participates in five intercommunal organisations: the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri the intercommunal association for the development and management of the slaughterhouse of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port the joint association of the watershed of the Nive the association to support Basque culture the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques A fish farm is active on the road to Urepel. Basque pig breeding is an activity in full revival in the Aldudes valley, under the leadership of the Technical Institute of Pork; the commune hosts the Ets Pierre Oteiza company, one of the fifty top agribusinesses in the department. It is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces, published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Aldudes is western Lower Navarrese dialect. In 1952 the square in front of the church and the town hall was converted into a playing field for "laxoa".
This ancient game of basque pelote is played with leather gloves. At the entrance porch of the church is the target for the game; the commune contains a number of sites that are registered as historical monuments: Houses and Farms The Menementa Farm The Iguxkagerrea Farm The Joalginenborda Farm Other sites of interestCromlechs: There are three Harrespils on the Argibel site. These are great circles of stone or "menhirs" for funerary purposes, dated from the 1st millennium BC; the Harrespil are notable due to their number and their witness to knowledge of ancient burial rites. The commune has two religious sites that are registered as historical monuments: The'Chapel of the Assumption at a place called Eznazu has been listed on the Inventory of cultural heritage since 21 March 2003, it contains a Statues which are registered as historical objects. The Parish Church of Notre-Dame has a rosary. Other religious sites of interestSome Hilarri in the cemetery are from the 19th century - two from 1805.
Palombière is the property of the association of the Baigorry Valley. This hunt at 500 metres above sea level was created in 1840 by the mayor of the town, Charles Schmarsow. Reorganized in 1880, it passed into the hands of the Ospital family who still lead the hunt; the five Filetiers use five pantières or special nets and ten beaters to direct the pigeons to the nets. The commune has a private primary school. Georges Lacombe, born 31 January 1879 in Orthez and died July 1947 in Paris, was a linguist and Basque French academic. On the eve of the First World War he prepared, with the help of Dr. Jean Etchepare, a doctorate in Letters on the Aldudes dialect. Bernard Delhom, born in 1885 in Aldudes, was the oldest man in France from 30 December 1995 to 7 February 1996 when he died in Paris at the age of 110 years and 213 days Jean-Baptiste Urrutia, born in 1901 at Aldudes and died in Montbeton, was a missionary in Indochina and Bishop of Huế during the Indochina War and the Vietnam War Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Aldude in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi En
Ainhice-Mongelos is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Monjolostars. The town is part of the country Basque province of Cize of Lower Navarre, it is located in the Pyrenees mountains some 40 km in a direct line southeast of Bayonne and about 15 km northeast of the Spanish border. The commune is farmland with scattered small forests. Access to Ainhice-Mongelos is via the Highway D933 which runs northeast from Saint-Jean-le-Vieux which runs from southwest to northeast along the eastern side of the commune through the village of Mongelos continues northeast, ending near Saint Palais. Just south of the commune at Lacarre, the Highway D422 branches from the D933 to the northwest and passes through the western side of the commune, ending at Lopeenia just to the west of the commune. No other highways enter the commune; the village of Anhice-Mongelos can be reached by a country road from the D933 at Mongelos or by any of the many country roads which cover the commune.
In the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the Nive, the Lakako erreka and, a tributary of the Laurhibar, the Arzubiko erreka and by tributaries of the latter, the Bassaguibeléko erreka and the Idiondoa brook. The Artikaitéko erreka which flows into Bidouze passes through the commune; the name of the commune in Basque is Ainhize-Monjolose. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan the origin of the name Ainhice remains unknown. According to Brigitte Jobbé-Duval Mongelos is a Gascon name meaning Mont Jaloux; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Mérimée: Presentation of Ainhice-Mongelos on the Ministry of Culture database. Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Biscay: Martin Biscay Navarre: Regulations of the States of Navarre Camara: Titles of the Camara de Comptos Ohix: Contracts of Ohix Bayonne: Visitations of the Diocese of Bayonne The medieval village of Mongelos was established in 1240 as subject to the King of Navarre.
Subject to Ainhice, they were reunited on 16 August 1841. List of Successive Mayors of Anhice-Mongelos The commune belongs to seven inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri the AEP union of Ainhice the energy union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques the school union for RPI Ainhice-Gamarthe-Lacarre the inter-communal association for the development and management of the abattoir at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port the joint association for the watershed of the Nive the union to support Basque culture. Economic activity is agricultural; the town is part of the zone of appellation of Ossau-iraty. Euskal Herriko Laborantza Ganbara or the "Chamber of Agriculture for the Basque Country" is an association under the law of 1901 founded on 15 January 2005 and is headquartered in Ainhice-Mongelos. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Ainhice-Mongelos is eastern low Navarrese. Several houses and farms are registered as historical monuments.
These are: Houses and Farms Barnetxea Farm Elizaldea Farm Etxeparea Farm Irazabalea Farm Church of the Assumption The town has a kindergarten. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AINHIZE-MONJOLOSE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ainhice-Mongelos on Lion1906 Ainhice on the 1750 Cassini Map Ainhice-Mongelos on the INSEE website INSEE