Aubagne is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aubagnaises; the commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Aubagne is located in the Huveaune valley and surrounded by the mountain ranges of Garlaban with Sainte-Baume to the north and 17 km east of Marseille. Aubagne was the main city of the former Agglomeration community of Pays d'Aubagne et de l'Etoile, is part of the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis since 2016, it is the sixth largest city of the department of Bouches-du-Rhône by population. It is the main producer of Santon figurines and hosts many cultural events each year; the French Foreign Legion has its headquarters in Aubagne. Public transport has been free at the point of use since the year 2000. Access to the commune is by the A50 autoroute from Marseille; the A501 and A52 autoroutes branch off the A50 in the commune and merge to go north to Aix-en-Provence.
Numerous departmental roads go through the commune including: the D96 which goes north to Roquevaire, the D2 which goes east to Gémenos, the D8N which comes from Marseilles and goes south-east to Cuges-les-Pins, the D41E which goes south to Cassis, many other connecting roads within the commune. There are several smaller towns and villages in the commune apart from the main town: Les Arnauds, Les Grands Mellets, Pinchon, La Martelle, L'Agrie, La Coueste, La Thuiliere, Font de Mai. A large proportion of the commune is urban with mountainous terrain to north and southThe main railway from Marseille passes through the commune splitting into two lines - one going north-west and one going south with a station in the town; the Huveaune river flows through the commune from the east flowing west into the Mediterranean sea at Prado beach in the 8th Arrondissement in Marseilles. Aubagne was the first commune in France to be surrounded by autoroutes: the A50 autoroute Marseille-Toulon, the A52 autoroute to Aubagne-Aix-en-Provence, the connecting motorway A501.
Regional TER trains operated call at the Gare d'Aubagne railway station, liking the city with Marseille and Toulon. Local public transport in the city, operated under the Lignes de l'agglo brand, is provided by a network of buses and, since 2014, a single 2.8-kilometre tram line with seven stops between the railway station and Le Charrel. This project has been criticized. Construction started in 2012 and the first phase opened on 1 September 2014, with service provided by eight Alstom Citadis Compact trams. An eastern extension of this line to Les Paluds, as well as a second line to La Penne-sur-Huveaune in the west, has been planned, with a long-term project to link the network to the Marseille tramway. In 2009, Aubagne made bus travel zero-fare, a scheme, subsequent expanded to the tramway since its opening; this makes the Aubagne tramway the first in the world to be free for all users. The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples began a conflict of succession as to who would become the head of the County of Provence.
The Union of Aix, a confederation of cities in the region of Provence, supported Charles, Duke of Durazzo, rather than Louis I, Duke of Anjou. By the spring of 1382 the Lord of Aubagne, François des Baux, supported the Duke of Anjou; this support was conditional upon the Duke helping to restore the queen to her throne. On 4 April 1402 in Brantes, at the foot of Mont Ventoux, in the presence of his wife Alix des Baux, Odon de Villars bestowed upon his nephew Philippe de Lévis the fiefs of Brantes and their dependencies: the Lordships of Saint-Marcel, Roquefort, le Castellet and Port-Miou which were dependencies of the barony of Aubagne, as well as La Fare-les-Oliviers, Éguilles. In return, Philippe de Lévis would be surety for Viscount Raymond of Turenne for the agreement between Odon de Villars, his wife Alix, himself. If Odon and Alix failed to respect the terms of the agreement, they would have to pay 50,000 florins to the viscount. Between 1965 and 2014, Aubagne has elected three Communist mayors: the municipal council is composed of communist and other left-leaning members.
Still, a significant portion of the population supports centre, right-of-centre, or far-right political positions. In the second round of elections in 1988, both a representative of the French Communist Party, Jean Tardito, a representative of the far-right National Front party, Joëlle Melin, were elected. Edmond Garcin, of the Community party, was elected mayor from 1965 to 1987. In 2001, the resignation of Jean Tardito brought Daniel Fontaine to the position of mayor. In 2008 there were 4 candidates in the first round of municipal elections: Daniel Fontaine for The United Left and a civil society, Sylvia Barthelemy for the UMP and the New Centre, Jean-Marie Orihuel for the Democratic Movement, Joëlle Melin for the National Front. In the second round the United Left, the Civil Society, the Democratic Movement joined together to form the Left Union list, renamed the "rainbow". In 2014, the mayorship shifted as Gérard Gazay was elected to the position of mayor after an alliance with Sylvia Barthelemy during the second round.
List of Successive Mayors Agenda 21 sets the terms and conditions for sustainable development in Aubagne which includes providing free public transit, offering a
La Bouilladisse is a commune in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of France. A small residential town of forestry, farming and a little light industry situated in the valley of the small river Merlançon, some 14 miles northeast of Marseille at the junction of the D8 with the D45e and D96 roads; the A52 autoroute skirts the south-western border of the commune’s territory. The commune was created on 6 July 1880 as La Bourine, when it was separated from the neighbouring village of Auriol, it adopted its current name on 20 January 1910. The church of St. Laurent, dating from the twentieth century; the chapel of La Bourine, dating from the eighteenth century. The two 18th century châteaux of Velin-Tournon and La Malvesine. Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department The département of Bouches-du-Rhône INSEE Official village website Annuaire Marie website Saint-Vitte on the Quid website
Carry-le-Rouet is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. Carry-le-Rouet is a seaside resort located 30 kilometres west of Marseille by highway A55 route D5, set at the foot of pine-covered hills; every year, from December to February, the famous "oursinades", a tasting of sea urchins and various shellfish which are ultra fresh and delicious, is held. Many connoisseurs take part in this festival. Comic actor Fernandel, who built his family's house above the beach in the 1930s; the singer Nina Simone, who lived out the last years of her life in Carry-le-Rouet and died at her home in 2003. Dietmannsried, Germany Busseto, Emilia-Romagna, Italy Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE Carry-le-Rouet town council website
Communes of France
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain; the United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered; the communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. Communes vary in size and area, from large sprawling cities with millions of inhabitants like Paris, to small hamlets with only a handful of inhabitants. Communes are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes, the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers.
Except for the municipal arrondissements of its largest cities, the communes are the lowest level of administrative division in France and are governed by elected officials with extensive autonomous powers to implement national policy. A commune is city, or other municipality. "Commune" in English has a historical bias, implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history. There is nothing intrinsically different between commune in French; the French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas; this is a higher total than that of any other European country, because French communes still reflect the division of France into villages or parishes at the time of the French Revolution. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes.
This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. There are only a few exceptions: COM of Saint-Martin, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe région. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Martin became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. COM of Wallis and Futuna, which still is divided according to the three traditional chiefdoms. COM of Saint Barthélemy, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe region. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Barthélemy became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. Furthermore, two regions without permanent habitation have no communes: TOM of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Clipperton Island in the Pacific Ocean In metropolitan France, the average area of a commune in 2004 was 14.88 square kilometres. The median area of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was smaller, at 10.73 square kilometres. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune.
This median area is smaller than that of most European countries. In Italy, the median area of communes is 22 km2. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France; the communes of France's overseas départements such as Réunion and French Guiana are large by French standards. They group into the same commune several villages or towns with sizeable distances among them. In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes; the median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. Again this is a small number, here France stands apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries; this small median population of French communes can be compared with Italy, where the median population of communes in 2001 was 2,343 inhabitants, Belgium, or Spain.
The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. As mentioned in the introduction, a commune can be a city of 2 million inhabitants such as Paris, a town of 10,000 inhabitants, or just a hamlet of 10 inhabitants. What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants. In metropolitan France just over 50 percent of the 36,683 communes have fewer than 500 inhabitants a
Cadolive is a commune situated east of Marseille at the eastern extremity of the Massif de l'Étoile between Peypin and Saint-Savournin in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France. Until 1900, it was considered a district of Saint-Savournin. Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE
Châteaurenard is a commune in the Arles arrondissement, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, in southern France. Châteaurenard is twinned with: Altenholz, Germany Villanova d'Asti, Italy Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE Town website
La Ciotat is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France. It is part of the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis. La Ciotat is located at about 25 km to the east of Marseille, at an equal distance from Marseille and Toulon, its inhabitants are called "Ciotadens" or "Ciotadennes". La Ciotat is called "La Ciutat" or "La Ciéutat" or Cióutat" in Occitan/Provençal/Catalan, meaning "the city", it became prominent in the 15th century. La Ciotat was the setting of one of the first projected motion pictures, L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat filmed by the Lumière brothers in 1895. After several private showings, the fifty-second long film was given a public screening on December 28, 1895, in Paris, the first recorded commercial public showing of a motion picture. According to the Institut Lumière, before its Paris premiere, the film was shown to invited audiences in several French cities, including La Ciotat, it was screened at the Eden Theater in September 1896, making that theater one of the first motion picture theaters.
Another three of the earliest Lumière films, Partie de cartes, l'Arroseur arrosé, Repas de bébé, were filmed in La Ciotat in 1895, at the Villa du Clos des Plages, the summer residence of the Lumière Brothers. In 1904 the Lumiere Brothers developed the world's first colour photographs in La Ciotat In 1907 Jules Le Noir invented the game of pétanque in La Ciotat, the first tournament was held there in 1910; the history of the game is documented in the Musée Ciotaden. La Ciotat has a large number of offices uptown; these include some big names such as Ball Packaging. These offices are a major source of employment and income for the local people through the transport and other services they require. Business travelers to La Ciotat drive the local hotel business, which otherwise depends on the tourism season; the primary mode of transport into La Ciotat is the train station, a ten minutes drive from the city centre. The SNCF train service between Marseille and Toulon stops at La Ciotat every hour during the day except for the mid-day one-hour break.
Most parts of La Ciotat are covered by its public transport bus service. Although buses are not frequent, given the small population of the city they serve their purpose; the train station is serviced by route no. 10, 21 and 40 which all go to the La Ciotat downtown station by different routes. Peak time of bus operations are from 8am to 5pm when people are working in the uptown offices of La Ciotat. After 8pm, buses cease their operation. Same is the case on weekends when buses are rare at the train station. Although taxis are available in La Ciotat, it is rare to hail one from the street and they have to be called in. Taxis are hard to hire before 7am and after 8pm. Most call taxis are operated by individuals and are not registered with a central call service number; the dynamics of public transport change during the summer when La Ciotat is visited by scores of tourists. At that time, more taxis service the area and buses operate more frequently; the centre has shopping malls along with branches of McDonald's.
Route 10 passes through the city centre on its way to downtown from the train station. La Ciotat has an artificial sand beach because of its rocky location; the beach is located downtown and is at walking distance from local market, the ship yards and the main bus station. The beach faces the Alps mountain regions on one side and the uphill commercial area on the other side. Most hotels and bars in La Ciotat are located on the same street. La Ciotat has ES La Ciotat, which plays at the Stade Jean Bouissou; the game pétanque was invented in La Ciotat in 1907. The municipal park of La Ciotat, the Parc du Mugel, located on the Anse deu Petit Mugel, is classified as one of the Notable Gardens of France by the French Ministry of Culture. Sheltered by the massive rock called "Le Bec D'Aigle", 155 meters high, it contains both a botanical garden of tropical plants and a nature preserve of native Provençal plants, covering the hillside below the rock; the town has an annual film festival in early June called the'Cinestival', revolves around a specific topic.
It has two other annual film related festivals, with a scriptwriter festival in April and an associated film conference'Berceau du cinema' around two weeks after Cinestival. La Ciotat is twinned with: Bridgwater, England – since 1957 Kranj, Slovenia – since 1958 Singen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany – since 1958 Torre Annunziata, Italy – since 2006 Battle of La Ciotat Calanque Corniche des Crêtes Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department List of works by Louis Botinelly INSEE La Ciotat Town Hall website La Ciotat Tourist Information Office website, Musée Ciotaden, La Ciotat International Nautical Exhibition