Île-de-France called the région parisienne, contains the city of Paris, is the most populous of the 18 regions of France. It covers 12,012 square kilometres, or two percent of the national territory, has official estimated population of 12,213,364 as of January 1, 2019, or 18.2% of the population of France. The region accounts for nearly 30 percent of the French Gross Domestic Product; the region is made up of eight administrative departments: Paris, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Seine-et-Marne, Val-de-Marne, Val-d'Oise and Yvelines. It was created as the "District of the Paris Region" in 1961 renamed in 1976 after the historic province of Île-de-France, when its status was aligned with the other French administrative regions created in 1972. Residents are sometimes referred to an administrative word created in the 1980s; the GDP of the region in 2016 was €681 billion. It has the highest per-capita GDP among regions in France and the third-highest of regions in the European Union. In 2018 all of the twenty-eight French companies listed in the Fortune Global 500 had their headquarters in the Paris region.
Besides the landmarks of Paris, the region has many important historic sites, including the Palace of Versailles and the Palace of Fontainebleau, as well as the most-visited tourist attraction in France, Disneyland Paris. Although the modern name Île-de-France means "Island of France", the etymology is in fact unclear; the "island" may refer to the land between the rivers Oise and Seine, or it may have been a reference to the Île de la Cité, where the French royal palace and cathedral were located. The Île-de-France was inhabited by the Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. One of the area's major north–south trade routes crossed the Seine on the île de la Cité; the Parisii minted their own coins for that purpose. The Romans began their settlement on Paris's Left Bank, it became a prosperous city with a forum, temples, an amphitheatre. Christianity was introduced in the middle of the 3rd century AD by Saint Denis, the first Bishop of Paris: according to legend, when he refused to renounce his faith before the Roman occupiers, he was beheaded on the hill which became known as Mons Martyrum "Montmartre", from where he walked headless to the north of the city.
As the Frankish domination of Gaul began, there was a gradual immigration by the Franks to Paris and the Parisian Francien dialects were born. Fortification of the Île-de-la-Citie failed to avert sacking by Vikings in 845, but Paris's strategic importance—with its bridges preventing ships from passing—was established by successful defence in the Siege of Paris. In 987, Hugh Capet, Count of Paris and Duke of the Franks, was elected King of the Franks. Under the rule of the Capetian kings, Paris became the largest and most prosperous city in France; the Kings of France enjoyed getting away from Paris and hunting in the game-filled forests of the region. They built palatial hunting lodges, most notably Palace of Fontainebleau and the Palace of Versailles. From the time of Louis XIV until the French Revolution, Versailles was the official residence of the Kings and the seat of the French government; the Ile-de-France became the term used for the territory of Paris and the surrounding province, administered directly by the King.
During the French Revolution, the royal provinces were abolished and divided into departments, the city and region were governed directly by the national government. In the period after World War II, as Paris faced a major housing shortage, hundreds of massive apartment blocks for low-income residents were built around the edges of Paris. In the 1950s and the 1960s, Many thousands of immigrants settled in the communes bordering the city. In 1959, under President Charles De Gaulle, a new region was created out of six departments, which corresponded with the historic region, with the name District de la région de Paris. On 6 May 1976, as part of the process of regionalisation, the district was reconstituted and increased administrative and political powers and renamed the Île-de-France region. Île-de-France has a land area of 12,011 km2. It is composed of eight départements centered on Paris. Around the département of Paris, urbanization fills a first concentric ring of three departments known as the petite couronne, extends into a second outer ring of four départements known as the grande couronne.
The former département of Seine, abolished in 1968, included the city proper and parts of the petite couronne. The petite couronne consists of the départements of Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, the grande couronne of those of Seine-et-Marne, Yvelines and Val-d'Oise. Politically, the region is divided into 8 départements, 25 arrondissements, 155 cantons and 1 276 communes, out of the total of 35 416 in metropolitan France, The outer parts of the Ile-de-France remain rural. Agriculture land and natu
Blaru is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. Communes of the Yvelines department INSEE
Boissets is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. Communes of the Yvelines department INSEE
Aubergenville is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. It is located in the valley of the Seine; this city is located near the Côteau de Montgardé on the road to Normandy. At the time tradition, marked by the installation in Versailles of Monarchy, three fields structured the commune: The field of Acosta, in 1661, was acquired by Mr. de Mannevillette, who build the castle as well as the two houses located on both sides of the town. In 1671, a great number of trees were planted in the park of the castle: charms, elms, wild cherry trees, chestnuts and 400 fir trees, it is into 1758. The field of Garenne which extends close to the river was in the beginning a vast flanked middle-class house of an important farmer. Around 1766, it was transformed into a castle, its new owner acquires a great number of pieces of historical information and items, unique to the field. The field of Montgardé of which, in 1416, was purchased by the chapter of Notre Dame de Paris. In the 15th century, the old farm was converted into a middle-class house and became the residence of the lords of Nézel after the destruction of their castle.
The destiny of Aubergenville was marked by the French Revolution by law of 2 November 1789, which removes the monastic orders and declares property national all the goods of the clergy. With the passing of years, constructions became more consequent until the residents were able to build larger houses, suitable for starting larger families. A rural world settled and their life was changed by the great events which marked France from around 1400 AD to 1900 AD and of the more pleasant events at the local level. In 1780, the construction of the royal road between Mantes and Saint-Germain introduced the first and strongest lines to other villages and cities; the removal of certain grounds to the profit of roads pushed the inhabitants to find a solution to reduce the damage. They proposed a modification of its recovery by complaining to the council; this would have had the advantage of generating an increase of people to the town. Instead of that, the village tended to move away from the road to avoid this happening.
In 1843, the railway from Paris to Rouen was constructed. With the origin, the station of Aubergenville was equipped only with one stop for travellers. Following these evolutions, the council built a number of industrial buildings and houses to accommodate the great number of varied industrial activities. On 10 May 1944, a Royal Air Force Lancaster airplane crashed in Aubergenville. Seven airmen are buried in Aubergenville cemetery. After the war there was the local ways of life; the Renault factory was established in Flins in 1952 and Aubergenville saw its population multiplied by 5 in 20 years. Aubergenville passed from the stage of borough to that of city. Located at 80% on the territory of Aubergenville, the factory bears the name of Flins all the same; the site was retained to share the ideal situation for the time. The barges could bring weighty materials, the motorway of the west was born and allowed faster connections with the head office of Boulogne-Billancourt; the colossal size of the Renault factory and the brief history which precedes made it possible to appreciate the extent of the repercussions which appear on the territory.
It is necessary to build all the equipment necessary to the employees and their families. Kévin Afougou, footballer Tony Diagne, footballer Sébastien Schuller, Musician Aubergenville is twinned with: Bełchatów in Poland Alcobaça in Portugal Dieburg in Germany Horndean in England Communes of the Yvelines department INSEE
Andelu is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. Communes of the Yvelines department INSEE
Bourdonné is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. Communes of the Yvelines department INSEE
Bazemont is a commune in the Yvelines department in Île-de-France France. It is situated 18 Km South East of the town of Mantes-la-Jolie. Bazemont means "la Baso's Mountain. Les chênes Sainte Colombe et bois de Sainte Colomb la Mare Plate chapelle du Roncé carrefour de la vallée route à Mayeul le château de Bisouter Beulle carrefour de la Cockejoie l’orme Philippien la vallée Boule la Malmaison la Roise la Vallée Rogère le Déluge le Poirier à Cheval les Petites Aunes les Vingt Arpents les Grands Jardins la Pie. Communes of the Yvelines department INSEE