Saint-Charles-Borromée, Quebec is a municipality in southwest-central Quebec, Canada on the Rivière l'Assomption. It is in Joliette Regional County Municipality, it is home to the heritage house "Maison Antoine-Lacombe", which holds many expositions through the year. It is home to the "Centre Saint-Jean-Bosco" which annually hosts the "Mémoires et Racines" festival for folk music from various countries and from Quebec; the town takes its name from its original Roman Catholic parish, Saint-Charles-Borromée. The parish's name, in turn, derives from the French name of an Italian Roman Catholic prelate, Charles Borromeo, the archbishop of Milan, who founded Roman Catholic order of the Oblates, became a canonised saint, in the Roman Catholic calendar. In 1832, Barthelemy Joliette built a sawmill and a flour mill on the banks of the l'Assomption river, he was soon followed by pioneers from Saint-Ambroise-de Kildare, Saint-Paul, Sainte-Melanie, who began to clear the area. There has, since 1840, the founding of the parish of Saint-Charles-Borromee, whose canonical occurred in 1843.
Two years it's the foundation of Saint-Charles-Borromee-du-Village-d'Industrie, parish municipality at the origin of Joliette which decided to separate itself from the rest of the town in 1864 and was firstly named L'Industrie. It is territory became part of the Berthier county; the parish municipality of Saint-Charles-Borromee will be created in 1855. In 1864 when Joliette was erected, Saint-Charles-Borromee was amputated of an important part of his town but still covered a large area. In 1870 the parish of Saint-Alphonse-de-Liguori took a small part of the western part of the town. In 1915, Joliette decided to explain is territory within Saint-Charles-Borromee at north and at the south. In 1956 The eastern part of the l'Assomption river decided to separate itself from Saint-Charles-Borromee and became Nortre-Dame-des-Prairies and in 1957, The southern part of Saint-Charles-Borromee decided to separate itself and became the parish municipality of Saint-Charles-Borromée-Sud, which merged with Joliette and became known with the name of "Quartier Base-de-Roc" and "Carrefour du Vieux-Moulin".
This section included the present location of the "Galleries Joliette". The last part of Saint-Charles-Borromée known as "La Cité de Joliette" merge with Joliette in 1963; the town became the municipality of Saint-Charles-Borromée in 1986. The choice for this name came from Barthelemy Joliette whose wife, Marie-Charlotte Tarieu Taillant de Lanaudière, has been implied with the construction of the local church; the town was supposed to be named after her but there was no Sainte-Charlotte so they decided to masculinize the name, the one of Saint-Charles-Borromee The CTJM deserve the area with public buses from 6:20 to 22:10 every week days and from 7:50 to 18:35 every week end days. There is 51 bus stop covering the city, including 7 bus shelter. All of them are connecting with Joliette's terminus on rue Fabre; this terminus will soon be moved to a safer area: rue Saint-Louis, Joliette, in front of the courthouse. The town most northern bus stop is situated on the corner of rue de la Visitation and rue du Curé-M.-Neyron The Health and Social Services centre of Northern Lanaudiere known as the CHRDL, is the regional hospital deserving the northern part of Lanaudiere.
It is situated in the south part of Saint-Charles-Borromee. Commission scolaire des Samares operates francophone public schools. École secondaire de l'Espace-Jeunesse Saint-Charles-Borromée is the home of two francophone elementary schools: École Lorenzo-Gauthier— Rose-des-Vents, situated on rue Deschênes and École de l'Espace-Jeunesse, situated on boulevard Sainte-Anne. The first one serves the western part of the town; the second one serves the eastern part. The Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates anglophone public schools, including: Joliette Elementary SchoolOn February 24, 2010, it was decided to transfer Joliette Elementary School from Saint-Paul to Saint-Charles-Borromée in a piece of land on the boulevard l'Assomption Ouest, at the corner of rue Pierre-de-Coubertin; this will be the only one in the county. Joliette High School in Joliette Mirianne Brûlé, actress List of municipalities in Quebec Town of Saint-Charles-Borromée Festival Mémoires et Racines
Crabtree is a municipality in the Lanaudière region of Quebec, part of the Joliette Regional County Municipality. It is located along a right tributary of the L'Assomption River; the most interesting local attraction is the Trou de Fée, a cave on the west bank of the Ouareau River. The area began to be populated at the end of the 18th century. In 1845, the first saw mills were built along the Ouareau River, but didn't survive for long as they were washed away by spring floods; the real impetus for the town's development came in 1905 when Edwin Crabtree bought land in what would become the centre of the municipality to build a paper mill. He founded the Edwin Crabtree and Sons Ltd. and built the mill along the Ouareau River to take advantage of its hydraulic power. A year the post office opened under the name "Crabtree Mills". In 1912, the mill was rebuilt within a year. A small village grew near the mill, including the so-called "English Street" with its residences for the managers, boarding house, the entertainment hall "Beaver S Club", tennis court and park.
A dam on the Ouareau River was built in 1917-18. Edwin Crabtree and Sons Ltd. joined the Howard Smith Paper Mills group, the plant was modernized. Today Kruger Products operates the mill. In 1921, the Parish of Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus was formed, on December 27 of that year, it was civilly incorporated as the Parish Municipality of Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus. Kay Crabtree was the first mayor. On July 1, 1922, the School Commission of the Parish of Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus-de-Crabtree was established. On March 9, 1930, the mill workers formed the Syndicat National des Travailleurs de la Pulpe et du Papier, one of the oldest unions affiliated with the paper and forestry sector of the Confederation of National Labour Unions. For a long time the place was identified with the extended name Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus-de-Crabtree-Mills. In 1945, the village itself separated from the parish municipality and was incorporated as the Municipality of Crabtree. In 1991, Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus was renamed to Sacré-Cœur-de-Crabtree to avoid confusion with a municipality in the Beauce by the same name.
On October 23, 1996, both places were merged into the new Municipality of Crabtree. Population trend: Population in 2011: 3887 Population in 2006: 3441 Population in 2001: 3330 Population in 1996: Crabtree: 2339 Sacré-Coeur-de-Crabtree: 1160 Population in 1991: Crabtree: 2157 Sacré-Coeur-de-Crabtree: 1143Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1573 Mother tongue: English as first language: 1.5% French as first language: 97.7% English and French as first language: 0.5% Other as first language: 0.3% Commission scolaire des Samares operates francophone public schools, including: École Sacré-Coeur-de-JésusThe Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates anglophone public schools, including: Joliette Elementary School in Saint-Charles-Borromée Joliette High School in Joliette List of municipalities in Quebec
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum. In many contexts, potato refers to the edible tuber, but it can refer to the plant itself. Common or slang terms include tater and spud. Potatoes were introduced to Europe in the second half of the 16th century by the Spanish. Today they are a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world's food supply; as of 2014, potatoes were the world's fourth-largest food crop after maize and rice. Wild potato species can be found from the United States to southern Chile; the potato was believed to have been domesticated independently in multiple locations, but genetic testing of the wide variety of cultivars and wild species traced a single origin for potatoes. In the area of present-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia, from a species in the Solanum brevicaule complex, potatoes were domesticated 7,000–10,000 years ago. In the Andes region of South America, where the species is indigenous, some close relatives of the potato are cultivated.
Following millennia of selective breeding, there are now over 1,000 different types of potatoes. Over 99% of presently cultivated potatoes worldwide descended from varieties that originated in the lowlands of south-central Chile, which have displaced popular varieties from the Andes; the importance of the potato as a food source and culinary ingredient varies by region and is still changing. It remains an essential crop in Europe eastern and central Europe, where per capita production is still the highest in the world, while the most rapid expansion in production over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia, with China and India leading the world in overall production as of 2014. Being a nightshade similar to tomatoes, the vegetative and fruiting parts of the potato contain the toxin solanine and are not fit for human consumption. Normal potato tubers that have been grown and stored properly produce glycoalkaloids in amounts small enough to be negligible to human health, but if green sections of the plant are exposed to light, the tuber can accumulate a high enough concentration of glycoalkaloids to affect human health.
The English word potato comes from Spanish patata. The Spanish Royal Academy says the Spanish word is a hybrid of the Taíno batata and the Quechua papa; the name referred to the sweet potato although the two plants are not related. The 16th-century English herbalist John Gerard referred to sweet potatoes as "common potatoes", used the terms "bastard potatoes" and "Virginia potatoes" for the species we now call "potato". In many of the chronicles detailing agriculture and plants, no distinction is made between the two. Potatoes are referred to as "Irish potatoes" or "white potatoes" in the United States, to distinguish them from sweet potatoes; the name spud for a small potato comes from the digging of soil prior to the planting of potatoes. The word has an unknown origin and was used as a term for a short knife or dagger related to the Latin "spad-" a word root meaning "sword", it subsequently transferred over to a variety of digging tools. Around 1845, the name transferred to the tuber itself, the first record of this usage being in New Zealand English.
The origin of the word "spud" has erroneously been attributed to an 18th-century activist group dedicated to keeping the potato out of Britain, calling itself The Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet. It was Mario Pei's 1949 The Story of Language. Pei writes, "the potato, for its part, was in disrepute some centuries ago; some Englishmen who did not fancy potatoes formed a Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet. The initials of the main words in this title gave rise to spud." Like most other pre-20th century acronymic origins, this is false, there is no evidence that a Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet existed. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering and tuber formation, they bear white, red, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens. In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins.
Potatoes are cross-pollinated by insects such as bumblebees, which carry pollen from other potato plants, though a substantial amount of self-fertilizing occurs as well. Tubers form in response to decreasing day length, although this tendency has been minimized in commercial varieties. After flowering, potato plants produce small green fruits that resemble green cherry tomatoes, each containing about 300 seeds. Like all parts of the plant except the tubers, the fruit contain the toxic alkaloid solanine and are therefore unsuitable for consumption. All new potato varieties are grown from seeds called "true potato seed", "TPS" or "botanical seed" to distinguish it from seed tubers. New varieties grown from seed can be propagated vegetatively by planting tubers, pieces of tubers cut to include at least one or two eyes, or cuttings, a practice used in greenhouses for the production of healthy seed tubers. Plants propagated from tubers are clones of the parent, whereas those propagated from seed produce a range of different varieties.
There are about 5,000 potato varieties worldwide. Three thousand of them are found in the Andes alone in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, they belong to eight or nine species, dependin
Lavaltrie is a city located within the D'Autray Regional County Municipality in the southern part of the region of Lanaudière, Canada, northeast of Montreal outside the suburban sprawl of the northern crown. The population was 13,267 as of the Canada 2011 Census within a land surface area of about 70 square kilometres, with the majority of the territory being used for agricultural activities.. The origins of Lavaltrie go back to the 17th century. Jean Talon, the intendant of New France, gave parcels of land to various lords; the land where Lavaltrie is now situated was given to a lieutenant, Sieur la Valtrie, by Talon in 1672. In the 18th century, land occupants built a new roadway along the Saint Lawrence River linking Montreal and Quebec City, named the Chemin Du Roy and now known as Quebec Route 138. For many decades, Lavaltrie was located in the centre of a large series of manors owned by lords intended to develop the agricultural sector. A rural area until the second half of the 20th century, Lavaltrie has developed due to the growing suburbs of Montreal.
Lavaltrie's location near Autoroute 40 and Route 138 gives easy access to Montreal and the northern crown area of the Greater Montreal area. A-40 gives Lavaltrie direct links to Trois-Rivières and Quebec City to the east and Ottawa to the west. Autoroute 31 and Route 131 which ends at the junction of the A-40 in Lavaltrie gives the area easy access to more remote and rural regions of the Lanaudière region; however though located beside the Saint Lawrence River on its north, the city does not have a direct access to the south with the closest links being Autoroute 25 via the Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Tunnel in Montreal to the west or the Berthierville-Sorel ferry to the east. Source: Jean Claude Gravel Commission scolaire des Samares operates francophone public schools: École primaire de la Source École primaire des Eaux-Vives École primaire Jean-Chrysostôme-Chaussé École primaire des Amis-Soleils École Secondaire de la RiveThe Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates anglophone public schools, including: Joliette Elementary School in Saint-Charles-Borromée Joliette High School in Joliette Télesphore Saint-PierreList of municipalities in Quebec Website of the City of Lavaltrie
Joliette is a city in southwest Quebec, Canada. It is 50 kilometres northeast of Montreal, on the L'Assomption River and is the seat of the Regional County Municipality of Joliette; the city is home to the Joliette Art Museum, whose works of art include paintings, paper artwork and a large collection of art from the French Middle Ages. Joliette has 3 francophone high schools and 1 anglophone high school, as well as the Joliette campus of the Cégep régional de Lanaudière, it was founded as L'Industrie by businessman Barthélemy Joliette in 1823 and was incorporated as a city in 1863. The city's economy is in the manufacturing and service sectors; the largest gravel manufacturer in the area, Graybec, is located in Joliette and exploits a huge quarry just outside the city. Joliette is the seat of the judicial district of Joliette. Joliette Institution for Women, a prison of the Correctional Service of Canada, is in this town. Post-secondary: Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Joliette - Collège Constituant de JolietteCommission scolaire des Samares operates Francophone public schools.
Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them. The plant is part of the genus Nicotiana and of the Solanaceae family. While more than 70 species of tobacco are known, the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum. The more potent variant N. rustica is used around the world. Tobacco contains the alkaloid nicotine, a stimulant, harmala alkaloids. Dried tobacco leaves are used for smoking in cigarettes, pipe tobacco, flavored shisha tobacco, they can be consumed as snuff, chewing tobacco, dipping tobacco and snus. Tobacco use is a risk factor for many diseases. In 2008, the World Health Organization named tobacco as the world's single greatest preventable cause of death; the English word "tobacco" originates from the Spanish and Portuguese word "tabaco". The precise origin of this word is disputed, but it is thought to have derived at least in part, from Taino, the Arawakan language of the Caribbean. In Taino, it was said to mean either a roll of tobacco leaves or to tabago, a kind of L-shaped pipe used for sniffing tobacco smoke.
However coincidentally, similar words in Spanish and Italian were used from 1410 to define medicinal herbs believed to have originated from the Arabic طُبّاق ṭubbāq, a word dating to the 9th century, as a name for various herbs. Tobacco has long been used in the Americas, with some cultivation sites in Mexico dating back to 1400–1000 BC. Many Native American tribes have traditionally used tobacco. Eastern North American tribes carried tobacco in pouches as a accepted trade item, as well as smoking it, both and ceremonially, such as to seal a peace treaty or trade agreement. In some populations, tobacco is seen as a gift from the Creator, with the ceremonial tobacco smoke carrying one's thoughts and prayers to the Creator. Following the arrival of the Europeans to the Americas, tobacco became popular as a trade item. Hernández de Boncalo, Spanish chronicler of the Indies, was the first European to bring tobacco seeds to the Old World in 1559 following orders of King Philip II of Spain; these seeds were planted in the outskirts of Toledo, more in an area known as "Los Cigarrales" named after the continuous plagues of cicadas.
Before the development of the lighter Virginia and white burley strains of tobacco, the smoke was too harsh to be inhaled. Small quantities were smoked at a time, using a pipe like the midwakh or kiseru or smoking newly invented waterpipes such as the bong or the hookah. Tobacco became so popular that the English colony of Jamestown used it as currency and began exporting it as a cash crop; the alleged benefits of tobacco account for its considerable success. The astronomer Thomas Harriot, who accompanied Sir Richard Grenville on his 1585 expedition to Roanoke Island, explains that the plant "openeth all the pores and passages of the body" so that the natives’ "bodies are notably preserved in health, know not many grievous diseases, wherewithal we in England are times afflicted." Tobacco smoking and snuffing became a major industry in Europe and its colonies by 1700. Tobacco has been a major cash crop in Cuba and in other parts of the Caribbean since the 18th century. Cuban cigars are world-famous.
In the late 19th century, cigarettes became popular. James Bonsack created a machine that automated cigarette production; this increase in production allowed tremendous growth in the tobacco industry until the health revelations of the late-20th century. Following the scientific revelations of the mid-20th century, tobacco became condemned as a health hazard, became encompassed as a cause for cancer, as well as other respiratory and circulatory diseases. In the United States, this led to the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement, which settled the lawsuit in exchange for a combination of yearly payments to the states and voluntary restrictions on advertising and marketing of tobacco products. In the 1970s, Brown & Williamson cross-bred a strain of tobacco to produce Y1; this strain of tobacco contained an unusually high amount of nicotine, nearly doubling its content from 3.2-3.5% to 6.5%. In the 1990s, this prompted the Food and Drug Administration to use this strain as evidence that tobacco companies were intentionally manipulating the nicotine content of cigarettes.
In 2003, in response to growth of tobacco use in developing countries, the World Health Organization rallied 168 countries to sign the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The convention is designed to push for effective legislation and its enforcement in all countries to reduce the harmful effects of tobacco; this led to the development of tobacco cessation products. Many species of tobacco are in the genus of herbs Nicotiana, it is part of the nightshade family indigenous to North and South America, south west Africa, the South Pacific. Most nightshades contain varying amounts of a powerful neurotoxin to insects. However, tobaccos tend to contain a much higher concentration of nicotine than the others. Unlike many other Solanaceae species, they do not contain tropane alkaloids, which are poisonous to humans and other animals. Despite containing enough nicotine and other compounds such as germacrene and anabasine and other piperidine alkaloids to deter most herbivores, a number of such animals have evolved
Area codes 450 and 579
Area codes 450 and 579 are telephone area codes in the Canadian province of Quebec, encompassing the off-island suburbs of Montreal, served by area codes 514 and 438. Among the cities served by area code 450 are Laval; the communities of Ormstown, Boucherville, Roussillon, Saint-Hyacinthe, Chambly, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu and Vaudreuil-Dorion are part of this area code. The 450 area code is shared by several small communities in an adjacent part of Ontario: some landline customers in Chute-à-Blondeau, near Pointe-Fortune have +1-450-451-xxxx numbers from the Rigaud phone exchange. 514 had served the entire Montreal area for over half a century. However, by the mid-1990s it was on the verge of exhaustion due to Montreal's rapid growth and Canada's inefficient system of number allocation. All Canadian competitive local exchange carriers are allocated blocks of 10,000 numbers for every rate centre where they plan to offer service in the smallest hamlets. Though most rate centres don't need nearly that many numbers, a number can't be reallocated elsewhere once assigned to a carrier and rate centre.
This resulted in thousands of wasted numbers. By the latter years of the 20th century, this made a second area code necessary in Canada's second-largest toll-free calling zone. 450 entered service in 1998. It surrounds 514, confined to the Island of Montreal and a few surrounding islands. For this reason, Montrealers sometimes refer to the off-island suburbs as "les 450", much like the suburbs of Toronto are called "the 905." On May 7, 2009, the CRTC ruled that area code 438, used as an overlay for 514 since 2006, would be extended to overlay both 450 and 514. However, a decision revised it and ruled that 579 would overlay 450 on its own, effective August 21, 2010. On May 2, 2011 a prepaid mobile telephone registered to "Pierre Poutine, Separatist Street, Joliette" at 760-7746 on Bell Mobility's "Virgin" service played a key role in a robocall scandal in which voters in Guelph, Ontario were inundated with calls directing them to the wrong polling station; the main incumbent local exchange carrier for 450/579 is Bell Canada.
The main competitive local exchange carriers for 450/579 are Telus. There are independent companies as well. Acton Vale: 236 366 406 546 642 Baie-du-Febvre: 783 Beauharnois: 225 268 270 277 289 351 395 429 617 Bedford: 203 248 590 433 Beloeil: 262 281 339 446 464 467 527 536 600 714 813 864 229 600 883 949 Berthierville: 836 263 358 Boucherville: 274 300 356 363 449 552 641 645 650 655 857 868 891 906 215 230 882 900 Bromont: 534 726 919 Brossard: 443 444 445 462 465 466 486 604 619 656 659 671 672 676 678 812 890 902 904 923 926 723 Brownsburg: 407 533 856 Chambly: 279 403 447 489 572 593 658 700 715 982 220 885 Châteauguay: 201 287 507 691 692 698 699 716 844 977 288 860 977 Chomedey: 231 238 497 505 506 680 681 682 686 687 688 781 828 902 910 934 973 978 988 231 252 679 929 934 Clarenceville: 294 Contrecœur: 392 401 503 573 587 Coteau-du-Lac: 308 316 740 763 Coteau-Landing: 217 267 739 913 Cowansville: 260 263 266 306 815 931 955 216 Crabtree: 389 607 754 264 Dunham: 284 295 814 738 Eastman: 297 437 739 Farnham: 293 337 554 946 Franklin Centre: 827 530 Frelighsburg: 298 440 Granby: 204 305 320 330 360 361 372 375 378 405 521 522 525 531 558 574 577 578 762 770 775 776 777 830 877 915 956 991 994 232 361 488 589 595 787 Hemmingford: 247 636 Henryville: 299 722 Howick: 237 353 603 825 Hudson: 202 309 458 853 Huntingdon: 264 957 Joliette: 271 365 386 394 398 404 421 499 559 750 751 752 753 755 756 757 758 759 760 803 867 875 898 916 917 944 960 244 248 337 500 Knowlton: 242 243 438 786 Lachute: 207 331 409 495 562 566 612 613 Lacolle: 246 604 431 Lanoraie: 887 261 865 Laprairie: 282 444 619 659 695 724 800 874 907 984 221 800 869 886 Laval-Est: 232 239 315 639 666 720 861 218 939 979 Laval-Ouest: 233 241 314 627 634 689 719 860 962 969 219 379 989 Lavaltrie: 368 540 541 547 576 586 608 935 260 Lawrenceville: 535 Le Gardeur: 470 580 581 582 585 654 657 704 721 841 932 233 259 L'Épiphanie-L'Assomption: 588 589 591 705 713 749 938 262 Les Cèdres: 200 317 452 737 Longueuil: 286 321 332 396 442 448 463 468 616 626 640 646 647 651 670 674 677 679 693 748 876 892 912 928 999 214 234 274 721 799 881 999 Mansonville: 292 788 Marieville: 460 708 725 900 222 400 859 Mascouche: 313 325 417 474 477 722 769 918 966 968 235 Mirabel-Aéroport: 307 476 595 478 Mirabel-Saint-Augustin: 414 475 597 858 Mirabel-Sainte-Scholastique: 258 412 594 838 Morin Heights: 226 644 Napierville: 245 570 430 Notre-Dame-de-Stanbridge: 296 334 Oka: 415 479 596 828 Ormstown: 829 843 Pierreville: 345 568 Pont-Viau: 256 328 453 490 557 575 629 662 663 667 668 669 696 697 786 863 901 903 933 967 972 975 980 981 236 300 779 919 Rawdon: 333 834 865 882 258 864 Rigaud: 206 318 451 738 227 Rivière-Beaudette: 269 605 Roxton Falls: 548 247 Saint-Liboire: 793 245 Shawbridge: 224 335 643 996 Sorel: 249 352 494 517 551 556 561 730 742 743 746 780 808 846 855 880 881 899 908 943 954 243 249 Saint-Aimé: 788 Saint-Alphonse-de-Rodriguez: 220 850 883 Saint-André Est: 528 537 Saint-Barthélemy: 842 885 Saint-Bl