Congregation of Sisters of St. Agnes
The Congregation of Sisters of Saint Agnes is a Catholic religious institute for women founded in 1858 and named in honor of Saint Agnes. The Motherhouse is located in Wisconsin within the Archdiocese of Milwaukee; the Congregation of Sisters of St. Agnes was founded in Barton, Wisconsin, on August 12, 1858. Father Caspar Rehrl, an Austrian missionary, established a sisterhood of pioneer women under the patronage of St. Agnes of Rome to whom he had a special devotion. At first the group suffered such untold hardship that, for a few months in 1861, it was reduced to one blind sister; the arrival of Mary Hazotte in 1863 gave the fledgling community a new life and leadership when she, in 1864 at the age of 17, was elected general superior. Mother Agnes Hazotte directed the move from Barton to Fond du Lac, WI, in 1870 and served as the community's leader until her death in 1905. In 1870, Father Francis Haas became the spiritual director of the community and assisted in revising the original rule.
These three founders paved the ways for expansion. Today vowed members of the Congregation minister throughout the United States and Nicaragua. Catholic women who profess the vows of celibate chastity and obedience are known as vowed members. Women and men of any religious background who are single, married, or divorced and desire to live out the Congregation's mission without professing the three vows are known as Associates. Vowed members are involved in the work of education, health care, social services, community service, church ministry, retreat ministry, prison ministry and wellness, non-profit service; the Congregation sponsors Marian University in Wisconsin. Margaret Lorimer, Ordinary Sisters: The Story of the Sisters of St. Agnes, Action Printing, 2007. ISBN 978-0-9769983-1-0 OCLC 180852464 Congregation of Sisters of St. Agnes official website
Saint Agnes (Massimo Stanzione)
Saint Agnes is a painting exhibited at the National Art Museum of Catalonia. A three-quarter length depiction of Agnes of Rome shows the saint in direct communication with God, her head is raised, her mouth half open, the fingers of her hand are spread open over her heart while with her other hand she caresses the Mystic Lamb. Her neckline shifts sideways to reveal part of her shoulder, the highest degree of eroticism in the work of Stanzione; the work was attributed to Massimo Stanzione in 1954 by José Milicua, who viewed it in the collection of Tomás Harris at that time. The work made its way to the collection of Santiago Espona who bequested it to the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya in November 1958. 1958 Barcelona p.11 Cat #78 1963 Barcelona P.16 1987 Girona p.48 Cat #46 1989 Barcelona p.49 Cat #46 1998 Palma p.114 Cat #32 In attributing this painting to Stanzione, José Milicua offers comparisons between this painting and another portrayal of the same saint by Stanzione which belonged to the Laliccia Collection in Naples which makes use of the same model and is differentiated only by a slight turn of the model's head.
In both paintings, Stanzione has dispensed with the halo and palm leaf, omissions that are common in Neapolitan painting of the 1600s. Although lacking the traditional external signs of sainthood, her status as one of God's elect is evidenced in the raised head and upturned eyes, an open mouth, the hand with fingers spread over the heart; the block of stone closing off a corner of the composition is a device used in Neapolitan painting of this century. However, in the case of Saint Agnes, the stone block serves to represent the altar on which the Agnus Dei, or sacrificial lamb is placed. Stuck to the back of the canvas are some lines of poetry in English in praise of Saint Agnes, cut from printed matter which looks like it might be from the nineteenth century or earlier. L´esplendor de la pintura del barroc: mecenatge català al Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya: Museu Nacional d'Art de Cataluyna, maig de 1996 / Maria Margarita Cuyàs. Barcelona: Museu Nacional d'Art de Cataluyna, 1996 p. 96-97 Massimo Stanzione: L´Opera completa, Nàpolis by S. Schütze, 1992 p. 208 Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya - Saint Agnes Google Art Project - Saint Agnes 1635-1640
St Agnes Place
St Agnes Place was a squatted street in Kennington, south London, which resisted eviction orders for more than 30 years. When a number of derelict houses were scheduled for demolition to extend Kennington Park in 1969, squatters occupied the properties and a High Court injunction prevented the demolition; the street was run by a housing cooperative until 2005, when Lambeth London Borough Council obtained an eviction order. Demolition was completed in 2007. On June 1, 1969, house number 54 was the first to be squatted; the council had planned to demolish it for the extension to Kennington Park. The derelict buildings were rebuilt by the squatters. An attempt to evict it in 1977 was resisted on the rooftops. An emergency High Court injunction, obtained by solicitors in Lambeth Law Centre, ordered the demolition to stop; the resulting furore and publicity on a national scale prevented further demolition, led to the fall of the Conservative Council, the resignation of Councillor Stimpson, the leader of the council.
A block of buildings were demolished either side of the road, some were badly damaged and scaffolded. But a large central block on both sides of the road were untouched, were in occupation on the day of the attempted demolition, thereafter; some damaged ones were renovated again by the residents, made habitable i.e. one was re-roofed, several were re-wired and had basic services restored. The residents of St Agnes paid utility bills and for several years were run by a housing cooperative with diverse occupancy. In November 2005, Lambeth London Borough Council obtained a High Court of Justice order to evict the residents of 21 properties; this mass eviction was completed on 30 November 2005. According to a resident in 2005: "It's evolved into a unique community in London. You can walk out of people's houses here. It's a safe street. There's no mugging here. I think there is a lot of things society as a whole could learn from the way we live here."There were several community projects at St Agnes Place: Housing the homeless A social centre at house #60 Free parties Studios for musicians and artists Pirate radio: The street hosted Wireless FM and another station, Rasta FM, was raided by Ofcom in October 2005.
Rastafari community. Bob Marley stayed at the street on several occasions in the 1970s. Rastafari Temple Lambeth Council obtained a possession order in 2003 and the squatters failed in their attempt to gain adverse possession; some squatters were threatened with 30 years of Council Tax, with the Council claiming it had lost over £4million in unpaid rent and taxes. There were a few dates given to the squatters in the summer of 2003 for them to leave when bailiffs would be arriving. Many of the residents moved out and a number of protesters associated with anti-capitalist and travellers movements moved in. Barricades were built and the bailiffs came and left making no attempt to evict anyone. Nothing more happened regarding the eviction until Autumn 2005 when firstly, the council obtained a demolition order for the street. Secondly, a new court order was issued by the council: The possession orders obtained in 2003 were still valid but the warrants to execute the court order had expired; this new court case was to firstly issue fresh warrants and secondly to have the execution of these warrants handled by the High Court rather than the County Court.
This meant. A massive eviction happened on Tuesday, 30 November 2005 by two hundred bailiffs and police wearing riot gear. There was not much resistance and most people just wanted to avoid any confrontation but wanted to be thrown out rather than leave as a matter of principle; the street was swept and tidied by residents prior to the arrival of the police and banners put up criticising the council Liberal Democrat councillor Keith Fitchett who described the residents as "parasites". However, one of the squats on the far end of the street remained in place for another year and a half - the Rastafari temple, it was separated by a large gap from the other houses in the street. The council expressed the intention of coming to some sort of agreement with the occupiers. On April 12, 2007, police raided the temple because it was being used to sell cannabis and crack cocaine; the police claimed the managers had told them about the drug dealing and gangsters because the temple had been overrun. After the raid, three people were charged with possession with the intent to supply a Class C drug.
Nobody was charged with possession of crack cocaine, cannabis has religious significance for Rastafari. Lambeth Council stated their intention of helping the temple elders find new premises to rent. By July 2007 the site had been demolished. On April 5,2008, the trial collapsed and all defendants were found not guilty. Work on demolishing the houses in the street began after the eviction - 10-foot-high fencing and 24-hour security made sure the houses were not resquatted before they got the chance to demolish. Demolition was completed in 2007. In 2010 Lambeth Council and two housing associations and Quadrant and Family Mosaic, put forward planning proposals for the land to be used for housing, 50% of which would be social/affordable housing, together with a re-sited adventure playground and One O'Clock Club. St. Agnes Place Update from Indymedia.org.uk St. Agnes Place Update from Indymedia.org.uk'Oldest squat' residents evicted Police raid St. Agnes Place
Agnes of Montepulciano
Agnes of Montepulciano, O. P. was a Dominican prioress in medieval Tuscany, known as a miracle worker during her lifetime. She is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church. Agnes was born in 1268 into the noble Segni family in Gracciano, a frazione of Montepulciano part of the Papal States. At the age of nine, she convinced her parents to allow her to enter a Franciscan monastery of women in the city known as the "Sisters of the Sack", after the rough religious habit they wore, they live a contemplative life. She received the permission of the pope to be accepted into this life at such a young age against Church law. In 1281, the lord of the castle of Proceno, a fief of Orvieto, invited the nuns of Montepulciano to send some of their Sisters to Proceno to found a new monastery. Agnes was among the nuns sent to found this new community. At the age of fourteen, she was appointed bursar. In 1288 Agnes, despite her youth at only 20 years of age, was noted for her devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and deep life of prayer, was elected as the abbess of the community.
There she gained a reputation for performing miracles: people suffering from mental and physical ailments seemed cured by her presence. She was reported to have "multiplied loaves", creating many from a few on numerous occasions, recalling the Gospel miracle of the loaves and fishes, she herself, suffered severe bouts of illness which lasted long periods of time. In 1306 Agnes was recalled to head the monastery in Montepulciano. Agnes reached a high degree of contemplative prayer and is said to have been favored with many visions. After her return, she proceeded to build a church, Santa Maria Novella, to honor the Blessed Mother, as she felt she had been commanded to do in a mystical vision several years earlier, she had a vision of St. Dominic Guzman, under the inspiration of which she led the nuns of her monastery to embrace the Rule of St. Augustine as members of the Dominican Order, she was called upon to bring peace to the warring families of the city. By 1316, Agnes' health had declined so that her doctor suggested taking the cure at the thermal springs in the neighboring town of Chianciano Terme.
The nuns of the community prevailed upon her to take his recommendation. While many of the other bathers reported being cured of their illnesses, Agnes herself received no benefit from the springs, her health failed to such a degree. Agnes died the following 20 April, at the age of forty-nine; the Dominican friars attempted to obtain balsam to embalm her body. It was found, however, to be producing a sweet odor on its own, her limbs remained supple; when her body was moved years after her death to the monastery church, it was found to be incorrupt. Her tomb became the site of pilgrimages; some fifty years a Dominican friar, the Blessed Raymond of Capua, who served as confessor to St. Catherine of Siena, wrote an account of Agnes' life, he described her body as still appearing. Catherine herself referred to her as "Our mother, the glorious Agnes". Catherine made a pilgrimage to Montepulciano while visiting her niece, a nun there. Agnes was canonized by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726, her feast day is celebrated within the Dominican Order on 20 April.
List of Catholic saints The Incorruptibles Fitzgerald, Edward Gregory. "St. Agnes of Montepulciano". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Attwater and Catherine Rachel John; the Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4. "Saint Agnes of Montepulciano" at the Christian Iconography website
St Agnes, Isles of Scilly
St Agnes is the southernmost populated island of the Isles of Scilly — Troy Town Farm on the island is the southernmost settlement in the United Kingdom. St Agnes joins the island of Gugh by a tombolo, a kind of sandbar, called the Gugh Bar, exposed only at low tide; the Gugh is inhabited, with some three residents. The two islands of St Agnes and Gugh together have a population of 85 residents recorded in the 2011 census and a landmass of 366 acres. Without the Gugh included, St Agnes is marginally smaller than Bryher in either area. In earlier times many men from St Agnes earned a living as pilots, guiding transatlantic liners and other vessels through the English Channel. Now the mainstay of the economy is tourism, together with some bulb farming. Accommodation is limited, St Agnes is the only populated island in the Isles of Scilly which has no hotel. However, it has a few B&Bs and self-catering cottages, an ice cream shop, a campsite, a small post office and general store and a gift shop.
It has a pub and a cafe, although these are closed in the winter. The main population centre is in the middle of the island; the southern end of the island is covered by the heather moorland of Wingletang Down. The island's most notable landmark is its lighthouse, converted into living accommodation and the tower no longer contains a light. In 1680 Trinity House began a survey of the coasts of England as it was known that the contemporary charts were inaccurate. Trinity House was given permission to erect and maintain one or more lighthouses on the islands. St Agnes was chosen as it is the most westerly of the inhabitable islands and close to the collection of rocks, tidal flows and currents, now known as the Western Rocks, it was built in 1680 and was coal fired until 1790, when it was converted to oil with thirty copper lamps mounted on a three-sided revolving array, with a 21-inch reflector for each lamp. A plaque records the original construction by Captains Hugh Hill and Simon Bayly, builders of the 1676 Lowestoft lighthouse.
There were two protests against the building of the St Agnes light. Officials from the Isle of Wight complained that they would lose revenue from harbour dues and victualling as shipping would prefer to use the Isles of Scilly, the Governor of Scilly on the grounds that he would lose money from wrecks; the St. Agnes lighthouse was the second to be built in the western approaches, it stands 74' above the ground, 138' above mean high water. It was superseded in 1911 by the Peninnis Lighthouse and St Agnes lighthouse now serves as a daymark for shipping. Peninnis lighthouse is a 17-metre-tall black and white steel lattice tower situated on the southern extremity of St. Mary's island; the range was reduced from 17Nm to 9Nm under the Trinity House 2010 Aids to Navigation review. The light source employed is now LED. Other landmarks include a standing stone known as the Nag's Head. In 1707, many of the sailors who had drowned in the great naval disaster off the Isles of Scilly were reputedly buried on the St Agnes playing field.
Troytown mazeThe Troytown Maze is said to have been laid out by the son of the lighthouse keeper in 1729, but may be much older. Although called a maze it is a labyrinth with a convoluted path to the centre via seven rings, it is the only one outside Scandinavia made of beach pebbles, which may indicate it to be of Viking origin. References in the Norse sagas tell of raiders coming to Scilly as late as the mid-12th century. Any buried evidence of its origins may have been destroyed during an unofficial rebuild in 1988. See St Agnes' Church, St Agnes. Friday evenings in the summer see men's domestic Cornish Pilot Gig racing on Scilly, with the ladies' race on Wednesday. After the race, supporters fill the Turk's Head to socialise; the pub is open through the summer, but during the winter it only opens on Wednesdays for a Pub quiz, one other night. Periglis Cottage was the home of St Agnes's resident ornithologist Hilda M. Quick, she was the author of Birds of the Scilly Isles published in 1964. Five Islands Academy has a primary campus.
Secondary pupils board at the St Mary's main campus, staying there on weekdays and coming back and forth to their home islands on weekends. Students at the sixth-form college level board elsewhere, in mainland Great Britain; the Learning and Skills Council paid for costs of accommodation for sixth-formers. Over one third of the area of St Agnes is designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest. In the south of the island Wingletang Down is noted for its heath, dune grassland and rocky coast and is the only site in Britain where the fern least adder's–tongue grows. Other rare plants include the orchid autumn lady's - early meadow-grass; the only freshwater pools on St Agnes are Big Pool and Little Pool in the north-west of the island which are part of the Big Pool and Browarth Point SSSI. Big Pool shows evidence for inundation by the 1775 Lisbon tsunami, caused by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake; the vegetation has some brackish influence because of occasional influx of the sea during winter storms with rushes such as saltmarsh rush and sea club–rush.
The surrounding grassland, a cricket pitch, is notable for the clovers amongst its flora including western clover (
Agnes of Assisi
Saint Agnes of Assisi, O. S. C. was the younger sister of Saint Clare of Assisi and one of the first abbesses of the Order of Poor Ladies. She was a younger daughter of Count Favorino Scifi, her birth name was Caterina. Her mother, who would join the Order founded by her daughters, belonged to the noble family of the Fiumi, their cousin Rufino was one of the original "Three Companions" of Francis of Assisi. Agnes' childhood was passed between her father's palace in the city and his castle of Sasso Rosso on Mount Subasio. On 18 March 1212, her eldest sister Clare, inspired by the example of St. Francis of Assisi, left their father's home in secret to become a follower of the saint. Sixteen days Agnes ran off to the Benedictine Monastery of St. Angelo where St. Francis had brought her sister, resolved to share Clare's life of poverty and penance. Angry at having lost two of his daughters, their father sent his brother Monaldo, several relations and armed followers to the monastery to force Agnes, if persuasion failed, to return home.
Monaldo drew his sword to strike his niece, but his arm dropped to his side and useless. The others dragged Agnes out of the monastery by her hair, kicking her repeatedly. Agnes' body became so heavy due to the help of her sister, that her assailants dropped her in a field nearby. Agnes' relatives, purportedly realizing that something divine protected her, allowed the sisters to remain together. Saint Francis himself cut her hair and gave her the religious habit, in recognition of Agnes' dedication. Francis established a cloister for Clare and Agnes at the rural chapel of San Damiano, where they were soon joined by other noble women of the city, the Order of Poor Ladies known as the Poor Clares, with Clare as its abbess. In 1221 the Abbess Clare chose her sister to lead a community of Benedictine nuns in the village of Monticelli who wished to embrace the way of life of the Poor Ladies, she went on to establish other communities of the Order, including those of Mantua and Padua. Agnes was said to be virtuous, as abbess she ruled with a benevolent kindness, knowing how to make the practice of virtue appealing to her Sisters.
Agnes nursed her sister Clare during the latter's illness, shortly thereafter died herself, on 16 November 1253. Her remains were interred with those of her sister at the Basilica of St. Clare at Assisi. Agnes' feast day is the anniversary of 16 November. List of saints Bartoli, Marco. Chiara d'Assisi. Rome 1989: Instituto Storico dei Cappucini
St Agnes, Cornwall
St Agnes is a civil parish and a large village on the north coast of Cornwall, England, UK. The village is about five miles north of Redruth and ten miles southwest of Newquay. An electoral ward exists stretching as far south as Blackwater; the population at the 2011 census was 7,565. The village of St Agnes, a popular coastal tourist spot, lies on a main road between Redruth and Perranporth, it was a prehistoric and modern centre for mining of copper and arsenic until the 1920s. Local industry has included farming and fishing, more tourism; the St Agnes district has a heritage of industrial archaeology and much of the landscape is of considerable geological interest. There are stone-age remains in the parish; the manor of Tywarnhaile was one of the 17 Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall. St Agnes, on Cornwall's north coast along the Atlantic Ocean, is in the Pydar hundred and rural deanery. St Agnes is situated along the St Agnes Heritage Coast; the St Agnes Heritage Coast has been a nationally designated protected area since 1986.
The marine site protects 40 species of amphibians. Interesting features along the coast include Trevaunance Cove, Trevellas Porth, Chapel Porth, Hanover Cove, Porthtowan; some of these have beaches, there are two beaches at Perranporth. The 627-hectare Godrevy Head to St Agnes site, is situated along the north Cornwall coast of the Celtic Sea in the Atlantic Ocean, it starts at Godrevy Head in the west and continues for 20 kilometres to the north east, through Portreath and ends just past St Agnes Head, north of the village of St Agnes. St Agnes Beacon overlooks the Atlantic Ocean and is considered "the most prominent feature" of the Heritage coastline, with coastal and inland views that may be enjoyed during hillside walks; the National Trust landmark's name comes from the Cornish name "Bryanick". "Beacon" is a word of Anglo-Saxon origin referring to the use of a hill summit for a warning signal fire. During the Napoleonic Wars a guard was stationed on the hill to look out for French ships and light a warning fire on seeing any.
St Agnes Beacon and the surrounding cliff tops are one of the last remnants of a huge tract of heathland which once spread across Cornwall. This rare and important habitat is internationally recognised for its wealth of wildlife and from late summer onwards comes alive with colour, forming a brilliant yellow and purple patchwork of gorse and heather. To the northwest foot of the St Agnes Beacon is Cameron Quarry and St Agnes Beacon Pits, Sites of Special Scientific Interest noted for their geological interest. Trevaunance Cove is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and a Geological Conservation Review site of national importance for ″... the two principal ore-bearing mineral veins associated with the Hercynian St. Agnes-Cligga granite″; the original name of St Agnes was a Cornish name which may mean pointed hill. Craig Weatherhill suggests it was a compound of brea and Anek and gives the first recorded form as "Breanek". Neither Bryanick nor St Agnes, were established at the time of the Domesday Survey, 1086.
The St Agnes Chapel was named after the Roman martyr Saint Agnes who refused to marry a son of Sempronius, a governor of Rome and member of the Sempronia family. She was killed in 304 AD. According to Arthur G. Langdon, writing in the 1890s, the inhabitants of St Agnes pronounced its name as if it were "St Anne's" to distinguish it from St Agnes in the Isles of Scilly. There are a number of ancient archaeological sites in the St Agnes parish; the earliest found to date are mesolithic fragments which are dated from 10,000 to 4,000 BC. They were found near West Polberro. During the Bronze Age barrows were created in many places in the area, because its rich supply of bronze-making raw materials: copper and tin. During the Iron Age there were more forts and evidence of mining. A noteworthy Iron Age site is 3.5 km southeast of Perranporth. It had three concentric defensive walls surrounding the topmost ring. St Piran's enclosed round was 200 metres wide and may have been a "playing place". During the Middle Ages it was converted to a "Plain-an-gwarry".
It is still used sometimes as a theatre. There are other prehistoric geographic features; the Bolster Bank, or Bolster & Chapel Bulwark, at Porth, is an univallate earthen boundary about 3.3 kilometres long. It was used for defensive purposes, protecting the heath and valuable tin resources. Located on the "land side" of St Agnes Beacon, evidence of the bulwark can be seen sporadically from Bolster Farm to Goonvrea Farm, down to Wheal Freedom and to Chapel Coombes. Although much of the boundary has been levelled, it is presently at its highest by Bolster Farm and Goonvrea where it is about 3.3 metres high. It could have been constructed as early as some time in the Dark Ages; some Iron Age buildings and features were used during the Roman period from 43 to 410 AD. The first chapel or church in St Agnes was believed to have been build as an early Celtic church sometime between 410 and 1066 AD; the Church of St Agnes was built on the same location around 1482. A medieval chapel with an enclosure stood at Chapel Porth, about 570 metres north west of Wheal Freedom.
There was shelter on the site. The chapel was destroyed in 1780, the holy well remained until 1820. There still remains some ruins of the medieval enclosure a