The priestly sash or girdle was part of the ritual garments worn by the Jewish and priests of ancient Israel whenever they served in the Tabernacle or the Temple in Jerusalem. The "sash" or "girdle" worn by the High Priest was of fine linen with "embroidered work" in blue and scarlet; the sash should not be confused with the embroidered belt of the ephod. Like the other priestly vestments, the purpose of the sash was "for glory and for beauty". On the Day of Atonement the High Priest changed into special linen garments that included a sash of fine linen without any embroidery; these linen garments were worn only once, with new ones being made each year. According to Rabbinical literature and Maimonides, the sash was 32 cubits long and 2, 3 or 4 fingers wide. At this length, it would have to have been wound around the body several times. Theories differ as to how this was accomplished: some say it was wound around the waist only, while others say it was wound around the waist and over the shoulders, crossing over the heart.
In any event, the ends would have been allowed to hang down in front. According to the Talmud, the wearing of the sash atoned for "sins of the heart" on the part of the Children of Israel. Michnasayim Priestly tunic Mitznefet Priestly robe Ephod Priestly breastplate Tzitz
The 105th Division was activated on February 26, 1951 from elements from the former 103rd Division and 104th Division. The division was composed of: 313rd Infantry Regiment. In January 1952 the division moved onto Dongtou Island along with its 315th Infantry Regiment. In June the division was reorganized as 17th Public Security Division. All its regiments were redesignated; the division was a part of Public Security Troops of the Huadong Military Region, with a total number of 3135 personnel. On October 8-9, 1952, 50th Garrison Regiment, 17th Garrison Division took part in the engagement with Republic of China Army People's Anti-Communist National Salvation Army of Jiang-Zhe Provinces in Jiguanshan and Yangyu islands in Yuhuan, which ended with a defeat: 192 were lost among 267 troops landed on Jiguanshan from 50th Garrison Regiment. From July 1955 the division was transferred to Zhejiang Provincial Military District's control. In January 1957, the division was reduced to 17th Garrison Brigade.
The brigade was composed of 51st Garrison Regiment, three independent infantry battalions and 4 artillery battalions, with a total of 4408 personnel. In January 1958 the brigade was inactivated and absorbed into Wenzhou Military Sub-district: 51st Garrison Regiment was redesignated as 84th Garrison Regiment. 建国后中国人民解放军步兵师的发展, http://club.xilu.com/zgjsyj/msgview-819697-74513.html 解放军公安军的18个公安师, https://web.archive.org/web/20171011072616/http://www.360doc.com/content/15/0726/10/10496043_487469859.shtml
LinkNYC is the New York City branch of an international infrastructure project to create a network covering several cities with free Wi-Fi service. The office of New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced the plan on November 17, 2014, the installation of the first kiosks, or "Links," started in late 2015; the Links replace the city's network of 9,000 to 13,000 payphones, a contract for which expired in October 2014. The LinkNYC kiosks were devised after the government of New York City held several competitions to replace the payphone system; the most recent competition, in 2014, resulted in the contract being awarded to the CityBridge consortium, which comprises Qualcomm. All of the 9.5-foot-tall Links feature two 55-inch high-definition displays on their sides. C.. The Links provide the ability to use calling cards to make international calls, each Link has one button to call 9-1-1 directly; the project brings free, gigabit wireless internet coverage to the five boroughs by converting old payphones into Wi-Fi hotspots where free phone calls could be made.
As of July 2017, there are 920 Links citywide. Intersection has installed InLinks in cities across the UK; the Links are seen as a model for future city builds as part of smart city data pools and infrastructure. Since the Links' deployment, there have been several concerns about the kiosks' features. Privacy advocates have stated that the data of LinkNYC users can be collected and used to track users' movements throughout the city. There are concerns with cybercriminals hijacking the Links, or renaming their personal wireless networks to the same name as LinkNYC's network, in order to steal LinkNYC users' data. In addition, prior to September 2016, the tablets of the Links could be used to browse the Internet. In summer 2016, concerns arose about the Link tablets' browsers being used for illicit purposes. In 1999, thirteen companies signed a contract that obligated them to maintain New York City's payphones for fifteen years. In 2000, the city's tens of thousands of payphones were among the 2.2 million payphones spread across the United States.
Since these payphones' use had been declining with the advent of cellphones. As of July 2012, there were 13,000 phones in over 10,000 individual locations; the contract with the thirteen payphone operators was set to expire in October 2014, after which time the payphones' futures were unknown. In July 2012, the New York City government released a public request for information, asking for comments about the future uses for these payphones; the RFI presented questions such as "What alternative communications amenities would fill a need?". Through the RFI, the New York City government sought new uses for the payphones, including a combination of "public wireless hotspots, touch-screen wayfinding panels, information kiosks, charging stations for mobile communications devices, electronic community bulletin boards," all of which became the features of the kiosks that were included in the LinkNYC proposal. In 2013, a year before the payphone contract was set to expire, there was a competition that sought ideas to further repurpose the network of payphones.
The competition, held by the administration of Michael Bloomberg, expanded the idea of the pilot project. There were 125 responses that suggested a Wi-Fi network, but none of these responses elaborated on how that would be accomplished. In 2012, the government of New York City installed Wi-Fi routers at 10 payphones in the city as part of a pilot project; the Wi-Fi was available for use at all times. The Wi-Fi signal was detectable from a radius of a few hundred feet. Two of New York City's largest advertising companies—Van Wagner and Titan, who collectively owned more than 9,000 of New York City's 12,000 payphones at the time—paid $2,000 per router, with no monetary input from either the city or taxpayers. While the payphones participating in the Wi-Fi pilot project were poorly marked, the Wi-Fi offered at these payphones was faster than some of the other free public Wi-Fi networks offered elsewhere; the Manhattan neighborhood of Harlem received free Wi-Fi starting in late 2013. Routers were installed in three phases within a 95-block area between 110th Street, Frederick Douglass Boulevard, 138th Street, Madison Avenue.
Phase 1, from 110th to 120th Streets, finished in 2013. The network was estimated to serve 80,000 Harlemites, including 13,000 in public housing projects who may have otherwise not had broadband internet access at home. At the time, it was dubbed the United States' most expansive "continuous free public Wi-Fi network." On April 30, 2014, the New York City Department of Infor
XM is a live-in-studio album recorded by British band Porcupine Tree in early 2003 as a live album of In Absentia tracks. This was taken from a session at XM Satellite Radio in Washington D. C. on 12 November 2002, was released as a limited edition tour album. It was released online on the Porcupine Tree store. Steven Wilson - Guitars & vocals Colin Edwin - Bass Richard Barbieri - Keyboards & synthesizers Gavin Harrison - Drums John Wesley - Guitars & backing vocals XM Recording Engineer – Quinton Roebuck XM Recording Assistant - Aaron Lee Mixing - Steven Wilson Crew - Ian Bond, Pete Dempsey, Mick Pryde, Ross Elliot, Michael Piper Cover photography - Lasse Hoile Band photography - Francesca Petrangeli Gavin Harrison photography - Oliver Link John Wesley photography - Jason Birnie Cover design - Carl Glover Features 5 piece touring line up including special guest John Wesley on guitar and backing vocals. UK Transmission – 1.1 UK Transmission – 1.2
In finance, enhanced indexing is any strategy employed to outperform traditional indexing. Enhanced indexing attempts to generate modest excess returns compared to index funds and other passive management techniques. Enhanced indexing combines elements of active management. Enhanced indexing resembles passive management because enhanced index managers cannot deviate from commercially available indices which are derived from statistical bureaus like Standard & Poor's or The Frank Russell Company. Enhanced indexing strategies have low turnover and lower fees than managed portfolios. However, enhanced indexing to a certain extent resembles active management because it allows managers the latitude to certain deviations from underlying index; these deviations can be used to minimize transaction costs and turnover, or to maximize tax efficiency. Enhanced indexing comprises a wide range of strategies: Enhanced cash - Enhanced cash managers use futures to replicate the index they take the 95% of the capital left after buying futures and purchase fixed income securities.
The key to performance in these strategies is that the yield on the fixed income strategies is greater than the yield, priced into the futures contracts. Index construction enhancements – Instead of relying on external indexes created by third parties like S&P or Dow Jones, enhanced indexes use proprietary indexes. Alternatively, they use dynamic rather than static indexes. Exclusion rules – By using additional filters, some enhanced indexes eliminate securities to reduce performance that would be otherwise included in traditional indices. Trading enhancements – Utilizing intelligent trading algorithms, some enhanced index funds create value through trading. Portfolio construction enhancements – Enhanced index funds sometimes implement hold ranges that reduce portfolio turnover by allowing funds to hold positions during buffer periods after traditional sell signals are triggered. Tax-managed strategies – Among the newest enhancements, tax-managed index funds manage buys and sells to minimize taxes.
These tax-managed index funds can be superior to variable annuities for tax-efficient wealth creation. The success of enhanced indexing is correlated to the degree of extra cost running an enhanced index fund. Tax-managed strategies are not expensive to implement, while the active management strategies would incur a higher cost structure. Relative return Dimensional Fund Advisors, an investment firm that uses enhanced indexing indexvalue.com website with resources and articles on enhanced indexing including Dimensional Fund Advisors] Paul Samuelson, "Proof That Properly Anticipated Prices Fluctuate Randomly." Industrial Management Review, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 41–49. Reproduced as Chapter 198 in Samuelson, Collected Scientific Papers, Volume III, Cambridge, M. I. T. Press, 1972. Riepe, M. "Are enhanced index mutual funds worthy of their name?". The Journal of Investing, 7, p. 6