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Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev

Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev is an outstanding architectural monument of Kievan Rus'. The cathedral is one of the city's best known landmarks and the first heritage site in Ukraine to be inscribed on the World Heritage List along with the Kiev Cave Monastery complex. Aside from its main building, the cathedral includes an ensemble of supporting structures such as a bell tower and the House of Metropolitan. In 2011 the historic site was reassigned from the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Regional Development of Ukraine to the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine. One of the reasons for the move was that both Saint Sophia Cathedral and Kiev Pechersk Lavra are recognized by the UNESCO World Heritage Program as one complex, while in Ukraine the two were governed by different government entities. In Ukrainian the cathedral is known as Sobor Sviatoyi Sofiyskyi sobor; the complex of the cathedral is the main component and museum of the National Sanctuary "Sophia of Kiev", the state institution responsible for the preservation of the cathedral complex as well as four other historic landmarks across the nation.

The cathedral's name comes from the 6th-century Hagia Sophia cathedral in Constantinople. The first foundations were laid in 1037 or 1011. According to Dr. Nadia Nikitenko, a historian who has studied the cathedral for 30 years, the cathedral was founded in 1011, under the reign of Yaroslav's father, Grand Prince of Kievan Rus', Vladimir the Great; this has been accepted by both UNESCO and Ukraine, which celebrated the 1000th anniversary of the cathedral during 2011.) The structure has 5 naves, 5 apses, 13 cupolas. It is surrounded by two-tier galleries from three sides. Measuring 37 to 55 m, the exterior used to be faced with plinths. On the inside, it retains mosaics and frescos from the 11th century, including a dilapidated representation of Yaroslav's family, the Orans; the cathedral was a burial place of the Kievan rulers including Vladimir Monomakh, Vsevolod Yaroslavich and the cathedral's founder Yaroslav I the Wise, although only the latter's grave survived to this day. After the pillaging of Kiev by Andrei Bogolyubsky of Vladimir-Suzdal in 1169, followed by Mongolian Tatars in 1240, the cathedral fell into disrepair.

It was greatly damaged in the 16th century when Poland and Ukraine were trying to unite Catholic and Orthodox churches. At this period the Cathedral was ruined: its roof decayed and a lot of wall paintings had gone. Following the 1595-96 Union of Brest, the Cathedral of Holy Sophia belonged to the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church until it was claimed by the Moldavian Orthodox metropolitan Peter Mogila in 1633. Mogila commissioned the repair work and the upper part of the building was rebuilt, modeled by the Italian architect Octaviano Mancini in the distinct Ukrainian Baroque style, while preserving the Byzantine interior, keeping its splendor intact; the work continued under the Cossack Hetman Ivan Mazepa until 1767. During this period around Holy Sophia Cathedral a bell tower, a monastery canteen, a bakery, a "House of Metropolitan", the western gates, a Monastic Inn, a Brotherhood campus and a bursa were all erected. All of these buildings, as well as the Cathedral after the reconstruction, have distinctive features of Ukrainian Baroque.

After the Russian Revolution of 1917 and during the Soviet anti-religious campaign of the 1920s, the government plan called for the cathedral's destruction and transformation of the grounds into a park "Heroes of Perekop". The cathedral was saved from destruction with the effort of many scientists and historians. In 1934, Soviet authorities confiscated the structure from the church, including the surrounding 17th–18th-century architectural complex and designated it as an architectural and historical museum. Since the late 1980s Soviet, Ukrainian, politicians promised to return the building to the Orthodox Church. Due to various schisms, factions within the Church the return was postponed as all Orthodox and the Greek-Catholic Churches lay claim to it. Although all of the Orthodox churches have been allowed to conduct services at different dates, at other times they are denied access. A severe incident was the funeral of Patriarch Volodymyr of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kiev Patriarchate in 1995 when riot police were forced to prevent the burial on the premises of the museum and a bloody clash took place.

After events such as those no religious body has yet been given the rights for regular services. The complex now remains a secular museum of Ukraine's Christianity, with most of its visitors being tourists. On 21 August 2007, the Holy Sophia Cathedral was named one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine, based on votes by experts and the internet community. Sophia Cathedral Bell tower House of the Metropolitan Refectory Church Brotherhood building Bursa Consistory Southern entrance tower Zaborovsky Gate Cells Monastic Inn Memorial Stela of Yaroslav's library People buried at Sophia Architecture of Kievan Rus' List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ukraine Holy Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod Saint Sophia Cathedral in Polotsk 3D-model of Sophia Cathedral Official Website of the museum Holy Sophia Cathedral - Kiev History Site - information about the cathedral - information for tourists Mosaics and frescoes o

Pleuractis paumotensis

Pleuractis paumotensis called plate coral, is a species of stony coral with a single large polyp. Plate coral are kept in marine aquaria. Pleuractis paumotensis is a solitary, non-colonial coral, free living and not attached to the seabed, it is an elongated oval in shape and can grow to a large size. The polyp can be up to 25 centimetres long and is embedded in a cup shaped hollow known as a corallite, surrounded by calcareous material. Lining this are narrow ribs known as septa. Outside the corallite wall the ribs continue, now known as bearing rows of tiny spines; the colour is brown. The polyp has a small number of short, tapering tentacles. Pleuractis paumotensis occurs in the Indian Ocean on upper reef slopes where there is considerable movement of the water as a result of wave action, it is found on sand or beds of coral fragments. It is associated with other species of Fungia

Wistful (horse)

Wistful was an American Thoroughbred racehorse. The daughter of Sun Again and granddaughter of Sun Teddy is best remembered for wins in the Kentucky Oaks, the Coaching Club American Oaks, the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes at Pimlico Race Course. In 1949, she was voted by the country's top sports writers as the American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly. Wistful was born in 1946 in Kentucky, she was born in the glory days of Calumet Farm, being bred and raced by the industry's standard bearer. She therefore ran her races with her jockeys wearing the "devil red Silks" of calumet. Wistful never ran as a two-year-old. Wistful placed second in the Ashland Stakes at Keeneland Racecourse in April, losing to a longshot named Tall Weeds, her connections entered her in the first two jewels of America's de facto Filly Triple Crown: the Kentucky Oaks and the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes. She won the Kentucky Oaks over The Fat Lady and Lady Dorimar in a strong field of ten fillies beat a field of nine in the grade two Black-Eyed Susan Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland.

In June, Wistful finished third in the Cleopatra Stakes at Arlington Park in Illinois. In August, she won the Coaching Club American Oaks at 1 3/8 miles on the dirt at Belmont Park. Wistful shared the 1949 American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly title with Two Lea, another Calumet horse, as the fillies tied in the Daily Racing Form poll. At age four, Wistful campaigned all over the country, from the northeast in New York to the deep southwest in Southern California. In 1950, she won the Beverly Handicap at Washington Park Racetrack, at Arlington Park in Chicago won the Arlington Matron Handicap and ran third in the Cleopatra Handicap, she won the Clang Handicap and placed third in the prestigious Beldame Stakes at Belmont Park in New York. In the spring of her five-year-old season, Wistful won the Ben Ali Stakes at Keeneland, less than one mile from where she was born and raised on Versailles Road in Lexington, Kentucky, she won in the Whirlaway Stakes at Washington Park Race Track. Most of the success she achieved late in her career happened during the summers in California.

In successive years, she ran in the Vanity Handicap at Hollywood Park. She third in 1952 to her stablemate and champion Two Lea, she ran third in the San Mateo Handicap at Bay Meadows Racetrack just outside San Francisco in 1951. During that time, she shipped east and placed in the Ladies Handicap, the oldest stakes race in the U. S. for fillies and mares, losing to Next Move. The biggest win in the twilight of her career came at the end of her five-year-old season, when she beat males in November 1951 in the Clark Handicap at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. At the time, she was listed on the morning line as a long shot. Under jockey Douglas Dodson, Wistful won the nine-furlong race in 1:44.00. Wistful was sent back to Calumet Farm, to breed and live out the rest of her years, her first foal was Gen. Duke, a 1954 colt by Bull Lea, who won the 1957 Florida Derby and finished with a 12-5-5-2 record and earnings of $142,020

Salem Diner

The Salem Diner is a historic diner at 70​1⁄2 Loring Avenue in Salem, Massachusetts. It is one of two Sterling Streamliner diners left in Massachusetts, still stands at its original location. Designated car #4106, it was one of the last made by the Sterling Company before it closed its doors in 1942; the diner body features a wood porcelain enamel exterior. It has a metal hipped barrel roof, its eastern end features a characteristic shovel nose; the roofline is decorated by a fin shape. It is mounted on a foundation, predominantly concrete blocks, with some glass blocks interspersed, its main entrance is centered on the long side, is now sheltered by a modern glass vestibule added c. 1960. The Salem Diner was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999; the Salem Diner closed Friday, May 31, 2019. In an announcement to the campus community, Salem State University President John Keenan said the diner's closure comes amid an overhaul of the university's campus dining options. A recent study concluded the diner, which Salem State owns and operates, "is not cost-effective for the campus program to operate."Plan puts landmark on top of downtown building.

On October 14, 2019, it was announced that the couple behind late-night cookie pop-up Goodnight Fatty are among a partnership group that plans to buy the now closed historic diner and move it from Loring Avenue to 10 Derby Square — on the roof. The group — Goodnight Fatty owners Erik and Jennifer Sayce, Michael Sperling of Sperling Interactive, Kevin McCullough and Robert Mazow of the law firm Mazow McCullough PC — was the only bidder to respond to Salem State University's request for proposals to purchase and relocate the diner, they plan to buy the diner for $1,001, move it and open it as a rooftop restaurant in which the chef and menu change every six months. According to the plan, the diner seats 49 people. In warmer weather, a roof deck will open, bringing the total capacity to 150. Plans are preliminary. On top of permitting and other regulations, the group estimates the move will cost around $600,000; that includes $100,000 for the relocation, $150,000 to build the deck and another $150,000 to expand the building's elevator to the roof.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Salem, Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts

Margaret Henderson Floyd

Margaret Henderson Floyd was Professor of Architectural History at Tufts University. She was an expert on Boston architecture, her writing includes several titles on the work of late 19th-century American architects including Henry Hobson Richardson, Longfellow and Harlow. Margaret Henderson Floyd was a graduate of Wellesley College, the University of New Mexico, Boston University, where she received her Ph. D. in 1975. She taught for many years at Tufts where she was Professor of American Art and Architectural History. Over the years, she developed detailed knowledge of the architecture of the Boston area and she became involved in historic preservation and provided expert testimony in an effort to save older buildings from demolition, she played a key role in the preservation of the Robert Treat Paine Estate in Waltham. Floyd was a contributor to the ongoing reassessment of the "standard narrative" of nineteenth-century American architectural history, her work on Longfellow and Harlow argued for a broader appreciation of the wide influence of the architect Henry Hobson Richardson.

Her final book, a biographical monograph on Richardson was published after her death from cancer. In her memory, the Department of Art and Architectural History at Tufts established the Floyd Lecture Series in 1999 and the Architectural Studies Prize in 2005. Writings by Margaret Henderson Floyd include the following books: Bunting, Bainbridge and edited by Margaret Henderson Floyd, Harvard: An Architectural History, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA 1985. ISBN 0-674-37290-5 Floyd, Margaret Henderson, Architectural Education and Boston: Centennial Publication of the Boston Architectural Center, 1889-1989, Boston Architectural Center, Boston 1989. ISBN 0-9624098-0-4, ISBN 0-9624098-1-2 Floyd, Margaret Henderson, Architecture after Richardson: Regionalism before Modernism--Longfellow and Harlow in Boston and Pittsburgh, University of Chicago Press with Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation Chicago and Pittsburgh 1994. ISBN 0-226-25410-0 Floyd, Margaret Henderson, Henry Hobson Richardson: A Genius for Architecture, New York 1997.

ISBN 1-885254-70-9 Women in the art history field

Creswell and Welbeck railway station

Creswell and Welbeck railway station used to serve the village of Creswell, in north eastern Derbyshire, England. Three stations have included a version of "Creswell" in their name: Creswell and Welbeck, the subject of this article, Creswell known as "Elmton & Creswell", on the same street as Creswell and Welbeck, Cresswell in Staffordshire The station was opened by the LD&ECR on its Beighton Branch on 1 June 1897. At first it was named "Cresswell" "Creswell for Welbeck" and "Creswell and Welbeck". Locally it was known as "Top Station" to distinguish it from "Bottom Station", the ex-Midland Railway Elmton and Creswell station further down Elmton Road; the August 1939 Bradshaw continued to list the station as "Cresswell and Welbeck."The station had wooden platforms and appears from one of the rare photographs of the site to have been built of wood. The characteristic and striking LD&ECR awnings resemble the Sheffield District Railway stations at Catcliffe and West Tinsley; the characteristic station lamps match those visible at Arkwright Town, among others.

From Langwith Junction the line ran northwards parallel to the Midland Railway's Nottingham Midland to Worksop line for about two miles veered north west to Creswell. Curiously, "Elmton and Creswell" station was nearer Welbeck than "Creswell and Welbeck" station, in turn nearer Elmton than "Elmton and Creswell"; the station closed to passengers in September 1939, goods some time thereafter. The station signalbox, which had a Railway Signalling Company 28 lever frame, was abolished on 4 April 1950; the line through the site was closed in 1967 when it was diverted further South and severed further North in connection with building the M1 motorway. All tracks have since been lifted and the station demolished, though the characteristic LD&ECR stationmaster's house still stands, as can be seen on the accompanying photograph; the line climbed at 1 in 100 to Clowne South. Creswell stations on old OS map npemaps