"Megitsune" is the second major label single by the Japanese heavy metal band Babymetal. It was released in Japan on June 2013 as the fifth single from the album Babymetal, it is the first single released independently from the idol group Sakura Gakuin. The single was first announced for a June release on April 1, 2013; the single was released in four versions: three limited editions. The "Ki", "Tsu", "Ne" limited editions included single artwork focused on Nakamoto and Kikuchi and their included DVDs feature footage of two songs from each of the live performances from Live: Legend I, D, Z Apocalypse. Additionally, the single included a chance to contain a ticket to the premium event Kitsune Festival at Meguro Rock May Kan on July 14, 2013. To promote the release, the band was featured in the June issue of Marquee and on the cover of the July issue of Hedoban, in addition to collaborating with Tower Records for the 34th rendition of the event No Music, No Idol?. The Babymetal Death Match Tour 2013: May Revolution was a promotional concert tour by Babymetal, occurring in conjunction with the promotion of "Megitsune".
The band performed four shows, at the same venue. Customers who purchased tickets to the tour could receive an exclusive edition of the single, with a remix by Yuyoyuppe, under the name DJ'Tekina//Something. According to Mizuno, the tour was designed to be a "training tour". During each of the four shows the three members wore stage costumes for the eras of "Doki Doki ☆ Morning", "Headbangeeeeerrrrr!!!!!", "Ijime, Zettai" with the final show premiering new costumes for "Megitsune". "Megitsune" has been described as "festival metal". Alongside the serious heavy metal tone, there is a mix of Western-style and Eastern-style music, noticeably with the use of Japanese festival instruments. Unlike screams in traditional heavy metal, "Megitsune" is filled with festival chants by Mizuno and Kikuchi like "wasshoi" and "sore sore", while Nakamoto sings in the melodramatic style of enka; the bridge has significant variety in genre, with elements of dubstep as well as interpolations from the traditional Japanese folk song "Sakura Sakura".
The song contains lyrics such as "from the time of birth, women are actresses" which reflect on the song's theme of women remaining strong when living with their varied facial expressions. The song relates foxes, which disguises themselves for deception in Japanese mythology, to women, who disguise themselves with makeup. According to Nakamoto, foxes are similar to women as they can keep their true feeling hidden through hard times, leaving a cool impression; the last chorus contains the phrase "underestimate at your own peril", famously said by Masako Natsume's character in the 1982 yakuza film "Onimasa". Recording had begun shortly after "Ijime, Zettai", with a tone reminiscent of "Doki Doki ☆ Morning" and "Iine!". After several rounds of remixing, taiko drums were added. In a Billboard interview about the band's album Metal Resistance, Su-metal explained that the song "is popular among international fans, I have a feeling that "Karate" will be something close to "Megitsune."" George Garner of Kerrang! called the song "the most hyper song have put their name to."
Performed by Nakamoto, "Akatsuki" is considered to be in the genre of speed metal. The song debuted as background music during the first live performance of "Iine!". Nakamoto went through voice training. With more performances, her vocal performance improved. Being her first solo, Nakamoto felt accomplished being able to sing the entire song by herself. While writing about the band's performance at Wembley Arena, Mark Beaumont contrasted it with the previous songs "Awadama Fever", "Iine!", "Yava!", stating it had a darker tone, as "a show-tune ballad sung by Su-metal in a black cape, running along a flame-flanked ego ramp". Under the stage name "Black Babymetal", Mizuno and Kikuchi perform "Onedari Daisakusen" in the style of rap metal, with dialogue-style lyrics in the nature of small devils. Due to the childish nature of the lyrics, Mizuno sang the song like a baby. Nakamoto has background vocals in the chorus, in a cool manner. Daniel Robson of The Guardian called the lyrics of Babymetal "delightfully tongue-in-cheek", explaining how "Onedari Daisakusen" "offers practical advice to teens on how to extract extra pocket money from one’s father with a well-timed shoulder-massage/flattery combo".
"Megitsune" received positive acclaim from music critics. Tomonori Shiba of M-ON! Press wrote that "Megitsune" has an intro filled with the shamisen, bass guitar and flying shouts of "Sore! Sore!", signifying its festival-like nature, fusing the genres of metalcore and "wa". Like the music of Crossfaith and Fear, Loathing in Las Vegas, it contains elements of electro-trance music, he further compared Nakamoto's vocal performance to that of Evanescence band member Amy Lee, calling the line "Kitsune. Kitsune. I am Megitsune" in the bridge stimulating. Patrick St. Michel of The Japan Times considered the song one of the highlights on the album, praising it for not depending on the band's "gimmicks", he further called it and "Doki Doki ☆ Morning" memorable and constructed to "Gimme
Native American flute
The Native American flute is a flute, held in front of the player, has open finger holes, has two chambers: one for collecting the breath of the player and a second chamber which creates sound. The player breathes into one end of the flute without the need for an embouchure. A block on the outside of the instrument directs the player's breath from the first chamber — called the slow air chamber — into the second chamber — called the sound chamber; the design of a sound hole at the proximal end of the sound chamber causes air from the player's breath to vibrate. This vibration causes a steady resonance of air pressure in the sound chamber. Native American flutes comprise a wide range of designs and variations — far more varied than most other classes of woodwind instruments; the instrument is known by many names. Some of the reasons for the variety of names include: the varied uses of the instrument, the wide dispersal of the instrument across language groups and geographic regions, legal statutes, the Native American name controversy.
Native American names for the flute include: Cheyenne: tâhpeno Chippewa: bĭbĭ'gwûn Dakota: ćotaŋke Kiowa: do'mba' Lakota: Šiyótȟaŋka Opata: bícusirina Unami: achipiquon Zuni: Tchá-he-he-lon-ne, lit.'sacred warbling flute'Alternative English-language names include: American Indian courting flute,courting flute,Grandfather's flute,Indian flute,love flute,Native American courting flute,Native American love flute,Native American style flute, North American flute,Plains flute, Plains Indian courting flute. Names in other languages include: Austro-Bavarian: Indianafletn Dutch: Indiaans-Amerikaanse fluit Esperanto: indiĝena amerikano fluto French: Siyotanka German: Indianerflöte Hawaiian: Papa ʻAmelika ʻohe kani Japanese: ネイティブアメリカンフルート Korean: 인디언 피리 Polish: Flet indiański Russian: Пимак, translit. Pimak By convention, English-language uses of the name of the instrument are capitalized as "Native American flute"; this is in keeping with the English-language capitalization of other musical instruments that use a cultural name, such as "French horn".
The use of abbreviations is discouraged. The prevalent term for a person who plays Native American flutes is "flutist"; this term predominates the term "flautist". "Flute maker" is the predominant term for people. The instrument is classified in the 2011 revision of the Hornbostel–Sachs system by the MIMO Consortium as 421.23 — Flutes with internal duct formed by an internal baffle plus an external tied-on cover. This HS class includes the Suling. Although Native American flutes are played by directing air into one end, it is not an end-blown flute, since the sound mechanism uses a fipple design using an external block, fixed to the instrument; the use of open finger holes classifies the Native American flute as a simple system flute. There are many narratives. In one narrative, woodpeckers pecked holes in hollow branches while searching for termites. Another narrative from the Tucano culture describes Uakti, a creature with holes in his body that would produce sound when he ran or the wind blew through him.
It is not well known how the design of the Native American flute developed before 1823. Some of the influences may have been: Branches or stalks with holes drilled by insects that created sounds when the wind blew; the design of the atlatl. Clay instruments from Mesoamerica; the Anasazi flute developed by Ancient Pueblo Peoples of Oasisamerica. Experience by Native Americans constructing organ pipes as early as 1524. Recorders that came from Europe. Flutes of the Tohono O'odham culture. Although crafted by a Native American people, these instruments are not Native American flutes since they do not have an external block. In place of the block, the flue is formed by the player's finger on top of the sound mechanism; this style of flute may have been a precursor to, or one of the influences for, the Native American flute. Flutes of the Akimel O'odham culture; these flutes may have directly evolved from flutes of the Tohono O'odham culture, with the addition of a piece of cloth over the sound mechanism to serve as the external block.
It is possible that instruments were carried from other cultures during migrations. Flutes of the Mississippian culture have been found that appear to have the two-chambered design characteristic of Native American flutes, they were constructed of river cane. The earliest such flute is curated by the Museum Collections of the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, it was recovered in about 1931 by Samuel C. Dellinger and more identified as a flute by James A. Rees, Jr. of the Arkansas Archeological Society. The artifact is known colloquially as "The Breckenridge Flute" and was conjectured to date in the range 750–1350 CE; this conjecture proved to be accurate when, in 2013, a sample from the artifact yielded a date range of 1020–1160 CE. The earliest extant Native American flute crafted of wood was collected by the Italian adventurer Giacomo Costantino Beltrami in 1823 on his search for the headwaters of the Mississippi River, it is now in the collection of the Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali in Italy.
The two ends of a Native American flute along the longitudinal axis are called the head
The Edo period or Tokugawa period is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō. The period was characterized by economic growth, strict social order, isolationist foreign policies, a stable population, "no more wars", popular enjoyment of arts and culture; the shogunate was established in Edo on March 24, 1603, by Tokugawa Ieyasu. The period came to an end with the Meiji Restoration on May 1868, after the fall of Edo. A revolution took place from the time of the Kamakura shogunate, which existed with the Tennō's court, to the Tokugawa, when the samurai became the unchallenged rulers in what historian Edwin O. Reischauer called a "centralized feudal" form of shogunate. Instrumental in the rise of the new-existing bakufu was Tokugawa Ieyasu, the main beneficiary of the achievements of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Powerful, Ieyasu profited by his transfer to the rich Kantō area.
He maintained two million koku of land, a new headquarters at Edo, a strategically situated castle town, had an additional two million koku of land and thirty-eight vassals under his control. After Hideyoshi's death, Ieyasu moved to seize control from the Toyotomi clan. Ieyasu's victory over the western daimyō at the Battle of Sekigahara gave him control of all Japan, he abolished numerous enemy daimyō houses, reduced others, such as that of the Toyotomi, redistributed the spoils of war to his family and allies. Ieyasu still failed to achieve complete control of the western daimyō, but his assumption of the title of shōgun helped consolidate the alliance system. After further strengthening his power base, Ieyasu installed his son Hidetada as shōgun and himself as retired shōgun in 1605; the Toyotomi were still a significant threat, Ieyasu devoted the next decade to their eradication. In 1615, the Tokugawa army destroyed the Toyotomi stronghold at Osaka; the Tokugawa period brought 250 years of stability to Japan.
The political system evolved into what historians call bakuhan, a combination of the terms bakufu and han to describe the government and society of the period. In the bakuhan, the shōgun had national authority and the daimyō had regional authority; this represented a new unity in the feudal structure, which featured an large bureaucracy to administer the mixture of centralized and decentralized authorities. The Tokugawa became more powerful during their first century of rule: land redistribution gave them nearly seven million koku, control of the most important cities, a land assessment system reaping great revenues; the feudal hierarchy was completed by the various classes of daimyō. Closest to the Tokugawa house were the shinpan, or "related houses", they were twenty-three daimyō on the borders of Tokugawa lands. The shinpan held honorary titles and advisory posts in the bakufu; the second class of the hierarchy were the fudai, or "house daimyō", rewarded with lands close to the Tokugawa holdings for their faithful service.
By the 18th century, 145 fudai controlled the greatest assessed at 250,000 koku. Members of the fudai class staffed most of the major bakufu offices. Ninety-seven han formed the tozama, former opponents or new allies; the tozama were located on the peripheries of the archipelago and collectively controlled nearly ten million koku of productive land. Because the tozama were least trusted of the daimyō, they were the most cautiously managed and generously treated, although they were excluded from central government positions; the Tokugawa shogunate not only consolidated their control over a reunified Japan, they had unprecedented power over the emperor, the court, all daimyō and the religious orders. The emperor was held up as the ultimate source of political sanction for the shōgun, who ostensibly was the vassal of the imperial family; the Tokugawa helped the imperial family recapture its old glory by rebuilding its palaces and granting it new lands. To ensure a close tie between the imperial clan and the Tokugawa family, Ieyasu's granddaughter was made an imperial consort in 1619.
A code of laws was established to regulate the daimyō houses. The code encompassed private conduct, dress, types of weapons and numbers of troops allowed. Although the daimyō were not taxed per se, they were levied for contributions for military and logistical support and for such public works projects as castles, roads and palaces; the various regulations and levies not only strengthened the Tokugawa but depleted the wealth of the daimyō, thus weakening their threat to the central administration. The han, once military-centered domains, became mere local administrative units; the daimyō did have full administrative control over their territory and their complex systems of retainers and commoners. Loyalty was exacted from religious foundations greatly weakened by Nobunaga and Hideyoshi, through a variety of control mechanisms. Like Hideyoshi, Ieyasu encouraged foreign trade but was suspicious of outsiders, he wanted to make Edo a major port, but once he learned that the Europeans favored ports in Kyūshū and that China had rejected his plans for official trade, he moved to control existing trade
The major scale is one of the most used musical scales in Western music. It is one of the diatonic scales. Like many musical scales, it is made up of seven notes: the eighth duplicates the first at double its frequency so that it is called a higher octave of the same note; the simplest major scale to write is C major, the only major scale not requiring sharps or flats: The major scale had a central importance in Western music in the common practice period and in popular music. In Carnatic music, it is known as Dheerasankarabharanam. In Hindustani classical music, it is known as Bilaval. A major scale is a diatonic scale; the sequence of intervals between the notes of a major scale is: whole, half, whole, halfwhere "whole" stands for a whole tone, "half" stands for a semitone. A major scale may be seen as two identical tetrachords separated by a whole tone; each tetrachord consists of two whole tones followed by a semitone. The major scale is maximally even; the scale degrees are: 1st: Tonic 2nd: Supertonic 3rd: Mediant 4th: Subdominant 5th: Dominant 6th: Submediant 7th: Leading tone8th: Tonic The triads built on each scale degree follow a distinct pattern.
The roman numeral analysis is shown in parentheses. 1st: Major triad 2nd: minor triad 3rd: minor triad 4th: Major triad 5th: Major triad 6th: minor triad 7th: diminished triad If a piece of music is in a major key the notes in the corresponding major scale are considered diatonic notes, while the notes outside the major scale are considered chromatic notes. Moreover, the key signature of the piece of music will reflect the accidentals in the corresponding major scale. For instance, if a piece of music is in E♭ major the seven pitches in the E♭ major scale are considered diatonic pitches, the other five pitches are considered chromatic pitches. In this case, the key signature will have three flats; the figure below shows all 12 relative major and minor keys, with major keys on the outside and minor keys on the inside arranged around the circle of fifths. The numbers inside the circle show the number of sharps or flats in the key signature, with the sharp keys going clockwise, the flat keys counterclockwise from C major The circular arrangement depends on enharmonic relationships in the circle reckoned at six sharps or flats for the major keys of F♯ = G♭ and D♯ = E♭ for minor keys.
Seven sharps or flats make major keys that may be more conveniently spelled with five flats or sharps. The term "major scale" is used in the names of some other scales whose first and fifth degrees form a major triad; the harmonic major scale has a minor sixth. It differs from the harmonic minor scale only by raising the third degree. There are two scales that go by the name melodic major scale: The first is the fifth mode of the jazz minor scale, which can be thought of as the major scale with a lowered sixth and seventh degree or the natural minor scale with a raised third; the second is the combined scale that goes as Ionian ascending and as the previous melodic major descending. It differs from melodic minor scale only by raising the third degree to a major third; the double harmonic major scale has a minor sixth. It is the fifth mode of the Hungarian minor scale. Ionian mode Major and minor Listen to and download harmonised Major scale piano MP3s
Bon Jovi is an American rock band formed in 1983 in Sayreville, New Jersey. It consists of singer Jon Bon Jovi, keyboardist David Bryan, drummer Tico Torres, guitarist Phil X, bassist Hugh McDonald. Previous bassist Alec John Such was dismissed in 1994, longtime guitarist and co-songwriter Richie Sambora left in 2013. In 1984 and 1985, Bon Jovi released their first two albums and their debut single "Runaway" managed to crack the Top 40. In 1986, the band achieved widespread success and global recognition with their third album, Slippery When Wet, which sold over 20 million copies and included three Top 10 singles, two of which reached No. 1 Their fourth album, New Jersey, was very successful, selling over 10 million copies and featuring five Top 10 singles, two of which reached No. 1. After the band toured and recorded extensively during the late 1980s, culminating in the 1988–90 New Jersey Tour, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora released successful solo albums in 1990 and 1991, respectively.
In 1992, the band returned with the double-platinum Keep the Faith. This was followed by their biggest-selling and longest-charting single "Always" and the album These Days, which proved to be a bigger hit in Europe than in the United States, producing four Top Ten singles in the United Kingdom. Following a second hiatus, their 2000 album Crush the lead single, "It's My Life" introduced the band to a younger audience; the band followed up with Bounce in 2002. The platinum albums Have a Nice Day and Lost Highway saw the band incorporate elements of country music into some of the songs, including the 2006 single "Who Says You Can't Go Home", which won the band a Grammy Award and became the first single by a rock band to reach No. 1 on the country charts. The Circle marked a return to the band's rock sound; the band enjoyed great success touring, with both the 2005–06 Have a Nice Day Tour and 2007–08 Lost Highway Tour ranking among the Top 20 highest-grossing concert tours of the 2000s and the 2013 Because We Can Tour ranking among the highest-grossing of the 2010s.
The band continues to tour and record, with their most recent album This House Is Not for Sale and its associated tour encompassing 2016–19. Bon Jovi has released five compilations and three live albums, they have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the bestselling American rock bands, performed more than 2,700 concerts in over 50 countries for more than 34 million fans. Bon Jovi was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2006, into the US Rock and Roll Hall Of Fame in 2018; the band received the Award of Merit at the American Music Awards in 2004, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora were inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2009. Jon Bon Jovi began playing music in 1975, at the age of 13, playing piano and guitar with his first band, Raze. At 16, Jon formed a band called Atlantic City Expressway. Still in his teens, Bon Jovi played in the band John Bongiovi and the Wild Ones, playing clubs such as the Fast Lane and opening for local acts. By 1980, he had formed another band, the Rest, opened up for New Jersey acts such as Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes.
In 1980, Jon recorded his first single, "Runaway" in his cousin's studio, backed up by studio musicians. The song was played by a local radio station on a compilation tape. By mid-1982, out of school and working part-time at a women's shoe store, Jon Bon Jovi took a job at the Power Station Studios, a Manhattan recording facility where his cousin Tony Bongiovi was co-owner. Jon made several demos—including one produced by Billy Squier—and sent them to record companies, though failing to make an impact, his first professional recording was as lead vocals in "R2-D2 We Wish You a Merry Christmas,", part of the Christmas in the Stars album which his cousin co-produced. In 1983, Jon visited a local radio station WAPP 103.5FM "The Apple" in Lake Success, New York to write and sing the jingles for the station. He spoke with DJ Chip Hobart and to the promotion director, John Lassman, who suggested Jon let WAPP include the song "Runaway" on the station's compilation album of local homegrown talent. Jon was reluctant, but gave them the song, which he had rerecorded in 1982 with local studio musicians whom he designated The All Star Review—guitarist Tim Pierce, keyboardist Roy Bittan, drummer Frankie LaRocka, bassist Hugh McDonald.
The song began to get airplay in the New York area other sister stations in major markets picked up the song. In March 1983, Bon Jovi called David Bryan, who in turn called bassist Alec John Such and an experienced drummer named Tico Torres, both of the band Phantom's Opera. Tapped to play lead guitar for a short tour supporting "Runaway" was Bon Jovi's friend and neighbor, Dave Sabo, though he never joined the band, he and Jon promised each other. Sabo went on to form the group Skid Row. Jon saw and was impressed with hometown guitarist Richie Sambora, recommended by fellow bassist Alec John Such and drummer Tico Torres. Sambora had toured with Joe Cocker, played with a group called Mercy and had been called up to audition for Kiss, he played on the album Lessons with the band Message, for which Alec John Such was the bassist. Message was signed to Led Zeppelin's Swan Song Records label, although the album was never released at the time. Meanwhile, WAPP, the station th
Hatsune Miku is the name of a Vocaloid software voicebank developed by Crypton Future Media and its official moe anthropomorph, a 16-year-old girl with long, turquoise twintails. She uses Yamaha Corporation's Vocaloid 2, Vocaloid 3, Vocaloid 4 singing synthesizing technologies, she uses Crypton Future Media's Piapro Studio, a singing synthesizer VSTi Plugin. She was the second Vocaloid sold using the Vocaloid 2 engine and the first Japanese Vocaloid to use the Japanese version of the Vocaloid 2 engine, her voice is modeled from Japanese voice actress Saki Fujita. Miku's personification has been marketed as a virtual idol and has performed at concerts onstage as an animated projection; the name of the character comes from merging the Japanese words for first and future, thus meaning "the first sound of the future", referring to her position as the first of Crypton's "Character Vocal Series". Hatsune Miku was the first Vocaloid developed by Crypton Future Media after they handled the release of the Yamaha vocal Meiko and Kaito.
The name of "Hatsune Miku" was conceived soon after the Vocaloid 2 announcements, when an English and Japanese vocal were developed for the character. The intended design was delayed and used for Megurine Luka instead. Miku was intended to be the first of a series of Vocaloids called the "Character Vocal Series", which included Kagamine Rin/Len and Megurine Luka; each had vocal direction. She was built using Yamaha's Vocaloid 2 technology, updated to newer engine versions, she was created by taking vocal samples from voice actress Saki Fujita at a controlled pitch and tone. Those samples all contain a single Japanese phonic that, when strung together, creates full lyrics and phrases; the pitch of the samples was to be altered by the synthesizer engine and constructed into a keyboard-style instrument within the Vocaloid software. Crypton released Hatsune Miku on August 31, 2007. Crypton had the idea to release Miku as "an android diva in the near-future world where songs are lost." Hatsune Miku was released for Vocaloid 3 including an English vocal library.
She was the first Vocaloid to be developed by the company, following their commercial release handle of Yamaha Corporation developed vocals "Meiko" and "Kaito", making her the third Vocaloid to be sold commercially by the company. On April 30, 2010, a new add-on for Miku, called Hatsune Miku Append, was released, consisting of six different timbres for her voice: Soft, Dark, Vivid and Light. Miku Append was created to expand Miku's voice library, as such requires the original program to be installed on the user's computer first; this was the first time a Vocaloid had such a release, more Append versions were reported from Crypton Future Media at dates. It was mentioned that a falsetto voice, had been recorded. During the Kagamine Append development, a "darkish Whisper/Sweet" append was being considered. Miku's English vocal was due for a Vocaloid 2 release, but it was not released in the engine due to low quality. To aid in the production of 3D animations, the program MikuMikuDance was developed by an independent programmer.
The freeware software allowed a boom in fan-made animations to be developed, as well as being a boost for promoting Vocaloid songs themselves. This spawned "NicoNico Cho Party", where fans could submit their animations to accompany live holographic performances of popular Vocaloid songs. An English voicebank for Hatsune Miku was announced in 2011 and was to be released by the end of 2012. However, the decision to move to Vocaloid 3 and issues with English pronunciation delayed the release, it was released on August 31, 2013 via digital distribution. The Hatsune Miku Vocaloid 3 Japanese vocal library was released on September 26, 2013, it contained updates to all previous Vocaloid 2 vocals except Light. These were released separately, though they were offered to anyone who owned Hatsune Miku, Hatsune Miku Append, Hatsune Miku V3. Once imported into Vocaloid4, all Vocaloid3 Hatsune Miku vocals could use the new Cross-Synthesis system built for the new engine; the voice was imported into a device called Pocket Miku, released on April 3, 2014.
Hatsune Miku received an update for Yamaha's Vocaloid 4 engine under the name of Hatsune Miku V4x. It makes use of the new EVEC system for Piapro Studio, a VSTi plugin used as an alternative to the traditional Vocaloid Editor. EVEC consists of recorded vowels. Along with the consonant, a different vocal tone can be achieved. Two vocal tones are included in the EVEC system: Soft. Along with the new EVEC system, phoneme errors found in Miku's V2 and V3 voicebanks would be fixed allowing for easier manipulation of her voice; as of August 31, 2016, Hatsune Miku V4X/V4 English was released. A Mandarin Chinese voicebank was released in September 2017, making Hatsune Miku the first trilingual Vocaloid product, her Chinese name is 初音未来. Miku has been promoted since 2008 and was aimed at professional musicians. On September 12, 2007, Amazon.co.jp reported sales of Hatsune Miku totaling 57,500,000 yen, making her the number one selling software of that time. She was the first vocal to be developed and distributed by Crypton Future Media and sung in Japanese.
Her instant success is owed to Vocaloid being a cultural hit in Japan
Babymetal are a Japanese kawaii metal band. Consisting of Suzuka Nakamoto as "Su-metal", Yui Mizuno as "Yuimetal", Moa Kikuchi as "Moametal", the band was formed with the concept of a fusion of the heavy metal and Japanese idol genres; the band is managed by Kobametal from the Amuse talent agency. Their vocals are backed by heavy metal instrumentation played by the Kami Band during live performances. Formed in 2010 as a sub-unit of the Japanese idol group Sakura Gakuin, Babymetal became an independent act in 2013, following Nakamoto's departure from the former. Babymetal released their eponymous debut album in February 2014, their second album Metal Resistance was released worldwide on April 1, 2016, charting well internationally for a Japanese band. Babymetal has embarked on several tours, including the Babymetal World Tour 2014 held after the release of Babymetal, with a majority of their tour dates taking place outside of Asia. On October 19, 2018, Babymetal announced that Yui Mizuno decided to leave the band due to poor health, following her absence from live performances since December 2017 Kobametal, the band's producer and long-time heavy metal enthusiast, started planning to launch an idol/heavy metal fusion group in 2009 after he was impressed by Suzuka Nakamoto's performance with her previous group, Karen Girl's, finding her suitable as lead vocalist for the new group.
The band was formed in 2010 in Tokyo, Japan, as the heavy music club, or sub-unit, of the female idol group Sakura Gakuin, newly formed that year. According to Kobametal, Yui Mizuno and Moa Kikuchi were added to complement Nakamoto's "unique stage presence" with their small statures, dancing around her "like angels". None of the three members were familiar with metal music before the inception of the band. Babymetal's first live appearance was on November 28, 2010, at Sakura Gakuin's first solo concert, Sakura Gakuin Festival ☆ 2010. In July 2011, Babymetal premiered the song, "Ijime, Zettai", at a Sakura Gakuin concert, but it would only be performed during live concerts for the time being; the band's first single, "Doki Doki Morning" appeared on Sakura Gakuin's debut album Sakura Gakuin 2010 Nendo: Message, released on April 27, 2011. A music video for the song was uploaded to Toy's Factory channel on YouTube on 12 October 2011, was released as a DVD single in late 2011, under the independent Toy's Factory sublabel Juonbu Records.
The music video totaled over 1 million views by the end of 2012. Babymetal's first CD single was a collaboration with the band Kiba of Akiba, titled "Babymetal / Kiba of Akiba". Released in March 2012 by Juonbu Records, the single ranked at number three on the Oricon weekly indie chart, number one in the Tower Records Shibuya weekly indie ranking. In the summer of 2012, the band released a music video for their next single, "Headbangeeeeerrrrr!!!!!", directed by Hidenobu Tanabe. In August 2012, Babymetal debuted at Japan's Summer Sonic Festival, becoming the youngest act to perform at the festival, at the average age of 12; the same year, Babymetal performed outside of Japan for the first time, Anime Festival Asia 2012, in Singapore. On January 9, 2013, the band debuted on a major record label with "Ijime, Zettai". Released under the main Toy's Factory label and Juonbu Records, it sold 19,000 copies in its first week and debuted at number six in the Oricon Weekly Singles Chart. In the spring of 2013, Nakamoto graduated from junior high school and therefore had to "graduate" from Sakura Gakuin.
However, their management decided that Babymetal would not dissolve and would continue its activities as a band. The group released its next single, "Megitsune", on June 19, 2013, under Toy's Factory and the band's new sublabel BMD Fox Records. On 10 and 11 August 2013, Babymetal again took part in the Summer Sonic Festival, performing both in Tokyo and Osaka. In October 2013, Babymetal became the youngest act to perform at the heavy metal music festival Loud Park. In November 2013, Babymetal released a promo video for the Japanese premiere of Metallica's movie Through the Never, released its first live music video Live: Legend I, D, Z Apocalypse, which debuted at seventh place in the weekly Oricon Blu-ray Disc charts, at second place among music Blu-rays. In December 2013 Babymetal performed overseas again, at Anime Festival Asia Indonesia 2013, played for a second time in Singapore, after their first overseas Asian tour in 2012. On 26 February 2014, Babymetal released its eponymous album, it contained thirteen tracks and was available in a limited edition that included a DVD with music videos and live footage.
The album was well received by music critics as well as the public, selling over 37,000 copies in Japan its first week, debuting at number four on the Oricon Weekly Album Chart, number two in Billboard Japan. It topped iTunes Metal charts in Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States, reached number 187 on the US Billboard 200 chart on March 22, their album made it into the Heatseekers chart at number four. On March 1 and 2, 2014, the band gave two concerts at Budokan. With the average age of 14.7, they became youngest-ever female act to give a show there. The two concerts were attended by 20,000 people. On April 3, 2014, an episode of the Fine Brothers' YouTubers React show was uploaded to YouTube, covering the band, as well as the music videos of "Doki Doki Morning", "Iine!", "Gimme Chocolate!!". In 2014, Babymetal embarked on thei