Robert Kane was an American comic book writer and artist who co-created, with Bill Finger, the DC Comics character Batman. He was inducted into the comic book industry's Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1994 and into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1996. Robert Kahn was born in New York, his parents and Herman Kahn, an engraver, were of Eastern European Jewish descent. A high school friend of fellow cartoonist and future Spirit creator Will Eisner, Robert Kahn graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School and legally changed his name to Robert Kane, he studied art at Cooper Union before "joining the Max Fleischer Studio as a trainee animator in the year of 1934". He entered the comics field two years in 1936, freelancing original material to editor Jerry Iger's comic book Wow, What A Magazine!, including his first pencil and ink work on the serial Hiram Hick. The following year, Kane began to work at Iger's subsequent studio, Eisner & Iger, one of the first comic book "packagers" that produced comics on demand for publishers entering the new medium during its late-1930s and 1940s Golden Age.
Among his work there was the funny animal feature "Peter Pupp" — which belied its look with overtones of "mystery and menace" — published in the U. K. comic magazine reprinted in Fiction House's Jumbo Comics. Kane produced work through Eisner & Iger for two of the companies that would merge to form DC Comics, including the humor features "Ginger Snap" in More Fun Comics, "Oscar the Gumshoe" for Detective Comics, "Professor Doolittle" for Adventure Comics. For that last title he went on to do his first adventure strip, "Rusty and his Pals". In early 1939, DC's success with the seminal superhero Superman in Action Comics prompted editors to scramble for more such heroes. In response, Bob Kane conceived "the Bat-Man." Kane said his influences for the character included actor Douglas Fairbanks' film portrayal of the swashbuckler Zorro. Bill Finger joined Bob Kane's nascent studio in 1938. An aspiring writer and part-time shoe salesperson, he had met Kane at a party, Kane offered him a job ghost writing the strips Rusty and Clip Carson.
He recalled that Kane...had an idea for a character called'Batman', he'd like me to see the drawings. I went over to Kane's, he had drawn a character who looked much like Superman with kind of... reddish tights, I believe, with boots... no gloves, no gauntlets... with a small domino mask, swinging on a rope. He had two stiff wings, and under it was a big sign... BATMAN. Finger said he offered such suggestions as giving the character a cowl and scalloped cape instead of wings. Finger additionally said his suggestions were influenced by Lee Falk's The Phantom, a syndicated newspaper comic strip character with which Kane was familiar as well. Finger, who said he devised the character's civilian name, Bruce Wayne, wrote the first Batman story, while Kane provided art. Kane, who had submitted the proposal for Batman at DC and held a contract, is the only person given an official company credit for Batman's creation. Comics historian Ron Goulart, in Comic Book Encyclopedia, refers to Batman as the "creation of artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger".
According to Kane, "Bill Finger was a contributing force on Batman right from the beginning. He wrote most of the great stories and was influential in setting the style and genre other writers would emulate... I made Batman a superhero-vigilante. Bill turned him into a scientific detective; the character proved a breakout hit. Within a year, Kane hired art assistants George Roussos. Though Robinson and Roussos worked out of Kane's art studio in The New York Times building, Kane himself did all his drawing at home. Shortly afterward, when DC wanted more Batman stories than Kane's studio could deliver, the company assigned Dick Sprang and other in-house pencilers as "ghost artists", drawing uncredited under Kane's supervision. Future Justice League writer Gardner Fox wrote some early scripts, including the two-part story "The Monk" that introduced some of The Batman's first "Bat-" equipment. In 1943, Kane left the Batman comic books to focus on penciling the daily Batman newspaper comic strip. DC Comics artists ghosting the comic-book stories now included Jack Burnley and Win Mortimer, with Robinson moving up as penciler and Fred Ray contributing some covers.
After the strip finished in 1946, Kane returned to the comic books but, unknown to DC, had hired his own personal ghosts, including Lew Schwartz and Sheldon Moldoff from 1953-1967. Bill Finger recalled; as I said, Batman was a combination of Sherlock Holmes. Holmes had his Watson; the thing that bothered me was that Batman didn't have anyone to talk to, it got a little tiresome always having him thinking. I found. That's. Bob said he was going to put a boy in the strip to identify with Batman. I thought. Kane, who had created a sidekick for Peter Pupp, proposed adding a boy named Mercury who would have worn a "super-costume". Robinson sugges
Batman and the Monster Men
Batman and the Monster Men is an American comic book limited series written and drawn by Matt Wagner with colors by Dave Stewart, published by DC Comics in 2006 and starring the superhero Batman. It, along with its sequel Batman and the Mad Monk, are set in between the events of Batman: Year One and Batman: The Man Who Laughs, it is the first part of Matt Wagner's two-part Dark Moon Rising series, which are expanded and modernized versions of early Batman stories. Batman and the Monster Men is developed from an early Hugo Strange story from Batman #1. In Wagner's version, this is Batman's first encounter with Strange; the story depicts a optimistic Batman shortly after the events of Batman: Year One. Julie Madison Bruce Wayne's love interest in early comics, is reintroduced in this series. Madison had not been seen as a regular supporting cast member since 1941, in Detective Comics #49. Batman and the Monster Men gives a retroactive role to Sal Maroni, a character tied to the character Two-Face, as a crime boss funding Hugo Strange's experiments on Arkham Asylum patients.
This story is intended to depict the first time Hugo Strange is involved in creating violent giants out of human patients. This story and its sequel and the Mad Monk take place in between Batman: Year One and Batman: The Man Who Laughs. Jim Gordon has been promoted to Captain and Edward Grogan has just replaced the corrupt, mob-affiliated Gillian "Gil" Loeb as Police Commissioner. One of Batman's early encounters with a villain known as "the Red Hood" occurs some time shortly before this story begins, indicated by the fact that a newspaper headline depicted on the opening page reads: "Red Hood Gone? Eyewitnesses claim mystery thief falls to doom after Ace Chemical heist attempt foiled by run-in with vigilante Bat-Man"; the incident at Ace Chemical, depicted as flashbacks in Batman: The Killing Joke, transformed the Red Hood into the Joker, who makes his first appearance in The Man Who Laughs. Instead of being an actress as in her Golden Age incarnation, Julie is a freshly graduated law student.
Jim Gordon is shown to still be married to his first wife, Barbara Kean-Gordon, who leaves him shortly after the events of Batman: The Long Halloween and returns to him in Batman: Dark Victory
James Gordon (comics)
James "Jim" Gordon is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, most in association with the superhero Batman. The character debuted in the first panel of Detective Comics #27, Batman's first appearance, where he is referred to as Commissioner Gordon; the character was created by Bob Kane. Commissioner Gordon made his debut as an ally of Batman, making him the first Batman supporting character to be introduced; as the police commissioner of Gotham City, Gordon shares Batman's deep commitment to ridding the city of crime. The character is portrayed as having full trust in Batman and is somewhat dependent on him. In many modern stories, he is somewhat skeptical of Batman's vigilante methods, but believes that Gotham needs him; the two have tacit friendship. Gordon is the father or adoptive father of Barbara Gordon, the first modern Batgirl and the information broker Oracle. Jim Gordon has a son, James Gordon Jr. who first appeared in Batman: Year One. Created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane, Gordon debuted in the first panel of Detective Comics #27, in which he is referred to as Commissioner Gordon.
The character's name was taken from the earlier pulp character commissioner James W. "Wildcat" Gordon known as "The Whisperer", created in 1936 by Henry Ralston, John Nanovic, Lawrence Donovan for Street & Smith. Gordon had served in the United States Marine Corps prior to becoming a police officer. In most versions of the Batman mythos, Jim Gordon is at one point or another depicted as commissioner of the Gotham City Police Department. Gordon contacts Batman for help in solving various crimes those committed by supervillains, it is Gordon who uses the Bat-signal to summon Batman, it has become a running joke of sorts that the Dark Knight will disappear in the middle of the discussion when Gordon's back is turned. Gordon is depicted with silver or red hair, a mustache. In most incarnations, he is seen wearing a trenchcoat, on occasion, a fedora hat, he is sometimes pictured with a cane, although it is not revealed why he uses it. Because DC Comics retconned its characters' history in the 1985 miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths, because of different interpretations in television and film, the details of Gordon's history vary from story to story.
He has been married twice. In the original pre-Crisis version of his history, Gordon is a police detective who resents the mysterious vigilante's interference in police business, he first appears in Detective Comics #27, in the first Batman story, in which they both investigate the murder of a chemical industrialist. Although Batman fights on the side of justice, his methods and phenomenal track record for stopping crimes and capturing criminals embarrasses the police by comparison. Batman meets up with Gordon and persuades the detective that they need each other's help. Gordon deputizes Batman, thereafter the Dark Knight works with Gordon as an agent of the law. In Batman Special #1, it is revealed that Gordon, as a young cop and killed two robbers in self-defense in front of their son; the results of this event would lead the boy to become the first Wrath, a cop killer with a costume and motif inspired by Batman, who would come after Gordon for revenge years later. The post-Crisis version of the character was introduced in the 1987 storyline Batman: Year One, written by Frank Miller.
In this version, James W. Gordon is transferred back to Gotham City after spending more than 15 years in Chicago. A man of integrity, Gordon finds that Batman is his only ally against the mob-controlled administration. One of the most significant differences in this version is that Batman is never deputized and Gordon's relationship with him is kept out of the public eye whenever possible, it is added that he is a special forces veteran, capable in hand-to-hand combat. He is depicted as having an extra-marital affair with Sarah Essen. At one point and Gordon deduce that Batman is in fact Bruce Wayne, but never investigate their guess more in order to confirm it. Gordon breaks off their affair after being blackmailed by the corrupt police commissioner, Gillian B. Loeb. Mob boss Carmine Falcone sends Johnny Viti, to abduct Gordon's family. After Loeb resigns, Gordon is promoted to captain; the 1998 miniseries Gordon of Gotham takes place nearly 20 years prior to the current events of the DC Universe and two months before his arrival in Gotham in Batman: Year One.
It reveals that Gordon, during his tenure in Chicago, struggled with his wife over conceiving a child while taking night classes in criminology. He becomes a minor celebrity after a foiling a late-night robbery attempt; when he decides to investigate a corrupt fellow officer, the corrupt officer and his cronies assault him, the police department discredits him in order to cover up the scandal. Gordon uncovers evidence of rigging in the city council election and brings down two of his fellow officers, which leads to his commander recommending that he be transferred to Gotham; the story Wrath Child, published in Batman Confidential issues 13-16, retcons Gordon's origin yet again: in this continuity, Gordon started his career in Gotham, but transferred to Chicago after shooting a corrupt cop and his wife. The transfer was arranged by Loeb, then
A supervillain is a variant of the villainous stock character, found in American comic books possessing superhuman abilities. A supervillain is the antithesis of a superhero. Supervillains are invesiles used as foils to present a daunting challenge to a superhero. In instances where the supervillain does not have superhuman, mystical, or alien powers, the supervillain may possess a genius intellect or a skill set that allows them to draft complex schemes or commit crimes in a way normal humans cannot. Other traits may include possession of considerable resources to further their aims. Many supervillains share some typical characteristics of real world dictators and terrorists, with aspirations of world domination or universal leadership; the Joker, Lex Luthor, The Horde, Mr. Glass, Doctor Doom, Venom, Ra's al Ghul and Thanos are some notable male comic book supervillains and have been adapted to film and television; some notable examples of female supervillains are the Catwoman, Harley Quinn, Talia al Ghul, Poison Ivy and Dark Phoenix.
Just like superheroes, supervillains are sometimes members of supervillain groups, such as the Sinister Six, the Suicide Squad, the Brotherhood of Mutants, the Injustice League, the Legion of Doom, the Masters of Evil. Stephen Moffat and Mark Gatiss have claimed to regard James Moriarty as a super villain because he too possesses genius level intelligence and powers of observation and deduction setting him above ordinary people to the point where only he can pose a credible threat to Sherlock Holmes, and because Moriarty is a successful, sociopathic antagonist. The dictionary definition of supervillain at Wiktionary Media related to Supervillains at Wikimedia Commons
The Penguin is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics as an adversary of the superhero Batman. The character made his first appearance in Detective Comics #58 and was created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger; the Penguin is one of Batman's most enduring enemies and belongs to the collective of adversaries that make up Batman's rogues gallery. The Penguin is a Gotham City mobster who fancies himself a "gentleman of crime" wearing a monocle, top hat, tuxedo; the character is a short, obese man with a long nose, he uses high-tech umbrellas as weapons. The Penguin runs a nightclub called the Iceberg Lounge which provides a cover for his criminal activity, Batman sometimes uses the nightclub as a source of criminal underworld information. Unlike most of Batman's rogues gallery, the Penguin is sane and in control of his actions, giving him a unique relationship with Batman. According to Kane, the character was inspired by the advertising mascot of Kool cigarettes, a penguin with a top hat and cane.
Finger thought that the image of high-society gentlemen in tuxedos was reminiscent of emperor penguins. The character has been featured in various media adaptations, including feature films, television series, video games. For example, the Penguin has been voiced by Paul Williams and David Ogden Stiers in the DC animated universe, Tom Kenny in The Batman, Nolan North in the Batman: Arkham video game series, his live-action portrayals include Burgess Meredith in the 1960s Batman television series and its spinoff film, Danny DeVito in Batman Returns, Robin Lord Taylor in the television series Gotham. The Penguin has been named one of the best Batman villains and one of the greatest villains in comics. Penguin was ranked #51 in IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time. Born Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot, the Penguin was bullied as a child for his short stature, way of walking and beak-like nose. Several stories relate that he was forced, as a child, always to carry an umbrella by his overprotective mother due to his father's death from bronchial pneumonia caused by going out in the rain without an umbrella.
His mother owned a bird shop, the birds of which Cobblepot lavished with attention and that served as his only friends growing up. His love of birds would lead him to study ornithology in college – only to find out that he knew more about birds than most of his professors did. In some versions, Cobblepot turns to crime after his mother dies and the bird shop and birds are repossessed to pay her debts. In others, he is an outcast in his high-society family and their rejection drives him to become a criminal. In keeping with his aristocratic origins, the Penguin pursues his criminal career while wearing formal attire such as a top hat and tuxedo of the "white-tie-and-tails" design, he is one of the few villains in Batman's rogues gallery, sane, although ruthless and capable of extreme violence. He is highly intelligent and can match wits with Batman. Known only by his alias, the Penguin first appeared in Gotham City as a skilled thief, sneaking a priceless painting out of the museum by hiding the rolled-up canvas in the handle of his umbrella.
The Penguin used the canvas as proof of his intellect to a local mob, which he was allowed to join. With the Penguin's help, the mob pulled off a string of ingenious heists, but the mob's leader and the "be-monocled bird" fell out, leading Cobblepot to kill him with his umbrella gun; the Penguin attempted to neutralize Batman by framing him for theft. The Penguin's plans were prevented, but the bandit himself escaped; the Penguin was a persistent nemesis for Batman and Robin throughout the Golden and Silver Ages, pulling off ploy after ploy, such as teaming up with the Joker, attempting to extort money from a shipping company by pretending to flash-freeze a member of its board of directors, participating in Hugo Strange's auction of Batman's secret identity. The Penguin made his last appearance during the last appearance of the Earth-One Batman. After he and a multitude of Batman's enemies are broken out of Arkham Asylum and Gotham State Penitentiary by Ra's al Ghul, the Penguin carries out Ra's' plans to kidnap Batman's friends and allies.
The Penguin, along with the Joker, the Mad Hatter, Cavalier and Killer Moth, lay siege to Gotham City Police Headquarters, but are infuriated when the Joker sabotages their attempt at holding Commissioner James Gordon for ransom. A standoff ensues, with the Joker on the Mad Hatter on the other; the Joker subdues both with a burst of laughing gas from one of his many gadgets. Following the Crisis rebooting the history of the DC Universe, the Penguin was relegated to sporadic appearances, until writer Alan Grant and artist Norm Breyfogle brought him back, deadlier than ever. During the era of Tim Drake as Robin, the Penguin forms a brief partnership with hypnotist Mortimer Kadaver, who helps him fake his own death as a ploy to strike an unsuspecting Gotham; the Penguin kills Kadaver, after plugging his own ears with toilet paper so that the hypnotist no longer has power over him. After Batman foils this particular endeavor, the Penguin embarks on one of his grandest schemes in the three-part story "The Penguin Affair".
Finding Harold Allnut being tormented by two gang members, the Penguin takes in the technologically gifted hunchback, showing him kindness in exchange for services. Harold builds a gadget that allows the Penguin to control flocks of birds from miles away, w
Rum-running, or bootlegging, is the illegal business of transporting alcoholic beverages where such transportation is forbidden by law. Smuggling takes place to circumvent taxation or prohibition laws within a particular jurisdiction; the term rum-running is more applied to smuggling over water. It is believed that the term "bootlegging" originated during the American Civil War, when soldiers would sneak liquor into army camps by concealing pint bottles within their boots or beneath their trouser legs. According to the PBS documentary Prohibition, the term "bootlegging" was popularized when thousands of city dwellers sold liquor from flasks they kept in their boot legs all across major cities and rural areas; the term "rum-running" most originated at the start of Prohibition in the United States, when ships from Bimini in the western Bahamas transported cheap Caribbean rum to Florida speakeasies. But rum's cheapness made it a low-profit item for the rum-runners, they soon moved on to smuggling Canadian whisky, French champagne, English gin to major cities like New York City and Chicago, where prices ran high.
It was said. It was not long after the first taxes were implemented on alcoholic beverages that someone began to smuggle alcohol; the British government had "revenue cutters" in place to stop smugglers as early as the 16th century. Pirates made extra money running rum to taxed colonies. There were times when the sale of alcohol was limited for other reasons, such as laws against sales to American Indians in the Old West and Canada West or local prohibitions like the one on Prince Edward Island between 1901 and 1948. Industrial-scale smuggling flowed both ways across the Canada–US border at different points in the early twentieth century between Windsor and Detroit, Michigan. Although Canada never had true nationwide prohibition, the federal government gave the provinces an easy means to ban alcohol under the War Measures Act, most provinces and the Yukon Territory had enacted prohibition locally by 1918 when a regulation issued by the federal cabinet banned the interprovincial trade and importation of liquor.
National prohibition in the United States did not begin until 1920, though many states had statewide prohibition before that. For the two-year interval, enough American liquor entered Canada illegally to undermine support for prohibition in Canada, so it was lifted, beginning with Quebec and Yukon in 1919 and including all the provinces but Prince Edward Island by 1930. Additionally, Canada's version of prohibition had never included a ban on the manufacture of liquor for export. Soon the black-market trade was reversed with Canadian whisky and beer flowing in large quantities to the United States. Again, this illegal international trade undermined the support for prohibition in the receiving country, the American version ended in 1933. One of the most famous periods of rum-running began in the United States when Prohibition began on January 16, 1920, when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect; this period lasted until the amendment was repealed with ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment on December 5, 1933.
At first, there was much action on the seas, but after several months, the Coast Guard began reporting decreased smuggling activity. This was the start of the Bimini -- the introduction of Bill McCoy. With the start of prohibition, Captain McCoy began bringing rum from Bimini and the rest of the Bahamas into south Florida through Government Cut; the Coast Guard soon caught up with him, so he began to bring the illegal goods to just outside U. S. territorial waters and let smaller boats and other captains, such as Habana Joe, take the risk of bringing it to shore. The rum-running business was good, McCoy soon bought a Gloucester knockabout schooner named Arethusa at auction and renamed her Tomoka, he installed a larger auxiliary, mounted a concealed machine gun on her deck, refitted the fish pens below to accommodate as much contraband as she could hold. She became one of the most famous of the rum-runners, along with his two other ships hauling Irish and Canadian whiskey as well as other fine liquors and wines to ports from Maine to Florida.
In the days of rum running, it was common for captains to add water to the bottles to stretch their profits or to re-label it as better goods. Any cheap sparkling wine became Italian Spumante. McCoy became famous for selling only top brands. Although the phrase appears in print in 1882, this is one of several folk etymologies for the origin of the term "The real McCoy." On November 15, 1923, McCoy and Tomoka encountered the U. S. Coast Guard Cutter Seneca just outside U. S. territorial waters. A boarding party attempted to board. Tomoka tried to run, but the Seneca placed a shell just off her hull, William McCoy surrendered his ship and cargo. McCoy is credited with the idea of bringing large boats just to the edge of the three-mile limit of U. S. jurisdiction and selling his wares there to "contact boats", local fishermen, small boat captains. The small, quick boats could more outrun Coast Guard ships and could dock in any small river or eddy and transfer their cargo to a waiting truck, they were known to load float planes and flying boats.
Soon others were following suit, the three-mile limit became known as "Rum Line" with the ships waiting called "Rum row". The Rum Line was extended to a 12-mile limit by an act of the United Sta
Hugo Strange is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics as an adversary of the superhero Batman. The character is one of Batman's first recurring villains and is one of the first Batman villains to discover the hero's secret identity. BD Wong portrays the character in the television series Gotham. Professor Hugo Strange first appears in Detective Comics #36 as a scientist who uses a stolen "concentrated lightning" machine to generate a dense fog every night, allowing his gang to rob banks unseen, though he knows that Batman poses a threat to him. Batman, who knows of Strange's experiments, begins investigating him after one of his henchmen kills a man; when his henchmen are apprehended, Strange vows to set a trap for Batman as the next target on his list of crimes. When Batman arrives, over a dozen of Strange's men are waiting for him, one of them knocks him out with a blackjack, he wakes up in Strange's lair, where Strange lashes him with a whip. Batman breaks the ropes, gases the room, defeats Strange, jailed but plans to escape.
In Batman #1 he escapes from the "city asylum" with a gang of criminals breaks out "five insane patients" and uses them as test subjects, turning them into hulking 15 ft. tall monsters by administering a powerful artificial growth hormone that acts on the pituitary gland. They wear bulletproof clothing, he releases them to wreak havoc in Gotham City while his men commit robberies. Strange administers the serum to Batman after the giants capture him, saying it will work in 18 hours. Batman tricks two of the monsters into killing each other, saves himself by creating a drug that prevents any abnormal secretions from the pituitary gland, he is able to kill all the other monsters, sends Strange to his apparent death in a fall, although he suspects that the mad scientist has survived. In Detective Comics #46, Strange starts spreading a fear-inducing powder around the city until a punch from Batman again sends him falling to his apparent death, he returned years in the 1970s in the "Strange Apparitions" story arc in Detective Comics #469-479.
Having survived his earlier "death", Strange left Gotham City and went to Europe for several years, where his criminal career was successful. Strange, now using the alias of Dr. Todhunter, is running a private hospital named Graytowers Clinic for Gotham's wealthiest citizens—where he holds them for ransom and changes them into monsters; when Bruce Wayne checks into the hospital to recover discreetly from radiation burns he sustained while fighting Doctor Phosphorus, Strange finds out that Wayne is Batman and proceeds to wreak havoc on his personal life. Strange attempts to auction off the identity of Batman to Gotham City Council president "Boss" Rupert Thorne, the Penguin, the Joker. Thorne has Strange abducted and beaten by his men to reveal Batman's identity, but Strange dies before he can tell him. Strange's ghost comes back to haunt Thorne, driving the council president insane. Thorne is sent to Arkham Asylum. Strange's ghost returns again to haunt Thorne in Detective Comics #513, #516, #518, #520 and Batman #354, leading up to the appearance of the real Hugo Strange in the last panel of the last page of the fifth issue mentioned here.
As revealed two issues in Batman #356 Strange had indeed survived the beating from Thorne's men by using yoga to slow his heartbeat to an undetectable level. It is revealed that Strange artificially created the "ghost" that haunted Thorne using strategically-placed devices that simulated the "ghost's" appearances, which drove him to confess to the authorities. Upon his return, Strange used the devices again to bring back the "ghost" in order to have his revenge on Thorne. Subsequently, Strange attempts to weaken Bruce Wayne through the use of drugs and robots called Mandroids, with the ultimate goal of usurping the mantle of Batman; the plan fails, Strange dies once more when he attempts to kill Batman by blowing up a replica of Wayne Manor with himself in it, stating that if he cannot be Batman no one can. Batman survives the explosion. Strange returns yet again in Batman Annual #10, in another attempt to destroy Batman and Bruce Wayne, this time attempting to financially bankrupt Wayne by using various tricks to force Wayne Enterprise shareholders to sell their stocks to him, allowing him to bankrupt Wayne.
He attempts to frame Batman as a criminal. However, Strange is sent to prison. Batman casts further doubt on Strange's deductions of his identity by claiming that he hypnotized Strange to give him a fake idea of Batman's true identity just before Commissioner Gordon showed up to make the arrest, leaving Strange doubting his own mind as he wonders if Batman is attempting a complex double-bluff by letting him think that Bruce Wayne is Batman; the Earth-Two version of Strange has a similar early history to the Earth-One version and survives the fall that he experienced in Detective Comics #46. In The Brave and the Bold #182, it is revealed that he is left paralyzed by the fall but, after years of physical therapy, he regains enough movement to write out the surgical techniques needed to repair the damage to his body—and bribes a surgeon to perform the operation; the surgeon lacks Strange's skill, the operation leaves Strange physically deformed. Strange uses one of his de