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Salem, Saline County, Arkansas

Salem is a census-designated place in Saline County, United States. The population was 2,607 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. Salem is located at 34°37′46″N 92°33′42″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.2 square miles, of which 3.2 square miles is land and 0.05 square mile is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,789 people, 1,069 households, 857 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 815.3 people per square mile. There were 1,096 housing units at an average density of 320.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.03% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.36% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. 1.08 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 1,069 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.8% were non-families.

17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.94. In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $44,681, the median income for a family was $52,216. Males had a median income of $33,207 versus $26,337 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $21,301. About 3.9% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. Public education for early childhood and secondary school students is provided by Benton School District, which leads to graduation from Benton High School.

Bryant Public Schools, which leads to graduation from Bryant High School. Lanny Fite, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Saline County

Governor's School of North Carolina

The Governor's School of North Carolina is a publicly funded residential summer program for intellectually gifted high school students in the state of North Carolina. North Carolina's Governor's School was the first such program in the United States, has given rise to similar programs for gifted students in many other states. Governor's School enrolls 650 students each summer, half each in programs housed at High Point University in High Point and at Meredith College in Raleigh. Governor's School is a program of the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Governor's School serves students in public and home schools. Most students are rising seniors in high school, though students from some arts areas may be rising juniors. Students who attend Governor's School are nominated by their school or school system and selected on the basis of grades, test scores, an application essay and, for arts students, an audition. Students are accepted for a primary course of study, known as Area I, in which they will spend most of their class time.

Area I disciplines include the following: academic areas of English, French, natural science and social science. Each course emphasizes contemporary texts, artistic expressions and ideas in their respective disciplines. All students attend two additional areas of study outside of their primary area, not to mention countless optional and required seminars and performances. Area II courses cover a variety of questions and ideas from the epistemological branch of philosophy. In Area III classes, students attempt to ground what they are learning in their Area I and II classes in their own personal experience; the program began in 1963 as an education initiative promoted by Gov. Terry Sanford and conceptualized by John Ehle, a member of his staff; the idea was based on educational principles concerning gifted education that were prominent in the 1950s. An early consultant in Governor's School's design and curriculum was Dr. James J. Gallagher, author of Teaching the Gifted Child and over 80 other works on gifted education.

Dr. Gallagher's work emphasized the need for different educational methods for gifted students that were not available in public schools, the importance of creativity and leadership as aspects of giftedness; the goal of Governor's School, was to advance the education of North Carolina's brightest students, with the goal of encouraging them to become gifted, creative leaders in all aspects of science, art and literature. This was done in hopes of challenging the technological advancements being made in the Cold-War era Soviet Union, but with an eye to bringing corporations to North Carolina to provide jobs in emerging technologies such as computers, space exploration, telecommunications, biomedical research; the first session was funded by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York and an association of business leaders from Winston-Salem, NC. The first Governor's School class of 400 students met in June, 1963 on the campus of Salem College in Winston-Salem, NC. Instructors were drawn from college professors.

Though North Carolina's public schools would not be desegregated until 1968, students of all races have been accepted to Governor's School since its inception. Governor's School was funded by the Carnegie Corporation and local business for a second year but received support from the NC Legislature beginning in 1965 and continuing to this day. While the subject matter changed with the times, the governing philosophies of gifted education remained focused on differential education for the gifted; the early curriculum was expressed in a document entitled Opening Windows to the Future, written by H. Michael Lewis with input from GS instructors. In 1968, actor and playwright James Lee Bray became Director of the Governor's School, a position he would hold until 1995. In light of the expanding population of North Carolina and the growing impact of research and development corporations in the state's financial success, Governor Jim Hunt called for Governor's School to be expanded to a second campus in 1978.

The second GS program was held on the campus of St. Andrews Presbyterian College in Laurinburg; this doubled the number of students to 800. With the opening of this campus, the program in Winston-Salem was referred to as GS West, while Laurinburg was GS East. Both campuses held the same program, prompting the NC Department of Public Instruction to declare that Governor's School was one school with two campuses. Governor's School East moved to Meredith College in Raleigh for the 2000 session, where it is still held. In 2019, Governor's School West moved to High Point University in High Point. While faculty and subject matter have changed over time, Governor's School remained unaltered from 1978 until 2009. In response to proposed budget cuts, in celebration of its 25th year, Jim Bray and the faculty at GS West organized a meeting of GS alumni to show legislators the enduring success of the program. Organized by long-time campus activities director JoAnne North Goetz, several hundred alumni met in 1987 to show their support for the program.

During this meeting, they organized the North Carolina Governor's School Alumni Association. The Alumni Association holds annual Alumni Day reunions on both campuses, supports Governor's School through donations and public awareness. In 1993, the Alumni Association spun off the NC Governor's School Foundation; the Foundation is a non-profit charitable organization that supports t

Andorra–Mexico relations

Andorra–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Principality of Andorra and the United Mexican States. Both nations are members of the Organization of the United Nations. Andorra and Mexico, encouraged by the desire to develop friendly links among their peoples and to cooperate in the political, economic and cultural spheres, agreed to establish diplomatic relations on 5 May 1995 after Andorra adopted a new constitution establishing them as a parliamentary democracy; the establishment of diplomatic relations between both nations took place in New York City, during an act in which the representatives of both countries to the United Nations signed a joint communiqué. Mexico soon accredited an ambassador to Andorra based in Spain. In December 2014, Andorran President Antoni Martí paid a visit to Mexico to attend the 24th Ibero-American Summit in Veracruz City. While in Mexico, President Martí met with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto; the meeting was attended by Andorran Foreign Minister Gilbert Saboya Sunyé.

In September 2018, both nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding of cooperation between the Andorran General Prosecutor's Office and the Mexican Attorney General. Andorra, being known as a tax haven. In 2016, Banca Privada d'Andorra was discovered to be holding $6 million dollars in a private bank account of a Mexican congress man from the state of Sinaloa, it is speculated. In 2017, a Mexican ambassador in Uruguay, Francisco Arroyo Vieyra, was found to have hidden $1 million dollars in an Andorran bank account. In 2018, trade between Andorra and Mexico totaled $2.4 million USD. Andorra's main exports to Mexico include: plastic manufactures, lightning rods, voltage limiters and transient over voltage suppressors. Mexico's main exports to Andorra include: fumaric acid. Between 1999–2012, Andorra invested $2.5 million USD in Mexico. Andorra is the 71st largest investor in Mexico, with most of its investments concentrated in the construction and financial services sector, as well as pipe fittings and stainless steel sectors.

Andorran multinational banking companies Andbank and Crèdit Andorrà operate in Mexico. Mexican multinational company, operates in Andorra. Andorra is accredited to Mexico from its embassy based in United States. Mexico is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain

Napkin ring problem

In geometry, the napkin-ring problem involves finding the volume of a "band" of specified height around a sphere, i.e. the part that remains after a hole in the shape of a circular cylinder is drilled through the center of the sphere. It is a counterintuitive fact that this volume does not depend on the original sphere's radius but only on the resulting band's height; the problem is so called because after removing a cylinder from the sphere, the remaining band resembles the shape of a napkin ring. Suppose that the axis of a right circular cylinder passes through the center of a sphere of radius R and that h represents the height of the part of the cylinder, inside the sphere; the "band" is the part of the sphere, outside the cylinder. The volume of the band depends on h but not on R: V = π h 3 6; as the radius R of the sphere shrinks, the diameter of the cylinder must shrink in order that h can remain the same. The band gets thicker, this would increase its volume, but it gets shorter in circumference, this would decrease its volume.

The two effects cancel each other out. In the extreme case of the smallest possible sphere, the cylinder vanishes and the height h equals the diameter of the sphere. In this case the volume of the band is the volume of the whole sphere, which matches the formula given above. An early study of this problem was written by 17th-century Japanese mathematician Seki Kōwa. According to Smith & Mikami, Seki called this solid an arc-ring, or in Japanese kokwan. Suppose the radius of the sphere is R and the length of the cylinder is h. By the Pythagorean theorem, the radius of the cylinder is R 2 − 2, the radius of the horizontal cross-section of the sphere at height y above the "equator" is R 2 − y 2; the cross-section of the band with the plane at height y is the region inside the larger circle of radius given by and outside the smaller circle of radius given by. The cross-section's area is therefore the area of the larger circle minus the area of the smaller circle: π 2 − π 2 = π 2 − π 2 = π; the radius R does not appear in the last quantity.

Therefore, the area of the horizontal cross-section at height y does not depend on R, as long as y ≤ h/2 ≤ R. The volume of the band is ∫ − h / 2 h / 2 d y, that does not depend on R; this is an application of Cavalieri's principle: volumes with equal-sized corresponding cross-sections are equal. Indeed, the area of the cross-section is the same as that of the corresponding cross-section of a sphere of radius h/2, which has volume 4 3 π 3 = π h 3 6. Visual calculus, an intuitive way to solve this type of problem applied to finding the area of an annulus, given only its chord length String girdling Earth, another problem where the radius of a sphere or circle is counter-intuitively irrelevant Devlin, The Napkin Ring Problem, Mathematical Association of America, archived from the original on 11 August 2011 Devlin, Lockhart's Lament, Mathematical Association of America, archived from the original on 11 August 2011 Gardner, Martin, "Hole in the Sphere", My best mathematical and logic puzzles, Dover Publications, p. 8 Jones, S

Adèle Geras

Adèle Geras is an English writer for young children and adults. Geras was born in British Mandatory Palestine, her father was in the Colonial Service and she had a varied childhood, living in countries such as Nigeria, Tanganyika and British North Borneo in a short span of time. She attended Roedean School in Brighton and graduated from St Hilda's College, Oxford with a degree in Modern Languages, she decided instead to become a full-time writer. Geras's first book was Tea at Mrs Manderby's, published in 1976, her first full-length novel was The Girls in the Velvet Frame. She has written more than 95 books for children, young adults, adults. Other works include Troy Ithaka, Happy Ever After, Silent Snow, Secret Snow, A Thousand Yards of Sea, her novels for adults include: Facing the Light, Hester's Story, Made in Heaven, A Hidden Life. In December 2016 Geras appeared as a member of the team from St Hilda's College Oxford in the Christmas Special of BBC Two's University Challenge. Geras won two prizes in the United States, the Sydney Taylor Book Award for the My Grandmother's Stories and the National Jewish Book Award for Golden Windows.

She has won prizes for her poetry and was a joint winner of the Smith Doorstop Poetry Pamphlet Award, offered by the publisher of that name. Geras' husband was the Marxist academic Norman Geras and their daughter Sophie Hannah is a novelist and poet. Paws and Whiskers – 2014 anthology that includes Mimi's Day, a true poem which Geras wrote in 1999 about her tabby cat. Official website Adèle Geras at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Adèle Geras at Library of Congress Authorities, with 45 catalogue records Adele Geras profile on the village website where she now lives

Akasaka-juku (Tōkaidō)

Akasaka-juku was the thirty-sixth of the fifty-three stations of the Tōkaidō. It is located in present-day Toyokawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, it was only 1.7 kilometres from the preceding post station. Along with the preceding Yoshida-juku and Goyu-shuku, Akasaka-juku was well known for its meshimori onna; the classic ukiyo-e print by Andō Hiroshige from 1831–1834 depicts a typical inn. To the right, travellers are taking their evening meal, to the left, prostitutes are putting on make-up and preparing for the evening entertainment. Due to its reputation, Akasaka was a popular post station with many travellers. Ōhashi-ya, an inn that first opened in 1649, less than half a century after the creation of the Tōkaidō, still operates today. The building it uses was built in 1716. During a census in 1733, there were 83 inns in Akasaka-juku. At its peak, there were 349 buildings, including three honjin, one sub-honjin and 62 hatago. Goyu-shuku was less than 2 km from Akasaka-juku, making them the closest stations on the whole of the Tōkaidō.

At Sekigawa Shrine in Otowa, Matsuo Bashō wrote the following haiku, because they were so close: 夏の月 御油より出でて 赤坂や Natsu no tsuki / Goyu yori idete / Akasaka ya. "By the summer moon, / depart out from Goyu and / reach Akasaka."When the construction of the Tōkaidō Main Line bypassed the area, it missed out on many of the economic advantages that the railroad brought. Furthermore though the area gained connections to rail networks with the construction of the Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line, it was still unable to flourish because none of the express trains stopped at Meiden-Akasaka Station. Tōkaidō Goyu-shuku - Akasaka-juku - Fujikawa-shuku Carey, Patrick. Rediscovering the Old Tokaido:In the Footsteps of Hiroshige. Global Books UK. ISBN 1-901903-10-9 Chiba, Reiko. Hiroshige's Tokaido in Poetry. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0246-7 Taganau, Jilly; the Tokaido Road: Travelling and Representation in Edo and Meiji Japan. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-415-31091-1 Media related to Akasaka-juku at Wikimedia Commons