Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end
Botkyrka Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, not far from the capital Stockholm. Its seat is located in the town of Tumba. In 1971 Grödinge was merged with Botkyrka and in 1974 Salem was added; the Salem part was in 1983 split off again and a new Salem Municipality was formed. Botkyrka has an estimated population of 91,925; the municipality is named after a Christian missionary during the 12th century. Saint Botvid is shown on the seal and coat of arms of Botkyrka Municipality, where he carries an axe and a fish. Another remnant of Botkyrka's Christian medieval history is the Botkyrka church, made of stone. Politically the municipality is Social Democratic, that has governed Botkyrka for a long period except 3 years in the early 1990s. However, with fewer seats the party now governs together with The Green Party, The Left Party. There have been several local parties. For a long period a local party called. A party was active from mid 1980s to mid 1990s with only one purpose - to prevent the exploitation of the small airfield, F18, in Tullinge to become a commercial airport in the 1980s.
In the election 2010 a local party for the area of Tullinge got 6 seats on the agenda of separating Tullinge from Botkyrka as a separate municipality. Botkyrka has two local, newspapers called "Mitt i Botkyrka" and "Södra Sidan", they are delivered free of charge to all households. The Swedish hip hop group The Latin Kings raps about life in Botkyrka in several of their songs. In its December 2015 report, Police in Sweden placed the Hallunda and Norsborg districts in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates. In its 2017 report, Police in Sweden added the Fittja districts to the category; the northern and eastern parts of the municipality are in the contiguous Stockholm urban area. Tumba forms a locality of its own. Vårsta is in the central part; the southern half of the municipality is rural. Botkyrka Northern Botkyrka, has one of the highest percentages of first and second generation immigrants in Sweden. 56.4% the population has at least one parent born in another country. This makes the municipality a multi-cultural community with for example a big Syriac Orthodox Church in Hallunda and a mosque in Fittja.
In 2017, Botkyrka is one of three municipalities in Sweden with a population majority of foreign background. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 53 827, or 58.56% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 35 384, or 47.04% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 91 925 residents in Botkyrka, of which 38 130 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Botkyrka is served by the Stockholm public transport system. Stockholm metro has four and Stockholm commuter rail two stations within the municipality. There is an extensive SL bus network. Botkyrka is a municipality with several world-famous companies. Alfa Laval The company is a leading producer of specialized products and solutions used to heat, cool and transport such products as oil, chemicals, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals.
The company owns significant land in Botkyrka used for development of its agricultural division. DeLaval The company is a leading producer of farming machinery. Tumba Bruk The company produces banknotes. Notably, Lars Magnus Ericsson who founded the LM Ericsson company had properties in Botkyrka, including Hågelby gård which today is used for conferences and as an excursion place with gardens, stone age village and more. Fittja Alby Hallunda Norsborg Eriksberg Tumba Tullinge Vårsta The following sports clubs are located in Botkyrka: Arameiska-Syrianska Botkyrka IF Konyaspor KIF Assyriska Botkyrka FF IFK Tumba FK Botkyrka Municipality - Official site in English Botkyrka Municipality Facts - Official facts
Sigtuna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Märsta 37 km north of the Swedish capital, Stockholm; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. The municipality consists of several former local government units and was formed in 1971, it got its name from the small, but old, City of Sigtuna, but the seat was placed in the larger modern town of Märsta. The three towns of the municipality are Märsta and Rosersberg, of which Märsta is the municipal seat and Sigtuna with its old and important history is a popular tourist destination. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 20 291, or 43.04% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 9 426, or 26.35% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 47 146 residents in Sigtuna, of which 15 268 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
In the municipality lies the largest workplace in Sweden, the Arlanda Airport, with 13,000 employees in 200 companies. As a result, Siguna is travelled through by 18,300,000 visitors yearly, has the fourth most hotel stays, following to the commercial and regional centres Stockholm and Malmö. Swedavia, the Swedish airport management company, has its head office on the airport property. Scandinavian Airlines had its head office on the airport property; the municipality is twinned with: Sønderborg Municipality in Denmark Rakvere in Estonia Raisio in Finland Porsgrunn in Norway Official website
Sollentuna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, north of Stockholm. Its seat of local government is located in Tureberg, a part of the Stockholm urban area. Sollentuna borders the municipalities of Solna, Stockholm, Järfälla, Upplands Väsby, Täby and Danderyd in clockwise order starting to the south. Sollentuna municipality was founded in conjunction with the reform of local government in Sweden in 1863. However, its boundaries are equivalent to those of Sollentuna Parish, which dates back to the 12th century. Well into the 20th century, Sollentuna was a predominantly rural area. Modern Sollentuna evolved around the railway between Uppsala and Stockholm, inaugurated in 1866. Five of the eight districts that make up the municipality today correspond to railway stations, now operated by Stockholm commuter rail system. From south to north: Helenelund, Tureberg, Häggvik and Rotebro. Viby is an extension of Norrviken and the two remaining districts— Edsberg and Sjöberg—are found along the road to Danderyd.
Other roads into Sollentuna includes the road from Kallhäll to Rotebro and the E 4 motorway that approximates the same route as the railway. Sollentuna received the title of a merchant town in 1944. Köping status was made obsolete by the municipal reform of 1971. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 23 284, or 32.41% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 12 443, or 21.26% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 71 848 residents in Sollentuna, of which 17 657 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Sollentuna Municipality has a municipal assembly with 61 members elected by proportional representation through municipal elections, held in conjunction with the national parliamentary elections every four years.
The assembly elects a municipal board, the municipality's main governing body, chaired by the Mayor. The current mayor is Henrik Thunes, of the Moderate Party. In the 2018 municipal elections, the seats in the Council are divided in the following way: In the 2014 municipal elections, the seats in the Council are divided in the following way: In the 2010 municipal elections, the seats in the Council are divided in the following way: In the 2006 municipal elections, the seats in the Council are divided in the following way: In the 2002 municipal elections, the seats in the Council are divided in the following way: Urban Gibson Carl-Erik Nilsson Sven Olle Isidor Persson Jan-Olov Sundström Gun Blomberg Christina Naess Torbjörn Rosdahl Douglas Lithborn Anna Lena Johansson 2015-09-17- Henrik Thunes Sollentuna is served by the Stockholm public transport system. Stockholm commuter rail have five stations within the municipality. There is an extensive SL bus network. Since 1995 the bulk of the built-up area of the municipality is statistically counted to the multimunicipal city of Stockholm.
A few houses on the eastern border are in Täby urban area. Sjöberg is constituting a locality of its own; the municipality is subdivided into the following districts with population as of 31 December 2011: Tureberg, 15,650 inhabitants Rotebro, 8 802 Helenelund, 11,100 Edsberg, 9,208 Viby, 5,794 Sjöberg, 4,627 Häggvik, 4,717 Norrviken, 3,335 Vaxmora, 2,517 Järvafältet, 37 Rest, 104 Central to the landscape of Sollentuna are the rather big lakes Norrviken and Edsviken—the latter a bay of the Baltic Sea. Edsviken and Norrviken are popular lakes for ice tour skating during the winter; the municipality plows a 15 km long skating track on Norrviken. Note that Norrviken is the name of a district at the western shore of the Norrviken lake. Other lakes: Fjäturen Ravalen Rösjön Väsjön Översjön SnugganDjupan The municipality is twinned with: Hvidovre in Denmark Saue in Estonia Tuusula in Finland Oppegård in Norway Edsbacka krog, located by Edsbacka lake and founded in 1634, was the only Swedish restaurant with two stars in the Michelin Guide until it closed in February 2010.
Now the site have a less fancy restaurant called Edsbacka Wärdshus. Edsbergs slott was built in rococo 1760, its 400 km² can be rented. Probable burial mound of King Agne from the 5th century. Sollentunavallen is the biggest playing field, it consists of two fields. The main arena is for football and athletics. Alongside it there's a field with artificial grass, used for bandy during the winter season; the following sports clubs are located in Sollentuna Municipality: Sollentuna Volleybollklubb Rotebro IS FF Sollentuna FK Konståkningsklubben Sollentuna Turebergs FK Helenelunds IK Sollentuna HC SKIFTAs of June 2013 there were 57 sports clubs in Sollentuna. The full list is maintained on the municipality web site. Jonas Bane, actor Kajsa Bergqvist, high jumping world champion Thomas Bodström, football player, former minister of justice Ted Gärdestad, pop musician Maia Hirasawa, musician Patric Hörnqvist, NHL hockey player playing for the Pittsburgh Penguins Jonatan Johansson, snowboarder Ulrika Jonsson, television presenter Christer Pettersson, Olof
Djursholm is one of four suburban districts in, the seat of Danderyd Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden. Djursholm is included in the multi-municipal Stockholm urban area. Djursholm is divided into a number of different areas: Djursholms Ekeby, Svalnäs, Ösby and Gamla Djursholm. Djursholm was one of the first suburban communities in Sweden, its history as such beginning in 1889 with the founding of Djursholm AB by Henrik Palme and the subsequent 1890 inauguration of the railway line connecting Djursholm to Stockholm, Djursholmsbanan. Since 1895 it has been served by electric suburban trains but the original branch was closed in 1975. Djursholm is the wealthiest community in Sweden, with the most expensive property prices in the country, it was built as a garden city with large villas, most from the turn of the century, along winding roads. From start the elegant seaside quarters attracted many well known academics, cultural personalities and industrialists. Djursholm was separated from Danderyd as a municipality of its own in 1901, becoming a city in 1914.
In 1971 it was reunited with Danderyd. Statistically Djursholm lies within the Stockholm urban area. Djursholm Castle; the original stone building was erected by Nils Eskilsson Banér in the 15th century. Svante Gustavsson Banér commissioned a refurbishment of the castle to its current form in the 16th century Djursholm Chapel. Completed in 1902 on the initiative of Fredrik Lilljekvist, the architect; the ornate altar paintings are by Natanael Beskow, the resident vicar at the time. Villa Pauli. Large villa on Strandvägen in central Djursholm, designed by Ragnar Östberg and completed in 1907. Since 1986, Villa Pauli has been a private club with banquet room and hotel. Germania beach. Sandy beach that has become a popular destination for people from Djursholm and surrounding areas. Situated at the end of Strandvägen and Germaniavägen, two of the central roads of Djursholm. Alice Tegnér, artist Annika Falkengren, industrialist Bertil Hult, industrialist Björn Ulvaeus, musician Charlotte Perrelli, singer Elizabeth Hesselblad, saint Elsa Beskow and author Prince Erik, Duke of Västmanland Fredrik Lundberg, industrialist Gösta Mittag-Leffler, mathematician Hannes Alfvén, nobel laureate in physics Ingvar Kjellson, actor Jacob Wallenberg, industrialist Jakob Lindberg, musician Jan Carlzon, industrialist Jenny Syquia and designer Johan Banér, fieldmarshall Magnus Uggla and songwriter Marie Fredriksson, musician Natanael Beskow, author, artist Robert Thegerström, artist Stefan Persson, industrialist Tove Lo, singer and songwriter Verner von Heidenstam, author Viktor Rydberg, author History of Djursholm - at Stockholm University
This article covers only the area of Nacka's municipal seat. See Nacka Municipality for other parts. Nacka is part of Stockholm urban area in Sweden; the municipality's name harks back to a 16th-century industrial operation established by the Crown at Nacka farmstead where conditions for water mills are good. However, somewhat confusingly, that spot is not densely populated today and the municipal seat is on land that once belonged to Järla farmstead on the other side of Lake Järla. On 9 December 2014, Stockholm police raided a data center in a former bomb shelter under a hill in Nacka municipality. Although it was rumored the raid targeted popular torrent site The Pirate Bay, officials from The Pirate Bay have revealed that this is false. Greenwich, Connecticut Sickla Köpkvarter – a retail park and shopping district in Nacka
Lidingö is an island in the inner Stockholm archipelago, northeast of Stockholm, Sweden. In 2010, the population of the Lidingö urban area on the island was 31,561, it is the seat of government of Stockholm County. Lidingö's qualities have attracted affluent residents such as Björn Ulvaeus and Agnetha Fältskog of ABBA. Exclusive regions include the coastal region between Mölna and the east tip of the island, Gåshaga, as well as the east tip of the northern part of the horse shoe, called Elfvik. Notwithstanding the fact that many middle-class Swedes have moved to the island, the municipality remains the third wealthiest in Sweden after Danderyd and Täby; the seascape at Lidingö shares similarities with that of Seattle, USA and Sydney, with clear blue skies and waterways. The landscape is one of open farm land; the Lidingö summer is limited to the period between the end of May and August, when the air temperature exceeds 25 °C. Sea water temperatures peak around 20 °C, in mid July, in the inner parts of the archipelago.
September and October are the months of the short autumn. The first snow fall is expected in the first two weeks of November. During winter, thick ice covers the waters around Stockholm and up to 15 to 20 nautical miles into the Baltic Sea; the coldest period is from January until the end of February. Springtime is from mid April to May. Two runic inscriptions have been found on Lidingö; the latest, listed in Rundata as the Uppland Runic Inscription Fv1986 84, was found in 1984 under a 10 cm thick layer of soil and moss in an uninhabited region. The inscription is from the Viking age, around 800–1050 AD; the inscription has been translated as: "Åsmund carved runes in memory of his grandfather Sten, father of Sibbe and Gerbjörn...a great monument over a good man."The figures show large snakes and on top, a Maltese cross, a typical motif for the late Viking age rune stones. 300 to 400 years after the carving of the runes, the inhabitants of Lidingö had established small farms. Lidingö is first mentioned in writing in 1328, in the will of Jedvard Filipsson, in the sentence curiam in Lydhingø meaning a "Lidingö farm".
Bo Jonsson bought the entire island between 1376 and 1381. In 1480, the island was taken over by the Banér family from Djursholm. On 29 August 1774, Johan Gabriel Banér from Djursholm, sold the entire island and the land was divided into 25 farms. In the east part of Lidingö, the Långängen-Elfvik national park, which includes 125 acres of open farmland and most of the forest land on Elfvik, preserved within its boundaries, one of the largest old farms, the Elfviks farm. Most of the original houses, built from the end of the 18th century to mid‑19th century, have been saved and restored; the farm is still active with beef cattle and horses and is run by Lidingö Municipality. The first church was built in 1623; the IBM educational center for northern Europe, was built close to the Elfvik farm in the early 1960s. The centre was converted to a hotel; the following sports clubs are located in Lidingö: IFK Lidingö - IFK Lidingö FK IFK Lidingö - IFK Lidingö SOK IFK Lidingö - IFK Lidingö FRI Lidingöloppet, cross-country running event Hersbyholm