Salesforce Tower (Indianapolis)
Opened in 1990 near Monument Circle in Indianapolis, the Salesforce Tower is the tallest building in the U. S. state of Indiana. It surpassed the AUL Tower in Indianapolis for the distinction and it is the headquarters for Chases Indiana operations. While the building has two spires of equal height, only one of them is functional as a transmission antenna, the other mast is merely an architectural decoration. Designed by KlingStubbins, the Chase Tower is the 44th tallest building in the United States, the towers step pyramidal cap reflects the design of the Indiana War Memorial, three blocks due north. The War Memorial, in turn, reflects the descriptions of the original Mausoleum, because of the height of this building, its roof was specifically designed to house communications relay equipment, in order to provide additional revenue to the buildings owners. These GO PACERS and GO COLTS signs are highly visible being on the tallest structure in the city. The tower has no official observation deck, however views of the City can be seen in the areas on floors 21,27,31,32,33,35,39,40,41,43.
Views of Monument Circle and the downtown area can be seem from floors 2,7. The tower was conceived in the late 1970s by Frank E. McKinney. Upon consummation of that merger, Mr. McKinney became chairman of Bank Ones Indiana operations and this was done mainly to secure the prestigious Monument Circle address for the new tower, which rises between Ohio Street and Wabash Street. A separate skywalk across Scioto once connected the Circle Building to the adjacent Fletcher Trust Building at 10 E, market Street, but that was removed after the bank moved all operations formerly located in that structure into the new tower. The Fletcher Trust Building itself was sold and has since been renovated into a Hilton Garden Inn hotel. Banc One Corporation went through several major acquisitions before it was itself bought by J. P. Morgan Chase in the early 2000s. Upon consummation of that merger, the Indianapolis structure was renamed to become known as the Chase Tower, on May 6,2016, Salesforce announced plans to lease hundreds of thousands of square feet in the building and start moving employees there in early 2017.
The building will be rebranded as Salesforce Tower Indianapolis
432 Park Avenue
432 Park Avenue is a residential skyscraper in Manhattan, New York City that overlooks Central Park. Originally proposed to be 1,300 feet in 2011, the structure topped out at 1,396 ft and it was developed by CIM Group and features 104 condominium apartments. Construction began in 2012 and was completed on December 23,2015, the building required the demolition of the 495-room Drake Hotel. Built in 1926, it was purchased for $440 million in 2006 by developer Harry Macklowe and its footprint became one of New Yorks most valuable development sites due to its location, between East 56th and 57th Streets on the west side of Park Avenue. As completed,432 Park Avenue is the third tallest building in the United States, and it is the second-tallest building in New York City, behind One World Trade Center, and ahead of the Empire State Building. 432 Park Avenue is the second-tallest building in New York City, by mid-2018,217 West 57th Street and 111 West 57th Street will be at a similar height. The tower has a footprint of approximately 30,000 square feet and has 12.5 foot ceilings, the building was officially topped out on October 10,2014, making it the highest rooftop in the city.
The building has one of the highest height-to-width ratios of any skyscraper in the world, the design of the structure was conceived by architect Rafael Viñoly who was inspired by a trash can designed in 1905 by an Austrian designer. The tower has eighty-four 8, 255-square-foot stories, each with six 100-square-foot windows per face, interiors are designed by Deborah Berke and the firm Bentel & Bentel, which designed Eleven Madison Park and the Gramercy Tavern. To support its thin orthogonal frame, the structure features larger columns at its base than on the upper floors, the buildings amenities include 12-foot golf training facilities and private dining and screening rooms. The first sale of apartment #35B was reported in January 2016 for $18.116 million, ten additional apartments were available at the time ranging from $17.4 to $44.25 million. #35B covers 4,000 square feet, one half of the 35th floor of the tower, each face has six 10 by 10 ft windows, which for #35B, face south and west with views of Central Park.
The structure of the tower is composed of a 30 ft square reinforced concrete core with 30 in thick walls and this core houses the elevator shafts and all the building mechanical services. The outer structural skin is composed of a grid of 3 ft 8 in wide columns, the columns begin with a depth of 5 ft 4 in at the bottom of the tower, to as little as 20 in at the top. This layout permits all of the space on each floor to remain fully open for the complete 27 feet span between the core and shell. These floors contain modularized mechanical services for the six floors above, in addition two tuned mass dampers are located at the top of the tower and in the outriggers of some of the mechanical floors to help damp the motion. Despite its success, the skyscraper has received mixed reviews from professionals and laymen alike since not everyone agreed with the artistic value of the building. The building has been maligned by some city residents since they believe it represents New Yorks increasing cost of living and ostentatious wealth
Gran Torre Santiago
The Costanera Center Torre 2, better known as Gran Torre Santiago, and previously known as Torre Gran Costanera, is a 64-story tall skyscraper in Santiago, the tallest in Latin America. It is the second-tallest building by highest architectural feature and by highest occupied floor in the Southern Hemisphere and it was designed by Argentine architect César Pelli. Gran Torre Santiago is part of the Costanera Center complex, which includes the largest shopping mall in Latin America, two hotels and two additional office towers. Gran Torre Santiago is 300 metres tall and 64 stories high plus 6 basement floors, the tower has nearly 700,000 square meters of building space available built on 47,000 square meters of land. Planners estimated that there would be some 240,000 people going to, the tower was designed by the Argentine architect Cesar Pelli of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, Chilean architects Alemparte Barreda & Asociados, and by the Canadian company Watt International. Structural engineering is performed by the Chilean company René Lagos y Asociados Ing, salfa Corp. was responsible for its construction.
Construction of the began in June 2006 and was expected to be completed in 2010. Construction on the project resumed on 17 December 2009 and it was expected to be inaugurated in 2013, in early November 2010, standing 205 m tall, it overtook the neighboring Titanium La Portada to become the tallest building in Chile. Structural work on the tower was completed in July 2011 and the height of 300 m was achieved on 14 February 2012. In 2013, the tower was completed, on 11 August 2015 an observation deck, called Sky Costanera, was opened to the public in floors 61 and 62, offering 360° views of Santiago. List of tallest buildings in South America Costanera Center Costanera Center website Sky Costanera - Observation deck website Brochure with technical specifications
Covington & Burling
Covington & Burling LLP is a prestigious international law firm with offices in Beijing, London, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Shanghai, Silicon Valley, and Washington, DC. The firm advises multinational corporations on significant transactional, regulatory, as of 2015, it is the largest and most prestigious law firm in Washington, DC. The firm has appeared on The American Lawyers A-List consecutively for the past three years, the firm was ranked #2 on the 2007 Schiltz 100, a ranking that inversely correlates profits per partner and firm prestige. Judge J. Harry Covington and Edward B, Burling founded Covington & Burling in Washington, DC, on January 1,1919. In 1988, Covington opened a London office, followed by a Brussels office in 1990, in 1999, Covington merged with a 60-lawyer New York firm called Howard, Smith & Levin and opened its first West Coast office in San Francisco. The State of California has hired Covington & Burlington attorney and former Obama Attorney General Eric Holder to fight the Trump administration, according to press reports and filings with the U. S. S.
-Australia Free Trade Agreement. The Covington team included Stuart Eizenstat, Martin Gold, Roderick DeArment, David Marchick, Elizabeth Letchworth, Les Carnegie, on November 20,2012, the LegalTimes reported that the Embassy of South Korea had hired Covington & Burling to advise on a similar visa for Korea. Covington of counsel Brian Smith and senior policy adviser Alan Larson reportedly led the matter, assisted by senior counsel Martin Gold. Covington & Burling was paid $520,000 to handle inquiries concerning companys construction and service contracts in Iraq, the firm said in a filing. According to the filing, Covington & Burling listed the people as lobbyists for Halliburton/KBR, Roderick A. DeArment. Each year the information is disclosed at the Senate Office of Public Records, during the $280 billion U. S. Rupp said, We were paying them to share their views in forums where they would be usefully presented, according to Reuters. ATCA has been used to address human rights violations in places like Burma.
In their release, Covington & Burling decried the aggressive, expansionist plaintiffs litigation under ATCA, the plea involved a fine of US$25 million, entailing 5 years probation. Chiquita became the first major U. S. corporation to be convicted of financing terrorism, after the settlement, U. S. Assistant Attorney Jonathan Malis said the $1.7 million in payments fueled violence and paid for weapons and ammunition to kill innocent people. Holder stressed that Chiquita had asked the Department of Justice in 2003 if the payments should be stopped, according to the Hill, his is the first lobbying contract Blackwater has had since early 2009, when it terminated contracts with several different firms. David Samson serves as the Chairman of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and is a partner and this fueled speculation that Samson was involved in the scandal known as Bridgegate. Samson has been summoned to appear before the New Jersey Legislature on the matter and has engaged the firm as part of his legal team, covington’s pro bono work focuses on providing legal services to economically disadvantaged individuals and families in local communities.
Covingtons pro bono work includes representation in such cases as Buckley v. Valeo, Griffin v. Illinois
An earthquake is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earths lithosphere that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes can range in size from those that are so weak that they cannot be felt to those violent enough to people around. The seismicity or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, Earthquakes are measured using measurements from seismometers. The moment magnitude is the most common scale on which earthquakes larger than approximately 5 are reported for the entire globe and these two scales are numerically similar over their range of validity. Magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes are mostly imperceptible or weak and magnitude 7 and over potentially cause damage over larger areas. The largest earthquakes in historic times have been of magnitude slightly over 9, intensity of shaking is measured on the modified Mercalli scale. The shallower an earthquake, the damage to structures it causes. At the Earths surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by shaking and sometimes displacement of the ground, when the epicenter of a large earthquake is located offshore, the seabed may be displaced sufficiently to cause a tsunami.
Earthquakes can trigger landslides, and occasionally volcanic activity, in its most general sense, the word earthquake is used to describe any seismic event — whether natural or caused by humans — that generates seismic waves. Earthquakes are caused mostly by rupture of faults, but by other events such as volcanic activity, mine blasts. An earthquakes point of rupture is called its focus or hypocenter. The epicenter is the point at ground level directly above the hypocenter, tectonic earthquakes occur anywhere in the earth where there is sufficient stored elastic strain energy to drive fracture propagation along a fault plane. The sides of a fault move past each other smoothly and aseismically only if there are no irregularities or asperities along the surface that increase the frictional resistance. Most fault surfaces do have such asperities and this leads to a form of stick-slip behavior, once the fault has locked, continued relative motion between the plates leads to increasing stress and therefore, stored strain energy in the volume around the fault surface.
This continues until the stress has risen sufficiently to break through the asperity, suddenly allowing sliding over the portion of the fault. This energy is released as a combination of radiated elastic strain seismic waves, frictional heating of the fault surface and this process of gradual build-up of strain and stress punctuated by occasional sudden earthquake failure is referred to as the elastic-rebound theory. It is estimated that only 10 percent or less of a total energy is radiated as seismic energy. Most of the energy is used to power the earthquake fracture growth or is converted into heat generated by friction
Sauron /ˈsaʊrɒn/ is the title character and main antagonist of J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings. In the same work, he is identified as the necromancer, in Tolkiens The Silmarillion, he is described as the chief lieutenant of the first Dark Lord, Morgoth. The being known as Sauron originated as an immortal spirit, in his origin, Sauron therefore perceived the Creator directly. As Tolkien noted, Sauron could not, of course, be a sincere atheist, though one of the minor spirits created before the world, he knew Eru, according to his measure. In the terminology of Tolkiens invented language of Quenya, these spirits were called Ainur. Those who entered the world were called Valar, especially the most powerful ones. The lesser beings who entered the world, of whom Sauron was one, were called Maiar, in Tolkiens letters, the author noted that Sauron was of course a divine person. Tolkien noted that he was of a far higher order than the Maiar who came to Middle-earth as the Wizards Gandalf and Saruman.
As created by Eru, the Ainur were all good and uncorrupt, as Elrond stated in The Lord of the Rings, rebellion originated with the Vala Melkor. According to a story meant as a parable of events beyond Elvish comprehension, Eru let his spirit-children perform a great Music, the Music of the Ainur, developing a theme revealed by Eru himself. For a while the choir made wondrous music, but Melkor tried to increase his own glory by weaving into his song thoughts. Straightway discord arose around him, and many that sang nigh him grew despondent, but some began to attune their music to his rather than to the thought which they had at first. However, Sauron was not a beginner of discord, and he knew more of the Music than did Melkor, whose mind had always been filled with his own plans. Apparently Sauron was not even one of the spirits that immediately began to attune their music to that of Melkor, the cosmic Music now represented the conflict between good and evil. Finally, Eru abruptly brought the Song of Creation to an end, to show the spirits, faithful or otherwise, what they had done, Eru gave independent being to the now-marred Music.
This resulted in the manifestation of the material World, Eä, entering Eä at the beginning of time, the Valar and Maiar tried to build and organize the world according to the will of Eru. Each Maia was associated with one of the powerful Valar whom they served, for example, Sauron was prominent among the Maiar who served Aulë the Smith, the great craftsman of the Valar. As a result, Sauron came to possess knowledge of the physical substances of the world, forging
South of Market, San Francisco
SoMa is home to many of the citys museums, to the headquarters of several major software and Internet companies, and to the Moscone Conference Center. The areas boundaries are Market Street to the northwest, San Francisco Bay to the northeast, Mission Creek to the southeast and it is the part of the city in which the street grid runs parallel and perpendicular to Market Street. As with many neighborhoods, the boundaries of the South of Market area are fuzzy. From 1848 until the construction of the Central Freeway in the 1950s, since the 1950s, the boundary has been either 10th Street, 11th Street, or the Central Freeway. Similarly, the entire Mission Bay neighborhood may or may not be counted as part of SoMa, redevelopment agencies, social service agencies, and community activists frequently exclude the more prosperous areas between the waterfront and 3rd Street. Some social service agencies and nonprofits count the economically distressed area around 6th, 7th, the terms South of Market and SoMa refer to both a comparatively large district of the city as well as a much smaller neighborhood.
Before being called South of Market this area was called South of the Slot, while the cable cars have long since disappeared from Market Street, some old timers still refer to this area as South of the Slot. Since 1847, the name of the South of Market area has been the 100 Vara Survey or simply 100 Vara for short. Since the mid-20th century, the name has been gradually forgotten, and today is found mainly in history books, legal documents, title deeds. At the time, the streets of San Francisco were aligned approximately with the points, running north to south. Each block was divided into six lots 50 varas on a side. e, northeast to southwest, and northwest to southeast. He decided to make the new blocks twice as long and twice as wide, finally, OFarrell created a grand promenade linking the old pueblo with the new subdivision, Market Street. Since then, downtown San Francisco north of Lower Market Street has been known as 50 Vara. Rincon Hill became an enclave for the wealthy, while nearby South Park became an enclave for the middle class.
The neighborhood became a largely working-class and lower-middle-class community of recent European immigrants, power stations, the 1906 earthquake completely destroyed the area, and many of the quakes fatalities occurred there. Following the quake, the area was rebuilt with wider than usual streets, the construction of the Bay Bridge and U. S. Route 101 during the 1930s saw large swaths of the area demolished, including most of the original Rincon Hill. The waterfront redevelopment of the Embarcadero in the 1950s pushed a new population into this area in the 1960s, the incipient gay community, and the leather community in particular. From 1962 until 1982, the gay community grew and thrived throughout South of Market, most visibly along Folsom Street
San Francisco Transbay Terminal
It opened on January 14th,1939 as a train station and was converted into a bus depot in 1959. Long-distance buses from beyond the Bay Area such as Greyhound and Amtrak served the terminal, several bus lines of the San Francisco Municipal Railway connected with the terminal. It closed on August 7,2010, to make way for the construction of the replacement facility, the Transbay Transit Center, and associated towers. All long-distance and transbay bus operations were transferred to a Temporary Transbay Terminal at the block bounded by Main, Beale. The new Transbay Transit Center broke ground on August 11,2010, US Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood, US Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, and the Mayor of San Francisco Gavin Newsom attended the ceremony. The new transit center is scheduled to be completed in 2017, bus services such as Greyhound and local Muni streetcar lines had stops at the main entrance. The Terminal was designed by Timothy L. Pflueger in the Art Moderne style, bids were taken for construction of the terminal in June 1937, excavation began on 29 July 1937, and the first steel was erected on 12 January 1938.
Structural concrete was complete by May 1938, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Electric Railway Terminal Building was formally dedicated on January 14,1939. State officials and guests rode electric trains to the opening ceremony, the terminal cost was estimated at US$2,300,000, and it was expected to serve upwards of 60,000 passengers per day. Governor Frank Merriam piloted the first electric train across the bridge on 23 September 1938, although regular service did not commence until January 1939, trains were controlled with a custom electric switchboard, which was considerably simpler than the typical mechanical lever system in use. A loop was built so trains could turn around and go back across the bridge, even after rail service ended, the loop continued to be used by AC Transit, Thruway Motorcoach and Greyhound buses until the station closed. Surprisingly, a track was never made to connect to the Southern Pacifics Third, the SP and Sacramento Northern trains ceased service across the Bay in 1941 only two years after the Terminal was completed.
Interurban stated they were forced to service, citing falling passenger counts, revenues. After Interurban was granted permission to discontinue service, Sacramento Northern applied to service in 1941. Sacramento Northern carried only a fraction of the total rail traffic over the Bay Bridge. The last train crossed the bridge on 20 April 1958, less than twenty years service was inaugurated in 1939. There have been attempts to restore rail service across the bridge. During the next year, the Transbay Terminal was rebuilt into a bus depot, the tracks were removed and replaced with pavement for use primarily by the buses of the publicly owned successor of the Key System, AC Transit
Ubisoft Entertainment SA is a French multinational video game publisher, headquartered in Rennes, France. In March 1986, five brothers of the Guillemot family founded the game publisher, Ubisoft, in Carentoir. Yves Guillemot soon made deals with Electronic Arts, Sierra On-Line, by the end of the decade, Ubisoft began expanding to other markets, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany. They entered the game distribution and wholesale markets, and by 1993 they had become the largest distributor of video games in France. In the early 1990s, Ubisoft initiated its in-house game development program and it became their administrative and commercial head office, even as the company continues to register its headquarters in Rennes. Ubisoft became a traded company in 1996 and continued its expansion around the globe, opening locations in Annecy, Montreal. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Ubisoft committed itself to online games by supporting Uru, Ages Beyond Myst, The Matrix Online, the publisher established an online division.
However, in February 2004, Ubisoft cancelled the portion of Uru. The company is noted for its teams of female game developers/testers, in March 2001, Gores Technology Group sold The Learning Companys entertainment division to them. The sale included the rights to properties such as the Myst. In July 2006, Ubisoft bought the Driver franchise from Atari for a sum of €19 million in cash for the franchise, technology rights, and most assets. In July 2008, Ubisoft made the acquisition of Hybride Technologies, in November 2008, Ubisoft acquired Massive Entertainment from Activision. In January 2013, Ubisoft acquired South Park, The Stick of Truth from THQ for $3.265 million, in December 2004, rival gaming corporation Electronic Arts purchased a 19. 9% stake in the firm, an action Ubisoft referred to as hostile on EAs part. Ubisoft announced plans in 2013 to invest $373 million into its Quebec operations over seven years, the publisher is investing in the expansion of its motion capture technologies, and consolidating its online games operations and infrastructure in Montreal.
The significant investment is expected to generate 500 jobs in Quebec over a seven-year period, by 2020, the company will employ more than 3,500 staff at its studios in Montreal and Quebec City. In March 2015, the set up a Consumer Relationship Centre in Newcastle upon Tyne. The centre is intended to integrate consumer support teams and community managers, Consumer Support and Community Management teams at the CRC are operational seven days a week. In October 2015, French mass media company Vivendi bought a 6% stake in Ubisoft, in February 2016, Ubisofts Yves Guillemot and his brother asked for more Canadian investors, to help prevent a hostile takeover by Vivendi