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Samoan mythology

Samoan mythology tells stories of many different deities. There were deities of the forest, the seas, harvest and war. There were two types of deities, who had non-human origins, aitu, who were of human origin. Tagaloa was a supreme god who made the people. Mafui'e was the god of earthquakes. There were a number of war deities. Nafanua, Samoa's warrior goddess hails from the village of Falealupo at the western end of Savai'i island, the site of the entry into Pulotu, the spirit world, she is regarded as a peace bringer, having brought peace to Savai'i through winning the wars between the two regions of the island. Tilafaiga is the mother of Nafanua. Nafanua's father, Saveasi'uleo, was the god of Pulotu. Another well-known legend tells of two sisters, the mother of Nafanua, Taema, bringing the art of tattooing to Samoa from Fiti. A figure of another legend is Tui Fiti, who resides at Fagamalo village in the village district of Matautu; the village of Falelima is associated with Nifoloa. The Mata o le Alelo'Eyes of the Demon' freshwater pool from the Polynesian legend Sina and the Eel is situated in the village of Matavai on the northern coast in the village district of Safune.

Samoan mythology is a variant of a more general Polynesian mythology in the Samoa Islands. Template:Dan'ga Culture of Samoa Polynesian mythology Samoan proverbs Religion in Samoa

Richard Borgnis

Richard Peter Borgnis MBE was an English first-class cricketer and Royal Navy officer. Borgis played minor counties cricket for Berkshire in 1931, making five appearances in the Minor Counties Championship. Borgnis was selected to play a first-class cricket match for the Combined Services against the touring New Zealanders at Portsmouth in 1937. In what was to be his only appearance in first-class cricket, he had what Wisden described as a "dreamlike" match. Coming into bat with the Combined Services at 18 for four, he proceeded to score a century in two and a half hours, scoring 101 of the 180 runs made in the Combined Services first-innings, he took the best bowling figures amongst the Combined Services bowlers during the New Zealanders first-innings, taking 3 for 38 from thirteen overs. He was dismissed for 23 by Jack Cowie in the Combined Services second-innings, went wicketless in the New Zealanders second-innings, with the New Zealanders winning by 9 wickets. Borgnis attended Greenwich where, in 1924, he was an acting sub-lieutenant.

After graduating from Greenwich, he entered into the Royal Navy. He was promoted to the permanent rank of sub-lieutenant in April 1932, with promotion to lieutenant coming in February 1933. Ill health shortly after limited any further cricket appearances, with Bognis placed on the retired list in December 1938, he died in France in May 2001. His uncle was H. D. G. Leveson Gower. Richard Borgnis at ESPNcricinfo

North Henderson High School

North Henderson High School is a public high school located in Hendersonville, North Carolina. It is one of four public high schools located in Henderson County. North Henderson was founded in 1993, as the majority of students were moved from the now closed Edneyville High School. North is located adjacent to Apple Valley Middle school which inherited the vast majority of their students from Edneyville Junior High; as of 2016, North Henderson had 64 teachers on staff. The school mascot is a Knight, the school colors are purple and gold; the opening of North Henderson High School and Apple Valley Middle School in 1993 marked the beginning on an era for Henderson County schools. In this year, the Hendersonville City School System merged with the Henderson County Schools to form the Henderson County School System. North Henderson is located 5 miles closer to the city center on Highway 64. Many alumni of Edneyville fought to keep the name and mascot of the school in the new facility to no avail; the current site of Edneyville High School is now the home of the Justice Academy, a North Carolina law enforcement training center.

While the Edneyville Yellow Jackets name only remains with the community elementary school, the awards and trophies from the high school are on display at North Henderson. In 2013, the Henderson County Education History Initiative held a fundraiser to raise funds to memorialize the former Edneyville High School site; the Edneyville Initiative was spearheaded by former Edneyville and North Henderson teachers Rosemary Pace and Nancy Edwards. North Henderson's first, longest tenured, principal was Charles Edward Thomas, the last serving principal of Edneyville High School; the school held a student body vote with the Knights winning the tally. Thomas drove to Lightfoot, Virginia to haul in an enormous Knight that still sits in the school's Commons Area. North Henderson is a member of the Western North Carolina Athletic Conference; as of 2016, North Henderson competes as a 3-A school in the statewide competition. North Henderson sponsors the varsity competition for men and women in soccer, golf, cross country and outdoor track & field, basketball.

Varsity men's sports offered are football and baseball. Varsity women's sports offered are softball; the following teams won team state championships, sponsored by the North Carolina High School Athletic Association: Cross Country: 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002 Cross Country: 1997, 2000 Track & Field: 1999, 2001, 2002 Wrestling: 1994The Knights play home football games at Glenn C. Marlow Stadium, host basketball and wrestling at Tom Pryor Gymnasium, named in honor of legendary Edneyville High School Women's Basketball Coach. Pryor died in 2010, he holds the record for most wins in state history in Women's Basketball. North Henderson was known as a standout Track & Field and Cross Country school from the mid-1990s up until 2002, as they won 10 combined team state championships. Individually, North Henderson accumulated a wide range of state championships in this time period as well. On the men's side in Track & Field NHHS claimed individual championships in the following: Jason Stepp, Daniel Smith, Tim Thomas, Ben Pierson, Jason Green, Aaron Keller, Robbie Weast, Aaron Grant, Shiloh Mielke, John Henderson.

In women's Track & Field, North won the following individual championships: Jessica Durrant, Diana Henderson, Shiyrah Mielke, Felisha Garren. North claimed relay championships in the men's 3200-meter relay, the women's 3200-meter relay, the women's 1600 meter relay. Many of these state champions were offered Division I scholarships and continued their athletic careers at a higher level, with John Henderson, Diana Henderson, Jessica Durrant competing at NC State. Jason Green was recruited and began his career as a collegiate sprinter at Kansas State before transferring to Appalachian State and having a successful career. Impressive, North claimed several individual titles in addition to the schools seven state cross country championships. Aaron Keller, Shiloh Mielke, John Henderson all won state individual titles in addition to their track and field accolades. Diana Henderson, Jessica Durrant, Catie Byrd were individual champions in women's cross country. North Henderson's wrestling program has been successful since the school's inception under the direction of Coach Barry Bonnett and has continued under current coach Heang Uy.

Brothers James and Steven Short both claimed state championships, along with Brandon Nibert among others. In 2016, Josh Blatt won North's most recent individual championship and in his final match wore an Edneyville singlet in honor of the former high school. North Henderson men's basketball had a stretch of prominence in the late 1990s and early 2000s, revitalized in 2015-16 with a team in the top 10 of state rankings. In 1999, the Knights made their deepest run in the playoffs losing in the final four to West Caldwell. In 2002, North again advanced to the regionals before losing to eventual state champions Burlington Cummings. In 2017, North made a spirited run in the playoffs led by Austin Nelson, who became t

Blanche of Castile

Blanche of Castile was Queen of France by marriage to Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX: during his minority from 1226 until 1234, during his absence from 1248 until 1252, she was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Eleanor of England. In her youth, she visited the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, founded by her parents, several times. In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sister, was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis, their grandmother Eleanor of Aquitaine, after meeting the two sisters, judged that Blanche's personality was more fit for a queen consort of France. In the spring of 1200, Eleanor brought her to France instead. On 22 May 1200 the treaty was signed, John ceding along with his niece the fiefs of Issoudun and Graçay, together with those that André de Chauvigny, lord of Châteauroux, held in Berry, of the English crown; the marriage was celebrated the next day, at Port-Mort on the right bank of the Seine, in John's domains, as those of Philip lay under an interdict.

Blanche was twelve years of age, Louis was only a year older so the marriage was consummated a few years later. Blanche bore her first child in 1205. During the English barons' rebellion of 1215-16 against King John, it was Blanche's English ancestry as granddaughter to Henry II that led to Louis being offered the throne of England as Louis I. However, with the death of John in October 1216, the barons changed their allegiance to John's son, the nine-year-old Henry. Louis continued only to find a united nation against him. Philip Augustus refused to help his son, Blanche was his sole support. Blanche raised money from her father-in-law by threatening to put up her children as hostages, she established herself at Calais and organized two fleets, one of, commanded by Eustace the Monk, an army under Robert I, Latin Emperor. With French forces defeated at Lincoln in May 1217 and routed on their way back to their London stronghold, Louis needed the reinforcements from France. On 24 August, the English fleet destroyed the French fleet carrying those reinforcements off Sandwich and Louis was forced to sue for peace.

Philip died in July 1223, Louis VIII and Blanche were crowned on August 6. Upon Louis' death in November 1226 from dysentery, he left Blanche, by 38, regent and guardian of his children. Of her twelve or thirteen children, six had died, Louis, the heir — afterwards the sainted Louis IX — was but twelve years old, she had him crowned within a month of his father's death in Reims and forced reluctant barons to swear allegiance to him. The situation was critical, since Louis VIII had died without having subdued his southern nobles; the king's minority made the Capetian domains more vulnerable. To gain support, she released Ferdinand, Count of Flanders, in captivity since the Battle of Bouvines, she ceded land and castles to Philip I, Count of Boulogne, son of Philip II and his controversial wife, Agnes of Merania. Several key barons, led by Peter Mauclerc, refused to recognize the coronation of the young king. Shortly after the coronation and Louis were traveling south of Paris and nearly captured.

Blanche appealed to the people of Paris to protect their king. The citizens protected him as he returned. Helped by Theobald IV of Champagne and the papal legate to France, Romano Bonaventura, she organized an army, its sudden appearance brought the nobles momentarily to a halt. Twice more did Blanche have to muster an army to protect Capetian interests against rebellious nobles and Henry III of England. Blanche organized a surprise attack in the winter. In January 1229, she led her forces to force him to recognize the king, she helped collect wood to keep the soldiers warm. Not everyone was happy with her administration, her enemies called her “Dame Hersent” In 1229, she was responsible for the Treaty of Paris, in which Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, submitted to Louis. By the terms of the agreement, his daughter and heir, married Blanche's son and the county could only pass to his heirs, he gave up all the lands conquered by Simon de Montfort to the crown of France. It meant the end of the Albigensian Crusade.

To prevent Henry III of England from gaining more French lands through marriage, Blanche denied him the first two brides he sought. In 1226, he sought to marry Yolande of Mauclerc's daughter. Blanche instead forced her father to give Yolande to Blanche's son John; when Henry became engaged to Joan, Countess of Ponthieu, Blanche lobbied the Pope to deny the marriage based on consanguinity, denying the dispensation Henry sought. In 1230, Henry III came to invade France. At the cost of some of the crown's influence in Poitou, Blanche managed to keep the English Queen mother Isabelle, Countess of Angoulême and her second husband, Hugh X of Lusignan, from supporting the English side. Mauclerc did support the English and Brittany rebelled against the crown in 1230; the rebellion was put down, which added to the growing prestige of Louis. Henry's failure to make any significant impact with his invasions discouraged Mauclerc's rebellion, by 1234 he was firm in his support of Louis. St. Louis owed his realm to his mother and remained under her influence for the duration of her life.

In 1233, Raymond of Toulouse was starting to chafe under the terms of the treaty of Paris, so Blanche sent one of her knights, Giles of Flagy, to convince him to cooperate. Blanche had

Marvin Kitman

Marvin Kitman is an American television critic and author. He was a columnist for Newsday for 35 years and was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism in 1982, he is the author of nine books, including two on George Washington that combine humor with extensive historical research. Kitman was born on November 1929, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, his family moved to New York, during his childhood. A line he subsequently used was, "Some parents send their kids to Switzerland'for finishing'. In any case, he has remained a fan of the Pittsburgh Pirates throughout his life, he attended Brooklyn Technical High School graduating in 1947. He graduated from City College of New York with a Bachelor of Arts in 1953. Kitman married the former Carol Sibushnick in 1951, she became a photographer. Kitman was drafted into the Army of the United States, where he served from 1953 to 1955. During this time he was a member of the 47th Infantry Regiment in the 9th Infantry Division stationed at Fort Dix. In his telling, he "rose in only two years to the rank of Private First Class".

Upon his return, the couple raised two daughters. They became longtime residents of Leonia, New Jersey, beginning in 1961, he became active in several organizations within the town. He lived across the street from novelist Robert Ludlum working on the first in a long list of thrillers, the sight of which Kitman said inspired him to get serious about his own writing. Kitman worked as a freelance writer during the 1960s. For ten years he wrote a column for a horseracing tout sheet; the cleverness of these efforts led to Paul Krassner hiring him to write satirical consumer advocacy for The Realist, which included pieces that took television commercials or imagined sardonic extremes of Cold War preparedness. Beginning in 1963, Kitman became a managing editor of Monocle, a satirical magazine of the 1950s and 1960s, he subsequently became an partner in Monocle's periodicals and books divisions. Kitman was one of Monocle editors who created the idea of the Report from Iron Mountain satirical hoax, written and published by Leonard Lewin in 1967 and subsequently believed as true by many.

He worked as a staff writer for The Saturday Evening Post during 1965–66. Taking on politics, Kitman staged a mock run in the 1964 United States presidential election, entering the New Hampshire primary for the Republican Party, he ran as a "Lincoln Republican" who would finish the unmet campaign promises of 1864, such as providing for civil rights, said that accordingly "I am the only reactionary Republican in the race." He mentioned his Jewish upbringing, say he was "twice as Jewish" as candidate and eventual nominee Barry Goldwater, whom he labeled a "McKinley Republican". His campaign slogan was "I would rather be President than write." Kitman said the delegate pledged to him received 725 votes in the primary, but that he was demanding a recount as "there was some kind of fraud in my getting so many." He carried his campaign on a bit further, including staging a $1-a-plate fundraising dinner at a self-service cafeteria in New York. Kitman had a brief period working in advertising in New York: first as a "humorist-in-residence" with the firm of Solow/Wexton during 1966–67 and as a copywriter for the firm Carl Ally during 1967–68.

Kitman was one of the earlier, longer-lasting, television critics. He began his efforts in this arena writing for The New Leader in 1967, he started his run at Newsday on December 7, 1969, remained there until April 1, 2005, totaling 5,786 columns. The column was called "The Marvin Kitman Show" and Kitman was credited as its "Executive Producer", it ran three times a week in Newsday and was distributed by the Los Angeles Times Syndicate. Kitman worked from his home in Leonia the entire time, avoiding the commute to Melville, New York, where the paper was published, in the earlier years sometimes using couriers to carry videotapes and copy back and forth; when the time came for the column to end, Kitman said in typical fashion, "Newsday gave me a tryout, after 35 years we decided it wasn't working out."Kitman held strong views about the lack of quality of much of what was on television during his time as a critic. Regarding the premiere of the sixth season of Saturday Night Live in 1980, the first with none of the original cast, he called it "offensive and raunchy" without being funny.

"This new edition is terrible. Call it'Saturday Night Dead on Arrival'." In reaction to the 1983 television film Kentucky Woman, starring ex-Charlie's Angels lead Cheryl Ladd in a serious role, Kitman wrote, "Cheryl Ladd as a coal miner was a moving television experience. It made me want to convert to nuclear power." Regarding his need to judge television news programs, he summed that he had spent "thirty-five years of getting paid to watch the bad, the bemused, the blond of TV news." He coined the so-called Kitman's Law: "On the TV screen pure drivel tends to drive off ordinary drivel." Writer Bob Klapisch has described Kitman's style as "like sarcasm dried to a delicate crisp."Nevertheless, Kitman recognized that by and after the end of his tenure at Newsday, there was a wave of quality series on television, which he claimed a connection to: "I take credit for because I used to say cable was the answer. The whole fallacy was that television was giving the public what they wanted, but the public didn't know what was out there until cable showed what can happen – all the great stories, all the great acting – when you're not worried about ratings."

In retrospect

Robert Macaulay

Robert William Macaulay was a Canadian politician. Macaulay was born in Toronto in 1921 to Leopold Macaulay, his father served as a cabinet minister in the government of George Henry in the 1930s. He attended Upper Canada College before enlisting in the army during World War II where he served with the 48th Highlanders. After the war he studied at the University of Toronto and graduated with a degree in law from Osgoode Hall, he was worked in the field for over 50 years. He and his wife Joy raised two children. Macaulay was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as the Progressive Conservative Member of Provincial Parliament for the Toronto riding of Riverdale in the 1951 Ontario election, he was served for 13 years. In 1958, Premier of Ontario Leslie Frost appointed him to cabinet as minister without portfolio with responsibilities in the Treasury Board, he was appointed as a vice-chairman of Ontario Hydro. In 1959, he was promoted to the new position of Minister of Energy Resources; when Frost retired, Macaulay ran to succeed him in the 1961 Progressive Conservative leadership convention finishing third on the fifth ballot.

The victor, John Robarts, made Macaulay his Minister of Development. Macaulay retained his seat in the 1963 Ontario election, but he resigned from cabinet shortly afterwards citing health reasons, he remained in the legislature until May 1964 when he resigned his seat and returned to private life. Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history