Bazeilles-sur-Othain is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France. The river Othain crosses the village; the Chiers forms all of the commune's northern border. Communes of the Meuse department INSEE statistics
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Aubréville is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France. Communes of the Meuse department INSEE statistics
Azannes-et-Soumazannes is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France. Communes of the Meuse department INSEE statistics
Meuse is a department in northeast France, named after the River Meuse. Meuse is part of the current region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the French departments of Ardennes, Haute-Marne, Meurthe-et-Moselle, has a short border with Belgium on the north. Parts of Meuse belong to Parc naturel régional de Lorraine. Front lines in trench warfare during World War I ran varying courses through the department and it hosted an important battle/offensive in 1916 in and around Verdun. Meuse is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, by order of the National Constituent Assembly; the new departments were to be uniformly administered and equal to one another in size and population. The department was created from the former provinces of Three Bishoprics. From about 500 AD, the Franks controlled this part of northeastern France, the Carolingian Empire was the last stage of their rule; the Carolingian territories were divided into three sections in 843 at the Treaty of Verdun, the area, now the department of Meuse became part of Middle Francia.
The new ruler was Lothair I, on his death in 855, his territory north of the Alps was passed to his second son Lothair II, after whom the hitherto nameless territory was called Lotharingia, which name evolved into the modern Lorraine. Lothair II died without legitimate heirs and Lotharingia was divided into east and west parts; the king of East Francia, Louis the German, received the eastern part and Charles the Bald, king of West Francia, received the western part, which included Meuse, thus establishing the medieval Kingdoms of Germany and France. The Battle of Sedan was fought in the western part of the department during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, it resulted in the capture of the Emperor Napoleon III and large numbers of his troops and decided the war in favour of Prussia and its allies. The area was again a battleground in World War I when the Battle of Verdun was fought in 1916. In the Second World War it again saw action in another battle when the Germans sought to establish a base from which to capture the Meuse bridges and cross the river.
Meuse is part of the region of Grand Est.. The capital and largest town in the department is Bar-le-Duc, other large towns are Commercy and Verdun; the northern edge of the department is on the border with Belgium, to the east lies the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, to the south lies Vosges, to the southwest lies Haute-Marne, to the west lies Marne and to the northwest, Ardennes. The main rivers flowing through the department are the Aire and the Chiers. A ridge running from south to north separates the watersheds of the Rhine; these hills are clothed in oak forests. The area of the department is 2,408 sq mi; the total land area of the department is 1,539,700 acres, of this, 830,000 acres are cultivated for arable crops, 120,000 acres are grassland, 440,000 acres are woods and forests and 35,000 acres are cultivated for the production of grapes. The principal crops grown are wheat and oats, oilseed rape and fruit. Livestock is raised and timber is extracted from the forests; the main industries are the manufacture of glass and tiles.
Lace-making is a traditional craft in the department. Part of the department is in the Lorraine Regional Natural Park, a stretch of pastoral countryside stretching eastward from Metz and Nancy and spanning three departments; the park has many natural habitats including calcareous grassland, forested valleys, wet meadows and streams. There are many Natura 2000 protected areas and it is an important resting area for migratory birds. Among the different habitats it includes a stretch of coast, the plain of Woëvre, the Lac de Madine, the Meuse valley and the Hague plateau; the total area of the park is 205,000 hectares. Since the mid-nineteenth century, the exodus of the countryside inhabitants to the cities has caused the population of rural France to fall. Meuse has no big cities to receive population and the total population of the department has thus decreased, it reached 328,657 inhabitants in 1851, but had fallen to 277,955 by 1911. The First World War dealt a heavy blow to the department, by 1921, only 207,309 inhabitants were recorded.
Many residents had fled, entire villages that were on or near the front line in 1916 were destroyed. Meuse thus has several uninhabited communes because the villages were never rebuilt, in fact are known as "Morts pour la France". Since the end of the Battle of Verdun in 1916, these communes have been unoccupied with an official population of zero. In the part of the twentieth century, the number of inhabitants in the department has varied little, but fell below 200,000 inhabitants in the 1980s; because of its low population density, Meuse is considered to fall within the empty diagonal. The European Beer Museum in Stenay, founded in 1986, is considered the largest of its kind on the continent. Cantons of the Meuse department Communes of the Meuse department Arrondissements of the Meuse department Meuse General Council Prefecture website Meuse General Council Official Tourist Board website Rhine-Meuse delta studies Bibliography on Water Re
Ambly-sur-Meuse is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France. Communes of the Meuse department INSEE statistics
Avillers-Sainte-Croix is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France. Communes of the Meuse department INSEE statistics