Westport is a town in Fairfield County, United States, along Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast. It is 52 miles northeast of New York City; the town had a population of 26,391 according to the 2010 U. S. Census, is ranked 22nd among America's 100 Richest Places as well as second in Connecticut, with populations between 20,000 and 65,000; the earliest known inhabitants of the Westport area as identified through archaeological finds date back 7,500 years. Records from the first white settlers report the Pequot Indians living in the area which they called Machamux translated by the colonialists as beautiful land. Settlement by colonialists dates back to the five Bankside Farmers; the community had its own ecclesiastical society, supported by independent civil and religious elements, enabling it to be independent from the Town of Fairfield. The settlers arrived in 1693, having followed cattle to the isolated area known to the Pequot as the "beautiful land"; as the settlement expanded its name changed: it was known as "Bankside" in 1693 named Green's Farm in 1732 in honor of Bankside Farmer John Green and in 1835 incorporated as the Town of Westport.
During the revolutionary war—on April 25, 1777, a 1,850 strong British force under the command of the Royal Governor of the Province of New York, Major General William Tryon landed on Compo Beach to destroy the Continental Army’s military supplies in Danbury. Minutemen from Westport and the surrounding areas crouched hiding whilst Tryon's troops passed and launched an offensive from their rear. A statue on Compo beach commemorates this plan of attack with a crouching Minuteman facing away from the beach; the Town of Westport was incorporated on May 28, 1835, with lands from Fairfield and Norwalk. Daniel Nash led 130 people of Westport in the petitioning of the Town of Fairfield for Westport’s incorporation; the driving force behind the petition was to assist their seaport’s economic viability, being undermined by neighboring towns’ seaports. For several decades after that, Westport was a prosperous agricultural community distinguishing itself as the leading onion-growing center in the U. S. Blight caused the collapse of Westport's onion industry leading to the mills and factories replacing agricultural as the town's economic engine.
Agriculture was Westport's first major industry. By the 19th century, Westport had become a shipping center in part to transport onions to market. Starting around 1910 the town experienced a cultural expansion. During this period artists and authors such as F. Scott Fitzgerald moved to Westport to be free from the commuting demands experienced by business people; the roots of Westport's reputation as an arts center can be traced back to this period during which it was known as a "creative heaven."In the 20th century a combination of industrialization, popularity among New Yorkers attracted to fashionable Westport—which had attracted many artists and writers—resulted in farmers selling off their land. Westport changed from a community of farmers to a suburban development. In the 1950s through to the 1970s, New Yorkers relocating from the city to the suburbs discovered Westport's culture of artists and authors; the population grew assisted by the ease of commuting to New York City and back again to rolling hills and the "natural beauty of the town."
By this time Westport had "chic New York-type fashion shopping" and a school system with a good reputation, both factors contributing to the growth. By the 21st century, Westport had developed into a center for insurance. According to a publication by the 2010 Census, Westport has a total area of 33.45 square miles of which 19.96 square miles is land with the remaining area 13.49 square miles is water. Westport is bordered by Norwalk on the west, Weston to the north, Wilton to the northwest, Fairfield to the east and Long Island Sound to the south. Both the train station and a total of 26 percent of town residents live within the 100-year floodplain; the floodplain was breached in 1992 and 1996 resulting in damage to private property, the 1992 flooding of the train station parking lot and the implementation of flood mitigation measures that include town regulations that affect renovations and additions to building within the floodplain zone. Saugatuck – around the Westport railroad station near the southwestern corner of the town – a built-up area with some restaurants and offices.
Saugatuck originates from the Paugussett tribe meaning mouth of the tidal river. Saugatuck Shores – A curved peninsula surrounded by the Long Island Sound, this area was once part of the town of Norwalk. Today several hundred residents live on the peninsula. Saugatuck Island – founded in the 1890s as Greater Marsh Shores, the island was renamed to its current name in 1920 and became a special taxing district on November 5, 1984. Downtown Westport - The area around Post Road and Main Street on and near the Saugatuck River that serves as the center of Westport, with many shops and restaurants. There has been recent growth in the downtown area, including Levitt Pavilion, National Hall, Bedford square, a mixed use development on Church St, Elm St, Main St and Post Rd that will have apartments, public spaces, including a courtyard, underground parking and restaurants, as well as the incorporation of the historic Bedford Mansion. Greens Farms – is Westport's oldest neighborhood starting around Hillsp
Jeremiah Smith (lawyer)
Jeremiah Smith was an American lawyer and politician from Exeter, New Hampshire. Born in Peterborough in the Province of New Hampshire, Smith attended Harvard University before graduating from Queens College in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1780, he served in the Continental Army, read law to enter the bar in 1786. He was in private practice in Peterborough from 1786 to 1796, he was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1798 to 1799, the United States House of Representatives from 1791 to 1797. He was United States Attorney for the District of New Hampshire from 1797 to 1800, he was a probate judge of Rockingham County, New Hampshire from 1800 to 1801. On February 18, 1801, Smith was nominated by President John Adams to a new seat as a federal judge on the United States circuit court for the First Circuit, created by 2 Stat. 89. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1801, received his commission the same day. Smith's federal judicial service was terminated on July 1802, due to abolition of the court.
He became Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of New Hampshire, served from 1802 to 1809. Smith was elected Governor of New Hampshire in 1809, defeating incumbent Governor John Langdon by only 319 votes. However, Langdon defeated Smith in the following election, in 1810. Smith returned to the private practice of law from 1810 until 1813, when he again became Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of New Hampshire, this time until 1816, when he was removed by the elimination of the court by the legislature, he again returned to private practice New Hampshire from 1816 to 1820. Smith was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1814, he was a trustee and the treasurer at Phillips Exeter Academy from 1828 to 1842, served as the president of trustees from 1830 to 1842. Jeremiah Smith Hall at the academy is named for him. Smith died in 1842 in Dover, New Hampshire, is buried at the Winter Street Cemetery in Exeter. "Jeremiah Smith". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Jeremiah Smith at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Jeremiah Smith at National Governors Association Jeremiah Smith at Find a Grave
William Haile was an American merchant and politician who served as Governor of New Hampshire. Haile was born in Putney, Vermont in May 1807, he was educated in the local schools of Putney, as a teenager he moved to Chesterfield, New Hampshire to work in a store and learn the mercantile business. Haile's operated his own store, which he moved to Hinsdale, he established Haile and Company, a business that produced flannel cloth and clothing items. A Democrat with nativist and antislavery views, Haile served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1846 to 1850, in 1853 and 1856, he was a member of the New Hampshire State Senate from 1854 to 1856, was senate president in 1855. Haile became a Republican when the party was founded, was the party's successful nominee for governor in 1857, he was reelected in 1858, served from June 4, 1857 to June 2, 1859. In 1873 Haile moved to New Hampshire, he died in Keene on July 22, 1876, was buried at Pine Grove Cemetery in Hinsdale. His son, William H. Haile, served as Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1890 to 1893.
William Haile at National Governors Association Haile at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources William Haile at Find a Grave William Haile at National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume XI
Rolland H. Spaulding
Rolland Harty Spaulding was an American manufacturer and Republican politician. He was elected Governor of New Hampshire in 1914. Rolland Harty Spaulding was the third son of Emeline Cummings, he was born in 1873 in Townsend Harbor, where his father and uncle had a fiberboard mill. His father moved his family there; the young Spaulding was educated at Phillips Academy. With his two older brothers, Rolland Spaulding joined their father in the family business, renamed J. Spaulding and Sons, which ran mills to produce leatherboard. In addition to mills in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, that his father had founded and his brothers Leon C. and Huntley N. Spaulding, built one in Tonawanda, New York, which became the largest. Rolland Spaulding became a prominent businessman, working with his father and brothers in the family industry, their family-owned company manufactured fiberboard adding a type of resin laminate named Spauldite® and fiberglass tubing to their product lines. Spaulding became active in Republican Party state politics.
He declined to run for a second term. Like his brothers and sister Marion, Rolland became a philanthropist, he died the day in Rochester, New Hampshire. Spaulding at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources
Rochester, New Hampshire
Rochester is a city in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 29,752, in 2017 the estimated population was 30,797; the city includes the villages of East Rochester and North Rochester. Rochester is home to Skyhaven Airport. Rochester was once inhabited by Abenaki Indians of the Pennacook tribe, they fished and farmed, moving locations when their agriculture exhausted the soil for growing pumpkins, squash and maize. Gonic was called Squanamagonic, meaning "the water of the clay place hill."The town was one of four granted by Colonial Governor Samuel Shute of Massachusetts and New Hampshire during his brief term. Incorporated in 1722, it was named for his close friend, Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester and brother-in-law to King James II; as was customary, tall white pine trees were reserved for use as masts by the Royal Navy. But hostility with the Abenaki delayed settlement until 1728, although attacks would continue until 1748. Early dwellings clustered together beginning near Haven Hill.
Due to warfare or disease, after 1749 Native American numbers dwindled, although many descendants remain in or around Rochester communities. The community at that time included Farmington, which would be incorporated in 1798, Milton, in 1802. In 1737, the Reverend Amos Main became the first settled pastor of the Congregational Church, located on Rochester Hill; the building would be moved to Rochester Common, which encompassed 250 acres and was called Norway Plain Mille Common after its abundant Norway pines. At the time, the Common extended into. By 1738, the farming community contained 60 families. A statue of Parson Main, sculpted by Giuseppe Moretti, today presides over the town square. By 1780 the area surrounding the Common was the most thickly settled part of town, so a meeting house/church was erected on the east end of the Common with the entrance facing what is now South Main Street. A cemetery was established near the new meeting house, but the ground was found to be too wet, the bodies were removed to the Old Rochester Cemetery.
In 1842 the Meeting House/church was moved to the present-day location at the corner of Liberty and South Main streets. As the years went by the size of the Common would shrink as more of it was sold off for development. A bandstand was constructed in 1914. Today, the Common is used for community activities such as Memorial Day events and for concerts throughout the summer months, in addition to having a walking track. During the Revolutionary War the Common was used as the meeting place for soldiers before going off to war; the common is the location of the city's Civil War monument which bears the names of the 54 men who died then. The monument was dedicated in the 1870s, in the 1880s the statue was added to the monument. Four Civil War cannons decorated the monument, but during World War II the cannon were melted down for use in the war, they were replaced by World War II guns. The bandstand was built in 1914 by Miles Dustin; the flag pole was donated by J. Frank Place in 1917, he was the former publisher of the Rochester Courier.
In 1750, Rochester voted at a town meeting to establish a public school to teach writing and reading to the town's children. The vote was overturned, which violated state laws mandating schools in each community. In 1752 the first public schooling began; the school lasted for 16 weeks and the school master was named John Forst. He was boarded with a different family each month. For many years the city followed the pattern of the first school by opening one and closing it shortly after; the citizens realized a school was necessary but funding one was an issue. In 1783 the state demanded that schools were opened permanently or else the state would penalize them. A year permanent schools were established. Corporal punishment was used by the school masters. In 1806 the school system was divided into districts in accordance with the state law, passed in 1805; this system of districts remained in place until 1884. The schools in this system lacked the necessary educational materials; the number of students attending school across the state diminished.
This led to the abolishment of this system because communities across the state including Rochester had many schools with low numbers of students. In 1850 the city voted to allow the funding of them; however money wasn't raised for high schools until 1868. The first high school did not open until 1857; the principal and teacher was William A. Kimball. At that time a school year lasted for 22 weeks. High school attendance was low and most dropped out before graduating. Mail service was established in 1768 when a post rider traveled from Portsmouth through Berwick and Rochester bringing gazettes. In 1792 this improved when Joseph Paine would pick up mail once a week; when he arrived in town a horn would blow to inform the town of his presence. A regular post office was established on March 1812, in the Barke Tavern; the first postmaster in Rochester was William Barker. The first large business was lumbering, although it would be overtaken by other industries as Rochester developed into a mill town with the Cochecho River to provide water power.
In 1806, 6 tanneries were operating, along with a sawmill, fulling mill, 2 gristmills. By the 1820s-1830s, the town had clockmaker; the Mechanics Company was established in 1834, producing woolen blankets which would win the premium quality award at the 1853 New York Wor
New Hampshire Senate
The New Hampshire Senate has been meeting since 1784. It is the upper house of the New Hampshire General Court, it consists of 24 members representing Senate districts based on population. As of December 5, 2018, there are 10 Republicans. New Hampshire House of Representatives New Hampshire Senate official website Project Vote Smart - State Senate of New Hampshire voter information
Nathaniel B. Baker
Nathaniel Bradley Baker was an American politician and military leader who served as Governor of New Hampshire and Adjutant General of the Iowa Militia. Nathaniel B. Baker was born in Henniker, New Hampshire on September 29, 1818, raised in West Concord. Nathaniel Baker graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in Harvard University, he studied law under Franklin Pierce, Asa Fowler and Charles H. Peaslee and passed the bar in 1842. Baker was a co-owner of the New Hampshire Patriot. A Democrat, he served as Clerk of the Merrimack County Court of Common Pleas in 1845; the following year he became Merrimack County Clerk. Baker was active in the New Hampshire Militia, serving as Quartermaster and Adjutant of the 11th Regiment, he subsequently served as Aide-de-Camp to Governor John H. Steele with the rank of Colonel. In 1851, Baker assumed the position of Chief Fire Engineer for Concord's Fire Department, he served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1850 and 1851, was elected Speaker of the House.
In 1852 he was a Presidential Elector, cast his ballot for Franklin Pierce and William R. King. From 1854 to 1859 Baker was a trustee of Norwich University, he received an honorary master of arts degree from Norwich in 1855. In 1854 he was elected governor and served a single one-year term, June 6, 1854 to June 7, 1855. During his term the legislature failed to pass resolutions condemning the Missouri Compromise and the Kansas–Nebraska Act, evidence that New Hampshire was trending away from the Democratic Pierce and Baker and becoming antislavery, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1855. After Baker's term as governor, he moved to Clinton, where he continued to practice law, he was elected to the Iowa House of Representatives in 1859 as a Democrat. His antislavery views caused him to join the Republican Party. Baker's work as chairman of the Iowa House's Military Affairs Committee at the start of the American Civil War led to his appointment as adjutant general of the Iowa Militia, he served until his death.
By now a resident of Des Moines, during the war he was praised for his efforts to recruit and train soldiers for front line regiments, to keep track of their service records, including enlistments, wounds and discharges. In addition, at the end of the war, Baker was credited with acquiring from returning Iowa units captured Confederate regimental flags and other memorabilia, arranging to have it preserved. In 1874 Baker took part in an effort to combat a massive grasshopper infestation in Northwestern Iowa, exposing himself out of doors in harsh weather including sleet and high winds, his health began to decline as a result, Baker died in Des Moines on September 11, 1876. He was buried at Woodland Cemetery in Des Moines. Colbert, Matthew M.. General Nathaniel B. Baker and the grasshopper plagues in northwest Iowa, 1873–1875. Iowa State University. Retrieved February 14, 2013. Baker at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Nathaniel B. Baker at National Governors Association Nathaniel B. Baker at Find a Grave