Samuel Hall Lord called "Sam Lord" was one of the most famous buccaneers on the island of Barbados. Sam Lord as he was known, amassed great wealth for his castle-mansion in Barbados, he did this through the direct plundering of ships stranded in the coral reefs just off the coast of his estate. According to legend, Sam Lord would hang lanterns high in the coconut trees around his estate. Passing ships far out at sea would think it was the port city of Bridgetown and would sail towards the reef in the area, leading them to wreck their ships. Sam Lord would board the ships and keep the riches for his castle, which stood in the parish of Saint Philip, his castle estate was turned into a hotel called the Sam Lord's Castle. However, due to massive debt this hotel was auctioned off and parts of it were scheduled to be demolished to make way for a larger hotel development on the property by the new owners. In 2007 Sam Lord's Castle was bought by CLICO, but due to financial woes, the redevelopment didn't happen.
For a while the Government of Barbados was proposing a buy-out. On 20 October 2010 Sam Lord's Castle was gutted by a major fire; the castle and surrounding property were acquired by the Wyndham Hotel Group. Construction on a new resort started in 2017. Architect's plans show. Sam Lord's parents were John Lord, Bathsheba Hall Sarjeant. Sam, born in 1778, had two brothers and three sisters: John Thomas, Mary Bathsheba, Richard Sargeant, Sara Bathsheba and Elizabeth Bathsheba. Sam had two boys with a maid at the estate, they were William Lord. He had three girls with his wife Lucy Wightwick: Oceanus Lord, Emma Lucy Lord, Cecelia Lord. Most of Sam Lord's descendants, starting with his son Edward, would move to St. Lucia. Edward Samuel Lord married Elizabeth Armour and they raised their family in St. Lucia, they had four children: Frederick Nugent Lord, Emily Lord, Heather Lord, Elizabeth Lord. It is Frederick's offspring that can be followed to Toronto. Frederick met daughter of William Lawrence and Ellen Higgins of England.
Annie left England at the age of 16 to move to St. Lucia to be with her father William. Frederick Nugent Lord and Annie Lawrence had 14 children: Wallace, Nellie and twin Daisy who died at 7 years, Freddie, Frank, twins Pearl and Diamond and Annie. Only eight of these children lived to see most of them dying in infancy; those making it to Toronto included Wallace, Ruby, Walter, Nelson and Annie. The last to pass away was Annie whose husband Charles Weinreb died in 1965. Annie died in Waterloo, Ontario on 18 September 2003. Wallace, the eldest of Frederick and Annie married Florence Chamberlain and they had three children, Frederick and Ann Madelaine. Ann Madelaine married Herbert Wallace from London Ontario, they raised their five children in Ontario. Sam Lord's third daughter Cecilia married James Haywood, a solicitor, in the third quarter of 1840 in the area of Chepstow, Monmouthshire, they lived at Dosthill House, Tamworth, Staffs. They had at least seven children: Walker, Francis, James and Christine.
Flying qualities is one of the three principal regimes in the science of flight test, which includes performance and systems. Flying qualities involves the study and evaluation of the stability and control characteristics of an aircraft, they have a critical bearing on the safety of flight and on the ease of controlling an airplane in steady flight and in maneuvers. To understand the discipline of flying qualities, the concept of stability should be understood. Stability can be defined only. If this condition exists, if the vehicle is disturbed, stability refers to the tendency of the vehicle to return to the trimmed condition. If the vehicle tends to return to a trimmed condition, it is said to be statically stable. If it continues to approach the trimmed condition without overshooting, the motion is called a subsidence. If the motion causes the vehicle to overshoot the trimmed condition, it may oscillate back and forth. If this oscillation damps out, the motion is called a damped oscillation and the vehicle is said to be dynamically stable.
On the other hand, if the motion increases in amplitude, the vehicle is said to be dynamically unstable. The theory of stability of airplanes was worked out by G. H. Bryan in England in 1904; this theory is equivalent to the theory taught to aeronautical students today and was a remarkable intellectual achievement considering that at the time Bryan developed the theory, he had not heard of the Wright brothers' first flight. Because of the complication of the theory and the tedious computations required in its use, it was applied by airplane designers. To fly pilotless airplanes had to be dynamically stable; the airplane flown by the Wright brothers, most airplanes flown thereafter, were not stable, but by trial and error, designers developed a few planes that had satisfactory flying qualities. Many other airplanes, had poor flying qualities, which sometimes resulted in crashes. Handling qualities are those characteristics of a flight vehicle that govern the ease and precision with which a pilot is able to perform a flying task.
This includes the human-machine interface. The way in which particular vehicle factors affect flying qualities has been studied in aircraft for decades, reference standards for the flying qualities of both fixed-wing aircraft and rotary-wing aircraft have been developed and are now in common use; these standards define a subset of the dynamics and control design space that provides good handling qualities for a given vehicle type and flying task. Bryan showed that the stability characteristics of airplanes could be separated into longitudinal and lateral groups with the corresponding motions called modes of motion; these modes of motion were either aperiodic, which means that the airplane approaches or diverges from a trimmed condition, or oscillatory, which means that the airplane oscillates about the trim condition. The longitudinal modes of a statically stable airplane following a disturbance were shown to consist of a long-period oscillation called the phugoid oscillation with a period in seconds about one-quarter of the airspeed in miles per hour and a short-period oscillation with a period of only a few seconds.
The lateral motion had three modes of motion: an aperiodic mode called the spiral mode that could be a divergence or subsidence, a damped aperiodic mode called the roll subsidence, a short-period oscillation poorly damped, called the Dutch roll mode. Some early airplane designers attempted to make airplanes that were dynamically stable, but it was found that the requirements for stability conflicted with those for satisfactory flying qualities. Meanwhile, no information was available to guide the designer as to just what characteristics should be incorporated to provide satisfactory flying qualities. By the 1930s, there was a general feeling that airplanes should be dynamically stable, but some aeronautical engineers were starting to recognize the conflict between the requirements for stability and flying qualities. To resolve this question, Edward Warner, working as a consultant to the Douglas Aircraft Company on the design of the DC-4, a large four-engine transport airplane, made the first effort in the United States to write a set of requirements for satisfactory flying qualities.
Dr. Warner, a member of the main committee of the NACA requested that a flight study be made to determine the flying qualities of an airplane along the lines of the suggested requirements; this study was conducted by Hartley A. Soulé of Langley. Entitled Preliminary Investigation of the Flying Qualities of Airplanes, Soulé's report showed several areas in which the suggested requirements needed revision and showed the need for more research on other types of airplanes; as a result, a program was started by Robert R. Gilruth with Melvin N. Gough as the chief test pilot; the technique for the study of flying qualities requirements used by Gilruth was first to install instruments to record relevant quantities such as control positions and forces, airplane angular velocities, linear accelerations and altitude. A program of specified flight conditions and maneuvers was flown by an experienced test pilot. After the flight, data were transcribed from the records and the results were correlated with pilot opinion.
This approach would be considered routine today, but it was a notable original contribution by Gilruth that took advantage of the flight recording instruments available at Langley and the variety of airplanes available for tests under comparable conditions. An important quantity in flying qualities measurements in turns or pull-u
New Patna Club is a social club in Patna and is one of the oldest clubs of Bihar. It was founded in 1918 during the British Raj; the club is located on Beerchand Patel Path. The club was founded in 1918 by Justice F. R. Roe, he was assisted in its founding by Sir Ali Imam, Justice P. R. Das and Mr. Saiyid Sultan Ahmed; the Bihar and Orissa District Gazetteers Patna of 1924 reports that the club had a good building and had a member strength of eighty, both European and Indian. The club was established in the new capital of Patna at that time. Bankipore Club existed in older part of Patna in Bankipore locality; the club has two towers on its premises with several facilities for its members. The club facilities include 4 tennis courts, a swimming pool and various rooms for indoor games such as carrom and cards among others; the club provides its grounds for marriages and various events. The club has 800 permanent members, including 100 life members. About 250 people have taken service membership; the club has guest rooms, conference hall for about 250 people and 14 rooms for affiliated club members.
There is parking facility for about 215 cars on club's premises. List of India's gentlemen's clubs Bankipore Club