John Sullivan (general)
John Sullivan was an Irish-American General in the Revolutionary War, a delegate in the Continental Congress, Governor of New Hampshire and a United States federal judge. Sullivan, the third son of American settlers, served as a major general in the Continental Army and as Governor of New Hampshire, he commanded the Sullivan Expedition in 1779, a scorched earth campaign against the Iroquois towns that had taken up arms against the American revolutionaries. As a member of Congress, Sullivan worked with the French Ambassador to the US, the Chevalier de la Luzerne. Born in Somersworth in the Province of New Hampshire, Sullivan was the third son of Irish settlers from the Beara Peninsula in County Cork. One of his brothers, James Sullivan, became Governor of Massachusetts. Another brother, who served in the Royal Navy died before the American Revolution. A landing party from HMS Allegiance on February 14, 1781 kidnapped another brother, Captain David Sullivan, who died of disease; the father, John Owen O'Sullivan was the son of Philip O'Sullivan of Beare of Ardea, minor gentry in Penal Ireland and a scion of the O'Sullivan Beare Clan, Ardea Castle line.
The Penal Laws reduced them to the status of peasants. After emigrating to York, Maine, in 1723, the elder John became a Protestant. In 1760, Sullivan married Lydia Remick Worster of Kittery, now in Maine. John and Lydia Sullivan had six children, who died in infancy, John, James and another Margery, who lived only two years. Sullivan read law with Samuel Livermore of Portsmouth, New Hampshire between 1758 and 1760, he began the practice of law in 1763 at Berwick, now in Maine, continued in the practice when he moved to Durham, New Hampshire in 1764. He annoyed many neighbors in his early career, when he was the only lawyer in town, with numerous suits over foreclosures and was threatened with violence at least twice in 1766, but by 1772, he was established and began work to improve his relations with the community. He expanded his interests into milling from which he made a substantial income. In 1773 Alexander Scammell joined John Sullivan's law practice. Sullivan built a friendship with the royal governor of New Hampshire, John Wentworth, who had assumed the office in 1767.
In November 1772, Wentworth appointed Sullivan a major in the militia. As the American Revolution grew nearer, Sullivan turned away from Wentworth and began to side more with the radicals. On May 28, 1773, at the urging of the Virginia House of Burgesses, the New Hampshire Assembly established a Committee of Correspondence. Hoping to thwart the committee, Wentworth adjourned the Assembly the next day. On December 16, 1773, colonists in Massachusetts destroyed tea worth 15,000 pounds at the Boston Tea Party to protest taxes under the Tea Act; the British Parliament responded with the Boston Port Act, effective March 21, 1774, which closed the Port of Boston until restitution for the destroyed tea was made to the East India Company. Parliament went on to pass the Massachusetts Government Act, which removed many functions of government from local control, the Quartering Act, which permitted quartering of troops in towns where there was disorder, the Quebec Act, which established the Catholic religion and French civil law in that province.
Wentworth called a new Assembly, which began meeting on April 7, 1774. On May 13, news of the Boston Port Act reached the Assembly. On May 27, the Assembly provided for only five men and an officer to guard Fort William and Mary at Portsmouth harbor. A new committee of correspondence was selected the next day. By the time Wentworth dissolved the Assembly on June 8, 1774 in an unsuccessful effort to prevent the Assembly from sending delegates to a continental congress, Sullivan was in favor of supporting the Massachusetts radicals. In response to Wentworth's action dismissing the Assembly and the call for a continental congress to support Boston after the British sanctions against it, on July 21, 1774 the first Provincial Congress of New Hampshire met at Exeter, New Hampshire, with John Sullivan as Durham's delegate; that assembly sent Nathaniel Folsom as delegates to the First Continental Congress. The assembly adopted a Declaration of Rights and Grievances on October 14, 1774. By November 8, Sullivan and Folsom were back in New Hampshire to work for acceptance of the Declaration and the Association of the colonies to support economic measures to achieve their objectives.
On October 19, 1774, a royal order in council prohibited the export of powder and arms to America and Lord Dartmouth secretly wrote to the colonial governors to secure gunpowder and ammunition in the provinces. After Paul Revere was sent by the Massachusetts committee to warn the Portsmouth militia of a rumored British movement toward Fort William and Mary, that militia raided the fort and seized gunpowder on December 14, 1774. Sullivan, not present on this first raid, was one of the leaders of the militia force who made the second raid on the fort for its cannon and munitions on December 15. Sullivan and his men took 16 cannons, about 60 muskets and other stores but were prevented from returning for other cannon and supplies by the arrival of the man-of-war Canceaux, followed two days by the frigate Scarborough. Wentworth refrained from seeking to arrest Sullivan and others because he thought he had little popular support and the militia would not act. In January 1775, a second Provincial Congress at Exeter voted to send Sullivan and John Langdon to the Second Continental Congress.
Sullivan, supported by Folsom and Langdon, persuaded the assembly to petition Wentworth to call a New Hampshire Assembly that he would not dissolve. Wentworth responded by dis
Meshech Weare was an American farmer and revolutionary statesman from Seabrook and Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. He served as the first President of New Hampshire from 1776 to 1785. Meshech was born to Deacon Nathaniel Weare and his second wife, Mary Waite, in what was the Third Parish, New Hampshire; the site of the home is now in Seabrook. Weare was baptized in modern-day Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, on June 21, 1713, he was the youngest of 14 children. Some of his siblings included Elizabeth, Mehitable and Nathan. Weare graduated from Harvard College in 1735, he planned to work in the Congregational ministry, but those plans were changed after his marriage to Elizabeth Shaw in 1738. He planned on improving the land he and his wife bought after their marriage, but this plan was cut short by his wife's death, he remarried to Mehitable Wainwright in 1746. During this time he began to study law, starting with the books passed down to him from his father and grandfather, who were former lay Judges in the provincial court.
The house in which Weare lived was built in 1737 by Samuel Shaw, is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was to be visited by George Washington, Marquis de Lafayette, James Monroe; the back half of the house burnt many years after Weare's death. It still stands in Hampton Falls, next to the park named after Weare and across from the town school, Lincoln Akerman School. Weare's political career began in 1739. For the next 35 years, he served in various political positions, including selectman and representative of Hampton Falls in the Assembly, he was thrice speaker of the House of Representatives, its clerk for eight years. In 1754, he was one of New Hampshire's delegates to the Albany Congress. In September 1772, Weare served as one of the four judges in the trial of the participants in the Pine Tree Riot, an early act of rebellion against British authority in the Colonies. Although the defendants were found guilty, the light fines assessed by the court were seen as encouraging other such acts, including the Boston Tea Party.
On January 5, 1776, New Hampshire became the first American state to adopt a formal constitution. Weare was a leader in the drafting of this document, which served as the basic instrument of government for the ensuing eight years or until the adoption of a second and more permanent constitution in 1784. Under this constitution, there was no established executive, the legislature was supreme. In practice, executive power was delegated to a Committee of Safety consisting of eight or ten legislative leaders; this committee had full power to act on behalf of the government while the legislature was not in session. After a brief interval, Weare was elected chairman of the Committee of Safety and served in this capacity throughout the Revolution. In addition to being New Hampshire's first "President", Weare was chief justice of the state's highest court the "Superior Court of Judicature" from 1776 to 1782, he served as presiding officer of the Council part of the upper house of the legislature. He managed to hold that position throughout the American Revolution.
He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1782. The Committee of Safety, over which Weare presided, was a most interesting governmental institution, it operated both at the state and at the local level, was a law unto itself while the legislature was not in session. Its duties included supervision and coordination of military affairs within the state, raising of recruits and supplies, regulation of the state militia, custody of prisoners of war, supervision of the entrance and clearance of vessels from Portsmouth Harbor, regulation of privateers and captured prizes, surveillance of the Loyalists, regulation of trade and currency, supervision of price controls; the New Hampshire town of Weare was renamed in 1764 to honor his service as the town's first clerk. In Hampton Falls, a park, built in the early 2000s directly next to his house, is named for him. Weare's grave is located in a small cemetery an eighth of a mile down the road. Brown, Warren.
History of Hampton Falls N. H. Vol. II. 1918. Meschach Weare at SeacoastNH.com Meshech Weare at Find a Grave
Ezekiel A. Straw
Ezekiel Albert Straw, was an engineer and politician from Manchester, New Hampshire. He was born in Salisbury, but moved with his family to Lowell, where his father, James B. Straw, was employed at the Appleton Manufacturing Company. Ezekiel A. Straw, eldest of 7 children, attended schools in Lowell before enrolling at Phillips Andover Academy in Andover, where he showed an aptitude for mathematics. Upon leaving Phillips Andover, Straw was hired in the spring of 1838 as an assistant civil engineer at the Nashua & Lowell Railway under construction. On July 4, 1838, he arrived in Manchester, New Hampshire, sent to substitute for a civil engineer at the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company who had become ill; the position soon became permanent. One of his first duties was laying out lots and streets for the new industrial city as envisioned by Amoskeag's cultured treasurer, William Amory, he assisted with the construction of the dam and canal. In 1842, he founded the community's first Unitarian Society.
Straw was sent by the mills to England and Scotland in November 1844 to gather information and machinery for manufacturing and printing muslin delaines, which the Manchester Print Works introduced to the United States. In July 1851, he was appointed agent of Amoskeag. Straw was a Republican state representative from 1859 to 1864 and a state senator from 1864 to 1866. In his second year in the state senate, he served as its president. In 1869, he was appointed to the staff of Governor Onslow Stearns. From 1872 to 1874, he served two terms as Republican governor of New Hampshire. Straw was treasurer and principal owner of the Namaske Mill from its organization at Manchester in 1856 until it was purchased by Amoskeag in 1875, director of the Langdon Mills after Amoskeag acquired it in 1874, he was a principal figure in creation of the Manchester waterworks, gas light company and public library. In addition, he served as president of the Blodget Edge Tool Manufacturing Company, New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association and New Hampshire Fire Insurance Company.
On April 6, 1842, he married Charlotte Smith Webster, who bore him 4 children before dying on March 15, 1852. Their son, Herman F. Straw, would become agent of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company from 1885 until 1919. Ezekiel A. Straw was awarded an honorary Master of Arts degree from Dartmouth College in 1860, he is buried in Valley Cemetery. April, 2005 Newsletter of Friends of the Valley Cemetery Biography of the Hon. Ezekiel Straw of Manchester, New Hampshire
Dublin, New Hampshire
Dublin is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,597 at the 2010 census, it is home to Dublin School and Yankee magazine is based there. In 1749, the Masonian proprietors granted the town as Monadnock No. 3 to Matthew Thornton and 39 others. But the French and Indian War thwarted permanent settlement until the 1760s, when Henry Strongman moved from Peterborough. Other early settlers arrived from Massachusetts. In 1771, Governor John Wentworth incorporated the town, naming it after Strongman's birthplace: Dublin, Ireland. Like all towns in this area, the terrain features valleys. Farmers found the soil hard and rocky, but with effort it yielded maize, oats and potatoes, with some wheat and rye. Orchards were common; the first census, taken in 1790, reported 901 residents. By 1859, there were 1,088. In 1870, the small mill town of Harrisville voted to separate from Dublin, leaving the latter with only 455 residents during the 1880 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.1 square miles, of which 28.0 sq mi is land and 1.1 sq mi is water, comprising 3.78% of the town.
The northern slopes of Mount Monadnock occupy the southern part of town. The highest point in Dublin is along Monadnock's northeast ridge, where the elevation reaches 2,834 feet above sea level at the town line; the western half of Dublin lies within the Connecticut River watershed, drained by tributaries of the Ashuelot River, with the eastern half located in the Merrimack River watershed, drained by tributaries of the Contoocook River. The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 101 and New Hampshire Route 137. At the 2000 census, there were 1,476 people, 560 households and 417 families residing in the town; the population density was 52.7 per square mile. There were 686 housing units at an average density of 24.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.29% White, 0.34% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.41% from other races, 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population. There were 560 households of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families.
21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.89. 23.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64, 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males. The median household income was $52,150 and the median income for a family was $57,578. Males had a median income of $36,853 compared with $25,859 for females; the per capita income was $27,028. About 6.0% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. Dublin is the base for Yankee Publishing Inc. the publisher of the Old Farmer's Almanac and Yankee magazine. Dublin School, a coeducational private boarding school, founded in 1935 by Paul W. Lehmann The Walden School, a summer music camp on the campus of Dublin School Dublin Christian Academy, founded in 1963 Dublin Pond Irish place names in other countries Galen Clark, nature activist Grenville Clark, lawyer Doris Haddock, political activist Moses Mason, Jr. physician and US congressman William Preston Phelps, artist Abbott Handerson Thayer, artist Mark Twain, author Town of Dublin official website Dublin Public Library New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
Samuel Dinsmoor Jr.
Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. was an American lawyer, banker and thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire. Dinsmoor was born in Keene, New Hampshire and graduated from Dartmouth College in 1814, he studied law and was a legal assistant to Territorial Governor James Miller for several years in Arkansas. A commissioner who made it possible for the visit of French General Lafayette to New Hampshire in 1825, Dinsmoor served as clerk of the New Hampshire Senate in 1826, 1827, 1829 and 1830. Having secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, Dinsmoor was elected by a popular vote in 1849, reelected to a second term in 1850, as well as a third term in 1851, he served as thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire from June 7, 1849 to June 3, 1852. The state militia was restructured during his tenure. Upon leaving the governorship, Dinsmoor retired from political life, but continued to stay active in his legal and banking interests. From 1835 until his death Dinsmoor was President of the Ashuelot Bank in Keene. Dinsmoor died in Keene on February 24, 1869.
He is interred at Washington Street Cemetery in Keene. His father, Samuel Dinsmoor, had been Governor of New Hampshire from 1831 to 1834. On September 11, 1841, Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. married Anne Eliza Jarvis, they had two children: William Jarvis Dinsmoor and Samuel Dinsmoor III. Anne died on July 17, 1849. Dinsmoor at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources National Governors Association profile
Frederick Smyth (New Hampshire)
Frederick Smyth was an American banker, railroad executive, politician from Manchester, New Hampshire. Born in 1819 in Candia, New Hampshire, he became City Clerk of Manchester at the age of 30. A Republican, he served four terms as mayor of Manchester from 1852 to 1854 and again in 1864, was twice elected Governor of New Hampshire. Smyth was the third of five children. Around 1838, he and Thomas Wheat began running a country store in Candia under the name of Wheat and Smyth; the store was owned by Wheat's father. They soon left to attend Phillips Andover Academy in Massachusetts. Financial difficulties forced them to leave Phillips Academy after one term. Smyth moved to Manchester, New Hampshire, where he found a job working for George Porter in Porter's general store and mercantile business. After three years, Smyth was made a partner in the business. On December 11, 1844, Smyth married Emily Lane of daughter of John Lane and Nabby Emerson. Emily Lane Smyth died on January 14, 1885. Smyth's second wife was Marion Hamilton Cossar of Manchester, daughter of James Cossar and Jessie Finlay.
They were married on February 22, 1886 at Carmichael, Scotland. He continued to be a merchant until 1849, when he sold his share of the business following his election to the post of Manchester city clerk, at the age of 30, he was reelected to that post in 1850 and 1851. In 1852, he was elected to his first term as mayor of Manchester, he was reelected in 1853 and 1854. Many of the decisions he made as mayor remain today, including many "firsts", such as overseeing the construction of the city's first highways, the first water and sewer systems, the first sidewalks, streetlights, he is credited with the idea to plant trees along city streets to provide shade and maintain the natural beauty of the city. In 1857 and 1858, he was a member of the New Hampshire General Court, representing Manchester's Ward 3, he was active in the New Hampshire Agriculture Society, serving as treasurer for 10 years. He was a director in the American Agriculture Society and a vice-president of the American Pomological Society.
He served as one of the commissioners on the part of the General Government of New Hampshire at the International Exhibition of 1862, in London. When Abraham Lincoln visited the state in 1860, Smyth introduced him to a crowd as the "next president of the United States", he was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of New Hampshire in 1860, but was elected in 1865, again in 1866. Smyth's terms as governor were consumed by efforts to straighten out the state's wartime finances, which were in substantial disarray because of Civil War expenditures, he borrowed $1.2 million to fund the state's war debt, settled all state claims against the federal government on terms favorable to the state. He is credited with putting New Hampshire's credit on a sound financial footing, "mustered out" soldiers remaining in wartime military units, he oversaw a revision of state statutes, was a strong supporter of passage of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees due process and equal protection to all United States citizens.
He undertook to restore fish to certain state rivers, he began publication of state papers. On July 7, 1866, during his second term as governor, Smyth signed a bill providing for the incorporation of the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. Smyth had advocated legislation to create the school in his inaugural address; the bill provided that the college be established as part of Dartmouth College and that it should be governed by a nine-member board of trustees. The agricultural college was located in Hanover, New Hampshire. In 1893, it moved to Durham and became the University of New Hampshire in 1923. On July 19, 1866 the trustees appointed Smyth a trustee of the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, he continued to serve as a trustee until October 7, 1897. At the first meeting of the board, on September 28, 1866, he was elected treasurer, he held the post until August 1895 when he relinquished the post due to ill health. On April 10, 1895, Smyth was elected president of the board.
However, business commitments and declining health prevented him from presiding as president though he held the post until his term as a trustee expired in 1897. In addition to his service as a trustee, Smyth established and provided funds for the Smyth Prize for Writing and Elocution for students of the agricultural college; the Smyth Prizes were awarded from 1881 until 1904. After Smyth's death in 1899, the prize money came from provisions in his will and was funded by his wife, Marion C. Smyth. Prizes ranged from $25 to $10; the essay and elocution competitions were open to the senior and middle class while the reading competition was only open to first-year students. Smyth served as one of the board of managers of the National Homes for Disabled Soldiers, he was a delegate-at-large to the 1872 Republican national convention, President Hayes appointed him honorary commissioner to the 1878 International Exposition at Paris. Smyth was a principal president of the Concord and Montreal Railroad.
He was a trustee of the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, served as president of the New Hampshire Orphans' Home at Franklin. He died in Manchester on April 22, 1899, at the age of 80, he is buried there at Valley Cemetery. Some sources say he died at his winter home in Bermuda. Smyth's name was honored when, in 1949, Smyth's wife Marion C. Smyth founded the Smyth Trust; the trust provides scholarships to music students in the greater Manchester area. Smyth Tower, a folly built on his Manchester estat
New Hampshire House of Representatives
The New Hampshire House of Representatives is the lower house in the New Hampshire General Court, the bicameral legislature of the state of New Hampshire. The House of Representatives consists of 400 members coming from 204 legislative districts across the state, created from divisions of the state's counties. On average, each legislator represents about 3,300 residents. Districts vary in number of seats based on their populations, with the least-populous districts electing only one member and the most populous electing 11. In multi-member districts, voters are allowed to cast as many votes; this system results in one party winning all of the seats in the district, as the results below for the current representation attest. Unlike in many state legislatures, there is no single "aisle" to cross per se, as members of both parties sit segregated in five sections; the seat section and number is put on the legislator's motor vehicle license plate, which they pay for if they wish to put one on their personal automobiles, or in the case of the chairpersons and party leaders, their title is put on the legislative plate.
Seating location is enforced, as seating is pre-assigned, although the personal preference of the legislator is asked chairmen and those with special needs are given the preferred aisle seats. The sixth section is the Speaker's seat at the head of the hall; the House of Representatives has met in Representatives Hall of the New Hampshire State House since 1819. Representatives Hall is thus the oldest chamber in the United States still in continuous legislative use. Large arched windows line the walls. On the rostrum hang portraits of John P. Hale, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Franklin Pierce, Daniel Webster. ↑ Member was first elected in a special election. ↑ Member was first elected in a special election. ↑ Member was first elected in a special election. ↑ Member was first elected in a special election. ↓ If a candidate receives enough votes in two parties' primaries, they are listed as being the nominee of both parties in the general election. ↑ Member was first elected in a special election.
↑ Member was elected in a special election. ↓ If a candidate receives enough votes in two parties' primaries, they are listed as being the nominee of both parties in the general election. ↑ Member was elected in a special election. State of New Hampshire House of Representatives official government website Leadership Project Vote Smart – State House of New Hampshire voter information The Legislative Branch of State Government