Hell or High Water (2016 film)
Hell or High Water is a 2016 American neo-Western crime thriller film directed by David Mackenzie and written by Taylor Sheridan. The film follows two brothers who carry out a series of bank robberies to save their family ranch, while being pursued by two Texas Rangers; the film premiered at the Un Certain Regard section of the 2016 Cannes Film Festival on May 16, 2016, was theatrically released in the United States on August 12, 2016. It grossed $37 million; the American Film Institute selected it as one of its ten Movies of the Year, it was nominated for numerous awards, including four Oscar nominations at the 89th Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor, Best Original Screenplay and Best Film Editing. It received Golden Globe nominations for Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor for Bridges and Best Screenplay. In West Texas, divorced father Toby Howard and his ex-con older brother Tanner carry out early morning robberies of two branches of the Texas Midlands Bank. Though the robberies are well-planned, Tanner's wild nature leads him to take unnecessary risks, frustrating Toby.
Two Texas Rangers, Marcus Hamilton and Alberto Parker, are on the case. Hamilton, close to retirement determines the brothers' methods and personalities. Meanwhile, Tanner robs another bank, they take the stolen money to an Indian casino in Oklahoma to be laundered. Toby has the casino convert their gambling winnings into a check made out to the Texas Midlands Bank. With untraceable funds and gambling as a cover for how they were acquired, the brothers head back to Texas. Back on the ranch, they bury the getaway car in a pit; the brothers' mother has died after a long illness, leaving their ranch in debt because of a reverse mortgage provided by the Texas Midlands Bank. If the debt is not paid off in a few days, the ranch will be foreclosed. Oil has been discovered on their land, Toby is determined to ensure a comfortable life for his estranged sons, they rob Texas Midlands as a form of frontier justice. It is revealed that Tanner killed their abusive father, before graduating to armed robbery. Hamilton stakes out another branch of the Texas Midlands Bank, to no avail.
Hamilton determines their next target. Hamilton and Parker are en route. Pressed for time, the brothers proceed with the heist. A shoot-out ensues when a security guard and an armed civilian fire at the brothers and Tanner kills both. Toby is shot in the abdomen as they are ambushed by a waiting posse of armed townspeople outside the bank; the brothers race out of town with a larger posse in pursuit. After gaining some distance, Tanner stops and fires an automatic rifle, forcing the posse to retreat; the brothers split. He draws the lawmen off the trail to a desert mountain ridge where he takes potshots with a sniper rifle, killing Parker. Hamilton kill him. During the standoff, Toby conceals his wound, passes through a police checkpoint without incident, launders the stolen cash at the casino, where he sees the news report of his brother's death, he takes the casino's check to the bank just in time to avoid the ranch's foreclosure and deeds the ranch into a family trust. After retirement, Hamilton visits his former office to learn that the Rangers have cleared Toby as a suspect, as his record is clean and he has no motive to steal since the new oil wells earn more in a month than the total stolen in all of the robberies.
The money from the ranch's oil wells is deposited at the Texas Midlands Bank, which refuses to co-operate with the investigation for fear of losing management of the family's trust fund. Hamilton visits Toby's ranch. Although they stay civil, Hamilton states that he knows Toby masterminded and took part in the robberies, but wishes to know the reason. Toby says he has resolved not to let poverty affect his sons like it Tanner. Hamilton tells Toby he holds him responsible for the death of his partner, just as a shootout is about to ensue, they are interrupted when Toby's ex-wife and children arrive; the ranch belongs thus to them. As Hamilton departs, Toby suggests they meet again soon to "finish the conversation" and "bring you some peace". Hamilton leaves, without giving Toby any absolution. On April 18, 2012, Deadline reported that Sidney Kimmel Entertainment had acquired the heist film Comancheria, scripted by Taylor Sheridan, which SKE would finance and produce with Peter Berg of Film 44, it is the second installment of Sheridan's trilogy of "the modern-day American frontier".
At Cinemacon 2016 in Las Vegas, a standee was presented for the film, revealing that the title had been changed to Hell or High Water. Berg was attached to direct the film. Endgame Entertainment and Focus Features were among the studios bidding for the project against SKE; the script won the best Black List script in 2012. On April 2, 2015, it was announced that Jeff Bridges was set to star, while Chris Pine and Ben Foster were in talks to join, David Mackenzie was set to direct the film. On May 4, 2015, Pine and Foster were confirmed to play brothers in the film, who commit bank robberies to save their family's farm in West Texas, while Bridges would play a Texas Ranger set to catch the brothers. CBS Films acquired the US rights to the film, produced by Sidney Kimmel of Sidney Kimmel Entertainment, Peter Berg of Film 44, Carla H
Timothée Hal Chalamet is a French and American actor. He began his acting career in short films, before appearing in the television drama series Homeland in 2012. Two years he made his feature film debut in the drama Men, Women & Children and subsequently appeared in Christopher Nolan's science-fiction film Interstellar. In 2017, Chalamet gained wider recognition for his supporting roles in the coming-of-age film Lady Bird and the western Hostiles, for his lead role in Luca Guadagnino's romantic drama Call Me by Your Name; the latter earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor, making him the third-youngest nominee in the category. The following year, he portrayed a drug-addicted teenager in the drama Beautiful Boy, for which he received a nomination for the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. On stage, Chalamet has starred in John Patrick Shanley's autobiographical play Prodigal Son, for which he was nominated for a Drama League Award and won a Lucille Lortel Award.
Chalamet was born on December 27, 1995 in New York City's Manhattan borough and grew up in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood. His parents are Nicole Flender, a real estate broker and former Broadway dancer, Marc Chalamet, an editor for UNICEF, his American mother, a third-generation New Yorker, is Jewish, his French father, who lived in Nîmes, is from a Protestant background. Chalamet's older sister, Pauline, is an actress and lives in Paris. Chalamet's maternal uncle is filmmaker Rodman Flender, his maternal aunt is television producer and writer Amy Lippman, his maternal grandfather was screenwriter Harold Flender, his maternal grandmother, Enid Flender, is a former Broadway dancer. Growing up, Chalamet spent summers in Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, a small French village two hours away from Lyon, at the home of his paternal grandparents, his paternal grandmother, who had moved to France, was Canadian. Chalamet stated. "Once I was there, I became the French version of myself," he told La Presse. "I was imbued with the culture, I dreamed in French."
His childhood dream was to become a professional soccer player, "I was a coach at a soccer camp in France. I coached six to ten-year-olds when I was around thirteen."Chalamet attended PS 87 William T. Sherman School for elementary school, the selective Delta program at MS 54 Booker T. Washington Middle School, which he described as a "miserable three years" due to the lack of a creative outlet within the school's academically rigorous environment, his acceptance into Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts was a turning point in his appreciation for acting, he stated, "I had some excellent teachers and fell in love with it. I saw that it could be and should be treated as a craft". Harry Shifman, his sophomore year drama teacher at LaGuardia, was so impressed by his audition that he insisted on Chalamet's acceptance into the school though he had been rejected in the interview, saying "I gave him the highest score I've given a kid auditioning." He graduated in 2013 and starred in school musicals as Emcee in Cabaret and Oscar Lindquist in Sweet Charity.
He is a YoungArts alumnus. After high school, Chalamet attended Columbia University for one year, majoring in cultural anthropology, he transferred to New York University's Gallatin School of Individualized Study to pursue his acting career more freely. As a child, Chalamet appeared in several commercials and acted in two horror short films like Sweet Tooth and Clown before making his television debut on an episode of the long-running police procedural series Law & Order, playing a murder victim, he followed this with a minor role in the television film Loving Leah. In 2011, he made his stage debut in the Off-Broadway play The Talls, a coming-of-age comedy set in the 1970s, in which he played a sexually curious 12 year-old Nicholas; the chief theatre critic of New York Daily News wrote "Chalamet hilariously captures a tween's awakening curiosities about sex." In 2012, he had recurring roles in the drama series Royal Pains and in the critically acclaimed spy-thriller series Homeland, in which he played Finn Walden, the rebellious son of the Vice President.
Along with the rest of the cast, Chalamet was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series. In 2014, he made his feature film debut in a minor role in Jason Reitman's critically panned Men, Women & Children; that year, he played the role of Tom Cooper, the son of Matthew McConaughey's character, in Christopher Nolan's Interstellar. The film received positive reviews, with critics praising the cast's performances, grossed over $675 million worldwide. In 2014, Chalamet played the younger version of the co-lead role in Worst Friends, a comedy which had a limited theatrical release and received positive reviews. In 2015, Chalamet co-starred in Andrew Droz Palermo's fantasy-thriller One & Two, playing the role of Zac, a son who along with his sister, begins to explore unusual abilities and dark family secrets when their mother falls ill; the film premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival, where it received mixed reviews, before its limited theatrical release.
His next role was playing the teenage version of James Franco's character, Stephen Elliott, in Pamela Romanowsky's The Adderall Diaries. In his final role of 2015, Chalamet played Charlie Cooper, the sullen grandson of Diane Keaton and John Goodman's characters in the Christmas comedy Love the Coopers, which received negative reviews. In February 2016, he starred as Jim Quinn in the autobiographical play Prodigal Son at Manhattan Theatr
Armin Mueller-Stahl is a German film actor and author. Mueller-Stahl was born in East Prussia, his mother, was from an upper-class family and became a university professor in Leipzig. His father, Alfred Müller, was a bank teller who changed the family's surname to "Mueller-Stahl"; the rest of the family moved to Berlin while his father fought on the Eastern Front in World War II. Mueller-Stahl was a concert violinist while he was a teenager and enrolled at an East Berlin acting school in 1952. Mueller-Stahl was a film and stage actor in East Germany, performing such films as Her Third and Jacob the Liar. For that country's television, he played the main character of the popular series Das unsichtbare Visier from 1973–1979, a spy thriller program designed, in co-operation with the Stasi, as a counterpart to the James Bond films. After protesting against Wolf Biermann's denaturalisation in 1976 he was blacklisted by the government. Emigrating in 1980 to West Germany, he found regular work in films.
These included Rainer Werner Fassbinder's Lola and Veronika Voss, Andrzej Wajda's A Love in Germany, Angry Harvest and Colonel Redl, the latter about the scandal surrounding Austro-Hungarian Army Colonel Alfred Redl. Mueller-Stahl made his American film debut as Jessica Lange's character's father in Music Box, he subsequently took character roles in Kafka by Steven Soderbergh and Night on Earth by Jim Jarmusch. He is remembered for his role as the Soviet general in charge of the occupied United States in the ABC television miniseries Amerika. Mueller-Stahl's performance as an Jewish immigrant to the United States in the 1990 film Avalon is widely praised. Mueller-Stahl won the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 42nd Berlin International Film Festival for his performance in Utz. Mueller-Stahl was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as the abusive father of pianist David Helfgott in the 1996 movie Shine. Mueller-Stahl was in A Pyromaniac's Love Story and the 1997 remake of the movie 12 Angry Men.
Conversation with the Beast was his first film as director. In 1998, he played the German scientist and syndicate member, Conrad Strughold, in the feature film The X-Files. In 1999 he played the mastermind of a criminal gang opposite Ray Liotta and Gloria Reuben in Pilgrim distributed under the title Inferno. In the early 2000s, Mueller-Stahl received a positive response for his portrayal of Thomas Mann in a German film about the Mann family called Die Manns - Ein Jahrhundertroman. In 2004, Mueller-Stahl made a foray into American television, guest-starring in four episodes on the television drama series The West Wing as the Prime Minister of Israel. In 2006, he played the role of reclusive Russian artist Nikolai Seroff in Local Color, he had a role in David Cronenberg's crime drama Eastern Promises and the thriller The International, both of which co-starred British-Australian actress Naomi Watts. In 2008, he won the Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role for Eastern Promises, Mueller-Stahl played the role of Cardinal Strauss, Dean of the College of Cardinals and the Papal conclave, in Angels & Demons, In 2011, he was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival.
Since the creation of the Freya von Moltke Stiftung, working out of Berlin and Krzyżowa, he has been a supporter and linked with their work. He and his wife live in Los Angeles. Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 42nd Berlin International Film Festival Berlinale Camera at the 47th Berlin International Film Festival Honorary Golden Bear at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role Honorary citizen of Sovetsk List of German-speaking Academy Award winners and nominees Armin Mueller-Stahl on IMDb
Christopher Walton Cooper is an American film actor. He has appeared in supporting performances in several major Hollywood films, including the drama American Beauty, the biopic about a NASA engineer titled October Sky, the action spy film The Bourne Identity, the biographical sports film Seabiscuit, the biographical film about Truman Capote, the geopolitical thriller Syriana, the action-thriller The Kingdom, the crime drama The Town, the musical comedy film The Muppets, he portrayed Sheriff July Johnson in the acclaimed miniseries Lonesome Dove, which became one of the most successful Westerns in history. Cooper won both the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the 2002 film Adaptation, he played a lead role in the historical and political thriller Breach, playing FBI agent and traitor Robert Hanssen. He played Daniel Sloan in the 2012 political action thriller The Company You Keep, supervillain Norman Osborn in The Amazing Spider-Man 2, he portrayed Al Templeton on the 2016 Hulu miniseries 11.22.63.
He is a frequent collaborator with director John Sayles, including Matewan, City of Hope, Lone Star, Silver City and Amigo. Cooper was born on July 9, 1951, in Kansas City, the son of Charles and Mary Ann Cooper, he has Chuck Cooper. His father was both a United States Air Force doctor and a cattleman, his mother was a housewife. Both of his parents were from Texas. Cooper grew up in the suburbs of Kansas City, spent his summers at his family's cattle ranch, located about 15 miles west of Leavenworth, Kansas, he was raised in Las Vegas and Houston. While attending high school in Kansas City, Cooper worked for a local theater company: "I had a background in carpentry, so I could build sets and work in the wings and shift scenes in the evening." After he graduated high school, Cooper became the shop foreman for another repertory group. He considered helping his father raise cattle for a living. Cooper avoided getting drafted to serve in the Vietnam War following a stint in the Missouri River Coast Guard.
Cooper attended the University of Missouri and enrolled in the theater program majoring in set design. It was during his sophomore year when Cooper changed his major to acting in order to overcome his "overpowering shyness." Cooper, took acting classes at the University of Missouri. He recalled in a 1996 interview with The Philadelphia Inquirer, "I started going in and watching some shows at the theater department. I auditioned for plays, and once I got into it, it was pretty immediate. I felt right, felt at home." Cooper took dance classes at Stephens College. After he graduated from the University of Missouri, Cooper moved to New York City in 1976. While living in New York, Cooper shared a one-bedroom railroad flat with four other aspiring actors and dancers, he supported himself by renovating apartments. In addition, he served as a janitor and a chauffeur. At the same time, he studied with Wynn Handman. Prior to his film debut with Matewan, Cooper spent the previous twelve years doing stage work with the Actors Theater of Louisville and the Seattle Repertory.
In 1985, Cooper appeared in the London revival of Sweet Bird of Youth. Cooper's early performances include John Sayles' 1987 film Matewan; some of his more notable performances include: Money Train, as a psychotic pyromaniac who terrifies toll booth operators. To get into character, Cooper said. I asked him to go deep. What would this man have done? What would be on his walls? On his desk?"In 2000, Cooper played Colonel Harry Burwell in The Patriot. He was nominated for another Screen Actors Guild Award, a BAFTA Award, won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and a Golden Globe Award in 2003 for playing the role of John Laroche in Adaptation. In 2002, Cooper appeared in The Bourne Identity as a ruthless CIA special ops director, a role he reprised in The Bourne Supremacy. Cooper received another Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for his supporting role as racehorse trainer Tom Smith in 2003's Seabiscuit. In 2004, Cooper starred in Silver City, playing an inept Republican gubernatorial candidate, a character noted for similarities to U.
S. President George W. Bush. Cooper appeared in three acclaimed films in 2005: Jarhead, he acted in the thriller Breach, playing real-life FBI agent and traitor Robert Hanssen. Cooper commented that Breach was "the first studio film where they've considered me the lead ". In 2007, he appeared as a government agent in dangerous territory in the action thriller The Kingdom and voiced the character Douglas in the film adaptation of Maurice Sendak's book, Where the Wild Things Are. At the 2010 Sundance film festival, Cooper appeared alongside Be
The Dark Knight (film)
The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, co-produced, co-written by Christopher Nolan. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, the film is the second installment of Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy and a sequel to 2005's Batman Begins, starring an ensemble cast including Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal and Morgan Freeman. In the film, Bruce Wayne / Batman, Police Lieutenant James Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent form an alliance to dismantle organized crime in Gotham City, but are menaced by an anarchistic mastermind known as the Joker, who seeks to undermine Batman's influence and turn the city to chaos. Nolan's inspiration for the film was the Joker's comic book debut in 1940, the 1988 graphic novel The Killing Joke, the 1996 series The Long Halloween, which retold Two-Face's origin; the "Dark Knight" nickname was first applied to Batman in Batman #1, in a story written by Bill Finger. The Dark Knight was filmed in Chicago, as well as in several other locations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong.
Nolan used IMAX 70 mm film cameras to film some sequences, including the Joker's first appearance in the film. Warner Bros. created a viral marketing campaign for The Dark Knight, developing promotional websites and trailers highlighting screenshots of Ledger as the Joker. Ledger died on January 22, 2008, some months after the completed filming and six months before the film's release from a toxic combination of prescription drugs, leading to intense attention from the press and movie-going public. A co-production of the United States and the United Kingdom, The Dark Knight was released on July 18, 2008 in the United States and on July 25, 2008 in the United Kingdom. Film critics considered it one of the best films of its decade and one of the best superhero films of all time; the Dark Knight appeared on 287 critics' top ten lists, more than any other film of 2008 with the exception of WALL-E, more critics named The Dark Knight the best film released that year. With over $1 billion in revenue worldwide, it became the highest-grossing film of 2008 and is the 38th highest-grossing film of all time, unadjusted for inflation.
The film received eight Academy Award nominations. In 2016 it was voted 33rd among 100 films considered the best of the 21st century by 117 film critics from around the world; the Dark Knight Rises, the final film in the trilogy, was released on July 20, 2012. A gang of criminals rob a Gotham City mob bank, murdering each other for a higher share of the money until only the Joker remains, who escapes with the money. Batman, District Attorney Harvey Dent and Lieutenant Jim Gordon form an alliance to rid Gotham City of organized crime. Bruce Wayne believes that with Dent as Gotham's protector, he can retire from being Batman and lead a normal life with Rachel Dawes – though she and Dent are dating. Mob bosses Sal Maroni and the Chechen hold a videoconference with their corrupt accountant, who has taken their funds for safekeeping and fled to Hong Kong; the Joker interrupts the meeting to warn them that Batman is unhindered by the law, offers to kill him in exchange for half of their money. The mob bosses disagree, Gambol places a bounty on the Joker.
The Joker kills Gambol, taking over his gang. The mob decides to take the Joker up on his offer. Batman finds Lau in Hong Kong and brings him back to Gotham to testify, allowing Dent to apprehend the entire mob; the Joker threatens to kill people unless Batman reveals his identity, starts by murdering Police Commissioner Gillian B. Loeb and the judge presiding over the mob trial; the Joker tries to kill Mayor Anthony Garcia, but Gordon sacrifices himself to stop the assassination. Dent kidnaps one of Joker’s henchmen and threatens him with a deadly game of heads or tails using Dent's lucky coin. Dent learns. Bruce decides to reveal his secret identity to prevent more deaths. Before he can, Dent falsely announces that he is Batman. Dent is taken into protective custody. Batman comes to Dent's rescue and Gordon, who faked his death, apprehends the Joker, securing a promotion to Commissioner. Rachel and Dent are escorted away by detectives on Maroni's payroll. Batman interrogates the Joker, who reveals that they have been trapped in separate locations rigged with explosives and that Batman must choose one to save.
Batman races to save Rachel. Batman realizes that the Joker has sent him to Dent's location instead. Both buildings explode, disfiguring Dent; the Joker escapes with Lau. The Joker kills Lau and the Chechen. Coleman Reese, an accountant at Wayne Enterprises, deduces that Bruce is Batman and threatens to publicize the information. Not wanting Reese's revelation to interfere with his plans, the Joker threatens to destroy a hospital unless Reese is killed within an hour. All hospitals are evacuated and Gordon travels to secure Reese; the Joker, disguised as a hospital nurse, discovers Dent's ward and hands him a gun, convincing him to
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman was an American actor and producer. Best known for his distinctive supporting and character roles – lowlifes, eccentrics and misfits – Hoffman acted in many films from the early 1990s until his death in 2014. Drawn to theater as a teenager, Hoffman studied acting at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, he began his screen career in a 1991 episode of Law & Order and started to appear in films in 1992. He gained recognition for his supporting work, notably in Scent of a Woman, Boogie Nights, Patch Adams, The Big Lebowski, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Almost Famous, Punch-Drunk Love, Along Came Polly, he began to play leading roles, for his portrayal of the author Truman Capote in Capote, won multiple accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. Hoffman's profile continued to grow, he received three more Oscar nominations for his supporting work as a brutally frank CIA officer in Charlie Wilson's War, a priest accused of pedophilia in Doubt, the charismatic leader of a Scientology-type movement in The Master.
While he worked in independent films, including The Savages and Synecdoche, New York, Hoffman appeared in Flawless, Hollywood blockbusters such as Twister and Mission: Impossible III, in one of his final roles, as Plutarch Heavensbee in the Hunger Games series. The feature Jack Goes Boating marked his debut as a filmmaker. Hoffman was an accomplished theater actor and director, he joined the off-Broadway LAByrinth Theater Company in 1995, where he directed and appeared in numerous stage productions. His performances in three Broadway plays – True West in 2000, Long Day's Journey into Night in 2003, Death of a Salesman in 2012 – all led to Tony Award nominations. Hoffman struggled with drug addiction as a young adult and relapsed in 2013 after many years of abstinence. In February 2014, he died of combined drug intoxication. Remembered for his fearlessness in playing reprehensible characters, for bringing depth and humanity to such roles, Hoffman was described in his New York Times obituary as "perhaps the most ambitious and admired American actor of his generation".
Hoffman was born on July 1967, in the Rochester suburb of Fairport, New York. His mother, Marilyn O'Connor, came from nearby Waterloo and worked as an elementary school teacher before becoming a lawyer and a family court judge, his father, Gordon Stowell Hoffman, of German descent, was a native of Geneva, New York, worked for the Xerox Corporation. Along with one brother, Hoffman has two sisters and Emily. Hoffman was baptized a Roman Catholic and attended Mass as a child, but did not have a religious upbringing, his parents divorced when he was nine, the children were raised by their mother. Hoffman's childhood passion was sports wrestling and baseball, but at age 12, he saw a stage production of Arthur Miller's All My Sons and was transfixed, he recalled. It was like a miracle to me". Hoffman developed a love for the theater, proceeded to attend with his mother, a lifelong enthusiast, he remembered that productions of Quilters and Alms for the Middle Class, the latter starring a teenaged Robert Downey, Jr. were particularly inspirational.
At the age of 14, Hoffman suffered a neck injury that ended his sporting activity, he began to consider acting. Encouraged by his mother, he joined a drama club, committed to it because he was attracted to a female member. Acting became a passion for Hoffman: "I loved the camaraderie of it, the people, that's when I decided it was what I wanted to do." At the age of 17, he was selected to attend the 1984 New York State Summer School of the Arts in Saratoga Springs, where he met his future collaborators Bennett Miller and Dan Futterman. Miller commented on Hoffman's popularity at the time: "We were attracted to the fact that he was genuinely serious about what he was doing, he was passionate." Hoffman applied for several drama degree programs and was accepted to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. Between starting on the program and graduating from Fairport High School, he continued his training at the Circle in the Square Theatre's summer program. Hoffman had positive memories of his time at NYU.
With friends, he co-founded the Bullstoi Ensemble acting troupe. He received a drama degree in 1989. After graduating, Hoffman worked in off-Broadway theater and made additional money with customer service jobs, he made his screen debut in 1991, in a Law & Order episode called "The Violence of Summer", playing a man accused of rape. His first cinema role came the following year, when he was credited as "Phil Hoffman" in the independent film Triple Bogey on a Par Five Hole. After this, he adopted Seymour, to avoid confusion with another actor. More film roles promptly followed, with appearances in the studio production My New Gun, a small role in the comedy Leap of Faith, starring Steve Martin. Following these roles, he gained attention playing a spoiled student in the Oscar-winning Al Pacino film Scent of a Woman. Hoffman auditioned five times for his role, which The Guardian journalist Ryan Gilbey says gave him an early opportunity "to indulge his skill for making unctuousness compelling"; the film was the first to get Hoffman noticed.
Reflecting on Scent of a Woman, Hoffman late
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri is a 2017 dark comedy crime-drama film written and produced by Martin McDonagh and starring Frances McDormand as a woman who rents three billboards to call attention to her daughter's unsolved rape and murder. Woody Harrelson, Sam Rockwell, Abbie Cornish, John Hawkes, Peter Dinklage appear in supporting roles, it was released in the United States in November 2017 and in the United Kingdom in January 2018 by Fox Searchlight Pictures and grossed $159 million worldwide. At the 90th Academy Awards, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri was nominated for seven awards and won Best Actress and Best Supporting Actor. At the 75th Golden Globe Awards, it won Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Actress – Drama, Best Supporting Actor, Best Screenplay, it won three SAG Awards, including Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture, five BAFTA Film Awards, including Best Film and Outstanding British Film. In the town of Ebbing, Mildred Hayes is grieving the rape and murder of her teenage daughter, seven months earlier.
Angry over the lack of progress in the investigation, Mildred rents three abandoned billboards near her home and posts on them: "Raped While Dying", "Still No Arrests?", "How Come, Chief Willoughby?" The billboards upset the townspeople, including Chief Bill Willoughby and the racist, alcoholic Officer Jason Dixon. The open secret that Willoughby suffers from terminal pancreatic cancer adds to everyone's disapproval. Despite harassment and her son’s disapproval, Mildred remains determined to keep up her billboards. While Willoughby is sympathetic to Mildred's frustration, he finds the billboards an unfair attack on his character. Angered by Mildred's lack of respect for his authority, Dixon threatens businessman Red Welby, who rented Mildred the billboards, he arrests her friend and coworker, Denise, on trivial marijuana possession charges. Mildred is visited by her abusive ex-husband Charlie, who blames her for their daughter's death. Willoughby brings Mildred in for questioning after she drills a hole in her dentist's thumb when he threatens her.
During the interview, Willoughby coughs up blood. He leaves the hospital against medical advice and spends an idyllic day with his wife Anne and their two daughters commits suicide to spare his family the pain of watching him die of cancer, he leaves suicide notes for several people, including Mildred, in which he explains that she was not a factor in his suicide and that he secretly paid to keep the billboards up for another month, amused at the trouble this will bring her and hoping that they will keep attention on the murder. Dixon reacts to the news of Willoughby's death by throwing him out of a window; this is witnessed by Willoughby's replacement, who fires Dixon. Meanwhile, Mildred is threatened by a crop-haired stranger in her store; the billboards are destroyed by arson. Mildred retaliates by tossing Molotov cocktails at the police station, which she believes is unoccupied for the night. However, Dixon is there to read Willoughby's letter to him, which advises him to let go of hate and learn to love, as the only way to realize his wish to become a detective.
Dixon suffers severe burns. Mildred's extinguishes Dixon's burning clothes, he provides Mildred with an alibi, claiming they were on a date at the time of the incident. Dixon is treated for his burns, he is temporarily confined in the same hospital room as Welby, to whom he apologizes. Jerome, employed by the advertising company to put Mildred's messages up on the billboards, gives her the spares that were made in case of mistakes, she uses them to restore the billboard messages. Discharged from the hospital, Dixon overhears the man who threatened Mildred bragging in a bar of having raped and killed a girl in the same manner as Mildred's daughter, he notes the Idaho license plate number of the man's vehicle provokes a fight by scratching the man's face. He removes a sample of the man's DNA from under his fingernails. Meanwhile, Mildred goes on a date with James to thank him for the alibi. Charlie enters with his 19-year-old girlfriend Penelope, mocks James, admits to burning the billboards while intoxicated.
James senses that Mildred went out with him out of pity, leaves angrily. Mildred leaves. Though commending him, Abercrombie informs Dixon that the DNA sample does not match DNA found on Angela's body, that the man was overseas on military duty nine months before. Dixon concludes that the man must be guilty of some other rape and murder, joins Mildred on a trip to Idaho in order to kill him. On the way, Mildred confesses to Dixon, they agree to decide what to do along the way. While traveling through the Southern United States in around 1998, Martin McDonagh came across a couple of accusatory billboards about an unsolved crime, which he described as "raging and painful and tragic" alleging the murder of a woman in Vidor, Texas; the billboards highlighted the incompetence of police work and affected McDonagh. This incident, combined with his desire to create strong female characters, inspired him to write the story for Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri. McDonagh discussed the creative process, saying that it took him about ten years to " that it was a mother who had taken these things out.
It all became fiction based on a couple of a