Cathedral Catholic High School
Cathedral Catholic High School is a private coeducational Catholic college preparatory high school in San Diego, California. It is operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Diego, it was founded in 1957 as the University High School the University of San Diego High School, located in the Linda Vista neighborhood of San Diego. Construction began on CCHS at its current location on Del Mar Heights Road in Carmel Valley in 1999. In 2005 USDHS, including all faculty and students, moved to that campus and changed its name to Cathedral Catholic. Cathedral Catholic High School is accredited by the Western Catholic Education Association, the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and holds membership with the College Board. University High School was founded in 1957 as a Catholic college preparatory high school for boys, it was located in the San Diego neighborhood of Linda Vista, on a site overlooking Mission Bay to the west and Mission Valley to the south, across the street from the University of San Diego, founded in 1949.
The first principal was a scholar of church history. For the first few years of the school's existence the faculty consisted of ordained priests, its sister-school Cathedral Girls High School had been founded in 1943 and was located on a downtown campus. In 1970 it merged with UHS to become a co-educational high school; the class of 1971 was the first co-educational graduating class in UHS history. In 1986 the name of the school was changed to University of San Diego High School; as of 2005 over 10,000 students had graduated from the school. Students at Uni were afforded opportunities to participate in a wide variety of extracurricular activities including fine arts, clubs, service organizations and leadership roles; the athletic teams were the Dons, all students and alumni were referred to as Dons, with the motto "once a Don, always a Don". In 1998 USDHS was honored by the United States Department of Education as a Blue Ribbon School; the Linda Vista campus held 1,450 students. In 1999, the Diocese of San Diego proposed a plan to relocate the school to a larger campus.
Construction was begun on a brand new campus in a location in Carmel Valley. The new school was to have larger facilities to accommodate up to 2000 students, host many extracurricular activities and sports such as football, swim/dive, water polo, sailing, field hockey, lacrosse and baseball; the majority of these activities had been holding practices and events outside of the Linda Vista campus due to the lack of facilities. Dr. Richard Kelly was the principal from 1991 to 2004, the longest-serving principal of that school, he facilitated the move. The new campus was completed in summer of 2005, USDHS shut down after the 2004–2005 school year; the new school opened as Cathedral Catholic High School in August 2005, with all the same faculty and the remaining three classes of students from USDHS. On May 31, 2008, the final class of USDHS students, freshmen at the time of the transition, graduated from CCHS. Cathedral Catholic continued all of the traditions from USDHS, including the Dons mascot for the athletic teams.
The names of the yearbook and art/literary magazine were preserved. The Dons Athletic Hall of Fame was moved to the gymnasium at CCHS; the statues and relics from the old campus, such as the Mary statue from the quad, were all moved to locations around the Cathedral Catholic campus. The dedicated walk of fame from the quad at Uni was proposed to be moved and installed on the quad of CCHS around a new memorial fountain, but due to deterioration and costly efforts, the stones were not brought to CCHS. Those who had names there were honored with a memorial display, hung in the USDHS Library at CCHS during the 50th Anniversary Celebration. Notable dedications for major Uni/CCHS contributors have been engraved into the stone benches and lamp posts around CCHS' quad as well; the Linda Vista campus was temporarily occupied by Notre Dame Academy from June 2005 to January 2006, while that school's new campus in the Carmel Valley area, was being completed. In 2008 the Linda Vista campus was sold to The Irvine Company for development.
The site is now the home of a 500+ unit apartment complex called Carmel Pacific Ridge. The CCHS campus in Carmel Valley opened in 2005, it is designed to resemble a Tuscan village. The founding principal was Mike Deely, himself a graduate of USDHS. At 1750 students, CCHS is the largest high school in the Diocese of San Diego; the 54-acre campus includes ten major buildings including a chapel and gymnasium. CCHS offers Advanced Placement classes in art history, calculus AB & BC, English language, English literature, environmental science, Physics C, Spanish language, studio art, US history, US government and World history. Dual-enrollment classes with MiraCosta College and Mesa College are offered, as well as honors courses. Visual and performing arts classes at CCHS include drama and advanced drama 1-2, multimedia authoring 1-2, CCTV broadcast and video journalism, photography, digital imaging, art 1-2, art 3-4, ceramics, 3D design, introduction to guitar, choral music and pep band, AP art history and AP studio art.
After-school courses in band and Yearbook are available. CCHS offers more than 80 extracurricular activities including music, drama and robotics. Schoolwide masses are held on various feasts and solemnities of the Church throughout
Transpacific Yacht Race
The Transpacific Yacht Race is an offshore yacht race starting off the Pt. Fermin buoy in San Pedro and ending off Diamond Head in Hawaii, a distance of around 2,225 nautical miles. Started in 1906 by Clarence W. Macfarlane and hosted by Los Angeles Yacht Club, it is one of yachting's premier offshore races and attracts entrants from all over the world; the race is organized by the Transpacific Yacht Club. The race is famous for fast downwind sailing under spinnaker in the trade winds. Crewed Multihull Elapsed time: Mighty Merloe, 2017 of 4 days, 6 hours, 32 minutes, 30 seconds. Crewed Monohull Elapsed time: Comanche, 2017 of 5 days, 1 hours, 55 minutes, 26 seconds. Double Handed: Pegasus 50, 2009, sailed by Philippe Kahn and Mark Christensen, set a new record of 7 days, 19 hours, 38 minutes and 35 seconds. In 1969, French sailing legend Eric Tabarly shadowed the race with his Pen Duick IV, one of the world's first trimarans competitive in all wind conditions, he intended to enter the race but was unaware that multihulls were not invited.
Having started with all other participants and his crew set an unofficial record of 8 days and 13 hours a day ahead of official winner and record-setter Blackfin. In 2013, the crewed monohull, won first overall, making it the oldest boat in the fleet to win and a 2-time winner, having won the Transpac in 1936, 77 years prior. Ragtime finished first in 1973 and again in 1975. In 1977, the yacht Merlin, designed by Bill Lee, set an elapsed time record of 8 days, 11 hours, 1 minute; this record would stand for 20 years. Ending Merlin's record, in the 1997 race a new monohull elapsed time record of 7 days, 11 hours, 41 minutes, 27 seconds was set by Roy E. Disney's Pyewacket, a Santa Cruz 70 ultralight designed by Bill Lee; the record fell once again with Hasso Plattner's Morning Glory, a maxZ86 from Germany. Morning Glory was the scratch boat, she finished the race in 6 days, 16 hours, 4 minutes, 11 seconds to win "the Barn Door" trophy, a slab of carved koa wood traditionally awarded to the monohull with the fastest elapsed time.
In 1995, multihulls were invited to participate for the first time, but not eligible for the Barn Door trophy. Steve Fosset set a new race record in 1995 on his 60' trimaran Lakota, of 6 days 16 hours 7 minutes 16 seconds. Two years in 1997, this record was broken by the 86' catamaran Explorer with a time of 5 days 9 hours 18 minutes 26 seconds. 2017 saw Howard Enloe and his boat the Mighty Merloe smash the record by over 25 hours making the trip in just over 4 days. On July 7, 2009, Alfa Romeo II beat the Morning Glory record for best day's run set in the 2005 race, by sailing 399 nautical miles in 24 hours; the next two days she broke her own best-day record by sailing 420 nautical miles and 431 nautical miles. First to finish the 2009 Transpac, Alfa Romeo II set a Transpac race elapsed-time record of 5 days, 14 hours, 36 minutes, 20 seconds; this represents a new race record for monohulls. However, because she must use "stored power" to move, Alfa Romeo II, sailing in the "unlimited" class, was not eligible for the traditional "Barn Door" trophy, but instead was the inaugural winner of a new trophy dedicated by Trisha Steele, called the "Merlin Trophy".
In the double-handed division, Pegasus 50, sailed by Philippe Kahn and Mark Christensen, set a new record of 7 days, 19 hours, 38 minutes and 35 seconds. They pioneered use of an iPhone, with Fullpower-MotionX GPS technology. In the 1975 movie Jaws, the character Matt Hooper, played by Richard Dreyfuss, claims that he has "crewed three Transpacs" as a means of establishing his seamanship credentials with Quint; the 2008 documentary Morning Light is a film about the 2007 Disney-sponsored competitors in the race. The Transpac Honolulu Race Elapsed Time Record Trophy is awarded to the Record Holder for the fastest elapsed time by a monohull yacht in the race; the list of Los Angeles to Honolulu Record Holders is: 1906 Lurline H. H. Sinclair 12:09:59 1926 Invader Don M. Lee 12:02:48:03 1949 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 10:10:13:09 1955 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 9:15:05:10 1965 Ticonderoga Robert Johnson 9:13:51:02 1969 Blackfin Kenneth DeMeuse 9:10:21:00 1971 Windward Passage Mark Johnson 9:09:06:48 1977 Merlin Bill Lee 8:11:01:45 1997 Pyewacket Roy P. Disney 7:15:24:40 1999 Pyewacket Roy E. Disney 7:11:41:27 2005 Morning Glory Hasso Plattner 6:16:04:11 2009 Alfa Romeo Neville Crichton 5:14:36:20 2017 Comanche Ken Read 5:01:55:26 The Barn Door Trophy is awarded each race for the Fastest Monohull Elapsed Time in the race.
It was called the "First to Finish" Trophy. Since 2009, it has been restricted to manual power only sailing yachts. Barn Door Winners Year Boat Owner/Skipper Time 1906 Lurline H. H. Sinclair 12:09:59 * 1908 Lurline H. H. Sinclair 13:21:31 1910 Hawaii Hawaii Syndicate 14:03:23 1912 Lurline A. E. Davis 13:17:03 1923 Mariner L. A. Norris 11:14:46 1926 Invader Don M. Lee 12:02:48:03 * 1928 Talayha L. Lippman 13:04:58:30 1930 Enchantress Morgan Adams 12:13:22:52 1932 Fayth William S. McNutt 14:14:33:00 1934 Vileehi H. T. Horton 13:03:42:26 1936 Dorade James Flood 13:07:20:04 1939 Contender Richard R. Loynes 14:07:50:00 1941 Stella Maris II Dr. A. Steele 13:21:03:55 1947 Chubasco W. L. Stewart Jr. 12:15:51:18 1949 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 10:10:13:09 * 1951 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 10:16:44:33 1953 Goodwill R. E. Larrabee 11:02:17:24 1955 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 9:15:05:10 * 1957 Barlovento Frank Hooykaas 11:13:02:44 1959 Good
Point Loma, San Diego
Point Loma is a seaside community within the city of San Diego, California. Geographically it is a hilly peninsula, bordered on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, the east by the San Diego Bay and Old Town, the north by the San Diego River. Together with the Silver Strand / Coronado peninsula, the Point Loma peninsula defines San Diego Bay and separates it from the Pacific Ocean; the term "Point Loma" is used to describe both the peninsula. Point Loma has an estimated population of 47,981, according to the 2010 Census; the Peninsula Planning Area, which includes most of Point Loma, comprises 4,400 acres. Point Loma is important as the landing place of the first European expedition to come ashore in present-day California; the peninsula has been described as "where California began". Today, Point Loma houses two major military bases, a national cemetery, a national monument, a university, in addition to residential and commercial areas. Loma is the Spanish word for hill; the original name of the peninsula was La Punta de la Loma de San Diego, translated as Hill Point of San Diego.
This was anglicized to Point Loma. There were no permanent indigenous settlements on Point Loma because of a lack of fresh water. Kumeyaay people did visit Ocean Beach periodically to harvest mussels, clams and lobsters. Point Loma was discovered by Europeans on September 28, 1542 when Portuguese navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo departed from Mexico and led an expedition for the Spanish crown to explore the west coast of what is now the United States. Cabrillo described San Diego Bay as "a good enclosed port". Historians believe he docked his flagship on Point Loma's east shore at Ballast Point; this was the first landing by a European in present-day California, so that Point Loma has been described as "where California began". More than 200 years were to pass before a permanent European settlement was established in San Diego in 1769. Mission San Diego itself was in the San Diego River valley, but its port was a bayside beach in Point Loma called La Playa; the historic La Playa Trail, the oldest European trail on the West Coast, led from the Mission and Presidio to La Playa, where ships anchored and unloaded their cargoes via small boats.
Part of the route became present-day Rosecrans Street. In his book Two Years Before the Mast, Richard Henry Dana, Jr. describes how sailors in the 1830s camped on the beach at La Playa, accumulated cattle hides for export, hunted for wood and jackrabbits in the hills of Point Loma. The beach at La Playa continued to serve as San Diego's "port" until the establishment of New Town in the 1870s. Ballast Point got its name from the practice of ships discarding their ballast there on arriving in San Diego Bay and taking on ballast as they left for the open ocean. Fort Guijarros was constructed at Ballast Point in 1797. Ballast Point and La Playa are now on the grounds of Naval Base Point Loma; the longtime association of San Diego with the U. S. military began in Point Loma. The southern portion of the Point Loma peninsula was set aside for military purposes as early as 1852. Over the next several decades the Army set up a series of coastal artillery batteries and named the area Fort Rosecrans. Significant U.
S. Navy presence in San Diego began in 1901 with the establishment of the Navy Coaling Station in Point Loma; the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego was commissioned in 1921 and the San Diego Naval Training Center in 1923, both in Point Loma. During World War II the entire southern portion of the peninsula was closed to civilians and used for military purposes, including a battery of coast artillery. Following the war the area retained multiple Navy commands, including a submarine base and a Naval Electronics Laboratory. Other portions of Fort Rosecrans became Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery and Cabrillo National Monument. Following the death in 1891 of Helena Blavatsky its founder, Katherine Tingley moved the headquarters of the Theosophical Society to "Lomaland", a hilltop campus in Point Loma overlooking the ocean; the facility with its unusual architecture and more unusual lifestyles became an important source of music and culture for residents of San Diego between 1900 and 1920. Producing most of its own food, the Society experimented with planting trees and crops such as eucalyptus and avocado, giving that barren part of Point Loma its current wooded character.
The Lomaland site is now the campus of Point Loma Nazarene University. During the 1920s there was a dirt airstrip known as Dutch Flats in what is now the Midway neighborhood of Point Loma; that is where Charles Lindbergh first tested and flew his airplane, The Spirit of St. Louis, built in San Diego by the Ryan Aeronautical Company. A U. S. Post Office now located on the site contains several historic plaques commemorating Dutch Flats and Lindbergh. Due to the prevailing sea-breezes and long north-south ridge, Point Loma was a well-known gliding site during 1929-1935. William Hawley Bowlus the Superintendent of Construction on the Spirit of St. Louis and resident of Point Loma built the first American sailplane the Bowlus SP-1 and flew that aircraft along the west side of Point Loma to establish new American endurance records. Bowlus used other refined designs to soar for over 9 hours near the Cabrillo National Monument, one of Bowlus' students Jack C. Barstow soared over Point Loma for over 15 hours in 1930 to establish an unofficial world record for soaring endurance.
The best known landmark in Point Loma is the Old Point Loma lighthouse
Model yachting is the pastime of building and racing model yachts. It has always been customary for ship-builders to make a miniature model of the vessel under construction, in every respect a copy of the original on a small scale, whether steamship or sailing ship. There are fine collections to be seen at both general interest museums such as the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and at many specialized maritime museums worldwide. Many of these models are of exquisite workmanship, every rope, pulley or portion of the engine being faithfully reproduced. In the case of sailing yachts, these models were pitted against each other on small bodies of water, hence arose the modern pastime, it was soon seen that elaborate fittings and complicated rigging were a detriment to rapid handling, that, on account of the comparatively stronger winds in which models were sailed, they needed a greater draught. For these reasons modern model yachts, which have fin keels, are of about 15% or 20% deeper draught than full-sized vessels, while rigging and fittings have been reduced to absolute simplicity.
This applies to models built for racing and not to elaborate copies of steamers and ships, made only for show or for " toy cruising." Model yacht clubs have existed for many years in Great Britain and the United States, most of them holding a number of regattas during each season. The rules do not require the owner or skipper of a model to build his own craft, but among model yachtsmen the designing and the construction of the boats constitute as important and interesting a part of the sport as the actual sailing. Traditional models are constructed of some light, seasoned wood, such as pine, preferably white pine, white cedar or mahogany free from knots; the hull may either be hollowed out of a solid block of wood, or cut from layers of planks in the so-called bread-and-butter style, or planked over a frame of keel and cross-sections. The first two methods are used in constructing dugout models. Hollowing out from the solid block entails a great deal of labor and has therefore fallen into disfavor.
In the bread-and-butter style a number of planks, which have been shaped to the horizontal sections of the model and from which the middle has been sawn out, are glued together and cut down to the exact lines of the design, templates being used to test the precision of the curves. In the planked, or built-up model, chosen by more expert builders, the planks are tacked to the frame, as in the construction of large vessels. Hulls may be formed from modern plastics, which may be purchased from a manufacturer as termomoldings or fiberglass layups or fabricated by the modeler, by first making a positive model from clay or plaster and creating a negative mold from fiberglass or plaster. Models may be exaggerated cutters, so far as their underbodies are concerned, or, more are fitted with fin-keels weighted, after the manner of full-sized yachts, they may have any -rig, but schooner and sloop rigs are most common, the latter being the favorite for racing on account of its simplicity. For uncontrolled sailing craft some form of steering control is required, since with a fixed rudder position the model will turn into the wind.
Three kinds of steering-gear are used, the weighted swinging rudder, the main-sheet balance gear, the steering vane, the object of each being to keep the model on a true course, either before or against the wind. Models are sailed without dynamic control of the rudder, but although a built boat will sail against the wind without steering gear, it is impossible to keep it on its course before the wind without some contrivance to check for divergence; the setting of the steering gear and sheet positions must be adapted to the wind conditions and this is a subtle art to master. These controls are the traditional methods, for more than 100 years before the advent of radio control and they continue to be used worldwide; this is accomplished by the weighted rudder, which falls over when the vessel heels and tends to counteract the force of the breeze. There are two varieties of the weighted rudder, in the first of which the weight lead, is fixed to the edge of the rudder, while in the second the weight a ball of lead, is made to run on the tiller above the deck, so that it can be placed further forward or aft, according to the force needed to overcome the influence of the wind.
The weighted rudder is universal in the British Isles. Weights are incorporated into the other, following methods; the preferred method in the United States uses the main-sheet balance gear, in which the boom is connected with the tiller in such a manner that, when it swings out with a pressure of wind, the rudder is automatically pulled round sufficiently to keep the yacht in its course. This will involve some sort of return spring so that the mechanism is responsive to the wind; this apparatus is efficient in sailing before the wind. More modern, computer-based RC transmitters have mixing circuitry integral to their design, that can "mix" the sheet-balancing, operated with a sail control servo, internally in the transmitter's computerized encoder unit, with the rudder control. A more accurate method is to use a separate rudder vane; the vane is operated in one for upwind sailing, the other for downwind. While some modelers object that the model craft will not be a plausible representation of its full-sized prototype, real long-distance cruising boats are steered with dedicated windvanes of varying complexity with a line attached to a sheet, never using weighted rudders.
The America's Cup, affectionately known as the Auld Mug, is a trophy awarded to the winner of the America's Cup match races between two sailing yachts. One yacht, known as the defender, represents the yacht club that holds the America's Cup and the second yacht, known as the challenger, represents the yacht club, challenging for the cup; the timing of each match is determined by an agreement between the challenger. The America's Cup is the oldest international sporting trophy, it will next be raced for in the southern summer, in the early part of 2021. The cup was awarded in 1851 by the Royal Yacht Squadron for a race around the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom, won by the schooner America. Known as the'R. Y. S. £100 Cup', the trophy was renamed the'America's Cup' after the yacht and was donated to the New York Yacht Club under the terms of the Deed of Gift, which made the cup available for perpetual international competition. Any yacht club that meets the requirements specified in the deed of gift has the right to challenge the yacht club that holds the cup.
If the challenging club wins the match, it gains stewardship of the cup. The history and prestige associated with the America's Cup attracts not only the world's top sailors and yacht designers but the involvement of wealthy entrepreneurs and sponsors, it is a test not only of sailing skill and boat and sail design, but of fundraising and management skills. The trophy was held by the NYYC from 1857 until 1983; the NYYC defended the trophy twenty-four times in a row before being defeated by the Royal Perth Yacht Club, represented by the yacht Australia II. The NYYC's reign was the longest winning streak in the history of all sports. From the first defence of the cup in 1870 through the twentieth defence in 1967, there was always only one challenger. In 1970, for the first time, there were multiple challengers, so the NYYC agreed that the challengers could run a selection series with the winner becoming the official challenger and competing against the defender in the America's Cup match. Since 1983, Louis Vuitton has sponsored the Louis Vuitton Cup as a prize for the winner of the challenger selection series.
Early matches for the cup were raced between yachts 65–90 ft on the waterline owned by wealthy sportsmen. This culminated with the J-Class regattas of the 1930s. After World War II and twenty years without a challenge, the NYYC made changes to the deed of gift to allow smaller, less expensive 12-metre class yachts to compete, it was replaced in 1990 by the International America’s Cup Class, used until 2007. After a long legal battle, the 2010 America's Cup was raced in 90 ft waterline multihull yachts in a best of three "deed of gift" match in Valencia, Spain; the victorious Golden Gate Yacht Club elected to race the 2013 America's Cup in AC72 foiling, wing-sail catamarans. Golden Gate Yacht Club defended the cup; the 35th America's Cup match was announced to be sailed in 50 ft foiling catamarans. The history of the America's Cup has included legal battles and disputes over rule changes including most over the rule changes for the 2017 America's Cup; the America's Cup is held by the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron, who will stage the 36th defence of the Cup in 2021.
The Cup is an ornate sterling silver bottomless ewer crafted in 1848 by Garrard & Co. Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey bought one and donated it for the Royal Yacht Squadron's 1851 Annual Regatta around the Isle of Wight, it was known as the "R. Y. S. £100 Cup", standing for a cup of a hundred GB Pounds or "sovereigns" in value. The cup was subsequently mistakenly engraved as the "100 Guinea Cup" by the America syndicate, but was referred to as the "Queen's Cup". Today, the trophy is known as the "America's Cup" after the 1851 winning yacht, is affectionately called the "Auld Mug" by the sailing community, it is inscribed with names of the yachts that competed for it, has been modified twice by adding matching bases to accommodate more names. In 1851 Commodore John Cox Stevens, a charter member of the fledgling New York Yacht Club, formed a six-person syndicate to build a yacht with intention of taking her to England and making some money competing in yachting regattas and match races.
The syndicate contracted with pilot boat designer George Steers for a 101 ft schooner, christened America and launched on 3 May 1851. On 22 August 1851, America raced against 15 yachts of the Royal Yacht Squadron in the Club's annual 53-nautical-mile regatta around the Isle of Wight. America won. Apocryphally, Queen Victoria, watching at the finish line, was reported to have asked, second, the famous answer being: "Ah, Your Majesty, there is no second."The surviving members of the America syndicate donated the cup via the Deed of Gift of the America's Cup to the NYYC on 8 July 1857, specifying that it be held in trust as a perpetual challenge trophy to promote friendly competition among nations. No challenge to race for the Cup was issued until British railway tycoon James Lloyd Ashbury's topsail schooner Cambria beat the Yankee schooner Sappho in the Solent in 1868; this success encouraged the Royal Thames Yacht Club in believing that the cup could be brought back home, placed the first challenge in 1870.
Ashbury entered Cambria in the NYYC Queen's Cup race in New York City on 8 August against a fleet of seventeen
The Sabot is a sailing dinghy, sailed and raced singlehandedly by young sailors in various parts of the world. The boat was suitable for amateur production. Early models were made in plywood. More recent models have been made in fibreglass. Variations on the design include El Toro from the Richmond Yacht Club in San Francisco Bay Area, the "Naples Sabot" from Naples community of Long Beach, California, as well as Australian varieties, such as the Holdfast Trainer. In Australia, children may sail two-up up to and including the season they turn twelve and one-up until they are 16. Unlike in the Optimist, their last season is the one in which they turn 16, not the one in which they turn 15. However, at informal club races, parents sail while the children gain confidence to do it themselves. A smaller sail is available in Australia for children who are lighter or younger and have just transitioned out of 2 up Junior sailing; this sail format is within the allowed sail measurements allowed by the class rules which enable children to race using this sail.
Australian National Sabot Council RYCT Combined Dinghy Group