Pier 24 Photography
Pier 24 Photography is a non-profit art museum located on the Port of San Francisco directly under the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge. The organization houses the permanent collection of the Pilara Foundation, which collects and exhibits photography, it produces exhibitions and public programs. Pier 24 Photography is the largest exhibition space in the world dedicated to photography. Revelations – the Diane Arbus retrospective organized by San Francisco Museum of Modern Art in 2003 – inspired the purchase of the Pilara Foundation’s first photograph, a portrait from her "Untitled" series; the collection has grown to over 4,000 works spanning the history of the medium and its international breadth. At the collection’s core are those photographers first exhibited in two seminal twentieth century exhibitions: New Documents at the Museum of Modern Art and New Topographics at George Eastman Museum. In recent years, the Foundation has collected more emerging photographers in depth, developing holdings that reflect evolving practices within the medium.
Pier 24: The Inaugural Exhibition, March 16, 2010 – June 16, 2010 From the Collection of Randi and Bob Fisher, September 16, 2010 – February 28, 2011 Here. May 23, 2011 – January 31, 2012 About Face, May 15, 2012 – April 30, 2013 A Sense of Place, July 1, 2013 – May 30, 2014 Secondhand, August 1, 2014 – May 31, 2015 The Whiteness of the Whale, August 3, 2015 – February 29, 2016 Collected, May 2, 2016 – January 31, 2017 The Grain of the Present, April 1, 2017 – March 31, 2018 This Land, June 1, 2018 - March 31, 2019 The Larry Sultan Visiting Artist Program is a collaboration between Pier 24 Photography, California College of the Arts and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art created in honor of the influential Bay Area photographer and educator, Larry Sultan; each year, the program brings six international artists to San Francisco. During their visits, artists provide a free lecture open to the public, they work with graduate students at California College of the Arts, mentoring them in the studio and taking them on citywide fieldtrips.
In 2016, Pier 24 Photography in partnership with California College of the Arts, Headlands Center for the Arts, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art launched the Larry Sultan Photography Award. The award includes a six- to ten-week residency at the Headlands Center for the Arts in Sausalito, a $10,000 cash award. 2016: Marco Breuer 2017: Awoiska van der Molen 2018: Bieke Depoorter Here. San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9839917-0-0. Exhibition guide. About Face, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2012. ISBN 978-0-9839917-1-7. Exhibition guide. A Sense of Place, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9839917-3-1. Exhibition guide. About Face. San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2014. ISBN 978-0-9839917-2-4. Exhibition catalog. Edition of 1000 copies. With forewords by Christopher McCall, Richard Avedon, an introduction by Philip Gefter, texts by Sandra S. Phillips, Ulrike Schneider. Secondhand, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2014. ISBN 978-0-9839917-5-5. Exhibition guide.
A Sense of Place, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2015. ISBN 978-0-9839917-4-8. Exhibition catalog. Edition of 1000 copies. Conversations: Secondhand, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2015. ISBN 978-0-9839917-7-9. Paul Graham: The Whitness of the Whale, London: Mack. ISBN 978-1-91016-432-7. Day for Night Photographs by Richard Learoyd, New York: Aperture. ISBN 978-1-59711-329-8. Rochester 585/716: A Postcard from America Project, New York: Aperture. ISBN 978-1-59711-340-3. Edition of 1000 copies. Collected, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2016. ISBN 978-0-9839917-8-6. Exhibition guide. Secondhand, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2016. ISBN 978-0-9839917-6-2. Exhibition catalog. Edition of 1000 copies. Collected, San Francisco, Pier 24 Photography, 2016. ISBN 978-0-9972432-0-8 Exhibition Catalog. Edition of 1000 copies; the Grain of the Present, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2017. ISBN 978-0-9972432-1-5. Exhibition guide. John Chiara: California, New York: Aperture. ISBN 978-1597114233 The Grain of the Present, San Francisco: Pier 24 Photography, 2017.
ISBN 978-1-59711-000-6. Exhibition Catalog. Edition of 1000 copies. Located just south of the Ferry Building on the Port of San Francisco, Pier 24 Photography is housed in the Pier 24 annex. Designed to connect Piers 24 and Pier 26, the Pier 24 annex was built to be a 28,000 square foot cargo shed for truck side loading. Pier 24 was constructed between 1912 and 1916, the annex followed in 1935-36. Several businesses were housed in Pier 24 annex over the twentieth century, including Nelson Steamship Company, American-Hawaiian Steamship Company and Williams, Diamond & Company; the principal cargo stored by these companies included sugar, vanilla, whale oil, hides. Pier 24 was demolished after its transit shed and bulkhead caught fire in 1997. While the last remnants of Pier 24’s substructure were demolished in 2004, the Pier 24 annex remained intact. Official web page Pier 24 on Vimeo
Legion of Honor (museum)
The Legion of Honor is a part of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. The name is used both for the building in which it is housed; the Legion of Honor was the gift of Alma de Bretteville Spreckels, wife of the sugar magnate and thoroughbred racehorse owner/breeder Adolph B. Spreckels; the building is a full-scale replica, by George Applegarth and H. Guillaume, of the French Pavilion at the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition, which in turn was a three-quarter-scale version of the Palais de la Légion d'Honneur known as the Hôtel de Salm in Paris, by Pierre Rousseau. At the close of the exposition, located just a few miles away, the French government granted Spreckels permission to construct a permanent replica of the French Pavilion, but World War I delayed the groundbreaking until 1921; the museum building occupies an elevated site in Lincoln Park in the northwest of the city, with views over the Golden Gate Bridge. Most of the surrounding Lincoln Park Golf Course is on the site of a potter's field called the "Golden Gate Cemetery" that the City had bought in 1867.
The cemetery was closed in 1908 and the bodies were relocated to Colma. During seismic retrofitting in the 1990s, however and skeletal remains were unearthed."Between March 1992 and November 1995—its seventy-first anniversary—the Legion underwent a major renovation that included seismic strengthening, building systems upgrades, restoration of historic architectural features, an underground expansion that added 35,000 square feet. Visitor services and program facilities increased, without altering the historic façade or adversely affecting the environmental integrity of the site; the architects chosen to accomplish this challenging feat were Edward Larrabee Barnes and Mark Cavagnero."The plaza and fountain in front of the Palace of the Legion of Honor is the western terminus of the Lincoln Highway, the first improved road for automobiles across America. The terminus marker and an interpretive plaque are located in the southwest corner of the plaza and fountain, just to the left of the Palace.
Dominating the classical plaza is "Pax Jerusalemme," a modern sculpture by Mark di Suvero. The Legion of Honor displays a collection spanning more than 6,000 years of ancient and European art and houses the Achenbach Foundation for Graphic Arts in a neoclassical building overlooking Lincoln Park and the Golden Gate Bridge; the museum contains a representative collection of European art, the largest portion of, French. Its most distinguished collection is of sculpture by Auguste Rodin. Casts of some of his most famous works are on display, including one of The Thinker in the Court of Honor. However, there are individual works by many other artists, including François Boucher, Gainsborough, David, El Greco, Giambattista Pittoni and many of the Impressionists and post-Impressionists—Degas, Monet, Seurat, Cézanne and others. There are representative works by key 20th century figures such as Braque and Picasso, works of contemporary artists like Gottfried Helnwein and Robert Crumb; the museum's contemporary art initiative brings the work of living artists into dialogue with the buildings and collections of the de Young Museum and Legion of Honor, with exhibitions such as Urs Fischer and Sarah Lucas in juxtaposition with the museum's acclaimed Rodin collection to commemorate the centenary of Rodin's death in 1917.
Icon of Saints John the Baptist and Minias, Saint Anthony and Saint Stephen Icons, Bicci di Lorenzo St. Francis Venerating the Crucifix, El Greco, 1595 St. John the Baptist, El Greco, 1600 The Tribute Money, Rubens, 1612 Descent from the Cross, Giambattista Pittoni, 1750 The Age of Bronze, Auguste Rodin, 1875 Trotting Horse Edgar Degas, 1881 The Kiss, Auguste Rodin, 1884 The Grand Canal, Claude Monet, 1908 Water lilies, Claude Monet, 1914 In 1924, John D. Spreckels commissioned the Ernest M. Skinner Company of Boston to build the symphonic organ; the museum organ, housed inside the museum above the main galleries, has 4 manuals and pedals, 7 divisions, 63 ranks, with a total of 4,526 pipes. Symphonic music is effective on the museum organ with its battery of pneumatically operated percussion instruments and set of tubular chimes. A thunder pedal is used for the musical representation of storms. All together, the organ comprises one Great Organ, a Swell Organ, a Choir Organ featuring a 16-foot Contra Dulciana, Choir Organ Echo, a Solo Organ, Solo Organ Echo, an Arch Organ outfitted with 8-foot Arch Clarion, a 64-foot Gravissima and a 32-foot Bourdon Profunda, in addition to the final Traps that were enclosed in the Choir: Bass drum, Chinese block, crash cymbal, gong snare drum, snare drum, a tambourine triangle.
The Palace is seen in the Alfred Hitchcock movie Vertigo when Scottie follows Madeleine Elster to the museum, where she stares at one painting for a considerable time. This painting, dubbed Beautiful Carlotta, was a prop created for the production and is not housed at the museum; the Palace appears in the 1993 miniseries, Tales of the City, based on the first of the Tales of the City series of novels by Armistead Maupin. The character of Mary Ann Singleton arranges to meet her neighbor Norman Neal Williams at the museum, where he meets his fate; the character Dr. Crippen in the spoof Maltese Falcon sequel The Black Bird has an office in the Palace. 49-Mile Scenic Drive De Young Museum Holocaust Memorial Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco – Legion of Honor page Photograph of Hôtel de Salm, Paris
Museum of the African Diaspora
The Museum of the African Diaspora is a museum in San Francisco, documenting the history and culture of the African diaspora. Their focus spans the migration of Africans across history, from the diaspora at the origin of human existence through the contemporary African Diaspora around the world, it is located at 685 Mission St. next to the St. Regis Museum Tower; the museum, the building, opened in 2005. With a small staff of 12, it focuses on presenting the work of other institutions. MoAD was developed as part of a public/private partnership led by the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency. In 1999, the City of San Francisco created a mandate to include an African American cultural presence in the last vacant parcel of Yerba Buena Gardens. San Francisco Mayor Willie L. Brown appointed a steering committee to determine the mission and scope of a cultural facility within the complex; the African American Cultural Institute grew out of a research and development process that began in 2002. The new museum was renamed Museum of the African Diaspora to reflect a broadened scope and mission, incorporated as a 501 nonprofit organization.
The space was designed by the Freelon Group within the St. Regis Museum Tower, a 42-story skyscraper that apart from the museum consists of luxury condominiums and a 5-star hotel. MoAD opened its doors in 2005. Linda Harrison was appointed as the Executive Director of MoAD in November 2013. In June 2014, MoAD underwent a 6-month renovation that created more gallery space and refreshed the museum's overall look. By October 2014, MoAD was named an official Smithsonian Affiliate. Harrison left MoAD in 2018 to head the Newark Museum in New Jersey. MoAD introduces visitors to the original African diaspora—the original movement of Homo sapiens —to all inhabited regions; the museum asks visitors "when did you first realize you are African?" The museum espouses the scientifically accepted idea of panethnicity, wherein all humans have a common African origin. Portraits and Other Likenesses from SFMOMA The Art of Elizabeth Catlett: Selections from the Collection of Samella Lewis Lava Thomas: Beyond Bearing Finding the I in Diaspora Drapetomanía: Grupo Antillano and the Art of Afro-Cuba Crosscurrents: Africa and Black Diasporas in Dialogue, 1960–1980 J.
D. ‘Okhai Ojeikere: Sartorial Moments and the Nearness of Yesterday The Kinsey Collection: Shared Treasures of Bernard and Shirley Kinsey, Where Art and History Intersect Desert Jewels Tuareg and Anima Choose Paint! Choose Abstraction! Collected Stories of Acquisition and Reclamation Soulful Stitching: Patchwork Quilts by Africans in India From Process to Print: Graphic Works from Romare Bearden Textural Rhythms: Constructing the Jazz Tradition through Contemporary African American Quilts Who Among Us... The Art of Kenyatta A. C. Hinkle Art/Object: Re-Contextualizing African Art Ghosts/Ships African Continuum: Sacred Ceremonies and Rituals The Art of Richard Mayhew Let Your Motto Be Resistance Beyond the Blues: Ending the Prison Industrial Complex The Emerging Artists Program at the Museum of the African Diaspora was launched concurrently with the celebration of the institution's 10th anniversary, receives support from the Institute of Museum and Library services. Tim Roseborough and Cheryl Derricotte, 2015–2016 Nyame Brown, Helina Metaferia, Lili Bernard, Angie Keller, 2016–2017 Official website New African Diaspora Museum in 2005
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art is a modern art museum located in San Francisco, California. A nonprofit organization, SFMOMA holds an internationally recognized collection of modern and contemporary art, was the first museum on the West Coast devoted to 20th-century art; the museum's current collection includes over 33,000 works of painting, photography, architecture and media arts. They are displayed in 170,000 square feet of exhibition space, making the museum one of the largest in the United States overall, one of the largest in the world for modern and contemporary art. SFMOMA reopened on May 2016, following a major three-year-long expansion project; the expansion more than doubles the museum's gallery spaces and provides six times as much public space as the previous building, allowing SFMOMA to showcase an expanded collection along with the Doris and Donald Fisher Collection of contemporary art. SFMOMA was founded in 1935 under director Grace L. McCann Morley as the San Francisco Museum of Art.
For its first sixty years, the museum occupied the fourth floor of the War Memorial Veterans Building on Van Ness Avenue in the Civic Center. A gift of 36 artworks from Albert M. Bender, including The Flower Carrier by Diego Rivera, established the basis of the permanent collection. Bender donated more than 1,100 objects to SFMOMA during his lifetime and endowed the museum's first purchase fund; the museum began its second year with an exhibition of works by Henri Matisse. In this same year the museum established its photography collection, becoming one of the first museums to recognize photography as a fine art. SFMOMA held its first architecture exhibition, entitled Telesis: Space for Living, in 1940. SFMOMA was obliged to move to a temporary facility on Post Street in March 1945 to make way for the United Nations Conference on International Organization; the museum returned to its original Van Ness location in July, upon the signing of the United Nations Charter. That year SFMOMA hosted Jackson Pollock's first solo museum exhibition.
Founding director Grace Morley held film screenings at the museum beginning in 1937, just two years after the institution opened. In 1946 Morley brought in filmmaker Frank Stauffacher to found SFMOMA's influential Art in Cinema film series, which ran for nine years. SFMOMA continued its expansion into new media with the 1951 launch of a biweekly television program entitled Art in Your Life; the series renamed Discovery, ran for three years. Morley ended her 23-year tenure as museum director in 1958 and was succeeded by George D. Culler and Gerald Nordland; the museum rose to international prominence under director Henry T. Hopkins, adding "Modern" to its title in 1975. Since 1967, SFMOMA has honored San Francisco Bay Area artists with its biennial SECA Art Award. In the 1980s, under Hopkins and his successor John R. Lane, SFMOMA established three new curatorial posts: curator of painting and sculpture, curator of architecture and design, curator of media arts; the positions of director of education and director of photography were elevated to full curatorial roles.
At this time SFMOMA took on an active special exhibitions program, both organizing and hosting traveling exhibitions. Including major presentations of the work of Jeff Koons, Sigmar Polke, Willem de Kooning; until the opening of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles in 1987 and the modern and contemporary wing of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, San Francisco's museum tended to function as the state's flagship for modern and contemporary art. In January 1995 the museum opened its current location at 151 Third Street, adjacent to Yerba Buena Gardens in the SOMA district. Mario Botta, a Swiss architect from Canton Ticino, designed the new US$60 million facility. Art patron Phyllis Wattis helped the museum acquire key works by Magritte, Andy Warhol, Eva Hesse and Wayne Thiebaud. SFMOMA made a number of important acquisitions under the direction of David A. Ross, recruited from the Whitney Museum in New York, including works by Ellsworth Kelly, Robert Rauschenberg, René Magritte, Piet Mondrian, as well as Marcel Duchamp’s iconic Fountain.
Those and acquisitions of works by Jasper Johns, Mark Rothko, Francis Bacon, Alexander Calder, Chuck Close and Frank Stella put the institution in the top ranks of American museums of modern art. After three years and $140 million building up the collection, Ross resigned when a slow economy forced the museum to keep a tighter rein on its resources. Under current director Neal Benezra, recruited from the Art Institute of Chicago in 2002, SFMOMA achieved an increase in both visitor numbers and membership while continuing to build its collection. In 2005 the museum announced the promised gift of nearly 800 photographs to the Prentice and Paul Sack Photographic Trust at SFMOMA from the Sacks' private collection; the museum saw record attendance in 2008 with the exhibition Frida Kahlo, which drew more than 400,000 visitors during its three-month run. In 2009, SFMOMA announced plans for a major expansion to accommodate its growing audiences and collections and to showcase the Doris and Donald Fisher collection of contemporary art.
In 2010—the museum's 75th anniversary year—architecture firm Snøhetta was selected to design the expanded building. SFMOMA broke ground for its expansion in May 2013. Jackson Pollock had his first museum show at SFMOMA, as did Arshile Gorky; the museum has in its collection important works by Henri Matisse, Jean Metzinger, Paul Klee, Marcel Duchamp, Andy Warhol, Jackson Pollock, Richard Diebenkorn, Clyfford Still and Ansel Adams, among others. Annually, the museum hosts more than twenty exhibitions and ov
Government of San Francisco
The government of the City and County of San Francisco utilizes the "strong mayor" form of mayoral/council government, composed of the Mayor, Board of Supervisors, several elected officers, numerous other entities. It is the only consolidated city-county in California, one of only thirteen charter counties of California; the fiscal year 2017–18 city and county budget was $10 billion. San Francisco utilizes the "strong mayor" form of mayoral/council government, composed of the mayor, Board of Supervisors, several elected officers, numerous other entities. San Francisco voters use ranked-choice voting to elect the mayor and other elective officers; the Mayor of San Francisco is the head of the executive branch of the county government. The mayor has the responsibility to enforce all city laws and coordinate city departments and intergovernmental activities, set forth policies and agendas to the Board of Supervisors, prepare and submit the city budget at the end of each fiscal year; the mayor has the powers to either approve or veto bills passed by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, participate in meetings of the Board of Supervisors and its committees, appoint a replacement to fill vacancies in all city elected offices until elections, appoint a member of the Board as acting mayor in his/her absence, to direct personnels in the case of emergency.
The mayor is limited to two successive terms. If the mayor dies or resigns, the President of the Board of Supervisors assumes the office as acting mayor; this has occurred twice since the 1970s: Dianne Feinstein became acting mayor after the assassination of George Moscone in 1978, London Breed became acting mayor following the death of Ed Lee from a heart attack in 2017. The current mayor as of 2019 is London Breed; the legislative body is composed of the 11-member Board of Supervisors which acts as both a board of supervisors and a city council, with "ll rights and powers of a City and County which are not vested in another officer or entity" by the charter. The Board of Supervisors is responsible for passing laws and budgets; the members of the Board of Supervisors are elected as representatives of specific districts within the city. Catherine Stefani was elected to the position of District 2 supervisor on Jan 30th, 2018, following the appointment of former Sup. Mark Farrell as interim mayor.
Malia Cohen was voted in as the President of the Board of Supervisors on June 26, 2018. Vallie Brown was appointed as District 5 supervisor by Mayor London Breed on July 16, 2018. In addition, there are other citywide elected officers of San Francisco: Entities under the authority of the Board of Supervisors include the: Assessment Appeals Board San Francisco County Transportation Authority San Francisco Youth Commission Clerk of the Board of Supervisors Budget and Legislative Analyst Office of Legislative Analyst San Francisco Local Agency Formation Commission Sunshine Ordinance Task ForceEntities under the authority of the San Francisco County Superior Court include the: Adult ProbationEntities under the authority of the City Administrator include the: Independent and semi-independent entities include the: Other entities and programs include: As of November 2010, San Francisco's sales tax rate was 9.5%, distributed as follows: 8.25% - State6.00% - State - General Fund 0.25% - State - Fiscal Recovery Fund 0.50% - State - Local Revenue Fund 0.50% - State - Local Public Safety Fund 1.00% - Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Tax Law 0.25% - Local County - Transportation funds 0.75% - Local City/County - Operational funds 0.50% - AB 1077 Transportation formula - Bay Area Rapid Transit, San Francisco Municipal Railway, AC Transit 0.50% - Local/regional transportation Proposition B - 1989-2009: SF County Transportation Authority (60% transit including San Francisco Municipal Railway, 30% street and traffic safety, 8% paratransit, 2% transportation system management.
Proposition K - 2009-2034: Different formula for local streets and local and regional public transit. 0.25% - San Francisco Unified School District The fiscal year 2007-08 city and county budget is as follows: The government of the City and County of San Francisco is defined by the Charter of the City and County of San Francisco, similar to the other counties of California. Pursuant to its charter, San Francisco causes to be published several codified version of its ordinances and regulations, the San Francisco Municipal Codes; every act prohibited or declared unlawful, every failure to perform an act required, by the ordinances are misdemeanor crimes, unless otherwise specified as infractions. San Franciscans make use of direct ballot initiatives to pass legislation. San Francisco's municipal authority extends beyond city/county limits through its operation of the San Francisco International Airport and the vast tracts of land supporting the Hetch Hetchy Water System; the Department of Public Health works through two Divisions of the government - the San Francisco Health Network and Population Health and Prevention.
The San Francisco Health Networks includes the health system with locations at multiple hospitals and primary care centers. The Population Health and Prevention Division focuses on the communities in SF and consists of three branches - Community Health and Safety Branch, Community Health Promotion and Prevention Branch, the Community Health Services Branch. In the 1890s San Francisco received heavy ship traffic from Asian cities that were dealing with the bubonic plague. In 1889, a ship from Hong Kong was found to have two cases of bubonic plague on board; the bodies washed up on the bay but no immediate outbreak occurred at this initial finding. In 1900 a city health officer autopsied a Chinese man
Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts
The Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University the Stanford University Museum of Art, known as the Cantor Arts Center, named after Iris and B. Gerald Cantor, is a complimentary art museum on the campus of Stanford University in Stanford, California; the museum, which opened in 1894, consists of over 130,000 square feet of space, including sculpture gardens. The Cantor Center houses one of the largest collections of Auguste Rodin sculptures outside Paris, France with 199 works by Rodin, most in bronze but other media. Gerald Cantor Rodin Sculpture Garden; the Leland Stanford Jr. Museum opened in 1894, one of the few museums founded by a private family with a general art collection. By 1905, the museum was known for its collection of Asian art; the 1906 San Francisco earthquake leveled two wings of the building, destroying the Roman and Asian galleries. Three-quarters of the building were damaged beyond repair; the earthquake, coupled with the death of co-founder Jane Stanford, affected the museum's budget.
The museum did not have its own endowment outside of the University, faculty and administration were focused on academic concerns after the earthquake. The building fell into disrepair and curatorial duties stopped. Between 1917 and 1945 Pedro Joseph de Lemos, the former head of the San Francisco Art Institute, held the posts of Curator and Director of the Stanford University Museum as well as the Thomas Welton Stanford Art Gallery, he reorganized the museum and began a regular series of exhibitions at both venues. According to the Daily Palo Alto Times de Lemos maintained the museum “as a working unit of the University itself... with collections that can be consulted with educational benefit to the students.” Part of the museum's space was used by natural science departments before closing in 1945. The museum's collection was inventoried and works of less interest and "aesthetic merit" were deaccessioned. A number of the original works from the Stanford family collection were deaccessioned due to the aesthetic taste of the 1950s.
In May 1951, 2,000 visitors were welcomed into the museum for a two-day trial visit. This allowed the museum to examine if community interest was high enough to justify reopening the museum. In 1953, the Committee for Art at Stanford was founded, with the intention of recruiting members and raising funds to re-open the museum. For the next 24 years, the museum worked to expand and conserve its collection, develop programming, educational services and publications. In 1985, professor Albert Elsen worked with art collector B. Gerald Cantor and other donors, to open the B. Gerald Cantor Rodin Sculpture Garden. In 1989, the museum suffered another earthquake, the Loma Prieta which caused severe damage and forced the museum to close. Stanford hired Thomas K. Seligman, in 1991. Seligman plan was to redefine the museum as an arts center, stressing the institution's opportunity to educate Stanford's students, school children and the wider public; the museum reopened in 1999 as the Iris & Gerald Cantor Center for the Visual Arts and in July 2005, the museum had its one millionth visitor.
Connie Wolf was director of the Cantor museum from 2012 to 2016. After being damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, the building underwent major renovations and construction before reopening as the Cantor Center for Visual Arts; the Center was designed by the architectural firm Ennead Architects. The project cost $36.8 million, which included a seismic upgrade of the entire 78,000 square foot historical building and the new 42,000 square foot wing. The Rodin Sculpture Garden was improved, new gardens were installed for contemporary works; the new wing added an additional 12,000 square feet of exhibition space for modern and contemporary collections. Contemporary architecture is blended with the original 1891 building, with a full-length glass wall, which looks over the courtyard between the new and old buildings; the Cantor Center Visual Arts collection is encyclopedic in nature, including antiquity, ethnographic and contemporary art. The center houses over 500 works of African art, with a focus on figurative art from Sub-Saharan Africa.
About 70 works of this collection are on exhibit. The Center's Oceanic and Indonesian collections consist of over 450 objects and textiles, including works from the Batak. Native American art collections focus on California and Northwestern works. Basketry and cultural objects from the Yurok and Hupa peoples, as collected by John Daggett are on display, are from the original museum collection. About 200 works from Mesoamerica are on display, including terracotta works from West Mexico and ancient ceramics from the Mimbres, the Anasazi and Casas Grandes; the Center has the largest collection of Auguste Rodin works outside of the Musee Rodin in Paris. The collection, purchased by B. Gerald Cantor, includes over 400 works. In 2011, the University announced the donation of 121 paintings and sculptures from Harry W. and Mary Margaret Anderson, their daughter, Mary Patricia Anderson Pence, of Atherton, California. The collection of post-WW2 American art, includes Jackson Pollock's Lucifer as well as works from Mark Rothko, Ad Reinhardt and Willem de Kooning.
A museum devoted to the collection opened in the Anderson Collection at Stanford University. This museum is located next to the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts building on the Stanford University campus. Elsen, Albert E. and Rosalyn Frankel Jamison. Rodin's Art: The Rodin Collection of Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center of Visual Arts at Stanford University. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-513381-1 Official website
Media in the San Francisco Bay Area
The media in the San Francisco Bay Area has focused on San Francisco but includes two other major media centers and San Jose. The Federal Communications Commission, Nielsen Media Research, other similar media organizations treat the San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose Bay Area as one entire media market; the region hosts to one of the oldest radio stations in the United States still in existence, KCBS, founded by engineer Charles Herrold in 1909. As the home of Silicon Valley, the Bay Area is a technologically advanced and innovative region, with many companies involved with Internet media or influential websites; the first newspaper published by Americans in California was The Californian, printed in Monterey in 1846 announcing the Mexican–American War, written half in English and half Spanish. The press was moved to San Francisco and printing started up again on May 22, 1847 in competition with the weekly California Star, beginning that January; the first newspaper published in English in San Francisco was The Star published by Mormon pioneer Sam Brannan before San Francisco was renamed from Yerba Buena in 1847.
Both efforts suspended publication in the face of the California Gold Rush. By August, The Californian had resumed publication, but by November 1848, both papers were bought and merged renamed the Alta California; the press that once printed The Californian was moved to the Sacramento area to be used on the Placer Times. The press was again moved and began publishing the Motherlode's first paper, the Sonora Herald taken to Columbia to print the Columbia Star. Within a few years of the discovery of gold, mother lode towns all had multiple competing journals. Before 1860, California had 57 newspapers and periodicals serving an average readership of 290,000. James King of William began publishing the Daily Evening Bulletin in San Francisco in October, 1855 and built it into the highest circulation paper in the city, he criticized a city supervisor named James P. Casey, who, on the afternoon of the story about him, ran in the paper and mortally wounded King. Casey was lynched by the early vigilante committee.
The Morning Call was established and began publishing in December 1856, merged with the Bulletin to become the long-running Call-Bulletin. The San Francisco Chronicle debuted in June, 1865 as the Dramatic Chronicle, founded by Charles and M. H. de Young aged 19 and 17. In 1887, young William Randolph Hearst took over his father's Daily Examiner, which became the flagship of his national chain. Fremont Older became editor of the San Francisco Bulletin in 1895 and took up the struggle against the powerful Southern Pacific Railroad and along with fellow Californian Lincoln Steffens, became a well-known muckraker and the first objective observer to accuse District Attorney Charles Fickert of the framing of labor radical Thomas Mooney; the oldest African-American newspaper, still active in the 1930s, was the California Eagle. It appeared first in Los Angeles in 1879; the first French journals, the Californien and the Gazette Republicane both began in 1850, were followed by the Courrier du Pacifique in 1852.
Both the first German and first Italian papers, the California Demokrat and the Voce del Popolo were founded in San Francisco and had long runs. Chinese in California have published many newspapers, the first being the Gold Hills News in 1854. Noted journalists, writers and publishers have passed through San Francisco's media world, including: By the early decades of the 20th century, San Francisco supported four major dailies and numerous influential weeklies; the dailies were the San Francisco Call, the San Francisco Examiner, the San Francisco Chronicle and the Scripps-Howard-owned Daily News. The weeklies included the Wasp, the Argonaut, the Labor Clarion, the Coast Seamen's Journal, Emanu-el, Liberator and the News Letter. Today, several newspapers, covering community, regional and international news, community-specific papers, catering to niche markets and individual neighborhoods, are in circulation in the San Francisco Bay Area; the major English-language newspapers include the daily East Bay Times, San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco Examiner, San Jose Mercury News.
The weekly alternative papers are the Metro Silicon Valley, East Bay Express, SF Weekly. The Epoch Times, Singtao Daily, World Journal, Kangzhongguo are among the Asian newspapers that serve the Bay Area. East Bay Times – daily broadsheet The Daily News – weekly tabloid East Bay Express – weekly alternative Marin Independent Journal – daily broadsheet The Epoch Times – weekly broadsheet The Mercury News – daily broadsheet Metro Silicon Valley – weekly alternative El Observador – Spanish/English bilingual weekly Palo Alto Daily Post – daily tabloid Palo Alto Weekly – weekly tabloid The Recorder – daily legal newspaper San Francisco Business Times – weekly business San Francisco Chronicle – daily broadsheet San Francisco Daily Journal – daily legal newspaper The San Francisco Examiner – daily tabloid SF Weekly – weekly alternative Silicon Valley Business Journal – weekly business Several other community-based papers, published on a daily or weekly basisFormer newspapersAlameda Times-Star The Argus – daily broadsheet Contra Costa Times – daily broadsheet Daily Review – daily broadsheet Oakland Tribune – daily broadsheet Peninsula Times Tribune – daily broadsheet Redwood City Daily News – daily tabloid San Francisco Bay Guardian – weekly alternative