Sean Justin Penn is an American actor and filmmaker. He has won two Academy Awards, for his roles in the biopic Milk. Penn began his acting career in television, with a brief appearance in episode 112 of Little House on the Prairie, December 4, 1974, directed by his father Leo Penn. Following his film debut in the drama Taps, a diverse range of film roles in the 1980s, including Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Penn garnered critical attention for his roles in the crime dramas At Close Range, State of Grace, Carlito's Way, he became known as a prominent leading actor with the drama Dead Man Walking, for which he earned his first Academy Award nomination and the Best Actor Award at the Berlin Film Festival. Penn received another two Oscar nominations for Woody Allen's comedy-drama Sweet and Lowdown and the drama I Am Sam, before winning his first Academy Award for Best Actor in 2003 for Mystic River and a second one in 2008 for Milk, he has won a Best Actor Award at the Cannes Film Festival for the Nick Cassavetes-directed She's So Lovely, two Best Actor Awards at the Venice Film Festival for the indie film Hurlyburly and the drama 21 Grams.
Penn made his feature film directorial debut with The Indian Runner, followed by the drama film The Crossing Guard and the mystery film The Pledge. Penn directed one of the 11 segments of 11'09"01 September 11, a compilation film made in response to the September 11 attacks, his fourth feature film, the biographical drama survival movie Into the Wild, garnered critical acclaim and two Academy Award nominations. In addition to his film work, Penn engages in political and social activism, including his criticism of the George W. Bush administration, his contact with the Presidents of Cuba and Venezuela, his humanitarian work in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Penn was born in Santa Monica, California, to actor and director Leo Penn, actress Eileen Ryan, his older brother is musician Michael Penn. His younger brother, actor Chris Penn, died in 2006, his paternal grandparents were Ashkenazi Jewish emigrants from Lithuania and Russia, while his mother is a Catholic of Irish and Italian descent.
Penn attended Santa Monica High School. He began making short films with some of his childhood friends, including actors Emilio Estevez and Charlie Sheen, who lived near his home. Penn appeared in a 1974 episode of the Little House on the Prairie television series as an extra when his father, directed some of the episodes. Penn launched his film career with the action-drama Taps, where he played a military high school cadet. A year he appeared in the hit comedy Fast Times at Ridgemont High, in the role of surfer-stoner Jeff Spicoli. Next, Penn appeared as a troubled youth, in the drama Bad Boys; the role jump-started his career as a serious actor. Penn played Andrew Daulton Lee in the film The Falcon and the Snowman, which followed an actual criminal case. Lee was a former drug dealer by trade, convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union and sentenced to life in prison, but was paroled in 1998. Penn hired Lee as his personal assistant because he wanted to reward Lee for allowing him to play Lee in the film.
Penn starred in the drama At Close Range. He stopped acting for a few years in the early 1990s, having been dissatisfied with the industry, focused on making his directing debut; the Academy Awards first recognized his work in nominating him for playing a racist murderer on death row in the drama film Dead Man Walking. He was nominated again for his comedic performance as an egotistical jazz guitarist in the film Sweet and Lowdown, he received his third nomination after portraying a mentally handicapped father in I am Sam. Penn won for his role in the Boston crime-drama Mystic River. In 2004, Penn played Samuel Bicke, a character based on Samuel Byck, who in 1974 attempted and failed to assassinate President Richard Nixon, in The Assassination of Richard Nixon; the same year, he was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Next, Penn portrayed governor Willie Stark in an adaptation of Robert Penn Warren's classic 1946 American novel All the King's Men; the film was a critical and commercial failure, named by a 2010 Forbes article as the biggest flop in the last five years.
In November 2008, Penn earned positive reviews for his portrayal of real-life gay-rights icon and politician Harvey Milk in the biopic Milk, was nominated for best actor for the 2008 Independent Spirit Awards. The film earned Penn his fifth nomination and second win for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Penn starred as Joseph C. Wilson in a film adaptation of Valerie Plame's 2007 memoir, he co-starred in the drama The Tree of Life, which won the Palme d'Or at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival. In 2015, Penn starred in The Gunman, a French-American action thriller based on the novel The Prone Gunman, by Jean-Patrick Manchette. Jasmine Trinca, Idris Elba, Ray Winstone, Mark Rylance and fellow Oscar-winner Javier Bardem appear in supporting roles. Penn plays Jim Terrier, a sniper on a mercenary assassination team who kills the minister of mines of the Congo. Penn made his directorial debut with The Indian Ru
Birdman or known as Birdman, is a 2014 American black comedy film directed by Alejandro G. Iñárritu, it was written by Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr. and Armando Bo. The film stars Michael Keaton with a supporting cast of Zach Galifianakis, Edward Norton, Andrea Riseborough, Amy Ryan, Emma Stone, Naomi Watts; the story follows Riggan Thomson, a faded Hollywood actor best known for playing the superhero "Birdman", as he struggles to mount a Broadway adaptation of a short story by Raymond Carver. The character has no connection to Hanna-Barbera's superhero of the same name; the film covers the period of previews leading to the play's opening, with a brief exception appears as if filmed in a single shot, an idea Iñárritu had from the film's conception. Emmanuel Lubezki, who won the Academy Award for his cinematography in Birdman, believed that the recording time necessary for the long take approach taken in Birdman could not have been made with older technology; the film was shot in New York City during the spring of 2013 with a budget of $16.5 million jointly financed by Fox Searchlight Pictures, New Regency Pictures and Worldview Entertainment.
It premiered the following year in August where it opened the 71st Venice International Film Festival. Birdman had a limited theatrical release in the United States on October 17, 2014, followed by a wide release on November 14, grossing more than $103 million worldwide; the film won the Academy Award for Best Picture, along with Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, Best Cinematography from a total of nine nominations, tying it with The Grand Budapest Hotel for the most nominated and awarded film at the Academy's 87th annual awards ceremony with four wins per film. It won Outstanding Cast in a Motion Picture at the 21st Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy for Keaton and Best Screenplay at the 72nd Golden Globe Awards. Riggan Thomson is a faded American actor, famous for playing the superhero Birdman in a film trilogy in the 1990s, he is tormented by the mocking and critical internal voice of Birdman and visualises himself performing feats of levitation and telekinesis.
Riggan is trying to gain recognition as a serious actor for writing and starring in a Broadway adaptation of Raymond Carver's short story "What We Talk About When We Talk About Love." Jake, Riggan's best friend and lawyer, is producing the play which co-stars Riggan's girlfriend Laura and Broadway débutante Lesley. Riggan's daughter Sam, a recovering drug addict whom he is trying to reconnect with, is working as his assistant; the day before the first preview, a light fixture falls onto Riggan's hapless co-star Ralph, which Riggan tells Jake he caused. At Lesley's suggestion, Riggan replaces Ralph with her boyfriend, the brilliant but volatile method actor Mike Shiner; the first previews are disastrous: Mike breaks character over the replacement of his gin with water, attempts to have real sex with Lesley during a sex scene and claims that the prop gun does not look real, hindering his performance. Riggan clashes continually with Mike and is incensed at influential theater critic Tabitha Dickinson's praise for Mike's performance, but Jake persuades him to continue with the play.
Riggan berates her. During the final preview, Riggan accidentally locks himself outside with his robe stuck in the fire escape door, he is forced to walk through Times Square in his underwear and enter through the audience to do the final scene. A concerned Sam is waiting in his dressing room after the show, she thinks the performance was weird but sort of cool. She shows him that the Times Square footage is going viral and explains how this helps him. Riggan goes to a bar for a drink and approaches Tabitha, accusing her of not understanding theater and just crudely labeling things, she tells him that she hates ignorant Hollywood celebrities who pretend to be serious actors and promises to "kill" his play with a deprecating review without having seen it. On the way back, Riggan drinks it and passes out on a stoop; the next day, walking to the theater with a severe hangover, he has a conversation with the now visible Birdman, who tries to convince him to quit the play and make a fourth Birdman film.
Riggan visualises himself flying through the streets of Manhattan before arriving at the theater. On the opening night the play is going well. In his dressing room, a strangely calm Riggan confesses to his ex-wife Sylvia that several years ago he attempted to drown himself in the ocean after she caught him having an affair, he tells her about his inner Birdman voice, which she ignores. After Sylvia wishes him luck and leaves the room, Riggan picks up a real gun, rather than a prop, for the final scene in which his character commits suicide. At the climax, Riggan shoots himself in the head on-stage; the play receives a standing ovation. The next day, Riggan wakes up in a hospital with his face covered in a mask of bandages where his nose has been surgically reconstructed after he blew it off during the botched suicide. Sylvia is worried about him but Jake cannot contain his excitement that the play will run forever after Tabitha's rave-review which called the suicide attempt "super-realism" and just what American theater needed.
Sam visits with flowers, which he cannot smell, takes a picture of him to scare the skyrocketing number of followers on the Twitter account she has created for him. While she steps outside to find a vase, Riggan goes into the bathroom, removes the bandages revealing his swollen new nose, obscenely says goodbye to Birdma
Solomon Northup was an American abolitionist and the primary author of the memoir Twelve Years a Slave. A free-born African American from New York, he was the son of a freed slave and a free woman of color. A farmer and a professional violinist, Northup had been a landowner in New York. In 1841, he was offered a traveling musician's job and went to Washington, D. C.. He was shipped to New Orleans, purchased by a planter, held as a slave for 12 years in the Red River region of Louisiana in Avoyelles Parish, he remained a slave until he met a Canadian working on his plantation who helped get word to New York, where state law provided aid to free New York citizens, kidnapped and sold into slavery. His family and friends enlisted the aid of the Governor of New York, Washington Hunt, Northup regained his freedom on January 3, 1853; the slave trader in Washington, D. C. James H. Birch, was arrested and tried, but acquitted because District of Columbia law prohibited Northup as a black man from testifying against white people.
In New York State, his northern kidnappers were located and charged, but the case was tied up in court for two years because of jurisdictional challenges and dropped when Washington, D. C. was found to have jurisdiction. The D. C. government did not pursue the case. Those who had kidnapped and enslaved Northup received no punishment. In his first year of freedom, Northup published a memoir, Twelve Years a Slave, he lectured on behalf of the abolitionist movement, giving more than two dozen speeches throughout the Northeast about his experiences, to build momentum against slavery. He disappeared from the historical record after 1857, although a letter reported him alive in early 1863; the details of his death have never been documented. Northup's memoir was adapted and produced as the 1984 television film Solomon Northup's Odyssey and the 2013 feature film 12 Years a Slave; the latter won three Academy Awards, including Best Picture, at the 86th Academy Awards. Solomon's father Mintus was a freedman, a slave in his early life in service to the Northup family.
Born in Rhode Island, he was taken with the Northups when they moved to Hoosick, New York, in Rensselaer County. His master, Capt. Henry Northup, a great grandson of Stephen Northup, manumitted Mintus in his will. After being freed by Henry Northup, Mintus adopted the surname Northup as his own; the name appears interchangeably in records as Northrup. Mintus Northup married and moved with his wife, a free woman of color, to the town of Minerva in Essex County, New York, their two sons and Joseph, were born free according to the principle of partus sequitur ventrem, as their mother was a free woman. Solomon described his mother as a quadroon, meaning that she was one-quarter African American, three-quarters European. A farmer, Mintus Northup was successful enough to own land and thus meet the state's property requirements. From 1821 on, when it revised its constitution, the state retained the property requirement for black people, but dropped it for white men, thus expanding their franchise, it is notable that Mintus Northup was able to save enough money as a freedman to buy land that satisfied this requirement, registered to vote.
He provided an education for his two sons at a level considered high for free black people at that time. As boys and his brother worked on the family farm. Mintus and his wife last lived near Fort Edward, he died on November 22, 1829, his grave is in Hudson Falls Baker Cemetery. In 1828 or 1829, Solomon Northup married Anne Hampton. A "woman of color", she was of African and Native American descent. Between 1830 and 1834, the couple lived in Fort Edward and Kingsbury, small communities in Washington County, New York, they had three children: Elizabeth and Alonzo. They supplemented their income by various jobs. In his memoir, Northup describes his love for his wife as "sincere and unabated", since the time of their marriage, his children as "beloved". Northup held various jobs, including working as a raftsman, he was in high demand to play for local dances. Anne worked for local taverns, which served food and drink. After selling their farm in 1834, the Northups moved 20 miles to Saratoga Springs, New York, for its employment opportunities.
Northup played his violin at several well-known hotels in Saratoga Springs, though he found its seasonal cycles of employment difficult. He was busy during the summer, he worked at an assortment of jobs, constructing the Champlain Canal and the railroad, as a skilled carpenter. Anne worked from time to time as a cook at the United States Hotel and other public houses, she was praised for her culinary skills; when court was in session at the county seat of Fort Edward, she worked at Sherrill's Coffee House in Sandy Hill to earn extra money. In 1841, at age 32, Northup met two men, who introduced themselves as Merrill Brown and Abram Hamilton. Saying they were entertainers, members of a circus company, they offered him a job as a fiddler for several performances in New York City. Expecting the trip to be brief, Northup did not notify Anne, working in Sandy Hill; when they reached New York City, the men persuaded Northup to continue with them for a gig with their circus in Washington, D. C. offering him a generous wage and the cost of his return trip home.
Ethan Green Hawke is an American actor and director. He has been nominated for four Academy Awards and a Tony Award. Hawke has directed three feature films, three Off-Broadway plays, a documentary, he has written three novels. He made his film debut with the 1985 science fiction feature Explorers, before making a breakthrough appearance in the 1989 drama Dead Poets Society, he appeared in various films before taking a role in the 1994 Generation X drama Reality Bites, for which he received critical praise. Hawke starred alongside Julie Delpy in Richard Linklater's Before trilogy: Before Sunrise, Before Sunset and Before Midnight, all of which received critical acclaim. Hawke has been nominated twice for both the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Hawke was further honored with SAG Award nominations for both films, as well as BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award nominations for the latter, his other films include the science fiction drama Gattaca, the contemporary adaptation of Hamlet, the action thriller Assault on Precinct 13, the crime drama Before the Devil Knows You're Dead, the horror film Sinister.
In 2018 he garnered critical acclaim for his performance as a protestant minister in Paul Schrader's drama First Reformed receiving numerous accolades including New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and nominations at the Independent Spirit Awards and Critics' Choice Awards. In addition to his film work, Hawke has appeared in many theater productions, he made his Broadway debut in 1992 in Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play in 2007 for his performance in Tom Stoppard's The Coast of Utopia. In 2010, Hawke directed Sam Shepard's A Lie of the Mind, for which he received a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Director of a Play. Hawke was born in Austin, Texas, to Leslie, a charity worker, James Hawke, an insurance actuary. Hawke's parents were high school sweethearts in Fort Worth and married young, when Hawke's mother was 17. Hawke was born a year later. Hawke's parents were students at the University of Texas at Austin at the time of his birth, separated and divorced in 1974.
After the separation, Hawke was raised by his mother. The two relocated several times, before settling in New York City, where Hawke attended the Packer Collegiate Institute in Brooklyn Heights. Hawke's mother remarried when he was 10 and the family moved to West Windsor Township, New Jersey, where Hawke attended West Windsor Plainsboro High School, he transferred to the Hun School of Princeton, a secondary boarding school, from which he graduated in 1988. In high school, Hawke aspired to be a writer, but developed an interest in acting, he made his stage debut at age 13, in a production at The McCarter Theatre of George Bernard Shaw's Saint Joan, appearances in West Windsor-Plainsboro High School productions of Meet Me in St. Louis and You Can't Take It with You followed. At the Hun School he took acting classes at the McCarter Theatre on the Princeton campus, after high school graduation he studied acting at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh dropping out after he was cast in Dead Poets Society.
He enrolled in New York University's English program for two years, but dropped out to pursue other acting roles. Hawke obtained his mother's permission to attend his first casting call at the age of 14, secured his first film role in Joe Dante's Explorers, in which he played an alien-obsessed schoolboy alongside River Phoenix; the film was met with favorable reviews but had poor box office results, a failure which Hawke has admitted caused him to quit acting for a brief period after the film's release. Hawke described the disappointment as difficult to bear at such a young age, adding "I would never recommend that a kid act."In 1989, Hawke made his breakthrough appearance in Peter Weir's Dead Poets Society, playing one of the students taught by Robin Williams's inspirational English teacher. The Variety reviewer noted "Hawke, as the painfully shy Todd, gives a haunting performance." The film received considerable acclaim, winning the BAFTA Award for Best Film and an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture.
With revenue of $235 million worldwide, it remains Hawke's most commercially successful picture to date. Hawke described the opportunities he was offered as a result of the film's success as critical to his decision to continue acting: "I didn't want to be an actor and I went back to college, but the success was so monumental that I was getting offers to be in such interesting movies and be in such interesting places, it seemed silly to pursue anything else." While filming Dead Poets Society he auditioned for what would be his next film appearance, 1989's comedy drama Dad, where he played Ted Danson's son and Jack Lemmon's grandson. Hawke's next film, 1991's White Fang, brought his first leading role; the film, an adaptation of Jack London's novel of the same name, featured Hawke as Jack Conroy, a Yukon gold hunter who befriends a wolfdog. According to The Oregonian, "Hawke does a good job as young Jack... He makes Jack's passion for White Fang real and keeps it from being ridiculous or overly sentimental."
He appeared in Keith Gordon's A Midnight Clear, a well-received war film based on William Wharton's novel of the same name. In the survival drama Alive, adapted from Piers Paul Read's 1974 book, Hawke portrayed Nando Pa
William James Murray is an American actor and writer. He first gained exposure on Saturday Night Live, a series of performances that earned him his first Emmy Award, starred in comedy films—including Meatballs, Stripes, Ghostbusters, Ghostbusters II, What About Bob?, Groundhog Day. He co-directed Quick Change. Murray garnered additional critical acclaim in his career, starring in Lost in Translation, which earned him a Golden Globe and a BAFTA Award for Best Actor, as well as an Oscar nomination for Best Actor, for collaborating with director Wes Anderson, he received Golden Globe nominations for his roles in Ghostbusters, Hyde Park on Hudson, St. Vincent, the HBO miniseries Olive Kitteridge, for which he won his second Primetime Emmy Award. Murray received the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor in 2016, his comedy is known for its deadpan delivery. Murray was born on September 21, 1950, in Evanston, Illinois, to Lucille, a mail-room clerk, Edward Joseph Murray II, a lumber salesman, he was raised in a northern suburb of Chicago.
Murray and his eight siblings were raised in a Roman Catholic Irish-American family. Three of his siblings, John Murray, Joel Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray, are actors. A sister, Nancy, is an Adrian Dominican nun in Michigan, who has traveled the United States in a one-woman program, portraying St. Catherine of Siena, their father died in 1967 at the age of 46 from complications of diabetes when Bill was 17 years old. As a youth, Murray read children's biographies of American heroes like Kit Carson, Wild Bill Hickok, Davy Crockett, he attended Loyola Academy. During his teen years, he worked as a golf caddy to fund his education at the Jesuit high school. One of his sisters had polio and his mother suffered several miscarriages. During his teen years he was the lead singer of a rock band called the Dutch Masters and took part in high school and community theater. After graduating, Murray attended Regis University in Denver, taking pre-medical courses, he dropped out, returning to Illinois. Decades in 2007, Regis awarded him an honorary Doctor of Humanities degree.
On September 21, 1970, his 20th birthday, the police arrested Murray at Chicago's O'Hare Airport for trying to smuggle 10 lb of cannabis, which he had intended to sell. The drugs were discovered after Murray joked to the passenger next to him that he had packed a bomb in his luggage. Murray was sentenced to probation. With an invitation from his older brother, Murray got his start at The Second City in Chicago, an improvisational comedy troupe, studying under Del Close. In 1974, he moved to New York City and was recruited by John Belushi as a featured player on The National Lampoon Radio Hour. In 1975, an Off-Broadway version of a Lampoon show led to his first television role as a cast member of the ABC variety show Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell; that same season, another variety show titled. Cosell's show lasted just one season, canceled in early 1976. After working in Los Angeles with the "guerrilla video" commune TVTV on several projects, Murray rose to prominence in 1976, he joined the cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live for the show's second season, following the departure of Chevy Chase.
Murray was with SNL for three seasons from 1977 to 1980. A Rutland Weekend Television sketch Eric Idle brought for his appearance on SNL developed into the 1978 mockumentary All You Need Is Cash with Murray appearing as "Bill Murray the K", a send-up of New York radio host Murray the K, in a segment of the film, a parody of the Maysles Brothers's documentary The Beatles: The First U. S. Visit. During the first few seasons of SNL, Murray engaged in a romantic relationship with fellow cast member Gilda Radner. Murray landed his first starring role with the film Meatballs in 1979, he followed. In the early 1980s, he starred in a string of box-office hits, including Caddyshack and Tootsie. Murray was the first guest on NBC's Late Night with David Letterman on February 1, 1982, he appeared on the first episode of the Late Show with David Letterman on August 30, 1993, when the show moved to CBS. On January 31, 2012 – 30 years after his first appearance with Letterman – Murray appeared again on his talk show.
He appeared as Letterman's final guest when the host retired on May 20, 2015. Murray began work on a film adaptation of the novel The Razor's Edge; the film, which Murray co-wrote, was his first starring role in a dramatic film. He agreed with Columbia Pictures to star in Ghostbusters—in a role written for John Belushi—to get financing for The Razor's Edge. Ghostbusters became the highest-grossing comedy of all-time; the Razor's Edge, filmed before Ghostbusters but not released until after, was a box-office flop. Frustrated over the failure of The Razor's Edge, Murray retired from acting for four years to study philosophy and history at Sorbonne University, frequent the Cinémathèque in Paris, spend time with his family in their Hudson River Valley home. During that time, his second son, was born. With the exception of a cameo appearance in the 1986 movie Little Shop of Horrors, he did not make any appearances in films, though he did participate in several public readings in Manhattan organized by playwright/director Timothy Mayer and in a stage production of Bertolt Brecht's A Man's a
The Quiet American (2002 film)
The Quiet American is a 2002 film adaptation of Graham Greene's bestselling novel set in Vietnam, The Quiet American. It was directed by Phillip Noyce and starred Michael Caine, Brendan Fraser, Do Thi Hai Yen; the 2002 version of The Quiet American, in contrast to the earlier 1958 film version, depicted Greene's original ending and treatment of the principal American character, Pyle. Like the novel, the film illustrates Pyle's moral culpability in arranging terrorist actions aimed at the French colonial government and the Viet Minh. Going beyond Greene's original work, the film used a montage ending with superimposed images of American soldiers from the intervening decades of the Vietnam War. Miramax paid $5.5 million for the rights to distribute the film in North America and some other territories, but it shelved the film for a year due to the September 11 attacks and the film's "unpatriotic" message. The film received an Oscar qualification release in November 2002 and went on to gross US$12.9 million in limited theatrical release in the United States.
The film received positive reviews from critics and Michael Caine was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. The story is set in 1952 in Saigon, toward the end of the First Indochina War in which French forces fought the Communist-led Viet Minh rebels. On one level, The Quiet American is a love story about the triangle that develops between Thomas Fowler, a British journalist in his fifties. On another level it is about the growing American involvement that led to the full-scale American war in Vietnam. Thomas Fowler, who narrates the story, is involved in the war only as a reporter, an unengaged observer, apart from one crucial event. Pyle, who represents America and its policies in Vietnam, is a CIA operative sent to steer the war according to America’s interests, is passionately devoted to the ideas of York Harding, an American foreign policy theorist who said that what Vietnam needed was a "third force" to take the place of both the colonialists and the Vietnamese rebels and restore order.
Pyle sets about creating a "Third Force" against the French and the Viet Minh by using a Vietnamese splinter group headed by corrupt militia leader General Thé. His arming of Thé's militia with American weaponry leads to a series of terrorist bombings in Saigon; these bombings, dishonestly blamed on the Communists in order to further American outrage, kill a number of innocent people, including women and children. Meanwhile, Pyle has taken Fowler's Vietnamese mistress Phuong, promising her security; when Fowler finds out about Pyle's involvement in the bombings, he takes one definitive action to seal all of their fates. He indirectly agrees to let his assistant and Hinh's Communist cohorts confront Pyle. Phuong subsequently returns to Fowler, while the local French police commander suspects Fowler's role in Pyle's murder, he has no evidence and does not pursue the matter; the film was shot in Hanoi, Ninh Bình and Hội An in Vietnam. The film earned positive reviews from critics, as it holds an 87% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 151 reviews, with the consensus: "Thoughtful and wonderfully acted, The Quiet American manages to capture the spirit of Green's novel."The first rough cut was screened to a test audience on September 10, 2001 and received positive ratings.
However, the September 11 attacks took place the next day, audience ratings dropped with each subsequent screening. Reacting to criticism of the film's "unpatriotic" message, Miramax shelved the film for a year, it was screened publicly at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2002 to critical acclaim. The film received an Oscar qualification release in November 2002 and a limited release in January 2003. Academy Awards Best Actor - NominatedGolden Globe Awards Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama - NominatedBAFTA Awards Best Actor in a Leading Role - NominatedAmerican Film Institute Awards Movie of the Year - WonLondon Film Critics' Circle Awards Director of the Year - Won Actor of the Year - WonNational Board of Review Best Director - Won Top Ten Films - WonNational Society of Film Critics Awards Best Actor - 2nd placeSatellite Awards Best Motion Picture, Drama - Nominated Best Director - Nominated Best Actor - Motion Picture, Drama - Won Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture, Drama - Nominated List of historical drama films of Asia The Quiet American on IMDb The Quiet American at AllMovie The Quiet American at Rotten Tomatoes The Quiet American at Box Office Mojo "By the Bombs' Early Light" - essay by H. Bruce Franklin on the historical context of the novel and the 2002 film "Michael Caine Makes Noise: He dismisses claims that The Quiet American is somehow anti-American" - Interview with film critic Joe Leydon on controversies surrounding the film
12 Years a Slave (film)
12 Years a Slave is a 2013 biographical period drama film and an adaptation of the 1853 slave memoir Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup, a New York State-born free African-American man, kidnapped in Washington, D. C. by two sold into slavery. Northup was put to work on plantations in the state of Louisiana for 12 years before being released; the first scholarly edition of Northup's memoir, co-edited in 1968 by Sue Eakin and Joseph Logsdon retraced and validated the account and concluded it to be accurate. Other characters in the film were real people, including Edwin and Mary Epps, Patsey; the film was directed by Steve McQueen. The screenplay was written by John Ridley. Chiwetel Ejiofor stars as Solomon Northup. Michael Fassbender, Benedict Cumberbatch, Paul Dano, Paul Giamatti, Lupita Nyong'o, Sarah Paulson, Brad Pitt, Alfre Woodard are all featured in supporting roles. Principal photography took place in New Orleans, from June 27 to August 13, 2012; the locations used were four historic antebellum plantations: Felicity, Bocage and Magnolia.
Of the four, Magnolia is nearest to the actual plantation. 12 Years a Slave was named the best film of 2013 by several media outlets. The film holds a rating of 96% on Rotten Tomatoes and Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim", it earned over $187 million on a production budget of $22 million. The film won 3 Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Supporting Actress for Nyong'o, Best Adapted Screenplay for Ridley; the Best Picture win made McQueen the first black British producer to receive the award and the first black British director of a Best Picture winner. The film was awarded the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama, the British Academy of Film and Television Arts recognized it with the Best Film and the Best Actor award for Ejiofor. 12 Years a Slave was named the 44th greatest film since 2000 in a BBC poll of 177 critics. In 1841, Solomon Northup is a free African-American man working as a violinist, living with his wife and two children in Saratoga Springs, New York. Two white men and Hamilton, offer him short-term employment as a musician if he will travel with them to Washington, D.
C. However, once they deliver him to a slave pen run by a man named Burch. Northup proclaims that he is a free man, only to be savagely beaten with a wooden paddle and a leather belt. Northup is shipped to New Orleans along with other captive African Americans, he is told by the others that if he wants to survive in the South, he must adapt to being a slave and not tell anyone he is a free man. A slave trader named Theophilus Freeman gives Northup the identity of "Platt", a runaway slave from Georgia, sells him to plantation owner William Ford. Ford gives him a violin. However, tension grows between Northup and plantation carpenter John Tibeats which ends with Northup savagely beating and whipping Tibeats. Tibeats and his group try to hang Northup. Although they are not successful, Northup is left on the noose for hours before he is cut down. To save Northup's life, Ford sells him to another slave owner named Edwin Epps. In the process, Northup attempts to explain that he is a free man, but Ford tells him he is too afraid and that he cannot help him now.
Edwin Epps, unlike Ford, is sadistic. Northup meets Patsey, a favored slave who can pick over 500 pounds of cotton a day, twice the usual quota. Epps rapes Patsey while Mrs. Epps abuses and humiliates her out of jealousy. Sometime cotton worms destroy Epps's cotton. Unable to work his fields, Epps leases his slaves to a neighboring plantation for the season. While there, Northup gains the favor of the plantation's owner, Judge Turner, who allows him to play the fiddle at a neighbor's wedding anniversary celebration and to keep his earnings; when Northup returns to Epps, he uses the money to pay a white field hand and former overseer, Armsby, to mail a letter to his friends in New York. Armsby agrees and accepts Northup's saved money, but betrays him to Epps. In the middle of the night, a drunken Epps wakes Northup and questions him menacingly about the letter while holding a knife to Northup's stomach. Northup is narrowly able to convince Epps that Armsby is Epps relents. Afterwards, Northup mournfully burns the letter to prevent Epps from finding it.
Some time Patsey is caught by Epps going to a neighboring plantation in order to acquire soap, as Mrs. Epps won't let her have any. In retaliation, Epps orders Northup to whip Patsey to near death. After the incident, Northup destroys his violin in a rage. Northup begins working on the construction of a gazebo with a Canadian laborer named Samuel Bass. Bass is unsettled by the brutal way that Epps treats his slaves and expresses his opposition to American slavery, earning Epps's enmity. Northup decides to reveal his kidnapping to Bass. Once again, Northup asks for help in getting a letter to Saratoga Springs. Although Bass is hesitant at first because of the risks, he agrees to send it. One day, the local sheriff arrives in a carriage with another man; the sheriff asks Northup a series of questions to confirm that his answers match the facts of his life in New York. Northup recognizes the sheriff's companion as Mr. Parker, a shopkeeper. Parker has come to free him, the two embrace, though an enraged Epps furiously protests the circumstances and tries to prevent Northup from leaving.
Northup rides off to his freedom. After being enslaved for 12 years, Northup is restored to freedom and returned to his family, leaving behind the other slaves; as he walks into his home, he sees his wife