San Francisco State University
1899 – Founded as San Francisco State Normal School. 1901 – First graduating class 1906 – The 1906 earthquake and fire forces the school to relocate from Nob Hill to a new campus at Buchanan and Haight Streets. 1966 – Beginning of the era of protests led by student organizations including the Black Students Union, Third World Liberation Front. The protests against college policies and off-campus issues such as the Vietnam War included sit-ins, marches, teach-ins, the protests were marked by counter-protests and widespread charges of corruption and election fraud in the student newspaper. 1968 – A lengthy student strike erupted that developed into an important event in the history of the U. S. in the late 1960s. The strike was led by the Black Student Union and the Third World Liberation Front and this became a major news event for weeks in the aftermath of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. At one point, University president S. I. Hayakawa famously pulled the out of the speakers on top of a van at a student rally.
During the course of the strike, large numbers of police drawn from many jurisdictions occupied the campus, SF State is on the semester system. The university awards degrees in 115 areas of specialization, masters degrees in 97. SFSU ranks 18th among the top 20 undergraduate schools whose alumni go on to be admitted to the State Bar, the Cinema department, in the College of Liberal & Creative Arts, was named one of the nations top film schools by Entertainment Weekly in 2000. The university is accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities, the College of Business is accredited by The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. The college of engineering is accredited by the ABET except the computer engineering program, San Francisco State was ranked the 24th top college in the United States by Payscale and CollegeNets Social Mobility Index college rankings. Among Western Universities, of which there are 112, San Francisco State was ranked 10th in terms of diversity by USNWR.
Furthermore, U. S. News & World Report ranks San Francisco State as 8th nationally in the number of transfer students, San Francisco State Universitys joint physical therapy masters program with UCSF is consistently ranked among the top 20 in the country. The Philosophical Gourmet Report lists San Francisco State University as one of the top eight universities to earn a terminal MA in philosophy, SFSU is listed as having one of the nations top film schools by Entertainment Weekly having produced countless leading filmmakers. The Universitys College of Extended Learning offers the only American Bar Association-approved paralegal studies program in San Francisco, SFSU was one of the first California State University campuses to offer a doctorate of education. It was instrumental in the establishment of the International University Of Kyrgyzstan, the University is the only one in California to offer a bachelors degree in technical and professional writing. In 1968, what was the longest student strike in the nations history resulted in establishment of a College of Ethnic Studies and increased recruiting, in 2002 there was much tension between pro-Israel and pro-Palestinian students
Rugby is a type of football developed at Rugby School in Rugby, one of many versions of football played at English public schools in the 19th century. The two main types of rugby are rugby league and rugby union, although rugby league initially used rugby union rules, they are now wholly separate sports. Following the 1895 split in rugby football, the two rugby league and rugby union differed in administration only. Soon the rules of rugby league were modified, resulting in two different forms of rugby. After 100 years, in 1995 rugby union joined rugby league, the Greeks and Romans are known to have played many ball games, some of which involved the use of the feet. These games appear to have resembled rugby football, the Roman politician Cicero describes the case of a man who was killed whilst having a shave when a ball was kicked into a barbers shop. Roman ball games already knew the air-filled ball, the follis, episkyros is recognised as an early form of football by FIFA. In 1871, English clubs met to form the Rugby Football Union, in 1892, after charges of professionalism were made against some clubs for paying players for missing work, the Northern Rugby Football Union, usually called the Northern Union, was formed.
The existing rugby union authorities responded by issuing sanctions against the clubs, after the schism, the separate clubs were named rugby league and rugby union. Rugby union is both a professional and amateur game, and is dominated by the first tier unions, Australia, France, Italy, New Zealand, South Africa and Wales. Rugby Union is administered by World Rugby, whose headquarters are located in Dublin and it is the national sport in New Zealand, Fiji, Samoa and Madagascar, and is the most popular form of rugby globally. The Olympic Games have admitted the seven-a-side version of the game, known as Rugby sevens, there was a possibility sevens would be a demonstration sport at the 2012 London Olympics but many sports including sevens were dropped. In Canada and the United States, rugby union evolved into gridiron football, during the late 1800s, the two forms of the game were very similar, but numerous rule changes have differentiated the gridiron-based game from its rugby counterpart. Rugby league is both a professional and amateur game, administered on a level by the Rugby League International Federation.
International Rugby League is dominated by Australia and New Zealand, in Papua New Guinea it is the national sport. Other nations from the South Pacific and Europe play in the Pacific Cup, distinctive features common to both rugby codes include the oval ball and throwing the ball forward is not allowed, so that players can gain ground only by running with the ball or by kicking it. As the sport of rugby league moved further away from its counterpart, rule changes were implemented with the aim of making a faster-paced. League players may not contest possession after making a tackle, play is continued with a play-the-ball, in league, if the team in possession fails to score before a set of six tackles, it surrenders possession
California Polytechnic State University
Founded in 1901 as a vocational high school, it is currently one of only two polytechnic universities in the 23-member California State University system. Comprising six distinct colleges, the university offers 64 bachelors degrees,32 masters degrees, the university does not currently grant doctoral degrees. Cal Poly is a member of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, Cal Poly is known for its learn by doing educational philosophy that encourages students to solve real-world problems by combining classroom theory with experiential laboratory exercise. The most prevalent major at Cal Poly is Business Administration, followed by Mechanical Engineering, Cal Poly is one of four California State Universities that participate in the Big West Conference in athletics. Cal Poly was established in 1901 when Governor Henry T, gage signed the California Polytechnic School Bill. The university started out as the California Polytechnic School founded by Myron Angel, the polytechnic school held its first classes on October 1,1903, offering secondary level courses of study, which took three years to complete.
The first incoming class was 20 students, the school continued to grow steadily, except during a period from the mid 1910s to the early 1920s when World War I led to drops in enrollment and drastic budget cuts forced fewer class offerings. In 1924, Cal Poly was placed under the control of the California State Board of Education, in 1933, the Board of Education changed Cal Poly into a two-year technical and vocational school. The institution began to offer Bachelor of Arts degrees in 1940, the school was renamed the California State Polytechnic College in 1947 to better reflect its higher education offerings, and in 1949, a Master of Arts degree in education was added. The college was authorized to offer Master of Science degrees in 1967, from 1967 to 1970, the school’s curriculum was reorganized into different units. Cal Polys FM radio station, KCPR, began as a project in 1968. The state legislature changed the official name again in 1971 to California Polytechnic State University. Since the 1970s, the university has seen steady enrollment growth, Cal Poly celebrated its centennial in 2001, and kicked off a $225 million fundraising campaign, the largest fund raising effort ever undertaken in CSU history.
The Centennial Campaign raised over $264 million from over 81,000 donors, Cal Polys $190.3 million endowment in 2016 was ranked 308th out of 815 colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. Kellogg Foundation donated an 812-acre horse ranch in Pomona, California to Cal Poly in 1949, located about one mile from the Voorhis campus, the two became known as Cal Poly Kellogg-Voorhis. Cal Poly Kellogg-Voorhis broke off from Cal Poly in 1966, becoming the independent university, California State Polytechnic University. Since 1949, the two campuses have cooperated on creating a float for the Rose Parade, the long-running float program still boasts floats designed and constructed entirely by students year-round on both campuses. On October 29,1960, a plane carrying the Cal Poly football team, hours after a loss to Bowling Green State University, crashed on takeoff at the Toledo Express Airport in Toledo
Cal State East Bay Pioneers
The Cal State East Bay Pioneers are the athletic teams that represent California State University, East Bay, located in Hayward, California, in NCAA Division II intercollegiate sports. The Pioneers compete as members of the California Collegiate Athletic Association for all 15 varsity sports except for water polo. Historically, Cal State East Bay was a member of Division II from 1961-1998, from 1961 until their closing in 1993, the Pioneers football team won a total of six conference collegiate championships. Cal State East Bay has produced over 160 All-Americans and has won 77 conference championships in NCAA Divisions II and III, in 1972 and 1981, the womens outdoor track and field team won national championships. The first was a championship, and the second was as a member of the AIAW Division III. In 1979 and 1980 the womens cross country team won AIAW Division III national championships, in 1989 the womens soccer team won the NCAA Division II National Championship. In 2008, the water polo team won the Division III National Championship
University of California, Davis
The University of California, Davis, is a public research university and one of the 10 campuses of the University of California system. It is located in Davis, just west of Sacramento, the university has been labeled one of the Public Ivies, a publicly funded university considered to provide a quality of education comparable to those of the Ivy League. The Carnegie Foundation classifies UC Davis as a doctoral research university with a medical program. The UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine is the largest in the United States and has ranked first in the nation for two consecutive years,2015 and 2016. The UC Davis Aggies athletic teams compete in the NCAA Division I level, primarily in the Big West Conference as well as the Big Sky Conference, in its first year of full Division I status,11 UC Davis teams qualified for NCAA post-season competition. In 1905, the California legislature passed the University Farm Bill, the commission took a year to select a site for the campus, a tiny town known as Davisville.
UC Davis opened its doors as the University Farm to 40 degree students from UC Berkeley in January 1909, the Farm was established largely the result of the vision and perseverance of Peter J. Shields, secretary of the State Agricultural Society. The Peter J. Shields Library at UC Davis was named in his honor, Shields began to champion the cause of a University Farm to teach agriculture after learning that California students were going to out-of-state universities to pursue such education. After two failed bills, a law authorizing the creation of a University Farm was passed on March 18,1905, Yolo County, home to some of Californias prime farmland, was chosen as the site. A committee appointed by the Regents purchased land near Davisville in 1906, the Regents officially took control of the property in September 1906 and constructed four buildings in 1907. Short courses were first offered in 1908 and a three-year non-degree program set up in 1909, in 1911, the first class graduated from the University Farm.
The Farm accepted its first female students in 1914 from Berkeley, the three-year non-degree program continued until 1923. At that time, a two-year non-degree program began, continuing until 1958, in 1922, a four-year undergraduate general academic program was established, with the first class graduating in 1926. Renamed in 1922 as the Northern Branch of the College of Agriculture, by 1951 it had expanded to a size of 3,000 acres. In 1959, the campus was declared by the Regents of the University of California as the general campus in the University of California system. Davis Graduate Division was established in 1961 followed by the College of Engineering in 1962, the Law School opened for classes in Fall 1966, and the School of Medicine began instruction in Fall 1968. In a period of increasing activism, a Native American studies program was started in 1969, one of the first at a major university, it was developed as a full department within the university. The incident drew attention and led to further demonstrations, a formal investigation
California State University Maritime Academy
It is located in Vallejo, California. The university offers six different Bachelors degrees, and one Masters degree, the California Nautical School was established in 1929, when California State Assembly Bill No.253 was signed into law by Governor C. C. The bill authorized the creation of the school, the appointment of a Board of Governors to manage the school and the acquisition of a training vessel. By 1930, a vessel and a school site was acquired. Due to the Great Depression, the days of the Academy were full of financial uncertainty. As early as 1933, some legislators were calling for the schools abolition. In order to save money, the cadets and instructors alike lived and held classes aboard the training vessel, only after the passage of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 did the funding for the Academy stabilize. In 1939 the California Nautical School adopted the name, the California Maritime Academy, in 1943, the Academy moved to its present location in Vallejo, California. In the 1970s, after surviving another round of cuts and calls for the Academys abolition.
The 1970s marked the time when the first minority and female cadets graduated from California Maritime Academy, in 1996 California Maritime Academy became the twenty-second campus of the California State University system. The new affiliation improved the Academys funding prospects considerably, the current training vessel is the T. S. Golden Bear, and is the training ship to carry that name. Since the passage of the Merchant Marine Act of 1970, the position of President of the California Maritime Academy is commissioned as a Rear Admiral in the United States Maritime Service, two past Presidents are alumni of the Academy itself. Nichols due to Navy requirements for regular Navy officers to be in charge of Navy-owned ships, early WWII – Superintendent and Master became separate positions. Edwin C. Miller appointed Interim Superintendent October 1971 – July 1972, on February 27,1975, the title of Superintendent was changed to President. Cal Maritime offers one graduate and six degrees, all of which are tied to a nautical curriculum.
It is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, in 2016 Forbes ranked California Maritime Academy as the 516th best university in the nation and 95th in the West. The 2016 U. S. News & World Report college rankings lists California Maritime Academy as 8th in the category Regional Colleges, 85% of poor students eventually became relatively wealthy
The International Flying Junior or FJ is a sailing dinghy which was originally designed in 1955 in the Netherlands by renowned boat designer Van Essen and Olympic sailor Conrad Gülcher. The FJ was built to serve as a boat for the Olympic-class Flying Dutchman. The FJ has a beam of 411 and a sail area of 100 square feet. These dimensions make the FJ an ideal class to young sailors the skills of boat handling and racing. This status indicates that the class applies to strongly restricted class rules, all documents about the history of the International FJ can be looked up at the Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum in Amsterdam. Today the FJ is sailed in Japan, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Slovenia, in the US, many high school sailing and Intercollegiate Sailing Association programs own fleets of FJs. The college and high school programs in the US use a version of the FJ known as the Club FJ and this boat is slightly different from the International FJ in that it does not use Trapeze and it has a smaller, non-spherical Spinnaker.
Limitations to the equipment series for an FJ are,1 mainsail,2 jibs,1 spinnaker,1 mast,1 boom,2 spinnaker poles,1 centerboard and 1 rudder, International Class organization Netherland Class organization National Scheepvaartsmuseum Amsterdam German Class organization
San Francisco State Gators football
The San Francisco State Gators football team represented San Francisco State University from the 1931 through 1995 seasons. San Francisco State played its games at multiple stadiums throughout their history with the most recent being Cox Field in San Francisco. San Francisco State was known as the Cradle of Coaches, having produced coaching greats such as Mike Holmgren, Andy Reid, Bob Toledo, San Francisco State Teachers College was first coached by Dave Cox, who had previously coached at Polytechnic High, starting in the 1931 season. Dave Cox coached the team- known as the Staters- for several seasons before announcing his resignation due to ill health on August 31,1935. He would be replaced by his two assistants, Dan Farmer who had played and coached at Chico State, and Hal Hardin from Oregon State, Farmer would coach the backs while Hardin worked with the linemen. During the 1935 season, veteran halfback Ralph Nathan was injured for two weeks but would return to the backfield to join quarterback Keith Cox against San Francisco Junior College.
Dan Farmer would be honored by Golden Gater rival Chico State, his alma mater, after spending six seasons coaching the football team, Farmer would be replaced by former St. Marys all-American halfback Dick Boyle in October 1938. The outbreak of World War II caused a flurry of change for the Staters football program, as Dick Boyle would become a lieutenant in the navy and be replaced by Ray Kaufman in June 1942. Kaufmans tenure was to be a one, however, as it was announced that Dan Farmer would return to replace Kaufman. San Francisco State met the Southern University Jaguars in the Fruit Bowl in San Francisco, finding themselves completely outclassed on a muddy field, the Fruit Bowl game is noteworthy for being the first interracial bowl game played in the United States. San Francisco State was coming off a loss to Southern. Verducci must have made a difference, as St. Marys would not return to another bowl while SF State would become a Far West powerhouse in the next decade, Verduccis time with the Gaels was indeed short, having replaced Irish Jimmy Phelan, in April 1948.
Verducci had been a quarterback with the University of California, and had coached Polytechnic High to a record of 35–6–6 from 1938–1943, the 1950 season, Verduccis first, would be successful for the Gators. Going through the undefeated and untied, they met the Pioneers of Lewis. Lewis and Clark included a 200-pound candidate for little all-American, while the Gators were handicapped by injuries to halfback Rudy Smith, quarterback Tom Riper, students at Humboldt State college burned three dummies representing sports writers in effigy. Verducci announced his retirement from coaching on May 27,1960, College President Glenn S. Dumke named Vic Rowen, line coach for the previous six seasons, as his successor. The 1985 season showed promise behind quarterback Rich Strasser, who was described by the coach of the opposing Santa Clara Broncos as the Division II Doug Flutie. Following Hamilton and Rowan as the coach in as many years would be Dick Mannini
UC San Diego Tritons
The UC San Diego Tritons are the athletic sports teams for the University of California, San Diego. UC San Diego participates at the NCAAs Division II level in the California Collegiate Athletic Association, although water polo and mens volleyball compete at the Division I level. Since their move to Division II starting in the 2000–01 season, UCSD has placed in the top 5 in the Division II NACDA Directors Cup standings five times, NCSA Athletic Recruiting has ranked the Tritons as the nations top Division II program for eight consecutive years. In May 2016, UCSD students voted to transition all sports teams to the NCAA Division I level, on campus, booster groups comprise the UCSD Pep Band, Tritons Rising, the Triton Tide, the UCSD Cheerleaders, the Triton Twirl Flag Squad and the UCSD Dance Team. King Triton occasionally appears as a character mascot. Further opportunities for athletic involvement are available to students interested in team staffing, in 2011, UCSD considered elevating its athletics to NCAA Division I for all sports.
They were looking to join the Big West Conference, in addition, in order to meet the minimum Division I scholarship requirements, the student body would need to vote for a fee increase sometime during the 2011–2012 academic year. After the Big West elected not to invite UCSD in May 2011, plans were put on hold, however, a student-led movement resulted in a vote on a fee increase for UCSD students in the hopes to enhance the schools chances of becoming a Division I school. In March 2012, the UCSD student body rejected an increase in activity fees to support the move to Division I, the vote fell 11,407 to 6,470. In January 2016, Associated Students UC San Diego unanimously approved the wording of a new Division I referendum, in May, UCSD undergraduates voted to increase athletic fees by $480 per year and transition UCSD athletics to Division I. The fee increase will fund the athletic scholarships required for NCAA Division I schools, the move was approved by the UCSD Academic Senate in December 2016.
UCSDs move remains contingent upon an invitation to join the Big West Conference, individual Division II champions are listed below, From 2000–2016, UC San Diego teams competed primarily in the California Collegiate Athletic Association. The school was awarded the Hiegert Commissioners Trophy six times—five consecutive years from 2006–2010, the UC San Diego baseball team plays its home games at Triton Ballpark, which was renovated in 2014. In 2005, the Tritons were the CCAA league champions, in 2007 and 2008, they reached to the NCAA West Regionals. In 2010, they were the College World Series runners-up and the CCAA league, in 2011 and 2012, they repeated as CCAA league and tournament champions, again reaching the NCAA West Regionals. Their most recent CCAA championship came in 2014, the UC San Diego mens basketball team plays its home games at RIMAC Arena. At the end of the 2007–08 season, they won the CCAA Tournament, in 2015–16, they were the NCAA West Region runners-up. The UC San Diego womens basketball plays its home games at RIMAC Arena
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. It is the birthplace of the United Nations, the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856, after three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines, San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, as of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings.
The earliest archaeological evidence of habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7,1846, during the Mexican–American War, montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers, with their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.
The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels, many were left to rot, by 1851 the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. By 1870 Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land, buried ships are occasionally exposed when foundations are dug for new buildings. California was quickly granted statehood in 1850 and the U. S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate, silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit association which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions, conferences and individuals. It organizes the programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. The organization is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 2014, the NCAA generated almost a billion dollars in revenue. 80 to 90% of this revenue was due to the Division I Mens Basketball Tournament and this revenue is distributed back into various organizations and institutions across the United States. In August 1973, the current three-division setup of Division I, Division II, under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships, larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term Division I-AAA was briefly added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, in 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were respectively renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision.
Inter-collegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard University, as other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, the IAAUS was officially established on March 31,1906, and took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted. Gradually, more rules committees were formed and more championships were created, a series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II. The Sanity Code – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses, postseason football games were multiplying with little control, and member schools were increasingly concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership.
Walter Byers, previously an executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association, as college athletics grew, the scope of the nations athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Associations membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, and III, five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer womens athletics, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed womens collegiate sports in the United States
Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a private research university in Stanford, adjacent to Palo Alto and between San Jose and San Francisco. Its 8, 180-acre campus is one of the largest in the United States, Stanford has land and facilities elsewhere. The university was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford in memory of their only child, Stanford was a former Governor of California and U. S. Senator, he made his fortune as a railroad tycoon. The school admitted its first students 125 years ago on October 1,1891, Stanford University struggled financially after Leland Stanfords death in 1893 and again after much of the campus was damaged by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Following World War II, Provost Frederick Terman supported faculty and graduates entrepreneurialism to build self-sufficient local industry in what would be known as Silicon Valley. The university is one of the top fundraising institutions in the country. There are three schools that have both undergraduate and graduate students and another four professional schools.
Students compete in 36 varsity sports, and the university is one of two institutions in the Division I FBS Pac-12 Conference. Stanford faculty and alumni have founded a number of companies that produce more than $2.7 trillion in annual revenue. It is the alma mater of 30 living billionaires,17 astronauts and it is one of the leading producers of members of the United States Congress. Sixty Nobel laureates and seven Fields Medalists have been affiliated with Stanford as students, Stanford University was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford, dedicated to Leland Stanford Jr, their only child. The institution opened in 1891 on Stanfords previous Palo Alto farm, despite being impacted by earthquakes in both 1906 and 1989, the campus was rebuilt each time. In 1919, The Hoover Institution on War and Peace was started by Herbert Hoover to preserve artifacts related to World War I, the Stanford Medical Center, completed in 1959, is a teaching hospital with over 800 beds. The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, which was established in 1962, in 2008, 60% of this land remained undeveloped.
Besides the central campus described below, the university operates at more remote locations, some elsewhere on the main campus. Stanfords main campus includes a place within unincorporated Santa Clara County. The campus includes land in unincorporated San Mateo County, as well as in the city limits of Menlo Park, Woodside. The academic central campus is adjacent to Palo Alto, bounded by El Camino Real, Stanford Avenue, Junipero Serra Boulevard, the United States Postal Service has assigned it two ZIP codes,94305 for campus mail and 94309 for P. O. box mail